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List of current monarchs: Wikis


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This is a list of currently reigning monarchs in their respective nations or sub-nations. Therefore, monarchs who were deposed or who ruled an abolished monarchy do not appear.


African monarchs

Country Monarch Date Type Royal Standard
Lesotho Lesotho King Letsie III 12 November 1990 Constitutional Royal Standard of Lesotho.svg
Morocco Morocco King Mohammed VI 23 July 1999 Constitutional N/A
Swaziland Swaziland King Mswati III 25 April 1986 Absolute Royal Flag of Swaziland.png

Asian monarchs

Country Monarch Date Type Royal Standard
Bahrain Bahrain King Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah 6 March 1999 Mixed Royal Standard of Bahrain.svg
Bhutan Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck 14 December 2006 Parliament N/A
Brunei Brunei Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah 1 August 1968 Absolute N/A
Cambodia Cambodia King Norodom Sihamoni 24 October 2004 Constitutional Royal Standard of the King of Cambodia.svg
Japan Japan Emperor Akihito 7 January 1989 Constitutional Flag of the Japanese Emperor.svg
Jordan Jordan King Abdullah II 7 February 1999 Constitutional Royal Standard of Jordan.PNG
Kuwait Kuwait Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah 29 January 2006 Mixed N/A
Malaysia Malaysia King Mizan Zainal Abidin 13 December 2006 Constitutional Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia.svg
Oman Oman Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said 23 July 1970 Absolute Standard of the Sultan of Oman.png
Qatar Qatar Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani 27 June 1995 Absolute N/A
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud 1 August 2005 Absolute Royal Standard of Saudi Arabia.svg
Thailand Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej 9 June 1946 Constitutional King's Standard of Thailand.svg
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan 3 November 2004 Constitutional President of United Arab Emirates Flag.png

European monarchs

Country Monarch Date Type Royal Standard
Andorra Andorra Co-Princes Nicolas Sarkozy and
Joan Enric Vives Sicília
16 May 2007
12 May 2003
Constitutional N/A
Belgium Belgium King Albert II 9 August 1993 Constitutional Personal Standard of King Albert II of Belgium.svg
Denmark Denmark Queen Margrethe II 14 January 1972 Constitutional Royal Standard of Denmark.svg
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Prince Hans Adam II 13 November 1989 Constitutional Standard of the Prince of Liechtenstein.svg
Luxembourg Luxembourg Grand Duke Henri 7 October 2000 Constitutional Grand Duke of Luxembourg Standard.png
Monaco Monaco Prince Albert II 6 April 2005 Constitutional Personal standard of Prince Alberto II of Monaco.svg
Netherlands Netherlands Queen Beatrix 30 April 1980 Constitutional Royal Standard of the Netherlands.PNG
Norway Norway King Harald V 17 January 1991 Constitutional Royal Standard of Norway.svg
Spain Spain King Juan Carlos I 22 November 1975 Constitutional Estandarte Real de España.svg
Sweden Sweden King Carl XVI Gustaf 15 September 1973 Constitutional Sweden-Royal-flag-grand-coa.png
Vatican City Holy See (Vatican City) Pope Benedict XVI 19 April 2005 Absolute elective BXVI CoA like gfx PioM.svg

Oceanian monarchs

Country Monarch Date Type Royal Standard
Tonga Tonga King George Tupou V 11 September 2006 Constitutional Royal Standard of Tonga.svg

Intercontinental monarch

Country Monarch Date Type Royal Standard
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Queen Elizabeth II 1 November 1981 All Constitutional N/A
Australia Australia Queen 6 February 1952 Royal Standard of Australia.svg
The Bahamas Bahamas Queen 10 July 1973 N/A
Barbados Barbados Queen 30 November 1966 Royal Standard of Barbados.svg
Belize Belize Queen 21 September 1981 N/A
Canada Canada Queen 6 February 1952 Royal Standard of Canada.svg
Grenada Grenada Queen 7 February 1974 N/A
Jamaica Jamaica Queen 6 August 1962 Royal Standard of Jamaica.svg
New Zealand New Zealand Queen 6 February 1952 Royal Standard of New Zealand.svg
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Queen 16 September 1975 N/A
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen 19 September 1983 N/A
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Queen 22 February 1979 N/A
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen 27 October 1979 N/A
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Queen 7 July 1978 N/A
Tuvalu Tuvalu Queen 1 October 1978 N/A
United Kingdom United Kingdom Queen 6 February 1952 Royal Standard of the United Kingdom.svg
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom in Scotland.svg

Subnational monarchs

Country Sub-national entity Monarch Date Type Royal Standard
Benin Benin Fon King Agoli Agbo Dedjalagni 30 September 1989 [1] Traditional N/A
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Kinshasa Kuba Nyim Kot a-Mbweeky a-Shyaang September 1969 Traditional N/A
Lunda Mwata Yamvo Mushid III 28 January 2005 Traditional N/A
Wallis and Futuna (France) Wallis and Futuna Alo Tuʻi Petelo Vikena 6 November 2008 Constitutional N/A
Sigave Tuʻi Visesio Moeliku 10 March 2004 Constitutional N/A
Uvea Lavelua Kapiliele Faupala 25 July 2008 Constitutional N/A
Ghana Ghana Ashanti Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II 23 July 1999 Traditional N/A
Dagomba Yaa Naa Abdulai Yakubu Andani 21 April 2006 Traditional N/A
Indonesia Indonesia Cirebon-Kanoman Sultan Elang Saladin Muhammad 6 March 2003 Traditional N/A
Cirebon-Kasepuhan Sultan Maulana Pakuningrat Sepuh 14 May 1989 Traditional N/A
Cirebon-Kacirebonan Sultan Abdul Gani Natadiningrat III 28 October 1997 Traditional N/A
Deli Sultan Mahmud Perkasa Alam Syah 21 July 2005 Traditional N/A
Gianyar Raja Anak Agung Gde Agung 22 April 1999 Traditional N/A
Kutai Sultan Adji Muhammad Salehuddin II 22 September 2001 Traditional N/A
Langkat Sultan Azwar Jalil Rahmat Syah 21 May 2003 Traditional N/A
Mempawah Sultan Mardan Kesuma Ibrahim 12 August 2002 Traditional N/A
Palembang Sultan Mahmud Badruddin III 4 March 2003 Traditional N/A
Pontianak Sultan Syarif Abubakar al-Kadri 15 January 2004 Traditional N/A
Serdang Sultan Lukman Sinar Bashar Shah II 28 January 2001 Traditional N/A
Surakarta Susuhunan Pakubuwono XIII 10 September 2004 Traditional N/A
Ternate Sultan Muzaffar Shah II 29 November 1986 Traditional N/A
Tidore Sultan Haji Djafar Danoyunus Syah 22 April 1999 Traditional N/A
Yogyakarta Sultan Hamengkubuwono X 7 March 1989 Governing N/A
Malaysia Malaysia Johor Sultan Mahmud Iskandar 11 May 1981 Constitutional N/A
Kedah Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim 15 July 1958 Constitutional N/A
Kelantan Sultan Ismail Petra 30 March 1980 Constitutional N/A
Negeri Sembilan Yamtuan Besar Tuanku Muhriz 29 December 2008 Constitutional N/A
Pahang Sultan Ahmad Shah 7 May 1974 Constitutional N/A
Perak Sultan Azlan Shah 3 February 1984 Constitutional N/A
Perlis Raja Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin 17 April 2000 Constitutional N/A
Selangor Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah 21 November 2001 Constitutional N/A
Terengganu Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin 15 May 1998 Constitutional N/A
New Zealand New Zealand Māori Maori King Tuheitia Paki 21 August 2006 Traditional N/A
Nigeria Nigeria Adamawa Lamido Alhahi Aliyu Musdafa 26 July 1953 [2] Traditional N/A
Edo Oba Erediauwa I 23 March 1979 [3] Traditional N/A
Ife Oni Okunade Sijuwade Olubuse II 7 August 1980 Traditional N/A
Katsina Emir Abdulmumini Kabir Usman 5 July 2008 Traditional N/A
Kano Emir Ado Bayero October 1963 Traditional N/A
Lagos Oba Rilwan Akiolu 30 August 2003 Traditional N/A
Oyo Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III 19 November 1970 [4] Traditional N/A
Sokoto Sultan Muhammed Sa'adu Abubakar 2 November 2006 Traditional N/A
South Africa South Africa Zululand King Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu 23 July 1999 Traditional N/A
Uganda Uganda Ankole Omugabe Ntare IV 20 November 1993 Traditional N/A
Buganda King Muwenda Mutebi II 31 July 1993 Traditional N/A
Busoga Kayabazinga Nadhiope Gabula IV October 2009 [5] Traditional N/A
Bunyoro Omukama Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I 1994 Traditional N/A
Toro Omukama Rukidi IV 5 September 1994 Traditional N/A
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan 3 November 2004 Constitutional N/A
Ajman Sheikh Humaid V al-Nuaimi 6 September 1981 Constitutional N/A
Dubai Sheikh Muhammad al-Maktum 4 January 2006 Constitutional N/A
Fujairah Sheikh Hamad al-Sharqi 18 September 1974 Constitutional N/A
Ras al-Khaimah Sheikh Saqr al-Qasimi 17 July 1948 Constitutional N/A
Sharjah Sheikh Sultan al-Qasimi III 24 June 1987 Constitutional N/A
Umm al-Qaiwain Sheikh Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla 2 January 2009 Constitutional N/A
Zambia Zambia Barotseland Litunga Lubosi II October 2000 Traditional N/A

For self-declared monarchs from self-proclaimed states, go to the list of micronations.

See also




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