List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty: Wikis

  
  

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Map of world poverty by country, showing percentage of population living on less than $1.25 per day. Based on 2009 UN Human Development Report.
Map of world poverty by country, showing percentage of population living on less than $2 per day. Based on 2009 UN Human Development Report.
Map of world poverty by country, showing percentage of population living below the national poverty line. Based on data from the CIA World Factbook. Not all figures are up to date.

These are lists of countries of the world by percentage of population living in poverty. "Poverty" defined as an economic condition of lacking both money and basic necessities needed to successfully live, such as food, water, education, healthcare, and shelter. There are many working definitions of "poverty," with considerable debate on how to best define the term. Income security, economic stability and the predictability of one's continued means to meet basic needs all serve as absolute indicators of poverty. Poverty may therefore also be defined as the economic condition of lacking predictable and stable means of meeting basic life needs.

  • The first table lists countries by the percentage of the poorest population living under 1.25 and 2 dollar a day. The sourced data refers to the most recent year available during the period 2000-2007.
  • The second table lists countries by the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line —the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. Definitions of the poverty line may vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Thus, the numbers are not strictly comparable among countries.

Only countries for which sourced data is available are listed.

Population living under 1.25 and
2 dollar (PPP) a day (%)
Population living below national poverty line (%)
Country < $1.25[1] < $2[2]
 Albania <2 7.8
 Algeria 6.8[3] 23.6[3]
 Angola 54.3 70.2
 Argentina 4.5[4] 11.3[4]
 Armenia 10.6 43.4
 Azerbaijan <2 <2
 Bangladesh 49.6[5] 81.3[5]
 Belarus <2 <2
 Benin 47.3 75.3
 Bhutan 26.2 49.5
 Bolivia 19.6 30.3
 Bosnia and Herzegovina <2 <2
 Botswana 31.2[3] 49.4[3]
 Brazil 5.2 12.7
 Bulgaria <2 2.4
 Burkina Faso 56.5 81.2
 Burundi 81.3 93.4
 Cambodia 40.2 68.2
 Cameroon 32.8 57.7
 Cape Verde 20.6 40.2
 Central African Republic 62.4 81.9
 Chad 61.9 83.3
 Chile <2 2.4
 China, People's Republic of 15.9[6] 36.3[6]
 Colombia 16 27.9
 Comoros 46.1 65
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 59.2 79.5
 Congo, Republic of the 54.1 74.4
 Costa Rica 2.4 8.6
 Côte d'Ivoire 23.3 46.8
 Croatia <2 <2
 Czech Republic <2[3] <2[3]
 Djibouti 18.8 41.2
 Dominican Republic 5 15.1
 Ecuador 4.7 12.8
 Egypt <2 18.4
 El Salvador 11 20.5
 Estonia <2 <2
 Ethiopia 39 77.5
 Gabon 4.8 19.6
 Gambia 34.3 56.7
 Georgia 13.4 30.4
 Ghana 30 53.6
 Guatemala 11.7 24.3
 Guinea 70.1 87.2
 Guinea-Bissau 48.8 77.9
 Guyana 7.7[3] 16.8[3]
 Haiti 54.9 72.1
 Honduras 18.2 29.7
 Hungary <2 <2
 India 41.6 75.6
 Indonesia 21.4[6] 53.8[6]
 Iran <2 8
 Jamaica <2 5.8
 Jordan <2 3.5
 Kazakhstan 3.1 17.2
 Kenya 19.7 39.9
 Kyrgyzstan 21.8 51.9
 Laos 44[5] 76.8[5]
 Latvia <2 <2
 Lesotho 43.4 62.2
 Liberia 83.7 94.8
 Lithuania <2 <2
 Macedonia <2 3.2
 Madagascar 67.8 89.6
 Malawi 73.9 90.4
 Malaysia <2 7.8
 Mali 51.4 77.1
 Mauritania 21.2 44.1
 Mexico <2 4.8
 Moldova 8.1 28.9
 Mongolia 22.4 49
 Morocco 2.5 14
 Mozambique 74.7 90
 Namibia 49.1[3] 62.2[3]
 Nepal 55.1 77.6
 Nicaragua 15.8 31.8
 Niger 65.9 85.6
 Nigeria 64.4 83.9
 Pakistan 22.6 60.3
 Panama 9.5 17.8
 Papua New Guinea 35.8[3] 57.4[3]
 Paraguay 6.5 14.2
 Peru 7.9 18.5
 Philippines 22.6 45
 Poland <2 <2
 Romania <2 3.4
 Russia <2 <2
 Rwanda 76.6 90.3
 Saint Lucia 20.9[3] 40.6[3]
 Senegal 33.5 60.3
 Sierra Leone 53.4 76.1
 Slovakia <2[3] <2[3]
 Slovenia <2 <2
 South Africa 26.2 42.9
 Sri Lanka 14 39.7
 Suriname 15.5[3] 27.2[3]
 Swaziland 62.9 81
 Tajikistan 21.5 50.8
 Tanzania 88.5 96.6
 Thailand <2 11.5
 Timor-Leste 52.9 77.5
 Togo 38.7 69.3
 Trinidad and Tobago 4.2[3] 13.5[3]
 Tunisia 2.6 12.8
 Turkey 2.7 9
 Turkmenistan 24.8[3] 49.6[3]
 Uganda 51.5 75.6
 Ukraine <2 <2
 Uruguay <2[4] 4.5[4]
 Uzbekistan 46.3 76.7
 Venezuela 3.5 10.2
 Vietnam 21.5 48.4
 Yemen 17.5 46.6
 Zambia 64.3 81.5
Country UNDP[7] CIA[8] Year Other Year
 Afghanistan 42 53 2003 N/A N/A
 Albania 18.5 25 2004 est. 25 2002[9]
 Algeria 22.6 25 2005 est. N/A N/A
 Angola N/A 70 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Anguilla N/A 23 2002 N/A N/A
 Argentina N/A 23.4 Jan.-Jun. 2007 13.9 2009[10]
 Armenia 50.9 26.5 2006 est. 51 2001[9]
 Austria N/A 5.9 2004 N/A N/A
 Azerbaijan 49.6 24 2005 est. 50 2001[9]
 The Bahamas N/A 9.3 2004 N/A N/A
 Bangladesh 49.8 45 2004 est. 50 2000[9]
 Belarus 17.4 27.1 2003 est. 18 2002[9]
 Belgium N/A 15.2 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Belize N/A 33.5 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Benin 39 37.4 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Bermuda N/A 19 2000 N/A N/A
 Bhutan N/A 31.7 2003 N/A N/A
 Bolivia 64.6 60 2006 est. 54.0 2007[11]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.5 25 2004 est. 20 2002[9]
 Botswana N/A 30.3 2003 N/A N/A
 Brazil 21.5 31 2005 30.3 2007[11]
 Bulgaria 12.8 14.1 2003 est. 13 2001[9]
 Burkina Faso 46.4 46.4 2003 46 2003[9]
 Burma N/A 32.7 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Burundi 68 68 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Cambodia 35 35 2004 35 2004[9]
 Cameroon 40.2 48 2000 est. 40 2001[9]
 Canada N/A 10.8 2005[12] 4.9 2004[13]
 Cape Verde N/A 30 2000 N/A N/A
 Chad 43.4 80 2001 est. N/A N/A
 Chile 17 18.2 2005 13.7 2006[11]
 People's Republic of China 2.8 8 2006 est.[14] N/A N/A
 Colombia 64 49.2 2005 46.8 2005[11]
 Comoros N/A 60 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 71.3 N/A N/A
 Congo, Republic of the 42.3 N/A N/A N/A
 Costa Rica 23.9 16 2006 est. 18.6 2007[11]
 Côte d'Ivoire N/A 42 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Croatia 11.1 11 2003 N/A N/A
 Djibouti N/A 42 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Dominica N/A 30 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Dominican Republic 42.2 42.2 2004 44.5 2007[11]
 Ecuador 45.2 38.3 2006 42.6 2007[11]
 Egypt 16.7 20 2005 est. 17 1999-2000[9]
 El Salvador 37.2 30.7 2006 est. 47.5 2004[11]
 Eritrea 53 50 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Estonia 8.9 5 2003 N/A N/A
 Ethiopia 44.2 38.7 FY05/06 est. 44 1999-2000[9]
 Fiji N/A 25.5 FY90/91 N/A N/A
 France N/A 6.2 2004 N/A N/A
 The Gambia 61.3 N/A N/A 61 2003[9]
 Gaza Strip N/A 80 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Georgia 54.5 31 2006 54 2003[9]
 Germany N/A 11 2001 est. N/A N/A
 Ghana 28.5 28.5 2007 est. 28 2005-6[9]
 Greece N/A N/A N/A 20,1 N/A
 Grenada N/A 32 2000 N/A N/A
 Guam N/A 23 2001 est. N/A N/A
 Guatemala 56.2 56.2 2004 est. 54.8 2006[11]
 Guinea 40 47 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Guinea-Bissau 65.7 N/A 66 2002[9]
 Haiti 65 80 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Honduras 50.7 50.7 2004 68.9 2007[11]
 Hungary 17.3 8.6 1993 est. N/A N/A
 India N/A 25 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Indonesia 16 17.8 2006 17 2004[9]
 Iran N/A 18 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Ireland N/A 7 2005 est. 6.8 2004 est.[15]
 Israel N/A 21.6 2005[16] N/A N/A
 Jamaica 18.7 14.8 2003 est. 19 2000[9]
 Jordan 14.2 14.2 2002 14 2002[9]
 Kazakhstan 15.4 13.8 2007 15 2002[9]
 Kenya 52 50 2000 est. N/A N/A
 South Korea N/A 15 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Kosovo N/A 37 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Kyrgyzstan 43.1 40 2004 est. 43 2005[9]
 Laos 33 30.7 2005 est. 33 2003[9]
 Latvia 5.9 N/A N/A 6 2004[9]
 Lebanon N/A 28 1999 est. N/A N/A
 Lesotho 68 49 1999 N/A N/A
 Liberia N/A 80 2000 est. N/A N/A
 Libya N/A 7.4 2005 est. N/A N/A
 Lithuania N/A 4 2003 N/A N/A
 Republic of Macedonia 21.7 29.8 2006 29.4 2007[17]
 Madagascar 71.3 50 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Malawi 65.3 53 2004 N/A N/A
 Malaysia 15.5 5.1 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Maldives N/A 21 2004 N/A N/A
 Mali 63.8 36.1 2005 est. N/A N/A
 Mauritania 46.3 40 2004 est. 46 2000[9]
 Mauritius 10.6 8 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Mexico 34.8[18] 13.8%[19] 2006[20] 51%[21] 2006[11]
 Micronesia N/A 26.7 2000 N/A N/A
 Moldova 48.5 29.5 2005 48 2002[9]
 Mongolia 36.1 36.1 2004 36 2002[9]
 Montenegro N/A 7 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Morocco 19 15 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Mozambique 54.1 70 2001 est. 54 2002-3[9]
 Nepal 30.9 30.9 2004 31 2003-4[9]
 Netherlands N/A 10.5 2005 N/A N/A
 Nicaragua 45.8 48 2005 61.9 2005[11]
 Niger 63 63 1993 est. N/A N/A
 Nigeria 34.1 70 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Norway N/A N/A N/A 4.3 2007[22]
 Pakistan 32.6 24 FY05/06 est. N/A N/A
 Panama 27.7[23] 32.7[24] 1999 est. 29.0 2007[11]
 Papua New Guinea 37.5 37 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Paraguay 20.5 32 2005 est. 60.5 2007[11]
 Peru 36.2 39.3 2008 36.2 2008[11]
 Philippines 25.1 30 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Poland 14.8 17 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Portugal N/A 18 2006 N/A N/A
 Romania 28.9 25 2005 est. N/A N/A
 Russia 19.6 15.8 Nov. 2007 13.1 Dec. 2008[25]
 Rwanda 60.3 60 2001 est. 60 1999-2000[9]
 São Tomé and Príncipe N/A 54 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Senegal 33.4 54 2001 est. N/A N/A
 Serbia N/A 6.5 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Sierra Leone 70.2 70.2 2004 70 2003-4[9]
 Slovakia 16.8 21 2002 N/A N/A
 Slovenia N/A 12.9 2004 N/A N/A
 South Africa N/A 50 2000 est. N/A N/A
 Spain N/A 19.8 2005 N/A N/A
 Sri Lanka 22.7 22 2002 est. 23 2002[9]
 Sudan N/A 40 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Suriname N/A 70 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Swaziland 69.2 69 2006 69 2000-1[9]
 Syria N/A 11.9 2006 est. N/A N/A
 Republic of China (Taiwan) N/A 0.95 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Tajikistan 44.4 60 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Tanzania 35.7 36 2002 est. 36 2000-1[9]
 Thailand 13.6 10 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Timor-Leste 39.7 42 2003 est. N/A N/A
 Togo 32.3 32 1989 est. N/A N/A
 Tonga N/A 24 FY03/04 N/A N/A
 Trinidad and Tobago 21 17 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Tunisia 7.6 7.4 2005 est. 3.8 2005[26]
 Turkey 27 20 2002 20.5 2005[27]
 Turkmenistan N/A 30 2004 est. N/A N/A
 Uganda 37.7 35 2001 est. 38 2002-3[9]
 Ukraine 19.5 37.7 2003 20 2003[9]
 United Arab Emirates N/A 19.5 2003 N/A N/A
 United Kingdom N/A 14 2006 est. N/A N/A
 United States N/A 12 2004 est. 12.6 2005[28]
 Uruguay N/A 27.4 2006[29] 18.1 2007[11][30]
 Uzbekistan 27.2 33 2004 est. 28 2000[9]
 Venezuela 52 37.9 end 2005 est. 23.8 2009[11]
 Vietnam 28.9 14.8 2007 est. 29 2002[9]
 U.S. Virgin Islands N/A 28.9 2002 N/A N/A
 West Bank N/A 46 2007 est. N/A N/A
 Yemen 41.8 45.2 2003 N/A N/A
 Zambia 68 86 1993 68 2004[9]
 Zimbabwe 34.9 68 2004 N/A N/A

See also

References

  1. ^ Data refer to the most recent year available during 2000-2007. Human and income poverty: developing countries / Population living below $1.25 a day (%), Human Development Report 2009, UNDP, accessed on December 19, 2009.
  2. ^ Data refer to the most recent year available during 2000-2007. Human and income poverty: developing countries / Population living below $2 a day (%), Human Development Report 2009, UNDP, accessed on December 19, 2009.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Data refer to an earlier year than that specified.
  4. ^ a b c d Estimates cover urban areas only.
  5. ^ a b c d Estimates are adjusted by spatial consumer price index information.
  6. ^ a b c d Estimates are weighted averages of urban and rural values.
  7. ^ Data refer to the most recent year available during 2000-2007. Human and income poverty: developing countries / Population living below national poverty line), Human Development Indices: A statistical update 2008, UNDP, accessed on May 2, 2009.
  8. ^ Population below poverty line, The World Factbook, CIA, updated on November 13, 2008. Note: The CIA no longer publishes poverty figures on its World Factbook country profiles. The page remains accessible, though.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "World Development Indicators 2008". World Bank. September, 2008. http://go.worldbank.org/LJW2UB0SI0. 
  10. ^ Measured by National standards INDEC
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q CEPALSTAT | Bases de Datos y Publicaciones Estadísticas ECLAC, accessed on April 26, 2009.
  12. ^ This figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO). a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line.
  13. ^ Basic Needs Poverty Measure, an absolute poverty measure calculated by the Fraser Institute. (See related article, Poverty in Canada.)
  14. ^ 21.5 million rural population live below the official "absolute poverty" line (approximately $90 per year); and an additional 35.5 million rural population above that but below the official "low income" line (approximately $125 per year).
  15. ^ Central Statistics Office Ireland.
  16. ^ Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day.
  17. ^ http://www.stat.gov.mk/english/statistiki_eng.asp?ss=08.02&rbs=1
  18. ^ http://www.cepal.org/publicaciones/xml/9/37839/PSE2009-Cap-I-pobreza.pdf
  19. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html
  20. ^ Food-based poverty. Asset based poverty amounted to more than 40%.
  21. ^ http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2009/08/20/index.php?section=economia&article=024n1eco
  22. ^ Poverty data: Norway. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2007, US Department of State; Population: Norway - CIA The World Factbook.
  23. ^ http://www.cepal.org/publicaciones/xml/9/37839/PSE2009-Cap-I-pobreza.pdf
  24. ^ http://www.degerencia.com/noticia/30604/pobreza-en-panama-disminuye-a-327
  25. ^ Structure of money incomes and share of expenditures in money incomes of population (Russian).
  26. ^ Tunisia-human development
  27. ^ Complete poverty (food+nonfood) Turkish Statistical Institute.
  28. ^ U.S. Census Bureau.
  29. ^ Percentage of households.
  30. ^ Urban areas only.

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