List of current heads of state and government: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.

Contents

States recognized by the United Nations

State Head of state Head of government
 Afghanistan
 Albania President Bamir Topi Prime Minister Sali Berisha
 Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia
 Andorra Co-Prince Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Representative Nemesi Marquès Oste

Co-Prince Nicolas Sarkozy
Representative Christian Frémont
Prime Minister Jaume Bartumeu
 Angola
 Antigua and Barbuda Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Louise Lake-Tack
Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer
 Argentina
 Armenia President Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan
 Australia Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Quentin Bryce
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
 Austria President Heinz Fischer Chancellor Werner Faymann
 Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev Prime Minister Artur Rasizade
The Bahamas Bahamas Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Arthur Dion Hanna
Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham
 Bahrain King Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah Prime Minister Khalifah ibn Sulman Al Khalifah
 Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman Prime Minister Hasina Wazed
 Barbados Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Clifford Husbands
Prime Minister David Thompson
 Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko Prime Minister Sergei Sidorsky
 Belgium King Albert II Prime Minister Yves Leterme
 Belize Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Colville Young
Prime Minister Dean Barrow
 Benin
 Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck Prime Minister Jigme Thinley
 Bolivia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Chairman of the Presidency Haris Silajdžić[2]
Presidency Member Nebojša Radmanović
Presidency Member Željko Komšić
Prime Minister Nikola Špirić
 Botswana
 Brazil
 Brunei
 Bulgaria President Georgi Parvanov Prime Minister Boyko Borisov
 Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaoré Prime Minister Tertius Zongo
 Burma Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe Prime Minister Thein Sein
 Burundi
 Cambodia King Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister Hun Sen
 Cameroon President Paul Biya Prime Minister Philémon Yang
 Canada Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Michaëlle Jean
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
 Cape Verde President Pedro Pires Prime Minister José Maria Neves
 Central African Republic President François Bozizé Prime Minister Faustin-Archange Touadéra
 Chad President Idriss Déby Prime Minister Emmanuel Nadingar
 Chile
People's Republic of China People's Republic of China President Hu Jintao Premier Wen Jiabao
 Colombia
 Comoros
Republic of the Congo Congo-Brazzaville
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Kinshasa President Joseph Kabila Prime Minister Adolphe Muzito
 Costa Rica
 Croatia President Ivo Josipović Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor
 Cuba
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Jan Fischer
 Denmark Queen Margrethe II Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen
 Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita
 Dominica President Nicholas Liverpool Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit
 Dominican Republic
East Timor East Timor President José Ramos-Horta Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão
 Ecuador
 Egypt President Hosni Mubarak Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif
 El Salvador
 Equatorial Guinea President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Prime Minister Ignacio Milam Tang
 Eritrea
 Estonia President Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
 Ethiopia President Girma Wolde-Giorgis Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
 Fiji President Epeli Nailatikau Interim Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama
 Finland President Tarja Halonen Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen
 France President Nicolas Sarkozy Prime Minister François Fillon
 Gabon President Ali Bongo Ondimba Prime Minister Paul Biyoghé Mba
The Gambia Gambia
Georgia (country) Georgia President Mikheil Saakashvili Prime Minister Nikoloz Gilauri
 Germany President Horst Köhler Chancellor Angela Merkel
 Ghana
 Greece President Karolos Papoulias Prime Minister George Papandreou
 Grenada Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Carlyle Glean
Prime Minister Tillman Thomas
 Guatemala
Guinea Guinea Acting President Sékouba Konaté Prime Minister Jean-Marie Doré
 Guinea-Bissau President Malam Bacai Sanhá Prime Minister Carlos Gomes
 Guyana President Bharrat Jagdeo Prime Minister Sam Hinds
 Haiti President René Préval Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive
 Honduras
 Hungary President László Sólyom Prime Minister Gordon Bajnai
 Iceland President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
 India President Pratibha Patil Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Iraq Presidency Council: Jalal Talabani (Pres.),[3] Adil Abdul Mahdi (VP), Tariq al-Hashimi (VP) Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
Republic of Ireland Ireland President Mary McAleese Taoiseach Brian Cowen
 Israel President Shimon Peres Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
 Italy President Giorgio Napolitano Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi
Côte d'Ivoire Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo Prime Minister Guillaume Soro
 Jamaica Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Patrick Allen
Prime Minister Bruce Golding
 Japan Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama
 Jordan King Abdullah II Prime Minister Samir Rifai
 Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister Karim Massimov
 Kenya President Mwai Kibaki Prime Minister Raila Odinga
 Kiribati
 Kuwait Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister Nasser Al-Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
 Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev Prime Minister Daniar Usenov
 Laos President Choummaly Sayasone Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh
 Latvia President Valdis Zatlers Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis
 Lebanon President Michel Sleiman Prime Minister Saad Hariri
 Lesotho King Letsie III Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili
 Liberia
 Libya
Secretary General of the General People's Congress Mohamed Abdul Quasim al-Zwai Prime Minister Baghdadi Mahmudi
 Liechtenstein Prince Hans-Adam II
Prince-Regent Alois
Prime Minister Klaus Tschütscher
 Lithuania President Dalia Grybauskaitė Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius
 Luxembourg Grand Duke Henri Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia President Gjorge Ivanov Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski
 Madagascar President of the High Authority of Transition Andry Rajoelina Prime Minister Albert Camille Vital
 Malawi
 Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong Mizan Zainal Abidin Prime Minister Najib Razak
 Maldives
 Mali President Amadou Toumani Touré Prime Minister Modibo Sidibé
 Malta President George Abela Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi
 Marshall Islands
 Mauritania President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf
 Mauritius President Anerood Jugnauth Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam
 Mexico
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia
 Moldova Acting President Mihai Ghimpu Prime Minister Vlad Filat
 Monaco Prince Albert II Minister of State Jean-Paul Proust
 Mongolia President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister Sükhbaataryn Batbold
 Montenegro President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović
 Morocco King Muhammad VI Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi
 Mozambique President Armando Guebuza Prime Minister Aires Ali
 Namibia President Hifikepunye Pohamba Prime Minister Nahas Angula
 Nauru
 Nepal President Ram Baran Yadav Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal
 Netherlands Queen Beatrix Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende
 New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Anand Satyanand
Prime Minister John Key
 Nicaragua
 Niger Chairman of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy Salou Djibo Prime Minister Mahamadou Danda
 Nigeria
 North Korea
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly Kim Yong-nam
Eternal President Kim Il-sung[4]
Premier Kim Yong-il
 Norway King Harald V Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg
 Oman
 Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
 Palau
 Panama
 Papua New Guinea Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Paulias Matane
Prime Minister Michael Somare
 Paraguay
 Peru President Alan García Prime Minister Javier Velásquez
 Philippines
 Poland President Lech Kaczyński Prime Minister Donald Tusk
 Portugal President Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister José Sócrates
 Qatar Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Prime Minister Hamad ibn Jaber Al Thani
 Romania President Traian Băsescu Prime Minister Emil Boc
 Russia President Dmitry Medvedev Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
 Rwanda President Paul Kagame Prime Minister Bernard Makuza
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Cuthbert Sebastian
Prime Minister Denzil Douglas
 Saint Lucia Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister Stephenson King
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Frederick Ballantyne
Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves
 Samoa O le Ao o le Malo Tufuga Efi Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
 San Marino
 São Tomé and Príncipe President Fradique de Menezes Prime Minister Joaquim Rafael Branco
 Saudi Arabia
 Senegal President Abdoulaye Wade Prime Minister Souleymane Ndéné Ndiaye
 Serbia President Boris Tadić Prime Minister Mirko Cvetković
 Seychelles
 Sierra Leone
 Singapore President Sellapan Ramanathan Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
 Slovakia President Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister Robert Fico
 Slovenia President Danilo Türk Prime Minister Borut Pahor
 Solomon Islands Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Frank Kabui
Prime Minister Derek Sikua
 Somalia President Sharif Ahmed Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
 South Africa
 South Korea President Lee Myung-bak Prime Minister Chung Un-chan
 Spain King Juan Carlos I Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
 Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapaksa Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
 Sudan
 Suriname
 Swaziland King Mswati III Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
 Sweden King Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt
 Switzerland
 Syria President Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister Muhammad Naji al-Otari
 Tajikistan President Emomalii Rahmon Prime Minister Oqil Oqilov
 Tanzania President Jakaya Kikwete Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda
 Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva
 Togo President Faure Gnassingbé Prime Minister Gilbert Houngbo
 Tonga King George Tupou V Prime Minister Feleti Sevele
 Trinidad and Tobago President George Maxwell Richards Prime Minister Patrick Manning
 Tunisia President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi
 Turkey President Abdullah Gül Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
 Turkmenistan
 Tuvalu Queen Elizabeth II[1]
Governor General Filoimea Telito
Prime Minister Apisai Ielemia
 Uganda President Yoweri Museveni Prime Minister Apolo Nsibambi
 Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych Prime Minister Mykola Azarov
 United Arab Emirates President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister Gordon Brown
 United States
 Uruguay
 Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev
 Vanuatu President Iolu Abil Prime Minister Edward Natapei
 Vatican City Pope Benedict XVI President of the Governorate Giovanni Lajolo
 Venezuela
 Vietnam President Nguyễn Minh Triết Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
 Yemen President Ali Abdullah Saleh Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Mujawar
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai

States recognized by at least one United Nations member

State Head of state Head of government
Abkhazia Abkhazia President Sergei Bagapsh Prime Minister Sergei Shamba
Kosovo Kosovo President Fatmir Sejdiu Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi
Northern Cyprus Northern Cyprus President Mehmet Ali Talat Prime Minister Derviş Eroğlu
Palestinian territories Palestinian National Authority (disputed) President either Mahmoud Abbas or Aziz Duwaik[6] (disputed) Prime Minister either Salam Fayyad or Ismail Haniyeh[7]
 South Ossetia President Eduard Kokoity[8] Prime Minister Vadim Brovtsev
Republic of China Republic of China (Taiwan) President Ma Ying-jeou Premier Wu Den-yih
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic President Mohamed Abdelaziz Prime Minister Abdelkader Taleb Oumar

States not recognized by any United Nations members

This list encompasses the leaders of geo-political entities that lack significant international recognition. The degree of control these entities exert over their claimed territories may vary.

State Head of state Head of government
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Nagorno-Karabakh President Bako Sahakyan Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan
 Sealand
 Somaliland
Transnistria Transnistria

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o In the Commonwealth realms (with the exception of the United Kingdom), the head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, is represented by a Governor General.
  2. ^ The three-member presidency is the head of state collectively.
  3. ^ The Presidency Council serves as the collective head of state with the president at its head.
  4. ^ The Preface to the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea states, "The DPRK and the entire Korean people will uphold the great leader Comrade Kim Il-sung as the eternal President of the Republic, defend and carry forward his ideas and exploits and complete the Juche revolution under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea." Kim Il Sung died in 1994.
  5. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of the Swiss Confederation. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  6. ^ Abbas's presidency expired on 9 January 2009 but he unilaterally extended his term for another year. Haniyeh, as the Speaker of the House, would succeed Abbas were he to have died or been expelled from office. The two major political parties in Palestine, Fatah and Hamas disagree about who the legitimate President currently is.
  7. ^ As part of the Fatah-Hamas conflict, essentially a civil war, Abbas dismissed Haniyeh and chose Fayyed as PM without parliamentary approval. The two major political parties in Palestine, Fatah and Hamas disagree about who the legitimate Prime Minister currently is.
  8. ^ On November 12, 2006 the Salvation Union of South Ossetia, opposing the leadership of Eduard Kokoity, held an alternative presidential election, in which former South Ossetian Prime Minister Dmitry Sanakoyev was chosen as the president of the alternative government of South Ossetia.

See also

External links

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