List of coupled cousins: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of prominent individuals who have been romantically or maritally coupled with a cousin, niece, nephew, aunt or uncle.

In April 2002, the Journal of Genetic Counseling released a report which estimated the average risk of birth defects in a child born of first cousins at 1.7-2.8% over an average base risk for non-cousin couples of 3%, or about the same as that of any woman over age 40.[1] In terms of mortality, a 1994 study found a mean excess pre-reproductive mortality rate of 4.4%,[2] while another study published in 2009 suggests the rate may be closer to 3.5%.[3] Put differently, first-cousin marriage entails a similar increased risk of birth defects and mortality as a woman faces when she gives birth at age 41 rather than at 30.[4] Critics argue that banning first-cousin marriages would make as much sense as trying to ban childbearing by older women. It should be noted that after repeated generations of cousin marriage, the actual genetic relationship between two people is closer than the most immediate relationship would suggest. In Pakistan, where there has been cousin marriage for generations and the current rate may exceed 50%, it was estimated that infant mortality was 12.7 percent for married double first cousins, 7.9 percent for first cousins, 9.2 percent for first cousins once removed/double second cousins, 6.9 percent for second cousins, and 5.1 percent among nonconsanguineous progeny. Among double first cousin progeny, 41.2 percent of prereproductive deaths were associated with the expression of detrimental recessive genes, with equivalent values of 26.0, 14.9, and 8.1 percent for first cousins, first cousins once removed/double second cousins, and second cousins respectively.[5]

Because many people regard cousin couplings as taboo, they mistakenly assume that an infrequent presence of coupled cousins in a lineage means that the descendants must have one or more genetic diseases. The risk of such diseases does rise, however, when a lineage includes many cousin couplings.

Contents

Royalty

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Europe

The royal couples listed here are but a small representation of the innumerable cousins of varying degrees who have married between royal or noble houses. Due to the constitutional interest that their marital status raises, their bloodlines are better known than the commoners' ones.

Outside Europe

Notable commoners

Voltaire (Arouet)

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

  • Benjamin Harrison V, American revolutionary leader, and his second cousin, Elizabeth Bassett[28]
  • Alexander Herzen, Russian writer and political activist, and his cousin, Natalya Zakharina.[citation needed]
  • Klara Hitler, daughter of Johann Pölzl and Johanna Hiedler. Either her grandfather Johann Nepomuk Hiedler or his brother was likely her husband Alois Hitler's biological father. Moreover, Johann was her future husband's step-uncle. Even after they were married, Klara still called her husband "Uncle". [2] [3]
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., the poet, and his second cousin, Amelia Lee Jackson[29]
  • Stephen Hopkins, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and his second cousin, Sarah Scott[30]

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

R

S

T

V

W

  • H. G. Wells, author, and his first cousin, Isabel Mary Wells (first wife)[52]
  • William Whipple, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and his first cousin, Catherine Moffatt[53]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/theres-nothing-wrong-with-cousins-getting-married-scientists-say-1210072.html
  2. ^ Bittles, A.H. (2001). A Background Background Summary of Consaguineous marriage. consang.net. http://www.consang.net/images/d/dd/01AHBWeb3.pdf. Retrieved 2010 , citing Bittles, A.H.; Neel, J.V. (1994). "The costs of human inbreeding and their implications for variation at the DNA level". Nature Genetics (8): 117–121. 
  3. ^ Kershaw, Sarah (November 26, 2009). "Shaking Off the Shame". http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/26/garden/26cousins.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1. 
  4. ^ Connor, Steve (24 December 2008). "There's nothing with cousins getting married, scientists say". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/theres-nothing-wrong-with-cousins-getting-married-scientists-say-1210072.html. 
  5. ^ Bittles 1994, p. 572, 574
  6. ^ They both had as great-grandmother Queen Victoria. See in Romanian Wikipedia the genealogy of King Michael I, their son
  7. ^ http://elysiumgates.com/~helena/leonidas.html
  8. ^ This Day in History in 1828, www.history.com, retrieved 3-13-2008
  9. ^ Durant, Will; Ariel Durant (1965). The Age of Voltaire: a History of Civilization in Western Europe from 1715 to 1756, with Special Emphasis on the Conflict between Religion and Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 391–93. 
  10. ^ HOASM: Johann Sebastian Bach, Here of a Sunday Morning, retrieved 3-13-2008
  11. ^ Charles Bulfinch biography, nndb, retrieved 3-13-2008
  12. ^ Floride Bonneau Colhoun Calhoun (Mrs. John C. Calhoun), Clemson University, retrieved 3-13-2008
  13. ^ Jeanne Calment, World's Elder, Dies at 122, The New York Times, retrieved 3-13-2008
  14. ^ THREE GENERATIONS OF CARROLLS, Charles Carroll House, retrieved 3-13-2008
  15. ^ Intimate Disclosures in Darwin Letters, The New York Times, 8-29-1915, retrieved 3-13-2008
  16. ^ Peter Raven & George Johnson (1995). Understanding Biology 3rd Edition. Wm. C. Brown Communications. p. 287. ISBN 0-697-22213-6. 
  17. ^ "Alfred I. duPont Papers". http://library.wlu.edu/research/specialcollections/alfredid.pdf. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  18. ^ Albert Einstein -- Great Minds, Great Thinkers, edInformatics, retrieved 3-13-2008
  19. ^ Notable Kin: NEW HAMPSHIRE, RHODE ISLAND, AND CONSTITUTION SIGNERS, New England Historic Genealogical Society, retrieved 3-13-2008
  20. ^ Notable Kin: Boston Cousins of Queen Victoria and Yankee Ancestors of Mrs. Thomas Philip, New England Historic Genealogical Society, retrieved 3-13-2008
  21. ^ Goodwin, Doris Kearns (2001). The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys: An American Saga. Simon and Schuster. pp.88-89.
  22. ^ Carlo Gambino, His Rise As New York's Mafia King, John J. Flood and Jim McGough, retrieved 3-13-2008
  23. ^ Biographies - Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Gale Group, retrieved 3-13-2008
  24. ^ Rudy Giuliani, nndb, retrieved 3-13-2008
  25. ^ Spalding, Frances. Duncan Grant: A Biography. Random House. ISBN 0712666400. 
  26. ^ Edward and Nina Grieg, Peter Hughes, retrieved 3-13-2008
  27. ^ Abdullah Gül, nndb, retrieved 3-13-2008
  28. ^ The Bloodlines of Statesment and Noblemen, Pat Roberts, retrieved 3-13-2008
  29. ^ Notable Kin - The Flowering of New England, Part Two: The Poets Bryant, Holmes, Longfellow, J.R. Lowell, and Whittier, Gary Boyd Roberts, retrieved 3-13-2008
  30. ^ Notable Kin: NEW HAMPSHIRE, RHODE ISLAND, AND CONSTITUTION SIGNERS, New England Historic and Genealogical Society, retrieved 3-13-2008
  31. ^ Zee James - Wife of Jesse James, Kathy Weiser, retrieved 3-13-2008
  32. ^ Nobusuke Kishi Biography, Encyclopedia of World Biography, retrieved 3-13-2008
  33. ^ Jerry Lee Lewis, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, retrieved 3-13-2008
  34. ^ Harvard's Unitarian Presidents - Abbott Lawrence Lowell, Katia Savchuk, retrieved 3-13-2008
  35. ^ The Great Enterprise, CBC, retrieved 3-13-2008
  36. ^ Gerardo Machado, History of Cuba, retrieved 1-29-2010
  37. ^ Conversations with Maltus, Dr Suzanne Rickard, retrieved 3-13-2008
  38. ^ [1], Delarivier Manely
  39. ^ Brigadier General Francis Marion of the American Army, myrevolutionarywar.com, retrieved 3-13-2008
  40. ^ Abraham Maslow, nndb, retrieved 3-13-2008
  41. ^ Morse Papers, Library of Congress, retrieved 3-13-2008
  42. ^ Outlines of English and American Literature, William J. Long, retrieved 3-13-2008
  43. ^ Tyszkiewicz, Teresa (1971). Bolesław Prus. Warsaw: Państwowe Zakłady Wydawnictw Szkolnych. pp. 28–30. 
  44. ^ Biography of Sergei Rachmaninoff, Sonal Panse, retrieved 3-13-2008
  45. ^ Biography of Eleanor Roosevelt, FDR Library, retrieved 3-13-2008
  46. ^ The Wife Tells All, Time Magazine, retrieved 3-13-2008
  47. ^ This much I know: Greta Scacchi, actor, 48, Sussex, The Observer, retrieved 1-04-2009
  48. ^ They married in 1904. See the Polish Wikipedia article on "Henryk Sienkiewicz."
  49. ^ Igor Stravinsky, nndb, retrieved 3-13-2008
  50. ^ Shogun and Samurai - Tales of Nobunaga, Hideyoshi, and Ieyasu, Okanoya Shigezane, retrieved 3-13-2008
  51. ^ Martin van Buren, The New Netherland Institute, retrieved 3-13-2008
  52. ^ H.G. Wells, Free Online Library, retrieved 3-13-2008
  53. ^ William Whipple and the Declaration of Independence, Speech given by Comrade Joseph Foster, Paymaster U.S. Navy, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 11-20-1892, retrieved 3-13-2008

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