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World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2007 data, published on October 5, 2009)
     0.950 and over      0.900–0.949      0.850–0.899      0.800–0.849      0.750–0.799      0.700–0.749      0.650–0.699      0.600–0.649      0.550–0.599      0.500–0.549      0.450–0.499      0.400–0.449      0.350–0.399      under 0.350      Data unavailable
(Color-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems (2007).

This is a list of all countries by Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Program's Human Development Report released on October 5, 2009, compiled on the basis of data from 2007. It covers 180 UN member states (out of 192), along with Hong Kong (SAR of China) and the Palestinian territories. Twelve UN member states are not included due to lack of data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen.[1]

Countries fall into four broad categories based on their HDI: very high (added in the report for 2007), high (split in the same report), medium and low human development. Starting in the report for 2007, the first category is referred to as developed countries, and the last three are all grouped in developing countries.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) have been removed that were based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, and have been replaced by another index based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity per capita.

Contents

Complete list of countries

  • = increase.
  • = steady.
  • = decrease.
  • Similar HDI values in the current list do not lead to ranking ties, since the HDI rank is actually determined using HDI values to the sixth decimal point.
  • This revision of the index was released on October 5th, 2009 and covers the period up to 2007.
  • The number in brackets represents the number of ranks the country has climbed (up or down) relative to the revised estimates for 2006, released on October 5th, 2009.
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Very high human development (developed countries)

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data 2007 data
[2][nb 1]
Change compared to 2006 data
[nb 1][2]
1  Norway 0.971 0.001
2  Australia 0.970 0.002
3  Iceland 0.969 0.002
4  Canada 0.966 0.001
5  Ireland 0.965 0.001
6 (1)  Netherlands 0.964 0.003
7 (1)  Sweden 0.963 0.002
8 (3)  France 0.961 0.003
9  Switzerland 0.960 0.001
10  Japan 0.960 0.002
11 (3)  Luxembourg 0.960 0.001
12 (1)  Finland 0.959 0.004
13 (1)  United States 0.956 0.001
14 (2)  Austria 0.955 0.003
15  Spain 0.955 0.003
16 (2)  Denmark 0.955 0.002
17  Belgium 0.953 0.002
18 (1)  Italy 0.951 0.001
19 (1)  Liechtenstein 0.951 0.001
Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data 2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
20  New Zealand 0.950 0.002
21  United Kingdom 0.947 0.002
22  Germany 0.947 0.002
23 (1)  Singapore 0.944 0.002
24 (1)  Hong Kong 0.944 0.001
25  Greece 0.942 0.004
26  South Korea 0.937 0.004
27 (1)  Israel 0.935 0.003
28 (1)  Andorra 0.934 0.001
29  Slovenia 0.929 0.005
30  Brunei 0.920 0.001
31  Kuwait 0.916 0.004
32  Cyprus 0.914 0.003
33 (1)  Qatar 0.910 0.005
34 (1)  Portugal 0.909 0.002
35 (2)  United Arab Emirates 0.903 0.007
36  Czech Republic 0.903 0.004
37 (2)  Barbados 0.903 0.004
38 (3)  Malta 0.902 0.003

High human development (developing countries)

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data 2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
39 (1)  Bahrain 0.895 0.001
40  Estonia 0.883 0.005
41 (1)  Poland 0.880 0.004
42 (2)  Slovakia 0.880 0.007
43 (2)  Hungary 0.879 0.001
44 (1)  Chile 0.878 0.004
45  Croatia 0.871 0.004
46  Lithuania 0.870 0.005
47 (1)  Antigua and Barbuda 0.868 0.008
48 (2)  Latvia 0.866 0.007
49 (2)  Argentina 0.866 0.005
50 (1)  Uruguay 0.865 0.005
51  Cuba 0.863 0.007
52  Bahamas 0.856 0.002
53 (1)  Mexico 0.854 0.005
54 (1)  Costa Rica 0.854 0.005
55 (1)  Libya 0.847 0.005
56 (1)  Oman 0.846 0.003
57  Seychelles 0.845 0.004
58 (4)  Venezuela 0.844 0.011
59 (1)  Saudi Arabia 0.843 0.003
60 (1)  Panama 0.840 0.007
61 (2)  Bulgaria 0.840 0.005
Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data 2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
62 (2)  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.838 0.003
63 (1)  Romania 0.837 0.005
64 (1)  Trinidad and Tobago 0.837 0.005
65  Montenegro 0.834 0.006
66  Malaysia 0.829 0.004
67  Serbia 0.826 0.005
68 (1)  Belarus 0.826 0.007
69 (1)  Saint Lucia 0.821
70  Albania 0.818 0.004
71 (2)  Russia 0.817[nb 2] 0.011
72  Macedonia 0.817 0.004
73 (2)  Dominica 0.814
74  Grenada 0.813 0.003
75  Brazil 0.813 0.005
76  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.812 0.005
77 (5)  Colombia 0.807 0.007
78 (5)  Peru 0.806 0.007
79 (1)  Turkey 0.806 0.004
80 (3)  Ecuador 0.806 0.001
81 (2)  Mauritius 0.804 0.003
82 (1)  Kazakhstan 0.804 0.003
83 (3)  Lebanon 0.803 0.003

Medium human development (developing countries)

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data 2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
84 (1)  Armenia 0.798 0.011
85 (1)  Ukraine 0.796 0.007
86 (2)  Azerbaijan 0.787 0.014
87 (1)  Thailand 0.783 0.003
88 (1)  Iran 0.782 0.005
89 (2)  Georgia 0.778 0.010
90 (1)  Dominican Republic 0.777 0.006
91 (2)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.772 0.005
92 (7)  China[nb 3] 0.772 0.009
93 (3)  Belize 0.772 0.002
94 (2)  Samoa 0.771 0.005
95 (2)  Maldives 0.771 0.006
96 (1)  Jordan 0.770 0.003
97 (1)  Suriname 0.769 0.004
98 (2)  Tunisia 0.769 0.006
99 (5)  Tonga 0.768 0.001
100 (8)  Jamaica 0.766 0.002
101  Paraguay 0.761 0.004
102  Sri Lanka 0.759 0.004
103  Gabon 0.755 0.005
104  Algeria 0.754 0.005
105  Philippines 0.751 0.004
106  El Salvador 0.747 0.001
107 (2)  Syria 0.742 0.004
108 (1)  Fiji 0.741 0.003
109 (1)  Turkmenistan 0.739
110  Palestinian Authority 0.737
111  Indonesia 0.734 0.005
112  Honduras 0.732 0.019
113  Bolivia 0.729 0.003
114  Guyana 0.729 0.008
115 (1)  Mongolia 0.727 0.007
116 (1)  Vietnam 0.725 0.005
117  Moldova 0.720 0.002
118  Equatorial Guinea 0.719 0.007
119  Uzbekistan 0.710 0.004
120  Kyrgyzstan 0.710 0.005
121  Cape Verde 0.708 0.004
Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data 2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
122 (1)  Guatemala 0.704 0.008
123 (1)  Egypt 0.703 0.003
124  Nicaragua 0.699 0.003
125 (1)  Botswana 0.694 0.011
126 (1)  Vanuatu 0.693 0.005
127  Tajikistan 0.688 0.005
128 (1)  Namibia 0.686 0.008
129 (1)  South Africa 0.683 0.003
130  Morocco 0.654 0.006
131  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.651 0.006
132 (1)  Bhutan 0.619 0.011
133 (1)  Laos 0.619 0.006
134  India 0.612 0.008
135  Solomon Islands 0.610 0.006
136  Republic of the Congo 0.601 0.002
137  Cambodia 0.593 0.009
138  Myanmar 0.586 0.002
139  Comoros 0.576 0.003
140 (1)  Yemen 0.575 0.007
141 (1)  Pakistan 0.572 0.004
142 (2)  Swaziland 0.572 0.003
143  Angola 0.564 0.012
144  Nepal 0.553 0.006
145  Madagascar 0.543 0.006
146 (2)  Bangladesh 0.543 0.008
147  Kenya 0.541 0.006
148 (2)  Papua New Guinea 0.541 0.005
149  Haiti 0.532 0.006
150  Sudan 0.531 0.005
151  Tanzania 0.530 0.011
152 (2)  Ghana 0.526 0.008
153 (1)  Cameroon 0.523 0.004
154 (1)  Mauritania 0.520 0.001
155  Djibouti 0.520 0.003
156  Lesotho 0.514 0.003
157 (1)  Uganda 0.514 0.009
158 (1)  Nigeria 0.511 0.005

Low human development (least developed countries)

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data 2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
159  Togo 0.499 0.001
160 (1)  Malawi 0.493 0.009
161 (1)  Benin 0.492 0.005
162  Timor-Leste 0.489 0.005
163  Côte d'Ivoire 0.484 0.002
164  Zambia 0.481 0.008
165  Eritrea 0.472 0.005
166  Senegal 0.464 0.002
167  Rwanda 0.460 0.005
168  Gambia 0.456 0.003
169  Liberia 0.442 0.008
170  Guinea 0.435 0.002
Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data 2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
171  Ethiopia 0.414 0.012
172  Mozambique 0.402 0.005
173 (1)  Guinea-Bissau 0.396 0.005
174 (1)  Burundi 0.394 0.007
175 (2)  Chad 0.392 0.001
176 (1)  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.389 0.018
177 (1)  Burkina Faso 0.389 0.005
178 (1)  Mali 0.371 0.005
179 (1)  Central African Republic 0.369 0.002
180  Sierra Leone 0.365 0.008
181  Afghanistan 0.352 0.002
182  Niger 0.340 0.005

List of countries by continent

Africa

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
High human development
1  Libya 0.847 +0.005
2  Seychelles 0.845 +0.004
3  Mauritius 0.804 +0.003
Medium human development
4  Tunisia 0.769 +0.006
5  Gabon 0.755 +0.005
6  Algeria 0.754 +0.005
7  Equatorial Guinea 0.719 +0.007
8  Cape Verde 0.708 +0.004
9  Egypt 0.703 +0.003
10  Botswana 0.694 +0.011

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
Low human development
1  Niger 0.340 +0.007
2  Sierra Leone 0.365 +0.008
3  Central African Republic 0.369 +0.002
4  Mali 0.371 +0.005
5  Burkina Faso 0.389 +0.005
6  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.389 +0.018
7  Chad 0.392 -0.001
8  Burundi 0.394 +0.007
9  Guinea-Bissau 0.396 +0.005
10  Mozambique 0.402 +0.005

Americas

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
Very high human development
1  Canada 0.966 +0.001
2  United States 0.956 +0.001
3  Barbados 0.903 +0.004
High human development
4  Chile 0.878 +0.004
5  Antigua and Barbuda 0.868 +0.008
6  Argentina 0.866 +0.005
7  Uruguay 0.865 +0.005
8  Cuba 0.863 +0.007
9  Bahamas 0.856 +0.002
10  Mexico 0.854 +0.005

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
Medium human development
1  Haiti 0.532 +0.006
2  Nicaragua 0.699 +0.003
3  Guatemala 0.704 +0.008
4  Guyana 0.729 +0.008
5  Bolivia 0.729 +0.003
6  Honduras 0.732 +0.003
7  El Salvador 0.747 +0.001
8  Paraguay 0.761 +0.004
9  Jamaica 0.766 -0.002
10  Suriname 0.769 +0.004

Asia & Oceania

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
Very high human development
1  Australia 0.970 +0.002
2  Japan 0.960 +0.002
3  New Zealand 0.950 +0.002
4  Singapore 0.944 +0.002
5  Hong Kong 0.944 +0.001
6  South Korea 0.937 +0.004
7  Israel 0.935 +0.003
8  Brunei 0.920 +0.001
9  Kuwait 0.916 +0.004
10  Qatar 0.910 +0.005

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
Low human development
1  Afghanistan 0.352 +0.002
2  Timor-Leste 0.489 +0.005
Medium human development
3  Papua New Guinea 0.541 +0.005
4  Bangladesh 0.543 +0.008
5  Nepal 0.553 +0.006
6  Pakistan 0.572 +0.004
7  Yemen 0.575 +0.007
8  Myanmar 0.586 +0.002
9  Cambodia 0.593 +0.009
10  Solomon Islands 0.610 +0.006

Europe

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
Very high human development
1  Norway 0.971 +0.001
2  Iceland 0.969 +0.002
3  Ireland 0.965 +0.001
4  Netherlands 0.964 +0.003
5  Sweden 0.963 +0.002
6  France 0.961 +0.003
7  Switzerland 0.960 +0.001
8  Luxembourg 0.960 +0.001
9  Finland 0.959 +0.004
10  Austria 0.955 +0.003

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
2007 data Change compared to 2006 data
Medium human development
1  Moldova 0.720 +0.002
2  Ukraine 0.796 +0.007
High human development
3  Turkey 0.806 +0.004
4  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.812 +0.005
5  Macedonia 0.817 +0.004
6  Russia 0.817 [nb 2] +0.011
7  Albania 0.818 +0.004
8  Belarus 0.826 +0.007
9  Serbia 0.826 +0.005
10  Montenegro 0.834 +0.006

HDI by regions & groups

Region or Group HDI
2007
HDI
2005
Very high human development
European Union (EU27) 0.937 N/A
OECD 0.932 0.925
High human development
Gulf Cooperation Council 0.868 N/A
Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS 0.821 0.814
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.821 0.810
Medium human development
East Asia and the Pacific 0.770 0.762
World 0.753 0.743
Arab states 0.719 0.713
South Asia 0.612 0.606
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.514 0.495
Group Classification
(2007)
HDI
min max average
(2007)
average
(2005)
Very high human development Developed countries 0.900 1.000 0.955 0.897
High human development Developing countries 0.800 0.899 0.833
Medium human development 0.500 0.799 0.686 0.698
Low human development Least developed countries 0.000 0.499 0.423 0.436
World 0.000 1.000 0.753 0.743
Older group
(up to 2005)
GNI per capita
(US$)
Old
HDI
min max
High-income countries 10 726 0.936
– High-income OECD 0.950
Middle-income countries 876 10 725 0.776
Low-income countries 875 0.570
World 0.743
Developing countries 0.688
Least developed countries 0.480

Countries missing from latest report

UN member states (latest UNDP data)

Year Country HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
1997 N/A  Monaco 0.946 N/A [citation needed]
1997 N/A  San Marino 0.944 N/A [citation needed]
High human development
1998 N/A  Palau 0.861 N/A [citation needed]
Medium human development
1998 1995  North Korea 0.766 75 [3]
1998 N/A  Nauru 0.663 N/A [citation needed]
2000 1998  Iraq 0.583 126 [4]
1998 N/A  Tuvalu 0.583 N/A [citation needed]
1998 N/A  Micronesia 0.569 N/A [citation needed]
1998 N/A  Marshall Islands 0.563 N/A [citation needed]
1998 N/A  Kiribati 0.515 N/A [citation needed]
2007 2005  Zimbabwe 0.513 151 [5]
Low human development
2001 2001  Somalia 0.284 161 [6][nb 4]

Non-UN members (not calculated by the UNDP)

Year Country or Territory HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
2009 2007  Republic of China (Taiwan) 0.943 25 [nb 5]
1998 N/A  Puerto Rico 0.942 N/A [8]
2008 2005  Martinique 0.929 24 [9]
1998 N/A  Greenland 0.927 N/A [10]
2008 2005  Guadeloupe 0.912 28 [9]
2006 2004  Macau, China 0.909 28 [11]
High human development
2008 2005  New Caledonia 0.878 34 [9]
2007 2004  Réunion 0.870 35 [9][12]
2008 2005  French Polynesia 0.864 42 [9]
2008 2005  French Guiana 0.862 43 [9]
Medium human development
2004 2002  Kosovo 0.733 N/A [13]

Notes

  1. ^ a b As published in United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report "Human Development Indices - A statistical update 2008"; Table 1 "Human development index trends" 2008 and 2009 values are used, as these are the revised values rather than those originally published as shown in Appendix A1.
  2. ^ a b See List of Russian federal subjects by HDI.
  3. ^ Includes data for mainland China; excludes the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) (separately ranked), the Macau SAR and the Republic of China (Taiwan).
  4. ^ Somalia's last inclusion in the HDI ranking was in the 1996 report (1993 data).
  5. ^ As the UN does not recognize Taiwan as a state, the HDI report does not include data for "Taiwan, Province of China" (the term used by the UN to refer to the domain of the Taiwan; see Political status of Taiwan). The ROC's government calculated its HDI as of 2007 to be 0.943 based on the following data: life expectancy of 78.4 years; adult literacy rate of 97.6%; combined gross enrollment rate of 101.9%; and GDP per capita (PPP) of US$30,352.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/humandev/reports/. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Human development indices". United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Complete.pdf. Retrieved 05 October 2009. 
  3. ^ "The State of Human Development" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 1998. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/hdr_1998_en_chap1.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Human Development Report 2000" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2000. p. 163. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2000_EN.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2007/2008" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2008. p. 231. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_20072008_EN_Complete.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  6. ^ "Human Development Report: Somalia 2001" (PDF). 2001. p. 198. http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/nationalreports/africa/somalia/Somalia_2001_en.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "National Statistics, R.O.C. (Taiwan)" (in Chinese) (PDF). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.. 2007. http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/public/Data/910616273671.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  8. ^ "Puerto Rico (United States)". United Nations Environment Programme. 2 March 1998. http://islands.unep.ch/CSV.htm. Retrieved 26 March 2009. . Note: Appears to be simply the United States's HDI published on the 1997 report.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Les défis de la croissance calédonienne, on page 13" (in French) (PDF). CEROM - INSEE. http://www.cerom-outremer.org/jahia/webdav/site/cerom/users/admin_cerom/public/Pdf/BilanmacroNC2008.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  10. ^ "Greenland (Denmark)". United Nations Environment Programme. 2 March 1998. http://islands.unep.ch/CTP.htm. Retrieved 26 March 2009. . Note: Appears to be simply Denmark's HDI published on the 1997 report.
  11. ^ The UN did not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI as of 2004 as 0.909. If it were included in the UN's HDI figures as of 2004, Macau would rank 28th (behind Slovenia and in front of Portugal). "2006 Macao in Figures". Statistics and Census Service, Macau SAR. 2006. http://www.dsec.gov.mo/english/indicator/e_mn_indicator.html. Retrieved 2006-11-02. 
  12. ^ "L’Indice de Développement Humain : Une Évaluation pour la réunion" (in French) (PDF). Laboratoire d’Economie Appliquée au Développement (LEAD) Université du Sud Toulon-Var. http://www.regionetdeveloppement.u-3mrs.fr/pdf/R27/Goujon.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  13. ^ "Human Development Report - Kosovo 2004" (in English, Albanian and Serbian). UNDP. 2004. http://mirror.undp.org/kosovo/HDR/hdr.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 

External links



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