List of countries by military expenditures: Wikis

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Military spending

Contents

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute figures

Military spending in 2005

The top 15 countries with the highest military expenditure for 2008 by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute using market exchange rates.[1]

Rank Country Spending ($ b.) World Share (%)
World Total 1464.0 100
1 United States United States 607.0 41.5
2 People's Republic of China China* 84.9 5.8
3 France France 65.7 4.5
4 United Kingdom United Kingdom 65.3 4.5
5 Russia Russia* 58.6 4.0
6 Germany Germany 46.8 3.2
7 Japan Japan 46.3 3.2
8 Italy Italy 40.6 2.8
9 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 38.2 2.6
10 India India 30.0 2.1
11 South Korea South Korea 24.2 1.7
12 Brazil Brazil 23.3 1.6
13 Canada Canada 19.3 1.3
14 Spain Spain 19.2 1.3
15 Australia Australia 18.4 1.3
  • SIPRI estimate*

List of countries by military expenditure as a percentage of GDP

Below is a list of countries ranked by order of military expenditure as a percentage of GDP. This statistic reflects the importance of military buildup and army modernization for all countries. It also indicated how much priority each country places in military expenditure.

The greater a country spends on its military as a percentage of its GDP, the less money it will have to spend on other crucial aspects such as infrastructure and education, and the more likely it will come under scrutiny from other countries.[2]

The trend is that developing countries, especially Middle Eastern countries with emerging markets due to their oil wealth, and countries in proximity of conflict zones seem to be spending the most as a percentage of their GDP to modernize their military and to try to catch up with Western countries, which spend less as a result of having built a strong modernized military over the past few decades.

The source of this table is the World Fact Book 2008, published by the Central Intelligence Agency, available at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2034rank.html. Countries for which no information is available are not included in this list.

Rank Country Military expenditures as % of GDP Date of information
1 Oman Oman 11.4 2005 est.
2 Qatar Qatar 10 2005 est.
3 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 10 2005 est.
4 Iraq Iraq 8.6 2006
5 Jordan Jordan 8.6 2006
6 Israel Israel 7.3 2006
7 Yemen Yemen 6.6 2006
8 Armenia Armenia 6.5 FY01
9 Eritrea Eritrea 6.3 2006 est.
10 Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 6 2005 est.
11 Burundi Burundi 5.9 2006 est.
12 Syria Syria 5.9 2005 est.
13 Angola Angola 5.7 2006
14 Mauritania Mauritania 5.5 2006
15 Maldives Maldives 5.5 2005 est.
16 Kuwait Kuwait 5.3 2006
17 Turkey Turkey 5.3 2005 est.
18 El Salvador El Salvador 5 2006
19 Morocco Morocco 5 2003 est.
20 Singapore Singapore 4.9 2005 est.
21 Swaziland Swaziland 4.7 2006
22 Bahrain Bahrain 4.5 2006
23 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.5 2005 est.
24 Brunei Brunei 4.5 2006
25 Greece Greece 4.3 2005 est.
26 Chad Chad 4.2 2006
27 United States United States 4.06 2005 est.
28 Libya Libya 3.9 2005 est.
29 Russia Russian Federation 3.9 2005
30 Tajikistan Tajikistan 3.9 2005 est.
31 Cuba Cuba 3.8 2006 est.
32 Djibouti Djibouti 3.8 2006
33 Cyprus Cyprus 3.8 2005 est.
34 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 3.8 2006
35 Namibia Namibia 3.7 2006
36 Colombia Colombia 3.5 2007 est.
37 Ecuador Ecuador 3.4 2008 est.
38 Gabon Gabon 3.4 2005 est.
39 Egypt Egypt 3.4 2005 est.
40 Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 3.4 2005 est.
41 Algeria Algeria 3.3 2006
42 Botswana Botswana 3.3 2006
43 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 3.1 2005 est.
44 Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 3.1 2005 est.
45 Lebanon Lebanon 3.1 2005 est.
46 Republic of the Congo Congo, Republic of the 3.1 2006
47 Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 3 2006
48 Cambodia Cambodia 3 2005 est.
49 Ethiopia Ethiopia 3 2006
50 Indonesia Indonesia 3 2005 est.
51 Sudan Sudan 3 2005 est.
52 Pakistan Pakistan 3 2007 est.
53 Rwanda Rwanda 2.9 2006 est.
54 Comoros Comoros 2.8 2006
55 Kenya Kenya 2.8 2006
56 Chile Chile 2.7 2006
57 South Korea Korea, South 2.7 2006
58 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2.6 2005 est.
59 Lesotho Lesotho 2.6 2006
60 France France 2.6 2005 est.
61 Brazil Brazil 2.6 2006 est.
62 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 2.6 2006
63 Bulgaria Bulgaria 2.6 2005 est.
64 Iran Iran 2.5 2006
65 Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo, Democratic Republic of the 2.5 2006
66 India India 2.5 2006
67 Vietnam Vietnam 2.5 2005 est.
68 Australia Australia 2.4 2006
69 United Kingdom United Kingdom 2.4 2005 est.
70 Croatia Croatia 2.39 2005 est.
71 Portugal Portugal 2.3 2005 est.
72 Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 2.3 2006
73 Fiji Fiji 2.2 2005 est.
74 Republic of China Republic of China (Taiwan) 2.2
75 Uganda Uganda 2.2 2006
76 Burma Burma 2.1 2005 est.
77 Malaysia Malaysia 2.03 2005 est.
78 Estonia Estonia 2 2005 est.
79 World 2 2005 est.
80 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2 2005 est.
81 Seychelles Seychelles 2 2006 est.
82 Finland Finland 2 2005 est.
83 Afghanistan Afghanistan 1.9 2006 est.
84 Romania Romania 1.9 2007 est.
85 Norway Norway 1.9 2005 est.
86 Mali Mali 1.9 2006
87 Bolivia Bolivia 1.9 2006
88 Slovakia Slovakia 1.87 2005 est.
89 Guyana Guyana 1.8 2006
90 Thailand Thailand 1.8 2005 est.
91 Zambia Zambia 1.8 2005 est.
92 Italy Italy 1.8 2005 est.
93 Hungary Hungary 1.75 2005 est.
94 Poland Poland 1.71 2005 est.
95 People's Republic of China People's Republic of China 1.7 2009
96 Benin Benin 1.7 2006
97 Guinea Guinea 1.7 2006
98 South Africa South Africa 1.7 2006
99 Slovenia Slovenia 1.7 2005 est.
100 Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 1.6 2005 est
101 Netherlands Netherlands 1.6 2005 est.
102 Togo Togo 1.6 2005 est.
103 Uruguay Uruguay 1.6 2006
104 Nepal Nepal 1.6 2006
105 Bangladesh Bangladesh 1.5 2006
106 Sweden Sweden 1.5 2005 est.
107 Peru Peru 1.5 2006
108 Nigeria Nigeria 1.5 2006
109 Denmark Denmark 1.5
110 Germany Germany 1.5 2005 est.
111 Albania Albania 1.49 2005 est.
112 Czech Republic Czech Republic 1.46 2007 est.
113 Belize Belize 1.4 2006
114 Ukraine Ukraine 1.4 2005 est.
115 Belarus Belarus 1.4 2005 est.
116 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 1.4 2005 est.
117 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 1.4 2005 est.
118 Tunisia Tunisia 1.4 2006
119 Senegal Senegal 1.4 2005 est.
120 Mongolia Mongolia 1.4 2006
121 Cameroon Cameroon 1.3 2006
122 Niger Niger 1.3 2006
123 Malawi Malawi 1.3 2006
124 Liberia Liberia 1.3 2006 est.
125 Belgium Belgium 1.3 2005 est.
126 Latvia Latvia 1.2 2005 est.
127 Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 1.2 2006
128 Venezuela Venezuela 1.2 2005 est.
129 Spain Spain 1.2 2005 est.
130 Lithuania Lithuania 1.2
131 Canada Canada 1.1 2005 est.
132 Central African Republic Central African Republic 1.1 2006 est.
133 Bhutan Bhutan 1 2005 est.
134 Madagascar Madagascar 1 2006
135 Switzerland Switzerland 1 2005 est.
136 Panama Panama 1 2006
137 Paraguay Paraguay 1 2006 est.
138 New Zealand New Zealand 1 2005 est.
139 Austria Austria 0.9 2005 est.
140 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.9 FY02
141 Luxembourg Luxembourg 0.9 2005 est.
142 Tonga Tonga 0.9 2006 est.
143 Somalia Somalia 0.9 2005 est.
144 Philippines Philippines 0.9 2005 est.
145 Republic of Ireland Ireland 0.9 2005 est.
146 Argentina Argentina 0.8 2009 est.
147 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 0.8 2006
148 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 0.8 2006
149 Japan Japan 0.8 2006
150 Mozambique Mozambique 0.8 2006
151 Ghana Ghana 0.8 2006 est.
152 Cape Verde Cape Verde 0.7 2005
153 Malta Malta 0.7 2006 est.
154 Honduras Honduras 0.6 2006 est.
155 Nicaragua Nicaragua 0.6 2006
156 Suriname Suriname 0.6 2006 est.
157 Jamaica Jamaica 0.6 2006 est.
158 Georgia (country) Georgia 0.59 2005 est.
159 Barbados Barbados 0.5 2006 est.
160 The Gambia Gambia, The 0.5 2006
161 The Bahamas Bahamas, The 0.5 2006
162 Mexico Mexico 0.5 2006 est.
163 Laos Laos 0.5 2006
164 Costa Rica Costa Rica[3] 0.4 2006
165 Guatemala Guatemala 0.4 2006
166 Moldova Moldova 0.4 2005 est.
167 Haiti Haiti 0.4 2006
168 Mauritius Mauritius 0.3 2006 est.
169 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 0.3 2006
170 Tanzania Tanzania 0.2 2005 est.
171 Bermuda Bermuda 0.11 2005 est.
172 Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 0.1 2006 est.
173 Iceland Iceland 0.0 2005 est.
- European Union European Union 0.7-4.3 2005-2007 est.

See also

References

  1. ^ The Top 15 Military Spenders, 2008
  2. ^ World Politics Review | China's Latest Military Spending Increase Garners Anxious Reactions
  3. ^ Costa Rica abolished its military in 1949, but the CIA World Factbook counts the expenditures of the Ministry of Public Security as military spending. SIPRI lists the amount as "not available or not applicable", yet mentions "Expenditure for paramilitary forces, border guard, and maritime and air surveillance is less than 0.05% of GDP"

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