List of countries by statehood: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Below is a list of countries in chronological order of their statehood.

Nation-building is a long evolutionary process. It is therefore practically impossible to come up with a single date for a nation's "birth". However, most nations have accepted some dates in their respective histories as their symbolic starting points. This is usually done more for nationalistic propaganda than for scientific reasons. For many ancient and medieval nations these starting points are usually the dates when a nation was mentioned in a written document for the first time or simply a date from their national mythology. In Europe, this often coincides with the ruler's conversion to Christianity. For post-colonial nations, starting with the United States, the beginning of statehood is usually considered to be the date when independence was declared, granted or recognised.

The following list is mainly based on data published by the Central Intelligence Agency, and is therefore largely (but not entirely) restricted to states whose independence is recognised by the United States. Independence dates earlier than 1919 should be treated with caution, since prior to the founding of the League of Nations, there was no international body to recognise nationhood, and independence had no meaning beyond mutual recognition of de facto sovereigns (the role of the League of Nations was effectively taken over by the United Nations after the Second World War). See also: disputed territories.

The situation is further complicated by the confusion between the terms nation (generally considered an ethnic or cultural grouping) and state (an independent political entity). (These two words are commonly used as synonyms.)


Historical kingdoms and dynasties

Date Nation Event
-6799 3200 BC Iran First state consisting all of western Iran was founded by the Proto-Elamite with their capital at Susa & Anshan which lasted from around 3200 BC to 2700 BC and had a significant influence on later Iranian dynasties, they were followed by Elam (2700 BC-550 BC) and Indo-European Medes who created the first Iranian empire, which encompassed all of Iran and lasted from 728 to 550 BC, Cyrus I, founded the first Persian Empire, the Achaemenid Empire in 550 BC (the Achaemenids had ruled Anshan for about a century before that). The Achaemenids conquered the neighbouring Mesopotamian Civilization, and was the world's first superstate, stretching from Greece to India. Persia was conquered by the Greeks under Alexander the Great, Arab Islamic Caliphate and the Mongol Empire with subsequent reunifications afterwards. The last reunification of Iran happened in 1501 by the Safavid dynasty. Iran was referred to in the West as Persia until March 21, 1935 when it was officially recognized as Iran which has been the local name. The modern Islamic Republic of Iran was established on February 11, 1979 after revolution toppled Pahlavi dynasty. Iran has had roughly the same geographical boundaries since its inception and has been using Persian as the official language in addition to Iranian calendar as official calendar as well as the name of Iran for the nation since Median Empire
-6899 3100 BC Egypt unification of Upper and Lower Egypt into one country by Pharaoh Narmer occurred in 3100 BC. Despite subsequent conquests, Egypt has roughly remained a united nation geographically ever since. Egypt gained at least nominal independence from the United Kingdom on February 28, 1922
-7120 2879 BC Viet Nam rise of Văn Lang confederacy in 2879 BC from Văn Lang tribe. Continuous invasions however, Vietnam inside was abiding after that in the allied countries. Proclaimed sovereignty after World War II following fall of the Japanese Empire on September 2, 1945 but the French Empire recognized it in 1954
-7659 2340 BC Iraq unification occurred under the Akkadians by Sargon the Great in 2340 BC as first unified state of Sumer founded in 3200 BC in Mesopotamia, the "Cradle of Civilization", in what is now Iraq. Ancient contact between Sumeria and the two other cradles of civilization, India and Egypt occurred. The area was subsequently ruled by various civilizations, including the Babylonians, the neighbouring Persians, and the Arabs. The Ottoman Turks controlled the area until World War I, when the British Empire gained administration. The modern Republic of Iraq was established on October 3, 1932 after independence from the British Empire
-7666 2333 BC Korea references to Gojoseon founded under the Altaic-Tungusic by Dangun in historical records from 2333 BC. Korea was invaded by the Mongols, the Manchus, and the Russians. The Japanese Empire governed the peninsula from 1910 to the end of World War II, as the Allies liberated, but Korea was divided into two republics by the two Cold War rivals. The modern Republic of Korea was formed on August 15, 1948 under United States administration and the modern Democratic People's Republic of Korea was formed on September 9, 1948 under Soviet administration. Although economic and political differences continued to keep the two countries apart, there was renewed hope that one day Korea will become a united nation
-7929 2070 BC China first state founded by the quasi-legendary Xia Dynasty, which was allegedly the beginning of Chinese hereditary monarchy until Xinhai Revolution in 1911, after a period of Neolithic cultures, according to historical texts. First archeologically confirmed state was the Shang dynasty. The first unified state incorporating the majority of modern China, was founded under the Qin dynasty by Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi in 221 BC. On 1 January 1912, the Republic of China gained independence from the Manchu-Qing Dynasty, but was itself forced to retreat to Taiwan and other islands after its defeat in the Chinese Civil War to the communists in 1949. The latter established the People's Republic of China on the mainland on 1 October 1949, and both governments continue to lay claim to be the successor state of all China
-8699 1300 BC Georgia Georgian Kingdom - Colchis was formed as a result of the increasing consolidation of the tribes inhabiting the Western Georgian Area. Colchis is sometimes mentioned with original Georgian names: კოლხეთი (Kolkheti) and ეგრისი (Egrisi) or also with ancient Greek name Κολχίς (Kolkis). This kingdom is described in Greek mythology as the destination of the Argonauts. Colchis is a homeland of Golden Fleece. The most significant thing is that the language of Colchians is still alive and widely used among Western Georgians. The modern Georgia declared independence from the USSR in April 9, 1991
-8979 1020 BC Israel unification under the Kingdom of Israel by King Saul of Israel, occurred after former slaves migrated away from the Egyptian Empire. The land was subsequently conquered by Babylonians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Sassandians, European Christians and Muslims. The Turkish Ottoman Empire annexed the area in the 1500s, until the British Empire took over administration after World War I. An irredentist movement sought to create a new state. The modern State of Israel was established on 14 May 1948 from League of Nations mandate under British administration
-9141 858 BC Armenia Aramu, first known king of Urartu, an ancient Armenian kingdom; Hurrians present by 2500 BC
-9199 800 BC Ethiopia Foundation of D'mt in the early 8th century BC, succeeded by the Kingdom of Aksum; oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. Punt is thought to have existed in northern Ethiopia and Eritrea from the 25th century BC preceding D'mt.
-9246 753 BC Italy (Rome) a civilization that grew out of the city-state of Rome, founded in the Italian Peninsula on 21 April 753 BC according to tradition
-9339 660 BC Japan in traditional discovery side Emperor Jimmu. Modern Japan was unified in 1598 by Toyotomi Hideyoshi
-9662 337 BC Greece unification occurred under the Macedonians by King Philip II of Macedon in 337 BC. After decline in power, Greece was incorporated into the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire. The modern Hellenic Republic was established on 25 March 1821 after independence from the Ottoman Empire
-9677 322 BC India
The first unified state incorporating the majority of modern India, was founded under the Maurya dynasty by Emperor Chandragupta Maurya in 322 BC. Re-unification occurred in 1600 under the Mughal dynasty by Akbar the Great. Became part of the British Empire in 1757. Independence declared in 1947. Modern Pakistan was subsequently established on August 14, 1947 and the modern Republic of India was established on 26 January 1950, while Bangladesh finally became a sovereign state on the 16th December, 1971.
-9697 302 BC Georgia Pharnavaz I of Iberia, victorious in power struggle, became the first king of an ancient Georgian Kingdom Iberia (302-237 BC).He has reformed a Georgian alphabet which is created in 5th century BC. Georgian alphabet is used to write the Georgian language - an official language in Georgia.
00192 192 Champa set up by the rebellion of a local official named Khu Lien against the Han Empire in North Vietnam
00270 270 Japan unification by Emperor Ojin
00301-09-03 September 3, 301 San Marino claims to be world's oldest surviving republic
00476 476 Byzantine Empire from Rome
00486 486 France conquered by Clovis, French Kingdom (West Francia) created in 843 with Treaty of Verdun, although present-day France (5th Republic) was created on October 5, 1958.
00544-02 February 544 Viet Nam Lý Nam Đế was debateably considered the "first" emperor of Viet Nam by the Việt people, renamed the empire Vạn Xuân
00668 668 Korea re-unification of the Korean peninsula by the Silla kingdom
00681 681 Bulgaria unification of Bulgars and Slavs by Asparukh after the Byzantine empire was forced to sign a peace treaty with them.
7th century Brunei predecessor state of the Sultanate of Brunei established
00780 780 Serbia unification of Serbian tribes under knez Višeslav, great-grandson of the Unknown Archont
00789 789 Morocco Idriss II founded the city of Fez and unified the tribes between the Moulouya and Um Rabiaa rivers under first Moroccan dynasty. The country took the name of Al Maghrib Al Aqsa. The Alaouite Dynasty is the name of the current Moroccan Dynasty since 1664.
00980 980 Denmark consolidation in the late 8th century. In the 9th century Denmark was divided into different kingdoms, but became organized as a unified state by Harold Bluetooth around 980. Denmark has been continuously independent ever since.
00802 802 Cambodia Khmer Empire
00843 843 Scotland unified by Kenneth mac Alpin. Kenneth I of Scotland, King of the Scots, also becomes King of the Picts, thus becoming the first monarch of the new, united state, the Kingdom of Scotland. The resulting unified Scottish/Pictish Kingdom is called Alba (the Scottish gaelic word for Scotland). Beginning of the rule of the Alpin dynasty of Scottish kings
00862 862 Russia Rurik becomes the ruler of Novgorod in nothern Rus'. He founds the Rurikid dynasty, which will rule Russian lands for many ages to come.
00864 864 Bulgaria khan Boris becomes the first Bulgarian Christian king
00868 868 Portugal Portugal emerges as an autonomous entity from Galicia under Count Vímara Peres
00870 870 Wales Offa, King of Mercia builds Offa's Dyke, separating the western Brythonic lands from the English, and catalysing a sense of shared identity, the lands being unified within a generation. Unification continued under Rhodri Mawr (The Great, d.877), and although it is difficult to outline a clear date, between the construction of the Dyke and when Welsh law was codified under Rhodri's grandson Hywel Dda (the Good) in c.940 at Hendy-gwyn, an identifiable Welsh nation came into being, and conceivably a Welsh state. Under Gruffudd ap Llywelyn who seized territories to the east of Offa's Dyke, even the English acknowledged the Welsh state.
00872 872 Norway first establishment of a unified Norwegian state by King Harald Hairfair in 872. Present-Day Norway regained partial independence on the 17 May 1814 and full independence on the 7 June 1905, after almost 500 years of unequal unions
00895 895 Bohemia from Great Moravia
00910 910 León independence of the Kingdom of Asturias by the king García I
00926 926 Serbia Serbia liberated from the Byzantine Empire and Bulgarians under Caslav Klonimirovic
00927 927 England Kings of Wessex unify, and become de jure monarchs of England. By 829 all other English kings had acknowledged Egbert of Wessex as their overlord. By 878 there was only one English king, however the Danes ruled the Danelaw in the north and east until 927, when Athelstan became the first de facto king of all-England.
00930 930 Iceland founding of a central parliament (Alþingi) for the newly settled country
00931 931 Castile independence of the county of Castile, future Crown of Castile, from the Kingdom of León
00962 962 Holy Roman Empire from the pope's reign
00966 966 Poland Christianized after being unified by Mieszko I, the first Duke of Poland. Although, modern-day Poland only gained independence on the 11 November 1918 which was later confirmed by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919
00988 988 Catalonia De facto independence of Catalonia from French Kingdom, when Borrell II failed to swear fealty to Hugh Capet; but formally signed in Treaty of Corbeil (1258).
00988 988 Ukraine Start of Christianity for Kievan Rus
00925 925 Croatia transformation of the medieval Croatian state into a kingdom under Tomislav around 925
00995 995 Sweden Olof Skötkonung became the first king to rule both Svealand and Götaland. Sweden has been continuously independent ever since.
01001-01-01 January 1, 1001 Hungary unification by King Stephen I
01002 1002 Ireland unified under King Brian I
01025 1025 Poland coronation of Boleslaus I the Brave, the first King of Poland
01035 1035 Aragon Born of the Kingdom of Aragon by the union of the counties of Aragon, Sobrarbe and Ribagorza by the king Ramiro I
01040 1040 Duklja becomes a kingdom under King Mihajlo Vojislavljević (today's Montenegro)
01085 1085 Bohemia coronation of Vratislaus II, the first King of Bohemia
01128-06-23 June 23, 1128 Portugal Count Afonso Henriques is proclaimed sole ruler and Prince of Portugal, detaching the country from the Kingdom of Leon
01136 1136 Sultanate of Kedah the King of Kedah converts to Islam and becomes sultan
01137 1137 Crown of Aragon Birth of the Crown of Aragon after dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona (Catalonia).
01139-07-26 July 26, 1139 Portugal Afonso Henriques is proclaimed King of Portugal. On 5 October 1143 Afonso I's rule was recognized as independent by the Kingdom of Leon with assistance by the Holy See. On 5 October 1179, Afonso is recognized as king by Pope Alexander III.
01147 1147 Russia First reference to Moscow about an obscure town in a small province inhabited mostly by Merya.
01153 1153 Maldives the last Buddhist king of Maldives converts to Islam and adopts the title Sultan.
01156 1156 Austria raised from a Bavarian margravate to an independent duchy under the Babenbergs in the Privilegium Minus. Modern-Day Austria was created on the 27th of April 1945 after the Fall of the Greater German Reich.
01190 1190 Albania Progon, Prince of Albania
01206 1206 Mongolia unification of Mongolian tribes by Genghis Khan
01217 1217 Kingdom of Serbia Stefan Prvovencani crowned by the pope
01230 1230 Castile and Leon unification of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon by the king Ferdinand III
01236 1236 Grand Duchy of Lithuania Mindaugas becomes the first Grand Duke of Lithuania
01238 1238 Thailand traditional founding date after collapse of Khmer Empire; never colonized
01278 1278 Andorra formed under the joint suzerainty of the French count of Foix and the Catalan bishop of Urgell
01290 1290 Wallachia traditional founding date 1 August
01291 1291 Switzerland date of the Federal Charter
01299 1299 Ottoman Empire from the Byzantine Empire
01325 1325 Mexico foundation of Tenochtitlan by legendary first Mexica (Aztec) ruler, Tenoch
01326 1326 Champa regained independence from Viet Nam
01330 1330 Wallachia independence from Hungary
01346 1346 Serbian Empire Serbian Empire is formed under Tzar Stefan Dušan
01349 1349 Moldavia independence from Hungary
01356 1356 Principality of Zeta Collapse of the Serbian Empire, became independent under Balša I's rule. (today's Montenegro)
01419 1419 Monaco beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi
01443-11-28 November 28, 1443 Albania Skanderbeg liberated Kruja, then Albanian capital
01528 1528 Perak founding of the ruling dynasty of Perak
01533 1533 Dang Ngoai Viet Nam broke up by civil war
01533 1533 Dang Trong Viet Nam broke up by civil war
01579 1579 Netherlands declared independence from the Spanish Empire during the Eighty Years' War
01642 1642 Confederate Ireland A renewed period of Irish independence, when the Catholic nobility rebelled against England and created their own government, which was crushed by the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland in 1649.
01650 1650 Oman expulsion of the Portuguese
01707-03-26 March 26, 1707 Kingdom of Great Britain Union of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland
01714 1714 Spain With the Abolition of Crown of Aragon power, after War of the Spanish Succession. All former Iberian kingdoms, apart from Portugal, are merged in Crown of Castille, latter referred as Spain.

Modern-day states

The dates in the table below are celebrated as Independence Day or an equivalent holiday in some countries.

Date Nation Event
01291-08-01 August 1, 1291 Switzerland The Swiss Federal Charter is signed. Exact date of the charter's signing is still unknown.
01768-12-21 December 21, 1768 Nepal unified by Prithvi Narayan Shah
01776-07-04 July 4, 1776 United States declared independence from Great Britain
01801-01-01 January 1, 1801 United Kingdom Union of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland
01804-01-01 January 1, 1804 Haiti from France
01804-02-04 February 4, 1804 Serbia declares independence from Ottoman Empire. Sovereign until 1813.
01806-07-12 July 12, 1806 Liechtenstein from the Holy Roman Empire
01810-07-20 July 20, 1810 Colombia from Spain
01810-09-16 September 16, 1810 Mexico from Spain
01810-09-18 September 18, 1810 Chile from Spain
14 May 1811 Paraguay from Spain
5 July 1811 Venezuela from Spain
17 May 1814 Norway Declared independence from Denmark and established a constitutional monarchy. Forced into a personal union with Sweden on 4 November.
9 July 1816 Argentina from Spain
01817 1817 Serbia became an autonomous state in Ottoman Empire
01817 1817 Madagascar King Radama I consolidates his authority over all but a small portion of the island and is recognized as King of Madagascar by the United Kingdom
25 March 1821 Greece from the Ottoman Empire
28 July 1821 Peru from Spain
15 September 1821 Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua from Spain
28 November 1821 Panama from Spain
24 May 1822 Ecuador from Spain
7 September 1822 Brazil broken ties within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarve
6 August 1825 Bolivia from Spain
25 August 1825 Uruguay from Brazil
4 October 1830 Belgium independence from the Netherlands
2 March 1836 Republic of Texas declared independence from Mexico
01839 1839 Luxembourg from the Netherlands
24 September 1841 Sarawak James Brooke becomes governor of Sarawak after the territory is ceded by the Sultan of Brunei
27 February 1844 Dominican Republic from Haiti
26 July 1847 Liberia founded by American black slaves
17 March 1861 Italy Kingdom of Italy unified under King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
01867 1867 Cochinchina independence from Viet Nam
1 July 1867 Canada the uniting of four British colonies to form a self-governing federal dominion
01868 1868 Qatar from Bahrain
23 September 1868 Puerto Rico Grito de Lares uprising; unsuccessful declaration of independence. See Puerto Rican Independence Party
01871-01-18 January 18, 1871 German Empire German Empire unification
9 May 1877 Romania from the Ottoman Empire
3 March 1878 Bulgaria Autonomy from the Ottoman Empire
13 July 1878 Serbia, Montenegro Independence from the Ottoman Empire
01881-03-26 March 26, 1881 Kingdom of Romania
11 February 1897 Korean Empire from Chinese protectorate
12 June 1898 Philippines The newly-proclaimed Dictatorial Government of the Philippines declared independence from Spain during Spanish-American War, and the Philippines celebrates this date as its Independence Day holiday. Subsequent to the independence declaration, the nascent Philippine government waged the the Philippine-American War and was unsuccessful in establishing sovereignty. Sovereignty over the Philippines passed from Spain to the United States on December 10, 1898 via the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Spanish-American War. On July 4, 1946, the United States recognized the Republic of the Philippines as an independent, sovereign state.
01898-12-10 December 10, 1898 Cuba from Spain
01901-01-01 January 1, 1901 Australia from the UK as a federation of 6 former colonies
20 May 1902 Cuba from U.S. administration
3 November 1903 Panama from Colombia
June 7, 1905 Norway Declared dissolution of the personal union with Sweden
September 26, 1907 New Zealand granted Dominion status by the UK
September 26, 1907 Newfoundland granted Dominion status by the UK
September 22, 1908 Bulgaria gained independence from Ottoman Empire
01910-05-31 May 31, 1910 South Africa granted Dominion status by the UK
January 1, 1912 Republic of China from Qing Dynasty
November 28, 1912 Albania from Ottoman Empire
December 6, 1917 Finland from Russia
February 16, 1918 Lithuania from Russia
February 24, 1918 Estonia from Russia
March 25, 1918 Belarus from Russia
May 26, 1918 Georgia from Russia
May 28, 1918 Azerbaijan, Armenia from Russia
October 28, 1918 Czechoslovakia from Austro-Hungary
October 28, 1918 State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs enters the union with Kingdom of Serbia along with Serbian Vojvodina from Austro-Hungary
November 1, 1918 North Yemen from the Ottoman Empire
November 11, 1918 Poland regained independence, proclaimed as a republic
November 18, 1918 Latvia from Russia
December 1, 1918 Yugoslavia from State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs
August 19, 1919 Afghanistan from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs
01921-07-11 July 11, 1921 Mongolia from China
November 9, 1918 Weimar Republic from German Empire
December 6, 1921 Irish Free State from United Kingdom by treaty, most of Ireland (26 counties) became an independent nation known as the Irish Free State; while six counties in the north remained part of the United Kingdom and were renamed Northern Ireland.
December 6, 1921 Northern Ireland partition of Ireland formed State of Northern Ireland with own Senate and House of Commons but remained within the United Kingdom.
December 30, 1922 Soviet Union fall of the Russian Empire
October 29, 1923 Turkey successor state to the Ottoman Empire
February 11, 1929 Vatican City from Italy
01932-09-23 September 23, 1932 Saudi Arabia Unification of the Kingdom
October 3, 1932 Iraq from UK
January 30, 1933 Nazi Germany from Weimar Republic
01943-09-23 September 23, 1943 Italian Social Republic Puppet state of Nazi Germany
November 22, 1943 Lebanon from League of Nations mandate under French administration
June 17, 1944 Iceland from Denmark
July 21, 1944 People's Republic of Poland from Nazi Germany
September 17, 1944 Estonia from Ostland
1945 Czechoslovakia from Nazi Germany
March 10, 1945 Empire of Vietnam Japan's occupation of Viet Nam ends after World War II
May 8, 1945 Latvia from German Military Administration
July 5, 1945 Allied-occupied Germany from Nazi Germany
August 15, 1945 Korea from Japan
September 2, 1945 Democratic Republic of Vietnam declaration of independence from Japan
April 17, 1946 Syria from League of Nations mandate under French administration
May 25, 1946 Jordan from League of Nations mandate under British administration
June 2, 1946 Italy from Nazi Germany
August 15, 1947 Hindustan and adopts the formal name India from UK
December 30, 1947 Romania proclaimed as a republic
January 4, 1948 Myanmar from UK
February 4, 1948 Ceylon from UK
May 14, 1948 Israel from League of Nations mandate under British administration
August 15, 1948 Republic of Korea founding of the Republic of Korea
September 9, 1948 Democratic People's Republic of Korea founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
April 1, 1949 Republic of Ireland Exits the British Commonwealth and becomes a republic when the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 is empowered.
May 23, 1949 Federal Republic of Germany from the western part of occupied Germany
August 8, 1949 Bhutan from India
October 1, 1949 People's Republic of China from the Republic of China
October 7, 1949 German Democratic Republic from the eastern part of occupied Germany
December 27, 1949 Indonesia from the Netherlands
November 1, 1950 - See Puerto Rican Independence Party Puerto Rico Under Declarative Theory of Independence, see [Independencia.Net]
01951-12-24 December 24, 1951 Libya from UK and French administration
March 20, 1952 Japan from United States Allied administration
October 22, 1953 Laos from France
November 9, 1953 Cambodia from France
July 21, 1954 North Vietnam, South Vietnam from Viet Nam, nominally France
January 1, 1956 Sudan from Egypt and UK
March 20, 1956 Tunisia from France
March 6, 1957 Ghana from UK
August 31, 1957 Malaya from UK
October 2, 1958 Guinea from France
October 5, 1958 France French Fifth Republic declared
01960-01-01 January 1, 1960 Cameroon from French-administered UN trusteeship
April 4, 1960 Senegal from France
April 27, 1960 Togo from French-administered UN trusteeship
June 26, 1960 Madagascar from France
June 26, 1960 Somalia from the UK
June 30, 1960 Zaire from Belgium
July 1, 1960 Somalia from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship
August 1, 1960 Benin from France
August 3, 1960 Niger from France
August 5, 1960 Burkina Faso from France
August 7, 1960 Côte d'Ivoire from France
August 11, 1960 Chad from France
August 13, 1960 Central African Republic from France
August 15, 1960 Republic of the Congo from France
August 16, 1960 Cyprus from UK
August 17, 1960 Gabon from France
September 22, 1960 Mali from France
October 1, 1960 Nigeria from UK
November 28, 1960 Mauritania from France
April 27, 1961 Sierra Leone from UK
June 19, 1961 Kuwait from UK
January 1, 1962 Samoa from New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship
July 1, 1962 Burundi, Rwanda from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration
July 5, 1962 Algeria from France
August 6, 1962 Jamaica from UK
August 31, 1962 Trinidad and Tobago from UK
October 9, 1962 Uganda from UK
September 16, 1963 Federation of Malaysia formed from Sarawak, North Borneo (now officially named Sabah), Malaya and Singapore
December 12, 1963 Kenya from UK
April 26, 1964 Tanzania from UK-administered UN trusteeship
July 6, 1964 Malawi from UK
September 21, 1964 Malta from UK
October 24, 1964 Zambia from UK
February 18, 1965 The Gambia from UK
July 26, 1965 Maldives from UK
August 9, 1965 Singapore from Malaysian Federation
November 11, 1965 Rhodesia UDI from UK
May 26, 1966 Guyana from UK
September 30, 1966 Botswana from UK
October 4, 1966 Lesotho from UK
November 30, 1966 Barbados from UK
May 30, 1967 Biafra broke away from Nigeria to form a Republic
November 30, 1967 South Yemen from UK
January 31, 1968 Nauru from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered UN trusteeship
March 12, 1968 Mauritius from UK
September 6, 1968 Swaziland from UK
October 12, 1968 Equatorial Guinea from Spain
01970-06-04 June 4, 1970 Tonga from UK protectorate
October 10, 1970 Fiji from UK
August 15, 1971 Bahrain from UK
September 3, 1971 Qatar from UK
December 2, 1971 United Arab Emirates from UK
July 10, 1973 The Bahamas from UK
September 24, 1973 Guinea-Bissau declared independence from Portugal
February 7, 1974 Grenada from UK
October 19, 1974 Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand
June 25, 1975 Mozambique from Portugal
July 5, 1975 Cape Verde from Portugal
July 6, 1975 Comoros from France
July 12, 1975 São Tomé and Príncipe from Portugal
September 16, 1975 Papua New Guinea from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship
November 11, 1975 Angola from Portugal
November 25, 1975 Suriname from Netherlands
June 29, 1976 Seychelles from UK
July 2, 1976 Socialist Republic of Vietnam reunification of North Vietnam and South Vietnam
June 27, 1977 Djibouti from France
July 7, 1978 Solomon Islands from UK
October 1, 1978 Tuvalu from UK
November 3, 1978 Dominica from UK
February 22, 1979 Saint Lucia from UK
July 12, 1979 Kiribati from UK
October 27, 1979 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines from UK
01980-04-18 April 18, 1980 Zimbabwe from UK
July 30, 1980 Vanuatu from France and UK
September 21, 1981 Belize from UK
November 1, 1981 Antigua and Barbuda from UK
September 19, 1983 Saint Kitts and Nevis from UK
January 1, 1984 Brunei from UK
October 21, 1986 Marshall Islands from the US-administered UN trusteeship as Compact of Free Association takes effect
November 3, 1986 Federated States of Micronesia from the US-administered UN Trusteeship as Compact of Free Association takes effect
September 26, 1989 People's Republic of Kampuchea from Vietnamese occupation
01990-03-11 March 11, 1990 Lithuania from USSR
March 21, 1990 Namibia from South Africa
May 22, 1990 Yemen unification of North Yemen and South Yemen
October 3, 1990 Germany unification of West Germany and East Germany
April 9, 1991 Georgia from USSR
June 25, 1991 Croatia, Slovenia from Yugoslavia
August 20, 1991 Estonia from USSR
August 21, 1991 Latvia from USSR
August 24, 1991 Russia successor state of USSR
August 24, 1991 Ukraine from USSR
August 25, 1991 Belarus from USSR
August 27, 1991 Moldova from USSR
August 30, 1991 Azerbaijan from USSR
August 31, 1991 Kyrgyzstan from USSR
September 1, 1991 Uzbekistan from USSR
September 8, 1991 Republic of Macedonia from Yugoslavia
September 9, 1991 Tajikistan from USSR
September 21, 1991 Armenia from USSR
October 27, 1991 Turkmenistan from USSR
December 16, 1991 Kazakhstan from USSR
March 1, 1992 Bosnia and Herzegovina from Yugoslavia
April 27, 1992 Serbia and Montenegro from Yugoslavia
January 1, 1993 Czech Republic, Slovakia Czechoslovakia dissolved
May 24, 1993 Eritrea from Ethiopia
October 1, 1994 Palau from the US-administered UN Trusteeship as Compact of Free Association takes effect
02002-05-20 May 20, 2002 East Timor from Portugal (recognition, East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal)
June 3, 2006 Montenegro declares independence from Serbia and Montenegro
June 5, 2006 Serbia declares independence as the successor state of Serbia and Montenegro
February 18, 2008 Kosovo declares independence from Serbia


See also



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