List of countries by income equality: Wikis

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Differences in national income equality around the world as measured by the national Gini coefficient. The Gini coefficient is a number between 0 and 1, where 0 corresponds with perfect equality (where everyone has the same income) and 1 corresponds with perfect inequality (where one person has all the income, and everyone else has zero income).

This is a list of countries or dependencies by income inequality metrics, including Gini coefficients, according to the United Nations (UN) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

R/P 10%: Richest 10% to poorest 10%; R/P 20%: Richest 20% to poorest 20%; Gini: Gini index; UN: Data from the United Nations Development Programme; CIA: Data from the Central Intelligence Agency's The World Factbook.

Country UN R/P 10%[1] UN R/P 20%[2] UN Gini[3] CIA R/P 10%[4] Year CIA Gini[5] Year GPI Gini 2008[6]
 Afghanistan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 60
 Albania 7.2 4.8 31.1 7.2 2004 26.7 2005 -
 Algeria 9.6 6.1 35.3 9.6 1995 35.3 1995 -
 Angola N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 62
 Argentina 40.9 17.8 51.3 35.0 Jan.-Mar. 2007 49 2006 -
 Armenia 8 5 33.8 25.8 2004 41 2004 -
 Australia 12.5 7 35.2 12.7 1994 30.5 2007 -
 Austria 6.9 4.4 29.1 6.8 2004 26 2005 -
 Azerbaijan 9.7 6 36.5 9.5 2001 36.5 2001 -
 Bahrain N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 36
 Bangladesh 7.5 4.9 33.4 7.5 2000 est. 33.4 2000 -
 Belarus 6.9 4.5 29.7 6.9 2002 29.7 2002 -
 Belgium 8.2 4.9 33 8.3 2000 28 2005 -
 Belize N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 49.2
 Benin 9.4 6 36.5 9.4 2003 36.5 2003 -
 Bhutan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 32
 Bolivia 168.1 42.3 60.1 157.3 2002 59.2 2006 -
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.4 3.8 26.2 5.5 2001 56.2 2007 -
 Botswana 43 20.4 60.5 N/A N/A 63 1993 -
 Brazil 51.3 21.8 57 49.8 2004 56.7 2005 -
 Bulgaria 7 4.4 29.2 8.8 2005 31.6 2005 -
 Burkina Faso 11.6 6.9 39.5 11.5 2003 39.5 2003 -
 Burundi 19.3 9.5 42.4 19.3 1998 42.4 1998 -
 Cambodia 12.2 7.3 41.7 12.0 2004 41.7 2004 est. -
 Cameroon 15.7 9.1 44.6 15.4 2001 44.6 2001 -
 Canada 9.4 5.5 32.6 9.5 2000 32.1 2005 -
 Central African Republic 69.2 32.7 61.3 68.1 1993 61.3 1993 -
 Chad N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 52.3
 Chile 33 15.7 54.9 32.1 2003 54.9 2003 -
 People's Republic of China 21.6 12.2 46.9 21.8 2004 46.9 2004 -
 Colombia 63.8 25.3 58.6 4.3 2004 53.8 2005 -
 Democratic Republic of the Congo N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 55
 Republic of the Congo N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 56.2
 Costa Rica 37.8 15.6 49.8 37.4 2003 49.8 2003 -
 Côte d'Ivoire 16.6 9.7 44.6 17.0 2002 44.6 2002 -
 Croatia 7.3 4.8 29 7.2 2003 est. 29 2001 -
 Cuba N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30
 Cyprus N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 29 2005 -
 Czech Republic 5.2 3.5 25.4 5.2 1996 26 2005 -
 Denmark 8.1 4.3 24.7 12.0 2000 est. 24 2005 -
 Dominican Republic 28.5 14.3 51.6 29.4 2005 49.9 2005[7] -
 Ecuador 44.9 17.3 53.6 17.5 Oct. 2006[8] 46 2006 -
 Egypt 8 5.1 34.4 8.0 2000 34.4 2001 -
 El Salvador 57.5 20.9 52.4 55.4 2002 52.4 2002 -
 Equatorial Guinea N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 65
 Estonia 10.8 6.4 35.8 11.0 2003 34 2005 -
 Ethiopia 6.6 4.3 30 6.5 2000 30 2000 -
 European Union N/A N/A N/A 9.0 2001 est. 30.7 2003 est. -
 Finland 5.6 3.8 26.9 5.7 2000 29.5 2007 -
 France 9.1 5.6 32.7 8.3 2004 28 2005 -
 Gabon N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 60
 The Gambia 20.2 11.2 50.2 20.6 1998 50.2 1998 -
 Georgia 15.4 8.3 40.4 15.2 2003 40.4 2003 -
 Germany 6.9 4.3 28.3 6.9 2000 28 2005 -
 Ghana 14.1 8.4 40.8 13.7 1999 40.8 1998 -
 Greece 10.2 6.2 34.3 10.4 2000 est. 33 2005 -
 Guatemala 48.2 20.3 55.1 48.2 2002 55.1 2007 -
 Guinea 10.5 6.6 38.6 21.6 2006 38.1 2006 -
 Guinea-Bissau 19 10.3 47 84.8 1991 N/A N/A -
 Guyana N/A N/A N/A 26.0 1999 43.2 1999 -
 Haiti 71.7 26.6 59.2 68.1 2001 59.2 2001 -
 Honduras 34.2 17.2 53.8 35.2 2003 53.8 2003 -
 Hong Kong 17.8 9.7 43.4 N/A N/A 52.3 2001 -
 Hungary 5.5 3.8 26.9 5.6 2002 28 2005 -
 Iceland N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 25 2005 -
 India 8.6 5.6 36.8 8.6 2004 36.8 2004 -
 Indonesia 7.8 5.2 34.3 7.9 2002 36.3 2005 -
 Iraq N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 42
 Iran 17.2 9.7 43 16.9 1998 43 1998 -
 Ireland 9.4 5.6 34.3 9.4 2000 32 2005 -
 Israel 13.4 7.9 39.2 11.8 2005 38.6 2005 -
 Italy 11.6 6.5 36 11.7 2000 33 2005 -
 Jamaica 17.3 9.8 45.5 17.0 2004 45.5 2004 -
 Japan 4.5 3.4 24.9 4.5 1993 38.1 2002 -
 Jordan 11.3 6.9 38.8 11.3 2003 38.8 2003 -
 Kazakhstan 8.5 5.6 33.9 8.0 2004 est. 33.9 2003 -
 Kenya 13.6 8.2 42.5 18.6 2000 44.5 1997 -
 North Korea N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 31
 South Korea 7.8 4.7 31.6 8.6 2005 est. 31.3 2007 -
 Kuwait N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30
 Kyrgyzstan 6.4 4.4 30.3 6.4 2003 30.3 2003 -
 Laos 8.3 5.4 34.6 8.4 2002 34.6 2002 -
 Latvia 11.6 6.8 37.7 11.6 2003 37.7 2003 -
 Lebanon N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 45
 Lesotho 105 44.2 63.2 48.2 2002 est. 63.2 1995 -
 Libya N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 36
 Lithuania 10.4 6.3 36 10.3 2003 36 2005 -
 Luxembourg N/A N/A N/A 6.8 2000 26 2005 -
 Macedonia 12.5 7.5 39 12.3 2003 39 2003 -
 Madagascar 19.2 11 47.5 19.3 2001 47.5 2001 -
 Malawi 10.9 6.7 39 11.0 2004 39 2004 -
 Malaysia 22.1 12.4 49.2 28.0 2003 est. 46.1 2002 -
 Mali 12.5 7.6 40.1 12.6 2001 40.1 2001 -
 Malta N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 28 2005 -
 Mauritania 12 7.4 39 11.8 2000 39 2000 -
 Mauritius N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 39 2006 est. -
 Mexico 24.6 12.8 46.1 24.6 2004 46.1 2004 -
 Moldova 8.2 5.3 33.2 8.3 2003 33.2 2003 -
 Mongolia 8.2 5.4 32.8 8.2 2002 32.8 2002 -
 Montenegro N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30 2003 -
 Morocco 11.7 7.2 39.5 11.9 1999 40 2005 est. -
 Mozambique 18.8 9.9 47.3 18.8 2002 47.3 2002 -
 Myanmar N/A N/A N/A 11.6 1998 N/A N/A 40
 Namibia 128.8 56.1 74.3 129.0 2003 70.7 2003 -
 Nepal 15.8 9.1 47.2 15.6 2004 47.2 2004 -
 Netherlands 9.2 5.1 30.9 9.2 1999 30.9 2005 -
 New Zealand 12.5 6.8 36.2 N/A N/A 36.2 1997 -
 Nicaragua 15.5 8.8 43.1 15.4 2001 43.1 2001 -
 Niger 46 20.7 50.5 44.3 1995 50.5 1995 -
 Nigeria 17.8 9.7 43.7 17.5 2003 43.7 2003 -
 Norway 6.1 3.9 25.8 6.0 2000 28 2005 -
 Oman N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 32
 Pakistan 6.5 4.3 30.6 6.6 2002 30.6 2002 -
 Panama 57.5 23.9 56.1 61.4 2003 56.1 2003 -
 Papua New Guinea 23.8 12.6 50.9 23.8 1996 50.9 1996 -
 Paraguay 65.4 25.7 58.4 65.9 2003 58.4 2003 -
 Peru 30.4 15.2 52 31.5 2003 52 2003 -
 Philippines 15.5 9.3 44.5 15.5 2003 44.5 2003 -
 Poland 8.8 5.6 34.5 8.7 2002 36 2005 -
 Portugal 15 8 38.5 9.2 1995 est. 38 2005 -
 Qatar N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 39
 Romania 7.5 4.9 31 7.4 2003 31 2005 -
 Russia 12.7 7.6 39.9 12.8 2002 41 2006 -
 Rwanda 18.6 9.9 46.8 18.2 2000 46.8 2000 -
 Saudi Arabia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 32
 Senegal 12.3 7.4 41.3 12.4 2001 41.3 2001 -
 Serbia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30 2003 -
 Sierra Leone 87.2 57.6 62.9 87.2 1989 62.9 1989 -
 Singapore 17.7 9.7 42.5 17.3 1998 42.5 1998 -
 Slovakia 6.7 4 25.8 6.7 1996 26 2005 -
 Slovenia 5.9 3.9 28.4 5.9 1998 24 2005 -
 Somalia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30
 South Africa 33.1 17.9 57.8 31.9 2000 57.8 2000 -
 Spain 10.3 6 34.7 10.2 2000 32 2005 -
 Sri Lanka 11.1 6.9 40.2 36.1 FY 2003/04 50 FY 2003/04 -
 Sudan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 51
 Swaziland 25.1 13 50.4 25.4 2001 50.4 2001 -
 Sweden 6.2 4 25 6.2 2000 23 2005 -
 Switzerland 9 5.5 33.7 8.9 2000 33.7 2000 -
 Syria N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 42
 Taiwan N/A N/A N/A 6.1 2002 est. 33 2000[9] -
 Tajikistan 7.8 5.2 32.6 7.8 2003 32.6 2003 -
 Tanzania 9.2 5.8 34.6 9.3 2000 34.6 2000 -
 Thailand 12.6 7.7 42 12.4 2002 42 2002 -
 Timor-Leste N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 38 2002 est. -
 Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 7.6 38.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A -
 Tunisia 13.4 7.9 39.8 13.7 2000 40 2005 est. -
 Turkey 16.8 9.3 43.6 17.1 2003 43.6 2003 -
 Turkmenistan 12.3 7.7 40.8 12.2 1998 40.8 1998 -
 Uganda 16.6 9.2 45.7 16.4 2002 45.7 2002 -
 Ukraine 5.9 4.1 28.1 7.6 2006 31 2006 -
 United Arab Emirates N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 31
 United Kingdom 13.8 7.2 36 13.6 1999 34 2005 -
 United States 15.9 8.4 40.8 15.0 2007 est. 45 2007 -
 Uruguay 17.9 10.2 44.9 17.9 2003 45.2 2006 -
 Uzbekistan 10.6 6.2 36.8 10.6 2003 36.8 2003 -
 Venezuela 48.3 16 48.2 50.3 2003 48.2 2003 -
 Vietnam 6.9 4.9 34.4 10.0 2004 37 2004 -
 World N/A N/A N/A 12.0 2002 est. N/A N/A -
 Yemen 8.6 5.6 33.4 8.6 2003 33.4 1998 -
 Zambia 32.3 15.3 50.8 32.3 2004 50.8 2004 -
 Zimbabwe 22 12 50.1 20.2 1995 56.8 2003 -

R/P 10%: Richest 10% to poorest 10%; R/P 20%: Richest 20% to poorest 20%; Gini: Gini index; UN: Data from the United Nations Development Programme; CIA: Data from the Central Intelligence Agency's The World Factbook.

References

  1. ^ Data show the ratio of the income or expenditure share of the richest group to that of the poorest. Inequality in income or expenditure / Inequality measures, ratio of richest 10% to poorest 10%, Human Development Report 2007/08, UNDP, accessed on February 3, 2008. Note: Because the underlying household surveys differ in method and in the type of data collected, the distribution data are not strictly comparable across countries.
  2. ^ Data show the ratio of the income or expenditure share of the richest group to that of the poorest. Inequality in income or expenditure / Inequality measures, ratio of richest 20% to poorest 20%, Human Development Report 2009, UNDP, accessed on February 3, 2008. Note: Because the underlying household surveys differ in method and in the type of data collected, the distribution data are not strictly comparable across countries.
  3. ^ A value of 0 represents absolute equality, and a value of 100 absolute inequality. Inequality in income or expenditure / Gini index, Human Development Report 2007/08, UNDP, accessed on February 3, 2008. Note: Because the underlying household surveys differ in method and in the type of data collected, the distribution data are not strictly comparable across countries.
  4. ^ Data show the ratio of the household income or consumption share of the richest group to that of the poorest. Household income or consumption by percentage share (%), The World Factbook, CIA, updated on January 24, 2008. Note: To calculate the value given in the table for this article, the highest 10% value was divided by the lowest 10% value.
  5. ^ Distribution of family income - Gini index, The World Factbook, CIA, updated on January 24, 2008.
  6. ^ Global Peace Index calculation incorporates UN Gini scores where available, so countries with a UN Gini calculation are left blank in this column. At [1] click on each country to see its Gini coefficient. Calculated in 2008.
  7. ^ Data are for urban households.
  8. ^ Data for urban households only.
  9. ^ http://www.faqs.org/docs/factbook/fields/2172.html

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