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List of countries by English-speaking population: Wikis

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Population density of people whose native language is English.

This is a list of countries of the world sorted by the total English-speaking population in that country. This includes both native speakers and second language speakers of English. Statistics on second language speakers are usually imprecise, in part because there is no widely agreed definition of second language speakers, and some numbers have been calculated by Wikipedia editors from data in other sources, so these figures are imprecise and should be treated with great caution.

Contents

List in order of total speakers

Rank Country  % English Speakers Eligible Population Total English Speakers As First Language As an Additional Language Comment
1  United States 95.81% 262,375,152 251,388,301 215,423,557 35,964,744 Figures are from the year 2000 U.S. census. English speaker figures are for persons age 5 and older. Total population age 5 and older was 262,375,152 of which 251,388,301 stated that they spoke English "very well" or "well". Third language speakers are respondents age 5 and older who reported they do not speak English at home but know it "very well" or "well". [1][2]
2  India 21.09% 1,100,000,000 232,000,000 226,449[3] 132,000,000 second language speakers.
100,000,000 third language speakers
Figures include both those who speak English as a second language and those who speak it as a third language. Figures include almost 90% of the total 30% (~350,000,000) of the urban population of the entire country mainly situated in Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, and Goa. 1991 figures for second, third. 2001 figures for native language.[4][5][6] The figures include English speakers, but not English users.[7]
3  Nigeria 53.34% 148,093,000 79,000,000 4,000,000 >75,000,000 Figures are for speakers of Nigerian Pidgin, an English-based pidgin or creole. Ihemere gives a range of roughly 3 to 5 million native speakers; the midpoint of the range is used in the table. Ihemere, Kelechukwu Uchechukwu. 2006. "A Basic Description and Analytic Treatment of Noun Clauses in Nigerian Pidgin." Nordic Journal of African Studies 15(3): 296–313.
4  United Kingdom 97.74% 60,975,000 59,600,000 58,100,000 1,500,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
5  Philippines 55.46%[8] 97,000,000 43,800,000 3,427,000[8] 46,373,000 Total speakers: Census 2000, text above Figure 7. 63.71% of the 66.7 million people aged 5 years or more could speak English. Native speakers: Census 1995, as quoted by Andrew Gonzalez in The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 19 (5&6), 487-525. (1998). Ethnologue lists 3.4 million native speakers with 52% of the population speaking it as a additional language.[8]
6  Germany 56% 82,191,000 46,000,000 272,504 46,000,000 Native speakers: Statistisches Bundesamt (cited here).
Non-native speakers: 2006 Eurobarometer survey. Does not include foreign military personnel based in Germany.
7  Canada 85.18% 33,355,400 25,246,220 17,694,830 7,551,390 Source: 2001 Census - Knowledge of Official Languages and Mother Tongue. The 2001 count noted that of 29,639,030 speakers, 20,014,645 spoke English only, and 5,231,575 spoke English and French, while 3,946,525 spoke French only and 446,920 who were classified as speaking "neither English nor French". No data was listed for persons who spoke English and a language other than French. The native speakers figure comprises 122,660 people with both French and English as a native language, plus 17,572,170 people with English and not French as a native language.
8  France 36% 64,473,140 23,000,000 23,000,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
9  Australia 97.03% 21,394,309 17,357,833 15,013,965 2,343,868 Source: 2001 Census. [3] The 2001 census data is subject to multiple interpretations. The data noted that 18,972,350 persons out of 21,394,309 total were speakers of a language, and excluded young children. However, more than a million of those 18,972,350 persons provided no information; 879,778 did not give information on proficiency, and 203,101 were "overseas visitors" who were not asked. Of the 17,889,671 persons for whom an inquiry was made 17,357,833 spoke English only, or "well" or "very well" as a second language; while 531,838 spoke "not well" or "not at all".
10=  Pakistan 10.36% 164,157,000 17,000,000 17,000,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
10=  Italy 29% 59,619,290 17,000,000 17,000,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
12  Japan 11.75% 127,690,000 15,000,000 >93,500[9] Native speaker figure is the number of foreign residents from the United States, Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand as of 2003.[9]
13  Netherlands 87% 16,445,000 14,000,000 14,000,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
14  South Africa 28.63% 47,850,700 13,700,000 3,673,203 10,000,000 Native speakers: 2001 Census: Census in Brief, page 15 (Table 2.5)
Non-native speakers: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
15  Spain 27% 46,063,000 12,500,000 12,500,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
16  Turkey 17% 70,586,256 12,000,000 12,000,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
17  Poland 29% 38,115,967 11,000,000 11,000,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
18  China 0.77% 1,300,000,000 10,000,000 10,000,000 Figures are for English users in mainland China only (i.e. excluding Hong Kong where English is an official language and Macau). The oft-cited figure of 300 million is for "learners."[10]
19  Sweden 89% 9,215,021 8,200,000 8,200,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
20  Cameroon 41.51% 18,549,000 7,700,000 7,700,000 Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
21  Malaysia 27.24% 27,170,000 7,400,000 380,000 7,000,000 Crystal (2005), p. 109.
22  Russia 4.9% 141,888,900 6,955,315 1,804 6,953,511 Source: Basic Results, Tables 4.4 and 4.1, Russian Census (2002). The "total" figure is the number of residents who reported English as one of the language they knew. The "first language" figure is the number of residents who reported "American" or "English" as their nationality. The "additional languages" figure is the difference.
23  Thailand 10% 63,038,247 6,549,329 6,549,329 Secondary language of the elite[11][12]
24  Belgium 59% 10,584,534 6,250,000 6,250,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
25  Romania 29% 21,438,000 6,200,000 6,200,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
26  Zimbabwe 41.58% 13,349,000 5,550,000 250,000 5,300,000 Crystal (2005), p. 109.
27  Greece 48% 11,147,000 5,350,000 5,350,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
28  Sierra Leone 83.53% 5,866,000 4,900,000 500,000 4,400,000 Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
29  Mexico 4.55% 106,682,500 4,855,000 4,855,000 Consulta Mitovsky-Tracking Poll Roy Campos: Las Lenguas Extranjeras en México, April 2007 [4]; and II Conteo de Población y Vivienda, Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI) [5].
30  Austria 58% 8,340,924 4,800,000 4,800,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
31  Denmark 86% 5,489,022 4,720,000 4,720,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
32  Switzerland 61.28% 7,637,300 4,680,000 73,400 Figure for speakers of English as "main language", according to Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel 2008[13] Source for number of non-native English speakers is 1999 publication by Prof. François Grin cited here: http://switzerland.isyours.com/e/countries/uk/language.html
33  Ireland 98.37% 4,422,100 4,350,000 4,122,100 300,000 Source: European Union Directorate General for Education and Culture[6] Central Statistics Office[7] Travbla[8]
34  Tanzania 9.89% 40,454,000 4,000,000 4,000,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
35  New Zealand 97.82% 4,275,100 3,673,623 3,700,000 There were 4,027,947 responses to 2006 Census: Language spoken. 3,673,679 gave English as a response, 81,936 had no English but another language. The balance of 272,382 were; no language (too young) 75,195, no response 196,221, response unidentifiable 588, response outside scope 378. Hence it is most meaningful to express the English speaking per cent without including the figures for these 272,382. This gives 97.8% English-speaking, 2.2% non-English-speaking (3,673,679 and 81,936 divided by 3,755,565)
Crystal (2005), p. 109, gives figures of 3,700,000 native speakers and 150,000 second language speakers.
36  Bangladesh 2.21% 158,665,000 3,500,000 3,500,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
37=  Finland 63% 5,331,483 3,400,000 3,400,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
38=  Portugal 32% 10,623,000 3,400,000 3,400,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
39  Singapore 71% 4,588,600 3,257,906 665,087 1,128,158 Source: 2000 Census. Second language speaker figure only includes those literate in English aged 15 or more and does not include third language proficiency. Native speakers aged 5 or more, literate population, aged 15 or more, and percentage of literate population literate in English.
40  Papua New Guinea 49.76% 6,331,000 3,150,000 150,000 3,000,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
41  Liberia 82.67% 3,750,000 3,100,000 600,000 2,500,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
42  Kenya 7.19% 37,538,000 2,700,000 2,700,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
43  Jamaica 97.64% 2,714,000 2,650,000 2,600,000 50,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
44=  Uganda 8.09% 30,884,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
44=  Hong Kong 35.9% 6,963,100 2,500,000 200,000 2,300,000 According to 1996 by-census, Hong Kong has approximately 2.5 million speakers, of whom 200,000 regard English as their "usual" language [14].
44=  Czech Republic 24% 10,403,136 2,500,000 2,500,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
47  Hungary 23% 10,043,000 2,300,000 2,300,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
48  Croatia 49% 4,555,000 2,200,000 2,200,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
49  Puerto Rico 48.61% 3,991,000 1,940,000 100,000 1,840,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
50=  Sri Lanka 9.9% 19,299,000 1,910,000 10,000 1,900,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
50=  Zambia 16.02% 11,922,000 1,910,000 110,000 1,800,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
52  Bosnia and Herzegovina 45% 4,000,000 1,800,000 1,800,000 not verified.
53  Bulgaria 23% 7,640,238 1,800,000 1,800,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
54=  Slovakia 32% 5,402,273 1,700,000 1,700,000 not verified.
54=  Ghana 5.96% 23,478,000 1,400,000 1,400,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
56  Slovenia 57% 2,023,358 1,200,000 1,200,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
57  Trinidad and Tobago 87.74% 1,305,000 1,145,000 1,145,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
58  Lithuania 32% 3,369,600 1,100,000 1,100,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
59  Latvia 39% 2,270,700 900,000 900,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
60  Guyana 90.55% 751,000 680,000 650,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
61  Botswana 38.42% 1,639,833 630,000 630,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
62  Estonia 46% 1,340,602 620,000 620,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
63  Cyprus 76% 794,600 600,000 600,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
64  Malawi 3.88% 13,931,831 540,000 209[15] 540,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
65  Lesotho 27.86% 1,795,000 500,000 500,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
66  Suriname 87.09% 470,784 410,000 260,000 150,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
67  Malta 88% 419,285 370,000 370,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
68  Namibia 17.24% 1,820,916 314,000 14,000 300,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
69  Luxembourg 60% 480,222 290,000 290,000 Eurobarometer 2005 http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/pdf/doc631_en.pdf
70  Bahamas 87.13% 330,549 288,000 260,000 28,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
69  Barbados 98.57% 279,000 275,000 262,000 13,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
70  Belize 81.65% 301,270 246,000 190,000 56,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
71  Mauritius 15.97% 1,264,866 202,000 2,000 200,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
72  Vanuatu 83.55% 215,446 180,000 60,000 120,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
73  Fiji 20.62% 853,445 176,000 6,000 170,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
74  Solomon Islands 31.68% 552,438 175,000 10,000 165,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
75  Ethiopia 0.22% 78,254,090 171,712 1,986 169,726
76  Guam 91.09% 173,456 158,000 58,000 100,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
77  Brunei 37.76% 381,371 144,000 10,000 134,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
78  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 95% 120,000 114,000 114,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
79  U.S. Virgin Islands 95.97% 108,448 113,000 98,000 15,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
80=  Grenada 90.91% 110,000 100,000 100,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
80=  Israel 1.37% 7,303,000 100,000 Source: Ethnologue (2005)[16]
The 100,000 figure may be low considering that English is de facto the second language of speakers of both Hebrew and Arabic. It is the main language for external commerce and tourism, and a required language for all Jewish and Arab schools, and for the universities (which teach in Hebrew).[17][18]
82  Samoa 49.86 188,540 94,000 1,000 93,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
83  Isle of Man 99.93 80,058 80,000 80,000
84  Bhutan 11.4% 658,000 75,000 75,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
85  Saint Lucia 43.04% 165,000 71,000 31,000 40,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
86  Northern Mariana Islands 83.33% 84,000 70,000 5,000 65,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
87  Antigua and Barbuda 80% 85,000 68,000 66,000 2,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
88  American Samoa 100% 67,000 67,000 2,000 65,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
89  Micronesia 57.66% 111,000 64,000 4,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
90=  Bermuda 96.92% 65,000 63,000 63,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
90=  Dominica 94.03% 67,000 63,000 3,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
92  Marshall Islands 59,000 60,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
93  Swaziland 4.38% 1,141,000 50,000 50,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
94  Aruba 42.31% 104,000 44,000 9,000 35,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
95  Gambia 2.34% 1,709,000 40,000 40,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
96  Saint Kitts and Nevis 78% 50,000 39,000 39,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
97  Cayman Islands 76.7% 47,000 36,000 36,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
98  Seychelles 37.93% 87,000 33,000 3,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
99  Honduras 0.44% 7,106,000 31,500 31,500
100=  Gibraltar 28,875 30,000 28,000 2,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
100=  Tonga 30% 100,000 30,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
102  Kiribati 24.21% 95,000 23,000 23,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
103=  Rwanda 0.21% 9,725,000 20,000 20,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
103=  British Virgin Islands 86.96% 23,000 20,000 20,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
105  Palau 92.5% 20,000 18,500 500 18,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
106  Andorra 22% 81,222 17,869 Source Census: Linguistic knowledge 2004.
107  Anguilla 92.31% 13,000 12,000 12,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
108  Nauru 10,000 10,300 800 9,500 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
109  Dominican Republic 0.08% 9,760,000 8,000 8,000
110  Saint Helena 81.82% 6,600 5,400 5,400
111=  Cook Islands 19.8% 20,200 4,000 1,000 3,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
111=  Montserrat 67.8% 5,900 4,000 4,000 Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
113  British Indian Ocean Territory 100% 3,500 3,500 3,500
114  Lebanon 0.08% 4,099,000 3,300 3,300
115  Niue 1,600 2,160 78 2,082
116  Falkland Islands 95.54% 3,140 3,000 1,991 1,991
117  Netherlands Antilles 0.94% 192,000 1,800 1,800
118  Norfolk Island 79.38% 2114 1,678 1,678
119  Turks and Caicos Islands 3.54% 26,000 920 920
120  Guadeloupe 0.05% 408,000 200 200
121  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3.07% 6,125 188 188
122  Pitcairn 92% 50 46 46
123  Tokelau 2.86% 1,400 40 40
 Cambodia 14,444,000 Replacing French as second language, especially in Phnom Penh. Also used for mobile phone texting
 Christmas Island 1,493
 Eritrea 4,851,000
 Guernsey 65,726
 Indonesia 231,627,000
 Jersey 89,300
 South Korea 48,224,000
 Somalia 8,699,000
 Taiwan 23,000,000
 Bahrain 760,168
World 17.65% 6,718,045,021 914,398,325 331,000,000 583,000,000 Estimate by Wikipedia contributors.
  • European Union The European Union is a supranational union composed of 27 member states. The combined total English speaking population is 229,850,000 (out of a total population of 500,000,000 - 46%) including 61,850,000 native speakers and 168,000,000 non-native speakers,[19] and would be ranked 2nd if it were included.

List in order of native speakers

Pie chart showing the relative numbers of native English speakers in the major English-speaking countries of the world
Rank Country First language
1  United States 214,809,000[20]
2  United Kingdom 58,200,000[21]
3  Canada 18,232,195[22]
4  Australia 15,581,334[23]
5  Ireland 4,400,000[24]
6  South Africa 3,673,203[25]
7  New Zealand 3,500,000+ (approx.)[26]
8  Philippines 3,427,000[8]
9  Jamaica 2,600,000+ (approx.)[27]
10  Trinidad and Tobago 1,145,000
11  Singapore 884,418[28]
12  Guyana 650,000
13  Liberia 600,000
14  Sierra Leone 500,000
15  Malaysia 380,000
16  Germany 272,504
17  Barbados 262,000
18  Bahamas 260,000
19  Zimbabwe 250,000
20  India 226,000
 Hong Kong if ranked separately 200,000
21  Belize 190,000
22  Papua New Guinea 150,000
23  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 114,000
24  Zambia 110,000
25=  Grenada 100,000
25=  Israel 100,000[16]
25=  Puerto Rico 100,000
28  U.S. Virgin Islands 98,000
29  Japan >93,500[9]
30 Switzerland Switzerland 73,000
31  Antigua and Barbuda 66,000
32  Bermuda 63,000
33  Vanuatu 60,000
34  Guam 58,000
35  Saint Kitts and Nevis 39,000
36  Cayman Islands 36,000
37  Honduras 31,500
38  Saint Lucia 31,000
39  Gibraltar 28,000
40  British Virgin Islands 20,000
41  Namibia 14,000
42  Anguilla 12,000
43=  Solomon Islands 10,000
43=  Sri Lanka 10,000
43=  Brunei 10,000
46  Aruba 9,000
47  Dominican Republic 8,000
48  Fiji 6,000
49  Saint Helena 5,400
50  Northern Mariana Islands 5,000
51  Micronesia 4,000
52  Montserrat 4,000
53  British Indian Ocean Territory 3,500
54=  Dominica 3,000
54=  Seychelles 3,000
56=  American Samoa 2,000
56=  Mauritius 2,000
57  Falkland Islands 1,991
58  Russia 1,804
59  Ethiopia 1,986
60  Norfolk Island 1,678
61=  Cook Islands 1,000
61=  Samoa 1,000
63  Turks and Caicos Islands 920
64  Nauru 800
65  Palau 500
66  Guadeloupe 200
67  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 188
68  Niue 78
69  Pitcairn 46
70  Tokelau 40
71  East Timor 30

See also

Non-English:

Notes

  1. ^ "Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics,", U.S. 2000 Census of Population and Housing (U.S. Census Bureau): p. 1, http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/dp1/2khus.pdf 
  2. ^ "Table 1. Twenty Languages Most Frequently Spoken at Home by English Ability for the Population 5 Years and Over: 1990 and 2000", Language Use and English-Speaking Ability: 2000, U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/c2kbr-29.pdf  (see Table 1 for Speakers figures and Table 2 for Population 5 years and over figures).
  3. ^ 2001 Census of India
  4. ^ Census of India's Indian Census, Issue 10, 2003, pp 8-10, (Feature: Languages of West Bengal in Census and Surveys, Bilingualism and Trilingualism).
  5. ^ FAMILY-WISE GROUPING OF THE 122 SCHEDULED AND NON-SCHEDULED LANGUAGES – 2001
  6. ^ Tropf, Herbert S. 2004. India and its Languages. Siemens AG, Munich
  7. ^ For the distinction between "English Speakers," and "English Users," please see: TESOL-India (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages)], India: World's Second Largest English-Speaking Country. Their article explains the difference between the 350 million number mentioned in a previous version of this Wikipedia article and the current 90 million number:
    "Wikipedia's India estimate of 350 million includes two categories - "English Speakers" and "English Users". The distinction between the Speakers and Users is that Users only know how to read English words while Speakers know how to read English, understand spoken English as well as form their own sentences to converse in English. The distinction becomes clear when you consider the China numbers. China has over 200~350 million users that can read English words but, as anyone can see on the streets of China, only handful of million who are English speakers."
  8. ^ a b c d http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=PH.
  9. ^ a b c Maciamo (31 July 2005), Foreigners in Japan, jref.com, http://www.jref.com/society/foreigners_in_japan.shtml, retrieved 2008-09-21  (figures are for 2003)
  10. ^ Jian Yang (April 2006). "Learners and users of English in China". English Today 22 (2): 3–10. doi:10.1017/S0266078406002021. . Quote: "What this suggests, it seems, is that Yan’s (2004) ten million may after all be a more informed estimate of the actual regular users of English in China." (page 9)"
  11. ^ CIA - The world factbook: Thailand
  12. ^ Refugees get crash course in U.S. culture
  13. ^ Resident population according to main language, Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel 2008
  14. ^ 1996 by-census LONDON'S GLOBAL UNIVERSITY
  15. ^ Edrinnie Kayambizinthu (1998). "The Language Planning Situation in Malawi". Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 19 (5&6): 369. doi:10.1080/01434639808666363. http://www.multilingual-matters.net/jmmd/019/0369/jmmd0190369.pdf. 
  16. ^ a b Languages of Israel, Ethnologue.com
  17. ^ Multilingualism in Israel, Bar-Ilan University - Faculty of Humanities : Language Policy Research Center.
  18. ^ http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/custom/portlets/recordDetails/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED136607&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED136607 English Language Teaching Profile: Israel], Education Resources Information Center.
  19. ^ Crystal (2005), p. 109, UK and Ireland total. Non-native speakers: 2006 Eurobarometer survey. Covered EU citizens aged 15 years or more.
  20. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003, Section 1 Population" (pdf). U.S. Census Bureau. pp. 59 pages. http://www.census.gov/prod/2005pubs/06statab/pop.pdf.  Table 47 gives the figure of 214,809,000 for those five years old and over who speak exclusively English at home. Based on the American Community Survey, these results exclude those living communally (such as college dormitories, institutions, and group homes), and by definition exclude native English speakers who speak more than one language at home.
  21. ^ The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language, Second Edition, Crystal, David; Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, [1995] (2003-08-03).
  22. ^ Population by mother tongue and age groups, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories – 20% sample data, Census 2006, Statistics Canada.
  23. ^ [1] Main Language Spoken at Home. The figure is the number of people who only speak English at home.
  24. ^ http://www.cso.ie/releasespublications/documents/population/current/popmig.pdf
  25. ^ Census in Brief, page 15 (Table 2.5), 2001 Census, Statistics South Africa.
  26. ^ Languages spoken, 2006 Census, Statistics New Zealand. No figure is given for the number of native speakers, but it would be somewhere between the number of people who spoke English only (3,008,058) and the total number of English speakers (3,673,623), if one ignores the 197,187 people who did not provide a usable answer.
  27. ^ [2]
  28. ^ "Table 20 Resident Population Aged 5 Years and Over by Age Group, Language Most Frequently Spoken at Home and Sex" (pdf), General Household Survey 2005 Statistical Release 1: Socio-Demographic and Economic Characteristics (Government of Singapore), http://www.singstat.gov.sg/pubn/popn/ghsr1/t20-24.pdf, retrieved 2009-11-11 

References

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