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List of defunct United States automobile manufacturers: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Below is a list of defunct United States automobile manufacturers from the 1800s to the present.

Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

1911 Abbott-Detroit
1906 Adams-Farwell
Taylor Aerocar III on museum display
1912 ALCO
1952 Allstate
Alter Model 4-22
1939 American Bantam
1974 AMC Gremlin
1913 American Underslung
1932 Auburn 8-100A Custom 4-Door Sedan

B

1909 Babcock
Brewster Convertible Coupe
1919 Briscoe Model B 4/24 Touring
1912 Brush Runabout
  • Babcock (1909-1913)[16]
  • Babcock Electric (1906-1912)
  • Baby Moose (1914)
  • Bachelle Electric (1900-1903)[4]
  • Bacon (1901, 1919-1920)[4]
  • Badger (1910-1911)[17]
  • Bailey (1907-1910)[4]
  • Bailey Electric (1907-1916)
  • Baker-Bell (1913)
  • Baker & Elberg Electric (1894-1895)
  • Baker Electric (1899-1916)[18]
  • Baker Steam (1918-1922, 1925)[4]
  • Balboa (1924-1925)[4]
  • Baldner (1900-1903)[4]
  • Baldwin (1896-1901)
  • Baldwin (1899-1901)[4]
  • Ball Steam (1868, 1902)[4]
  • Balzer (1894-1900)
  • Banker (1905)[4]
  • Bantam (1914)[19]
  • Barbarino (1923-1925)[4]
  • Bar Harbor (1900-1902)
  • Barley (1916-1929)
  • Barlow Steamer (1917-1922)[4]
  • Barnes (1902)[4]
  • Barnes (1907)
  • Barnes (1910)
  • Barrows Electric (1895-1899)[20]
  • Bartholomew (1902)[4]
  • Bartholomew (circa 1904)
  • Bates (1897)[4]
  • Bates (1903-1905)
  • Bauer (1914-1916)[4]
  • Bauer (1925-1927)
  • Bay State (1907-1908)[4]
  • Bay State (1922-1926)
  • Beardsley (1914-1917)[4]
  • Beaver (1912)[4]
  • Beebe (1905-1906)
  • Beechcraft (1946)[21]
  • Beggs (1919-1923)[4]
  • Belden (1907-1911)[4]
  • Bell (1916-1922)[22]
  • Bell (1917)
  • Bellefontaine (1908)
  • Belmont (1909-1910)
  • Belmont (1916)[23]
  • Belmont (1919)[24]
  • Belmont Six (1917)
  • Bendix (1908-1909)[4]
  • Benham (1914-1917)
  • Ben Hur (1916-1918)[25]
  • Benner (1909)[4]
  • Bentel (1916-1919)
  • Berg (1903-1905)[26]
  • Berg Electric (1920-1921)
  • Bergdoll (1910-1913)[4]
  • Berwick Electric (1904)
  • Berkshire (1905-1912)[4]
  • Berliet (see American Berliet)[4]
  • Bertolet (1908-1910)[4]
  • Best (1898-1899)[27]
  • Bethlehem (see Ideal)[28]
  • Beverly (1904)[4]
  • Bewis (see Lewis)[4]
  • Bi-Autogo (1908-1912)[29]
  • Biddle (1915-1922)
  • Biesel (1914)
  • Bimel (1916-1917)[4]
  • Binghamton Electric (1920)
  • Binney & Burnham (1901-1902)
  • Birch (1916-1923)[8]
  • Birmingham (1921-1923)[4]
  • Black (1893, 1896-1900)
  • Black (1908-1910; Black-Crow 1909-1910)[30]
  • Black Diamond (1903)[4]
  • Blackhawk (1903)[4]
  • Blackhawk (1929-1930)
  • Bliss (1901-1902)[4]
  • Bliss (1906)
  • B.L.M. (1906-1907)[4]
  • Blomstrom (1902-1903, 1907-1908)[4]
  • Blood (1902-1906)
  • BMC (1952)[31]
  • Boardman (1946)[21]
  • Bobbi-Kar (1945-1947)[21]
  • Boisselot (1901)[4]
  • Bolte (1900)[4]
  • Borbein (1900, 1904-1909)[4]
  • Borland Electric (1910-1916)[4]
  • Boss Steam Car (1897-1909)[27]
  • Boston & Amesbury (1902-1903)[4]
  • Boston High Wheel (1907)[4]
  • Bour-Davis (1915-1922)
  • Bournonville (see Rotary)[4]
  • Bowman (1921-1922)[4]
  • Bradfield (1929-1930)
  • Bradford (1904-1905) (see Holley)
  • Bradley (1920-1921)
  • Bramwell (1904-1905)[4]
  • Bramwell-Robinson (1899-1902)[4]
  • Brasie (1914-1916)[4]
  • Brazier (1902-1903)[4]
  • Brecht (1901-1903)[27]
  • Brennan (1902-1908)[4]
  • Brew-Hatcher (1904-1905)
  • Brewster (1915-1925, 1934-1937)
  • Briggs and Stratton (1919-1923)[4][32]
  • Briggs-Detroiter (1912-1917) (see Detroiter)
  • Brightwood (see Orson)[4]
  • Bricklin (1974-1976)
  • Briscoe (1913-1923)
  • Bristol (1903-1904)[27]
  • Broc Electric (1909-1916)[33]
  • Brogan (1946-1950)[21]
  • Brook (1920-1921)[4]
  • Brooks (1911-1912)[4]
  • Brooks Steamer (1927)[4]
  • Brown (1914)[4]
  • Brown (1916)
  • Brown-Burtt (see Cannon)[4]
  • Brownell (1907)[4]
  • Brownie (1916)[34]
  • Browniekar (1908-1911)[34]
  • Brunn (1906)
  • Brush (1907-1912)
  • Bryan Steam Car (1918-1923)
  • Buckeye (1895)[35]
  • Buckles (1914)[34]
  • Buckmobile (1903-1905)
  • Buffalo (1900-1902)
  • Buffalo Electric (1912-1915)
  • Buffum (1901-1907)
  • Buggy Car (1908-1909)[4]
  • Bugmobile (1907-1909)[36]
  • Burdick (1909)[34]
  • Burg (1910-1913)[34]
  • Burns (1908-1912)[34]
  • Burrows (1914-1915)
  • Bush (1916-1924)
  • Busse (1903)[37]
  • B-Z-T (1915)

C

1919 Chandler Light Weight Model 19 Touring
Checker Taxi
Citicar
The Columbia Mark III Phaeton
1930 Cord L-29
  • C-A-C (1914-1915)
  • California (1899)
  • California (1900-1902)
  • California (1910)[38]
  • California (1923-1925)
  • Californian Six (1920)[34]
  • Caloric (1903-1904)
  • Calvert (1927)[34]
  • Cameron (1902-1921)[39]
  • Cameron (1903-1920)[39]
  • Campbell (1918-1919)[34]
  • Canda (1900-1902)[34]
  • Cannon (1902-1906)
  • Cantono Electric (1904-1907)[34]
  • Capitol (circa 1889)[27]
  • Car de Luxe (1906-1910)
  • Car-Nation (aka Carnation) (1912-1915)
  • Cardway (1923-1924)[34]
  • Carhart (1871)[40]
  • Carhartt (1910-1912)
  • Carlson (1904)[34]
  • Carrison (1908)[34]
  • Carrol (see Compressed Air)[34]
  • Carroll (1908)[41]
  • Carroll (1911-1912)
  • Carroll Six (1921-1922)
  • Carter Twin-Engine (1907-1908)
  • Cartercar (1905-1916)
  • Cartermobile (1915)[42]
  • Cartermobile (1921-1922)
  • Carthage (1914-1915)[34]
  • Case (1911-1927)[43]
  • Cato (1910, 1912)[34]
  • Cavac (1910)
  • Cavalier (1926)[44]
  • C.B. (1917-1918)[34]
  • Ceco (1914-1915)
  • Centaur (1902-1903)[34]
  • Central (1905-1906)[34]
  • Century (1900-1903)[45]
  • Century Electric (1911-1915)[34]
  • Century Steamer (1906)[27]
  • Century Tourist (1901)[34]
  • C-F (1907-1909)
  • C.G.P. (1915)[34]
  • Chadwick (1904-1916)[34]
  • Chalfant (1905-1912)[34]
  • Chalmers-Detroit (1908-1910; Chalmers 1911-1924)
  • Champion (1913)
  • Champion (1916)[34]
  • Champion (1919-1924)
  • Chandler (1913-1929)
  • Chapman Electric (1899-1901)[34]
  • Charter Oak (1917)[34]
  • Chase (1907-1912)[34]
  • Checker (1922-1982)
  • Chelsea (1914)[34]
  • Chicago (1895-1899)
  • Chicago (1902)[46]
  • Chicago (1914)
  • Chicago Electric (1899-1901)[47]
  • Chicago Electric (1913-1916)
  • Chicago Motor Buggy (1908)
  • Chicago Steam Car (1905-1907)[48]
  • Chief (1908)[8]
  • Chief (1911)
  • Christie (1904-1910)[49]
  • Christman (1901-1905, 1907)[34]
  • Church (1920)[50]
  • Church-Field (1912-1913)
  • Church Pneumatic (1913-1914)
  • Cincinnati Steamer (1903-1904)[27]
  • Cinco (see Cino)[34]
  • Cino (1910-1913)[34]
  • Citicar (1974-1976)
  • Clark (1901)[27]
  • Clark (1910-1912)
  • Clark-Carter (1909-1911)
  • Clark Electric (1903-1905)[34]
  • Clark Electric (1909-1910)
  • Clark Electric (1910)
  • Clark Electric (1910-1911)
  • Clark-Hatfield (1908-1909)
  • Clarkmobile (1903-1904; Clark 1910-1911)[51]
  • Clark Steam Car (1900-1909)
  • Classic (1916-1917, 1920)[34]
  • Clear & Dunham (1900)[52]
  • Cleburne (see Luck Utility)[34]
  • Clermont (see Coats Steam Car)[53]
  • Cleveland (1900)[52]
  • Cleveland (1902-1904)[52]
  • Cleveland (1905-1909)
  • Cleveland (1912-1913)[52]
  • Cleveland (1913-1914)[52]
  • Cleveland (1919-1927)[52]
  • Cleveland Electric (1909-1910)
  • Climber (1919-1924)[54]
  • Cloughley (1896-1903)[34]
  • Club Car (1910-1911)[34]
  • Clyde Special (see Coyote Special)[34]
  • Clymer (1908)[55]
  • Coates-Goshen (1908-1910)
  • Coats Steam Car (1921-1923)
  • Coey (1913-1917)
  • Coggswell (1910-1911)[34]
  • Colburn (1906-1911)[56]
  • Colby (1911-1914)[34]
  • Cole (1909-1925)[57]
  • Collins (1919-1921; Collinet 1920-1921)[34]
  • Collins Electric (1900)[34]
  • Colonial (1921-1922)[34]
  • Colonial Six (1917)
  • Colonial Six (1922)
  • Colonial Electric (1902)[34]
  • Colonial Electric (1912)
  • Colt (1907)[58]
  • Columbia (1897-1913)
  • Columbia Electric (see Columbian Electric or Leader)[34]
  • Columbia Six (1916-1924)[59]
  • Columbian Electric (1914-1917)[60]
  • Columbus (1907-1908)
  • Columbus (1907-1908)[34]
  • Columbus (1913-1914)
  • Columbus Electric (1903-1915)[61]
  • Comet (1907-1913)
  • Comet (1913-1914)
  • Comet (1914)
  • Comet (1917-1922)[62]
  • Comet (1946-1951)[12]
  • Commander (1922)[34]
  • Commerce (1907-1908)[34]
  • Commerce (1922)
  • Commercial[63]
  • Commodore (1921-1922)[34]
  • Commonwealth (1917-1922)[34]
  • Compound (1904-1908)
  • Compressed Air (1909)
  • Connersville (1914)[34]
  • Conrad (1900-1903)[27]
  • Continental (1907-1908)
  • Continental (1910-1914)
  • Continental (1933-1934)[34]
  • Continental (1956-1957)
  • Corbin (1904-1912)
  • Corbin (1999-2003)
  • Corbitt (1907-1914)[34]
  • Cord (1929-1932,1936-1937)
  • Corinthian (1922-1923)[34]
  • Cornelian (1914-1915)[34]
  • Cornish-Friedberg (see C-F)[34]
  • Correja (1908-1915)
  • Corwin (see Gas-au-lec)[64]
  • Cosmopolitan (1907-1910)[65]
  • Cotta Steam (1901-1903)[27]
  • Country Club (1903-1904)[34]
  • Courier (1904-1905)
  • Courier (1909-1911)[34]
  • Courier (1923)
  • Courier Clermont (1912) (see Courier)
  • Covert (1902-1907)
  • Coyote Special (1909-1910)
  • Craig-Hunt (1920)[34]
  • Craig-Toledo (1907)[34]
  • Crane (1912-1914; Crane-Simplex 1922)[66]
  • Crane & Breed (1912-1917)
  • Crawford (1904-1923)
  • Crescent (1913-1914)[59]
  • Crestmobile (1901-1905)
  • Cricket (1913-1914)
  • Criterion (see Kitto)[34]
  • Croesus (1906)[34]
  • Crompton (1902-1905)[27]
  • Crosley (1939-1952)
  • Crosley (1913-1914)[34]
  • Crouch (1894-1900)[27]
  • Crow (1911; Crow-Elkhart 1911-1923)[67]
  • Crowdus Electric (1899-1902)[34]
  • Crown (1905-1907)[34]
  • Crown (1908-1910)
  • Crown (1913-1914)
  • Crowther (1915-1916; Crowther-Duryea 1917)[34]
  • Croxton-Keeton (1909-1910; Croxton 1911-1914)[68]
  • Cruiser (1917-1919)[34]
  • Crusader (1914-1915)[69]
  • Cull (1899-1901)[34]
  • Culver (1905)[34]
  • Cunningham (1900-1907)[70]
  • Cunningham (1907-1936)[71]
  • Cunningham (1951-1955)[12]
  • Curtis (1920-1921)
  • Cutting (1909-1913)
  • C.V.I. (1907-1908)[34]
  • Cycleplane (1914)[34]
  • Cyclomobile (1920-1921)

D

1939 De Soto Series S-6 Custom De Luxe 4-Door Sedan
1930 Duesenberg J Walker Legrande Torpedo Phaeton
Du Pont Motors automobile
Duryea automobile

E

1995 Eagle Talon
1904 Eldredge Runabout
1912 E.M.F. Model 30 Roadster

F

Fiberfab FT Bonito
1925 Flint B-40 Touring

G

Geo Prizm
1932 Graham Blue Streak 4-Door Sedan

H

1916 Haynes
1937 Hudson Custom Eight
1929 Hupmobile Series M De Luxe Century Opera Coupe

I

1911 International Harvester
1978 International Harvester Scout II
  • Ideal (1902)
  • Ideal (1902-1903)
  • Ideal (1902-1904)[96]
  • Ideal (1907-1908)
  • Ideal Electric (1906)[144]
  • Illinois (1907)
  • Illinois (1909-1912)
  • Illinois Electric (1897-1901)[145]
  • Imp (1913-1914)[96]
  • Imperial (1903-1904)[96]
  • Imperial (1907-1908)
  • Imperial (1908-1916)
  • Imperial Electric (1903-1904)[96]
  • Independence (1912)[96]
  • Independence (1915)
  • Independent Harvester (1910-1911)[96]
  • Indiana (1901)[8]
  • Indianapolis (see Black)[96]
  • Ingram-Hatch (1917)[96]
  • Innes (1920-1921)[96]
  • International (1899) (see Strathmore)[146]
  • International (1899) (see Walters)[147]
  • International (1900) (see Klock)[148]
  • International (1900)[147]
  • International (1901-1903) (see Toledo)[149]
  • International Cyclecar (1914) (see Economycar)[150]
  • International Harvester (1907-1975)
  • Inter-State (1909-1919)[96]
  • Intrepid (1903-1905)[96]
  • Iroquois (1903-1907)[28]
  • Iverson (1902)[96]
  • Izzer (1911)[96]

J

A 1928 Jordan Sedan

K

1954 Kaiser Darrin
The 1914 Keystone

L

1921 LaFayette Four-Door Coupe
1938 La Salle Series Coupe
1919 Lexington Model R-19 Minute Man Six Touring 1919

M

1929 Marmon Series 8-69 4-Door Sedan
Driver Mel Marquette's wrecked McFarlan racing car at the 1912 Indianapolis 500
1916 Mercer 22/72 Touring
Moon Roadster 6-40

N

1946 Nash 4-Door Sedan

O

1957 Oldsmobile Super 88
1910 Overland Model 38 Roadster

P

1951 Packard 250 convertible
1966 Plymouth Barracuda
1910 Pope-Waverley coupe

Q

R

1906 REO Runabout
1929 Roosevelt 4-Door Sedan
A Royal Tourist of the US Army.

S

The Smith Flyer
1923 Stanley Steam Car
1935 Stout Scarab at Owls Head Transportation Museum (Owls Head, Maine)
1916 Studebaker Touring
1927 Stutz Vertical Eight AA Limousine

T

1938 Terraplane sedan.
A 1948 Tucker Sedan at the Blackhawk Auto Museum.
  • Tarkington (1922-1923)[250]
  • Taunton (1901-1903)[27]
  • Taunton (1904-1905)
  • Templar (1917-1924)[265]
  • Templeton-Dubrie (1910)[250]
  • Terraplane (1932-1939)
  • Terwilliger (see Empire Steamer (1904))[27]
  • Tex (1915)[250]
  • Texan (1920-1922)[266]
  • Texas (1902)[266]
  • Texmobile (1920-1921)[250]
  • Thomas (1902-1919)
  • Thomas-Detroit (1906-1908)[250]
  • Thompson (1901-1907)[27]
  • Thompson Electric (1901)
  • Thomson (1900-1903)
  • Thorobred (1901)[250]
  • Thresher Electric (1900)[250]
  • Tiffany Electric (1913-1914)[250]
  • Tiger (1914-1915)[250]
  • Tincher (1903-1909)
  • Tinkham (1898-1899)[250]
  • Toledo (1901-1903)[267]
  • Tonawanda (see Towanda Electric)[250]
  • Torbensen (1902-1906)[250]
  • Towanda Electric (1902-1904)
  • Touraine (1912-1916)[250]
  • Tourist (1902-1910)[250]
  • Tractmobile (1900-1902)[27]
  • Trask-Detroit (1922-1923)[27]
  • Traveler (1907-1908)[250]
  • Traveler (1910-1911)
  • Traveler (1913-1914)
  • Traveler (1924-1925)
  • Trebert (1907-1908)[250]
  • Tribune (1913)[250]
  • Tribune (1917)
  • Tricolet (1904-1906)
  • Trimoto (or Tri-Motor) (1900-1901)[250]
  • Trinity Steamer (see Keene Steamobile)[27]
  • Triumph Electric (1900-1901)
  • Triumph (1907-1912)[268]
  • Trumbull (1914-1915)[250]
  • Tucker (1946-1949)
  • Tucker-Miller (1935)[269]
  • Tulsa (1918-1922)[250]
  • Twin City (1914)[250]
  • Twombly (1910-1911)
  • Twombly (1913-1915)
  • Twyford (1899-1902, 1904-1907)[250]

U

  • US Automobile (1899-1901)
  • Union (1902-1905)
  • Union (1908-1909)
  • Union (1916)
  • United (1914)
  • United (1919-1920)[250]
  • United States (1899-1903)[250]
  • United States Long Distance (see Long Distance)[250]
  • Unito (1908-1910)[129]
  • Universal (1914)[250]
  • Upton (1902-1903)[250]
  • Upton (1905-1907)
  • Upton (1914)
  • U.S. Runabout (1907-1908)

V

1920 Velie Model 34 Touring

W

1905 White
1920 Willys-Knight advertisement
1908 Winton touring car

X

Y

Z

  • Zent (1900-1902, 1904-1906)[250]
  • Zentmobile (1903)[250]
  • Zimmerman (1908-1915)[250]
  • Zip (1913-1914)[250]

Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Notes

  1. ^ Abbotts were built in Cleveland. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.190.
  2. ^ This car was built in Chicago and was totally unrelated to the Kauffman. Clymer, p.205; Kimes, p.19.
  3. ^ Clymer, p.205; Kimes, p.18.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq Clymer, p.205.
  5. ^ Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars 1946-1959 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2008), p.1016.
  6. ^ Built in New York City. Clymer, p.178.
  7. ^ Built in Cleveland.Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Clymer, p.170.
  9. ^ Clymer, p.31.
  10. ^ Clymer, p.205; Kimes, p.19.
  11. ^ Built in St. Louis by the beer company. Clymer, p.170-1.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Flory, p.1016.
  13. ^ Clymer, p.23 & 205.
  14. ^ Front-wheel drive, built in New York City; allegedly the first FWD car. Clymer, pp.178 & 205.
  15. ^ King-Remick
  16. ^ Distinct from Babcock Electric. Clymer, p.205.
  17. ^ Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.153 & 205.
  18. ^ Builder of cars and trucks in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  19. ^ Distinct from American Bantam and the bird. Clymer, p.170.
  20. ^ Sold an electric tricycle before 1916. Clymer, pp.38 & 205.
  21. ^ a b c d Flory, p.1016.
  22. ^ Built in York, Pennsylvania. Clymer, p.193.
  23. ^ Distinct from the other three. Clymer, p.205.
  24. ^ Clymer, p.205.
  25. ^ Built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  26. ^ Built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg Clymer, p.23.
  28. ^ a b c d e Clymer, p.170-1.
  29. ^ A six-wheeler "motorcycle", built by Detroit artist & engineer James Scripps-Booth. Clymer, p.115.
  30. ^ Clymer, pp. 5, 61, & 205.
  31. ^ Distinct from the British brand. Flory, p.1016.
  32. ^ Smith Flyer
  33. ^ Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 205.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn Clymer, p.206.
  35. ^ Automobiles built in Anderson, Indiana. Clymer, pp.5 & 190.
  36. ^ Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.178.
  37. ^ Made in St. Louis, Missouri Clymer, p.206.
  38. ^ Clymer, pp.16, 170, & 206.
  39. ^ a b One of three companies by this name. Clymer, pp.23 & 206.
  40. ^ Distinct from Carhartt. Clymer, p.206.
  41. ^ Distinct from Carrol. Clymer,p.206.
  42. ^ Distinct from Cartercar. Clymer, p.206.
  43. ^ Built in Racine, Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  44. ^ Distinct from the Chevy. Clymer, p.206.
  45. ^ Offered vehicles with electric, steam, or gasoline engines.
  46. ^ Clymer, pp.22 & 178.
  47. ^ Distinct from the three gasoline companies, and from Chicago. Clymer, p.206.
  48. ^ Distinct from the three gasoline companies, and from Chicago Electric. Clymer, p.206.
  49. ^ Founded by J. Walter Christie. Clymer, p.206.
  50. ^ One of two companies by this name, distinct from Church-Field. Clymer, p.206.
  51. ^ Or Clarksmobile. Clymer, pp.25 & 206.
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  53. ^ One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.23.
  54. ^ Built in Little Rock, Arkansas. Clymer, p.178.
  55. ^ Built in St. Louis, Missouri. Clymer, p.178.
  56. ^ Built in Denver, copied from the contemporary Renault. Clymer, p.87.
  57. ^ Founded by J. J. Cole, built in Indianapolis. Clymer, p.104.
  58. ^ Built in Yonkers, New York. Clymer, p.63.
  59. ^ a b One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.206.
  60. ^ Distinct from Columbia Electric. Clymer, p.206.
  61. ^ Built at 564 Dublin Avenue, Columbus, Ohio. Clymer, p.145.
  62. ^ Distinct from the Mercury. Clymer, p.206.
  63. ^ Built in Plymouth, Ohio, friction transmission, dual chain drive, 1000-6000 lb payload or 9-20 seats. Clymer, p.67.
  64. ^ Formerly Vaughn; builder of the Gas-au-lec, based in Peabody, Massachusetts. Clymer, p.158.
  65. ^ Distinct from the Nash. Clymer, p.206.
  66. ^ Distinct from Crane & Breed. Clymer, p.206.
  67. ^ Clymer, pp.170 & 206.
  68. ^ Built in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Clymer, pp.190 & 206.
  69. ^ Distinct from the Clan Crusader. Clymer, p.5.
  70. ^ Distinct from Cunningham. Clymer, p.206.
  71. ^ Distinct from the racers. Clymer, p.206.
  72. ^ One of two companies by this name. Clymer, pp.158 & 206.
  73. ^ Named for the horse, built in Minneapolis. Clymer, p.178.
  74. ^ Built in St. Louis, Missouri. Clymer, p.93.
  75. ^ a b Clymer, pp.5 & 206.
  76. ^ Clymer, p.170
  77. ^ Distinct from the tractor. Clymer, p.206.
  78. ^ Built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 206.
  79. ^ Built in Auburn, Indiana. Distinct from DeSoto. Clymer, p.178.
  80. ^ Distinct from DeSoto. Clymer, p.178.
  81. ^ Offered an electric phaeton before 1916. Clymer, pp.38 & 205.
  82. ^ Distinct from Diamond T. Clymer, p.206.
  83. ^ Clymer, p.206. Tourist was a model.
  84. ^ a b c d e f Clymer, p.5.
  85. ^ Clymer, p.206. By Alberto Santos-Dumont
  86. ^ Clymer, p.206. Founder was later the author of Dyke's Automobile and Gasoline Engine Encyclopedia.
  87. ^ Conceived by Buckminster Fuller.
  88. ^ Built in Wisconsin, distinct from the Michigan company. Clymer, p.153.
  89. ^ Steam and electric cars, built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  90. ^ Clymer, p.206. No connection to Eaton's.
  91. ^ Distinct from either of the two Economys. Clymer, p.206.
  92. ^ Clymer, p.38.
  93. ^ Clymer, p.206. No connection to Electric Launch Company.
  94. ^ Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Elite. Misspelling of Elmore??
  95. ^ Clymer, pp.23 & 207. Distinct from Elite.
  96. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp Clymer, p.207.
  97. ^ a b Clymer, p.8.
  98. ^ a b c d e Horseless Age 1895.
  99. ^ Clymer, p.170-1 & 207.
  100. ^ Built in Cincinnati, Ohio. Clymer, p.104.
  101. ^ Later Halladay or Streator, eventually Barley. Clymer, p.207.
  102. ^ Car and truck maker, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  103. ^ Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.104.
  104. ^ Clymer, p.207. Not to be confused with the Fords.
  105. ^ Built in Newark, Ohio by Halladay
  106. ^ Built in Lewistown, Pennsylvania by Moller
  107. ^ Distinct from Federal steam automobile company. Clymer, p.207.
  108. ^ Clymer, p.207. Not to be confused with the header maker.
  109. ^ Built in Cheboygan, Michigan, it weighed 900 pd and cost US$450. Clymer, p.166.
  110. ^ Distinct from the other one. Clymer, p.207.
  111. ^ An electric car. Clymer, p.40.
  112. ^ a b One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.207.
  113. ^ Built in Massillon, Ohio; called their car the Jewel. Clymer, p.63.
  114. ^ Clymer, p.16.
  115. ^ Built in Clintonville, Wisconsin, with four-wheel drive. Clymer, p.153.
  116. ^ a b Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  117. ^ Clymer, p.51.
  118. ^ Distinct from the steamer. Clymer, p.207.
  119. ^ Made by the multinational as experimental models.
  120. ^ Clymer, p.207. Distinct from the multinational
  121. ^ Gasoline and steam. Clymer, pp.23 & 190.
  122. ^ Flory, p.1016, credits them only for 1950.
  123. ^ Supposedly from Atlanta, Georgia. Clymer, p.207.
  124. ^ Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland 1916-1922. Clymer, p.190.
  125. ^ a b Clymer, p.178.
  126. ^ Clymer, pp.14 & 22.
  127. ^ One of two companies by this name. Clymer, p.207.
  128. ^ Truck maker, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  129. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  130. ^ Clymer, pp.170 & 190.
  131. ^ No relation to the school. Clymer, p.170.
  132. ^ Clymer, p.207
  133. ^ Kimes, p.652 & 761.
  134. ^ Distinct from Hatfield Motor Vehicle Company and Hatfield Company (truck manufacturer). Kimes, p.682.
  135. ^ An aircooled, built in Wisconsin, sold for US$2000. Clymer, p.23.
  136. ^ Clymer, p.112.
  137. ^ Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Hewitt-Lindstrom.
  138. ^ Steam and gasoline, based in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.23 & 190.
  139. ^ Clymer, p.207. Distinct from the Australian company.
  140. ^ Clymer, p.207. Distinct from Holley.
  141. ^ Clymer, pp.170-1 & 207.
  142. ^ a b Clymer, pp.23 & 207.
  143. ^ a b Clymer, pp.5 & 23.
  144. ^ Based in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.23, 190, & 207.
  145. ^ Clymer, pp.170 & 207.
  146. ^ In Boston. Kimes, pp.769 & 1407.
  147. ^ a b In New York City. Kimes, p.769.
  148. ^ Clymer, p.207; Kimes, p.769.
  149. ^ In Toledo, Ohio. Clymer, p.23; Kimes, p.769.
  150. ^ In Buffalo, New York. Kimes, p.769.
  151. ^ a b Clymer, pp.18 & 23.
  152. ^ Distinct from Johnson (steam automobile company). Clymer, p.207.
  153. ^ Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.23 & 153.
  154. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg Clymer, p.208.
  155. ^ Clymer, p.208. Not to be confused with this one.
  156. ^ Also sold commercial vans of 1, 2, 3, & 6 tons. Clymer, p.53.
  157. ^ Clymer, p.131.
  158. ^ One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.208.
  159. ^ Flory, pp.1011-12.
  160. ^ Kimes, p.774.
  161. ^ Based in Toledo, Ohio. Clymer, p.158.
  162. ^ a b c Built in Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  163. ^ Clymer, p.208. Electrette was a model.
  164. ^ Clymer, p.208. Distinct from LaSalle.
  165. ^ Distinct from Lewis Motocycle. Clymer, p.208.
  166. ^ A four-wheeler, despite the name. Clymer, p.8.
  167. ^ Before 1912, the cars were called Sears. Clymer, p.90.
  168. ^ began with steam autos
  169. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Clymer, p.22.
  170. ^ Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.890
  171. ^ a b Based in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 208.
  172. ^ Clymer, p.23. Distinct from Mason (automobile company).
  173. ^ Clymer, p.208. Distinct from Mason (steam automobile company).
  174. ^ Truck maker, Based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  175. ^ Built in Waterloo, Iowa. Clymer, p.93.
  176. ^ Clymer, p.84.
  177. ^ Distinct from the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  178. ^ Built in Wisconsin by Joe Merkel, who later built the Merkel Motorcycle. Clymer, p.153.
  179. ^ Distinct from the gas car and the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  180. ^ Distinct from the steamer and the Ford division. Clymer, p.23.
  181. ^ Clymer, p.208. Distinct from the Nash
  182. ^ Built in Waltham, Massachusetts. Clymer, p.145.
  183. ^ Built in Moline, Illinois. Clymer, p.93.
  184. ^ Built in Racine, Wisconsin. Clymer, pp.36 & 153.
  185. ^ Clymer, p.57.
  186. ^ Clymer, p.208. One of two companies by this name, distinct from Moline-Knight.
  187. ^ Clymer, p.190.
  188. ^ Clymer, p.208. Not to be confused with Moggie.
  189. ^ Clymer, pp.22 & 208.
  190. ^ Lewis, Mary Beth. "Ten Best First Facts", in Car and Driver, 1/88, p.92.
  191. ^ Flory, p.1016, dates it to 1950.
  192. ^ Built in Traverse City, Michigan. Clymer, pp.170 & 178.
  193. ^ These are the earliest models of National, and are by the same company. Clymer, p.208.
  194. ^ Not to be confused with the producers of the Ruxton.
  195. ^ Clymer, pp.170-1 & 208.
  196. ^ Often misspelled as Neilson]] (Clymer, p.208)
  197. ^ Clymer, p.208.Not to be confused with the motorcycle.
  198. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej Clymer, p.209.
  199. ^ Built in Milwaukee. Clymer, p.153.
  200. ^ Catalog of American Cars 1805-1945 (1985), p.1013
  201. ^ Clymer, pp.170 & 209.
  202. ^ They wore Barney Oldfield's name. Clymer, p.178.
  203. ^ Based in Cleveland. Same as Ottoker? Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  204. ^ Clymer, pp.22 & 23.
  205. ^ Based in Cleveland. Distinct from Owen Magnetic. Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  206. ^ Clymer, p.170. Distinct from Panther Westwinds.
  207. ^ Built in Indianapolis, Indiana. Clymer, p.102.
  208. ^ Built in Chicago. Clymer, p.151.
  209. ^ Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1125
  210. ^ Clymer, p.42.
  211. ^ Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1125
  212. ^ Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1126
  213. ^ Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1126
  214. ^ Standard Catalogue of American Cars, p.1126
  215. ^ Clymer, pp.6 & 153.
  216. ^ Cars and trucks, built in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.5, 178, & 190.
  217. ^ Friction-drive, built in Wisconsin. Clymer, p.153.
  218. ^ Based in Cleveland.Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  219. ^ Clymer, p.209. Distinct from the GM division.
  220. ^ Clymer, pp.5 & 209.
  221. ^ Clymer, pp.13 & 23.
  222. ^ Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Porter Motor Company.
  223. ^ Flory, p.1016. Distinct from Powell Manufacturing Company?
  224. ^ Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Randall (automobile company).
  225. ^ Distinct from the pickup. Clymer, p.209.
  226. ^ Cars & trucks, based in Cleveland. Clymer, p.190.
  227. ^ Clymer, p.149.
  228. ^ Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Reading Steamer.
  229. ^ Clymer, p.209. Said to be the cheapest car ever built.
  230. ^ Producer of four-axle Octoauto and twin rear axle Sextoauto in Columbus, Indiana. Clymer, p.122-4.
  231. ^ a b Clymer, pp.23 & 209.
  232. ^ 1895 car produced by Remington Arms Company. Clymer, p.209.
  233. ^ Based in Cleveland. Clymer, pp.190 & 209.
  234. ^ Clymer, pp.22 & 209.
  235. ^ Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Rogers (steam automobile company) and Rogers (automobile company).
  236. ^ Clymer, p.209. Distinct from Rogers Steamobile (automobile company). One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.209.
  237. ^ Rolls Royce
  238. ^ ref name="clymer209"
  239. ^ From Kansas City, Missouri, supposedly front-wheel drive. Clymer, p.209.
  240. ^ Royal Princess was the gasoline-powered car.
  241. ^ A tricycle. Clymer, p.8.
  242. ^ Clymer, p.209. Same as Dumont (automobile company) By Alberto Santos-Dumont?
  243. ^ Clymer, p.209. By Henry Segrave?
  244. ^ Keystone
  245. ^ Clymer, p.25.
  246. ^ Clymer, pp.90 & 209.
  247. ^ Clymer, p.209. Distinct from the Chrysler.
  248. ^ Built in Buffalo, New York. Clymer, p.5.
  249. ^ Built by William H. Sharp , who called it the Arrow. Clymer, p.88.
  250. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm Clymer, p.210.
  251. ^ Distinct from Spencer (steam automobile company). Clymer, p.210.
  252. ^ Distinct from Spencer (automobile company). Clymer, pp.23 & 210.
  253. ^ One of two companies with this name. Clymer, p.210.
  254. ^ a b Distinct from Stanley Motor Carriage Company. Clymer, p.210.
  255. ^ Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Stearns (automobile).
  256. ^ One of three companies by this name. Clymer, p.210.
  257. ^ One of three companies by this name. Clymer, pp.23 & 210.
  258. ^ Clymer, p.8. Not to be confused with the Jag.
  259. ^ Originally Erie.
  260. ^ Flory, p.1016. Fitting Cadillac V8s into Studebakers was common in the '50s, under the nickname Studillac, as well as into Fords as Fordillacs; it appears Flory has mistaken it.
  261. ^ Clymer, pp.38 & 210.
  262. ^ Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with the Dodge, Plymouth, Studebaker, Nash Motors, Chevrolet, or GMC.
  263. ^ Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with Summit Racing Equipment.
  264. ^ Clymer,p.52.
  265. ^ Clymer, p.190, locates them in Cleveland.
  266. ^ a b c Clymer, pp.170 & 210.
  267. ^ Clymer, p.22; Kimes, pp.769 & 1472
  268. ^ Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with the sportscar or the motorcycle.
  269. ^ Flory, p.1014. May only have produced racing cars.
  270. ^ Later Corwin Manufacturing Company. Clymer, p.158.
  271. ^ Distinct from Victor (steam automobile company). Clymer, p.210.
  272. ^ Clymer, pp.23. Distinct from Victor (automobile company).
  273. ^ Built in Painesvile, Ohio. Clymer, p.135.
  274. ^ Detroit-based builder of "generic" cars without badges so dealers could badge them as desired. Clymer, p.146.
  275. ^ Clymer, p.210. Not to be confused with the pistol.
  276. ^ Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Ward (electric automobile company)
  277. ^ Clymer, p.210. Distinct from Ward (automobile company)
  278. ^ Built by Reo.
  279. ^ Flory, p.1016. Distinct from Woodill Motors?
  280. ^ Supposedly from Toledo, Ohio. Clymer, p.210.

Sources

  • Automobile Quarterly (eds.). The American Car Since 1775. Kutztown, PA: Automobile Quarterly, Inc., 1971. ISBN 0-525-05300-X
  • Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925. New York: Bonanza Books, 1950.
  • Georgano, Nick (Ed.). The Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000. ISBN 1-57958-293-1
  • Kimes, Beverly R. (Herausgeberin), and Clark, Henry A. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1945. Krause Publications, 1985. ISBN 0-87341-045-9
  • Kimes, Beverly Rae, and Clark, Henry Austin, Jr. The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942 (3rd edition). Iola, WI: Krause, 1996. ISBN 0-87341-428-4

See also

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