List of dependent territories: Wikis

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A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a State.

There are varying degrees and forms of dependence, commonly distinguished from other subnational entities in that they are not considered to be part of the motherland or mainland of the governing State. In most cases they also represent a different order of separation. A subnational entity typically represents a division of the State proper, while a dependent territory might be an overseas territory that enjoys a greater degree of autonomy. For instance, many of them have more or less separate legal systems from the governing States. Varying among different legal and constitutional traditions, these territories may or may not be considered part of the States.

The areas separately referred to as non-independent are territories that are disputed, are occupied, have a government in exile or have a non-negligible independence movement.

Contents

Lists of dependent territories

World map of dependent territories
      AUS       CHI       DAN       FRA       NED       NZL       NOR       GBR       USA

Currently there are 60 dependencies on this list, which excludes those under Finland, Russia, and the People's Republic of China. Dependency claims without general international recognition, including all claims in Antarctica, are listed in italics. Uninhabited territories or territories with no permanent population are marked with hash keys/number symbols (#).

The list includes several territories that are not included in the list of non-self-governing territories [1] listed by the General Assembly of the United Nations (which also includes Western Sahara, since 1990, the General Assembly reaffirmed that the question of Western Sahara was a question of decolonization which remained to be completed by the people of Western Sahara).

A number of political entities have a special position recognized by international treaty or agreement (i.e. Åland in Finland, Hong Kong & Macau in the People's Republic of China, and Svalbard in Norway). These are not dependent territories in the strict sense of the meaning, but have in some way a similar position. See List of special entities recognized by international treaty or agreement for more information.

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Australia

Territory Administration
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands # From Canberra by the Attorney-General's Department.[1]
 Christmas Island
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Australia Coral Sea Islands #
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory # From Canberra by the Australian Antarctic Division of the Department of the Environment and Heritage.
Australia Heard Island
and McDonald Islands
#
 Norfolk Island Commonwealth responsibilities administered from Canberra through the Attorney-General's Department.[1]

Denmark

France

Territory Administration
France Clipperton Island # Atoll administered by the Minister for Overseas Territories. No permanent population.
 French Polynesia Overseas collectivity since 2003; Overseas country since 2004.
 Mayotte Departmental collectivity since 2001; overseas collectivity since 2003.
 New Caledonia "Sui generis" collectivity since 1999; appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.
 Saint Barthélemy Overseas collectivities since 2007.
France Saint Martin
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial collectivity since 1985; overseas collectivity since 2003.
 Wallis and Futuna Overseas territory since 1961; overseas collectivity since 2003.
France French Southern and Antarctic Lands # The French Southern and Antarctic Lands is an Overseas territory since 1955, administered from Paris by an Administrateur Superieur (since May 2000, François Garde assisted by Secretary General Jean-Yves Hermoso). No permanent population.

Netherlands

Country Administration
 Aruba Full autonomy in internal affairs obtained upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986; Government of the Netherlands responsible for defense and foreign affairs. Part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands but not of the European Union.
 Netherlands Antilles Full autonomy in internal affairs granted in 1954; Government of the Netherlands responsible for defense and foreign affairs. Part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but not of the European Union.

The Netherlands Antilles will be dissolved on 10 October 2010.  Curaçao and  Sint Maarten will become autonomous regions in their own right.  Bonaire,  Saba and  Sint Eustatius will become special municipalities of the Netherlands.

New Zealand

In free association Administration
 Cook Islands Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand since 1965. The Cook Islands are fully responsible for their internal affairs; New Zealand, in consultation, retains some responsibility for external affairs and defence. As of 2005, the Cook Islands have diplomatic relations in their own name with eighteen countries.
 Niue Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand since 1974. Niue is fully responsible for its internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defence. New Zealand's responsibilities confer no rights of control and are only exercised at the request of the Government of Niue.
Territory Administration
 Tokelau Self-administering territory of New Zealand. As it moves toward free association with New Zealand, Tokelau and New Zealand have agreed to a draft constitution. A UN-sponsored referendum on self-governance in February 2006 did not produce the two-thirds supermajority necessary for changing the current political status. Another one was in October 2007, which failed to reach the 2/3 margin.
New Zealand Ross Dependency # New Zealand's Antarctic claim.

Norway

Dependency Administration
 Bouvet Island # Dependency administered from Oslo by the Polar Affairs Department of the Ministry of Justice and the Police.
Peter I Island # Dependencies (subject to the Antarctic Treaty System) administered from Oslo by the Polar Affairs Department of the Ministry of Justice and the Police.
Queen Maud Land #

United Kingdom

Overseas territories Administration
 Anguilla British overseas territories.
 Cayman Islands
 Montserrat
 Pitcairn Islands
 Turks and Caicos Islands
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
 Bermuda British overseas territory or self-governing territory as defined by the UK.
 British Antarctic Territory # The UK's Antarctic claim.
 British Indian Ocean Territory # British overseas territory administered by a commissioner resident in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London.
 British Virgin Islands British overseas territory with internal self-government.
 Falkland Islands British overseas territory, claimed by Argentina. Falkland Islands also administers  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands through the Governor of the Falkland Islands as representative of the British monarch.
 Gibraltar British overseas territory, claimed by Spain.
Sovereign Base Areas Administration
United Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia British overseas territory administered by the Commander of British Forces, Cyprus. Note SBAs are primarily required as military bases and not ordinary dependent territories
Crown dependencies Administration
 Guernsey Crown dependencies
 Jersey
 Isle of Man

United States

Territory Administration
 American Samoa Unincorporated and unorganized territory administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.
 Guam Unincorporated organized territory; policy relations between Guam and the U.S. conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.
United States Navassa Island # Unincorporated territory of the U.S. administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior from the Caribbean Islands National Wildlife Refuge in Boqueron, Puerto Rico. Claimed by Haiti and privately via the Guano Islands Act.
 Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth in political union with the U.S.; federal funding administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior.
United States Petrel Islands # Unincorporated territory of the U.S. administered by the U.S. Department of the Interior. Also claimed by Colombia, Jamaica and Nicaragua.
 Puerto Rico Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S. with commonwealth status; policy relations between Puerto Rico and the U.S. conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of the President.
United States Serranilla Bank # Unincorporated territory of the U.S. administered by the U.S. Department of the Interior. Also claimed by Colombia and Nicaragua. Beacon Cay is occupied by Colombia.
United States United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges # Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, and Midway Island. Unorganized and unincorporated territories administered from Washington, D.C. by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the United States Department of the Interior.
 U.S. Virgin Islands Unincorporated organized territory; policy relations between the Virgin Islands and the U.S. conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.
United States Wake Island # Unincorporated territory supervised by the U.S. Air Force and administered from Washington, D.C. by the U.S. Department of the Interior. Claimed by the Marshall Islands.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b First Assistant Secretary, Territories Division (2008-01-30). "Territories of Australia". Attorney-General's Department. http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/territories/index.aspx. Retrieved 2008-02-07. "The Federal Government, through the Attorney-General's Department administers Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, the Coral Sea Islands, Jervis Bay, and Norfolk Island as Territories."  
  • George Drower, Britain's Dependent Territories, Dartmouth, 1992
  • George Drower, Overseas Territories Handbook, TSO, 1998

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.

External links


Simple English

Dependent areas are territories and overseas territories that do not possess full independence or sovereignty as states/countries. There are varying degrees and forms of such a dependence. They are commonly distinguished from subnational entities in that they are not considered to be part of the motherland or mainland of the governing state, and in most cases they also represent a different order of separation. A subnational entity typically represents a division of the country proper, while a dependent territory might be an overseas territory that enjoys a greater degree of autonomy. For instance, many of them have a more or less separate legal system from the governing body.

The areas separately referred to as non-independent are territories that are disputed, are occupied, have a government in exile or have a non-negligible independence movement.

Contents

List of dependencies by Commonwealth sovereignty

All these are, as such or as part of a Commonwealth state in personal union under the same British Monarch.

Australia

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands: territory administered by the Australian Attorney-General's Department
  • Christmas Island: territory administered by the Australian Attorney-General's Department
  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands: territory administered from Canberra by the Australian Attorney-General's Department
  • Coral Sea Islands: territory administered from Canberra by the Australian Attorney-General's Department
  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands: territory administered from Canberra by the Australian Antarctic Division of the Department the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts
  • Norfolk Island: territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Attorney-General's Department
  • Australian Antarctic Territory: territory administered from Canberra by the Australian Antarctic Division of the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

New Zealand

  • Cook Islands: self-governing in free association with New Zealand; Cook Islands is fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains some responsibility for external affairs and defense, in consultation with the Cook Islands. As of 2005 the Cook Islands has diplomatic relations in its own name with 18 countries.
  • Niue: self-governing in free association with New Zealand since 1974; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defense; however, these responsibilities confer no rights of control and are only exercised at the request of the Government of Niue
  • Tokelau: self-administering territory of New Zealand; note - Tokelau and New Zealand have agreed to a draft constitution as Tokelau moves toward free association with New Zealand; a UN sponsored referendum on self-governance, in February 2006, did not produce the two thirds majority vote necessary for changing the current political status
  • Ross Dependency: land and islands claimed in Antarctica

United Kingdom

  • Akrotiri: a special form of overseas territory administered by an administrator who is also the Commander of the British Forces Cyprus
  • Anguilla: overseas territory (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Bermuda: overseas territory (a self-governing territory as defined by the UK. A non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • British Antarctic Territory: land and islands claimed in Antarctica
  • British Indian Ocean Territory: overseas territory administered by a commissioner, resident in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London
  • British Virgin Islands: overseas territory with internal self-government (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Cayman Islands: overseas territory (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Dhekelia: a special form of overseas territory administered by an administrator who is also the Commander of the British Forces Cyprus
  • Falkland Islands: overseas territory; also claimed by Argentina (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Gibraltar: overseas territory (a self-governing territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula)
  • Montserrat: overseas territory (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Pitcairn Islands: overseas territory (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Saint Helena: overseas territory (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN); it includes the Island group of Tristan da Cunha; Saint Helena also administers Ascension Island.
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands: overseas territory, also claimed by Argentina; administered from the Falkland Islands by a commissioner, who is concurrently governor of the Falkland Islands, representing Queen Elizabeth II; Grytviken, formerly a whaling station on South Georgia, is a scientific base
  • Turks and Caicos Islands: overseas territory (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)

British Crown Dependencies

Allied to the British monarch, not the government

List of dependencies by other country

Denmark

France

France includes also the overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion, see notes
  • Clipperton Island: possession administered directly by the Minister of Overseas France (no permanent population)
  • French Polynesia: overseas collectivity since 2003 (designated as an overseas country since 2004)
  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands: overseas territory since 1955 administered from Paris by Administrateur Superieur Eric Pilloton (since 10 April 2007); includes Îles Amsterdam, Île Saint-Paul, Îles Crozet, Îles Éparses which surround Madagascar and Îles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean, along with Adélie Land, the French-claimed sector of Antarctica (no permanent population).
  • Mayotte: overseas collectivity since 2003 (designated as a departmental collectivity since 2001)
  • New Caledonia: territory with a unique status since 1999 (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Saint-Barthélemy: overseas collectivity since 2007 (before, part of Guadeloupe)
  • Saint-Martin: overseas collectivity since 2007 (before, part of Guadeloupe)
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon: overseas collectivity since 2003 (designated as a territorial collectivity since 1985)
  • Wallis and Futuna: overseas collectivity since 2003 (designated as a territory since 1961)

The Netherlands

  • Aruba: part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but not of the European Union; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
  • Netherlands Antilles: part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but not of the European Union; full autonomy in internal affairs granted in 1954; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs; comprises two groupings of islands: Curaçao and Bonaire are located off the coast of Venezuela; Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (the Dutch two-fifths of the island of Saint Martin) lie 800 km to the north.

Norway

  • Bouvet Island
  • Peter I Island (Antarctica)
  • Queen Maud Land (Antarctica)

United States

The smallest island entities belong to the United States Minor Outlying Islands

In the Caribbean

  • Navassa Island: unincorporated territory of the U.S.; administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, from the Caribbean Islands National Wildlife Refuge in Boqueron, Puerto Rico; in September 1996, the Coast Guard ceased operations and maintenance of Navassa Island Light, a 46-meter-tall lighthouse on the southern side of the island; there has also been a private claim advanced against the island
  • Puerto Rico: unincorporated, organized territory of the US with commonwealth status; policy relations between Puerto Rico and the US conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of the President
  • U.S. Virgin Islands: organized, unincorporated territory with policy relations between the Virgin Islands and the U.S. under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)

In the Pacific

  • American Samoa: unincorporated and unorganized territory administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Guam: organized, unincorporated territory with policy relations between Guam and the U.S. under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior (a non-self-governing territory as listed by the UN)
  • Northern Mariana Islands: commonwealth in political union with the U.S.; federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs
  • Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef & Midway Islands: unincorporated territories of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
  • Palmyra Atoll: incorporated Territory of the US; partly privately owned and partly federally owned; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior; the Office of Insular Affairs of the US Department of the Interior continues to administer nine excluded areas comprising certain tidal and submerged lands within the 12 nm territorial sea or within the lagoon
  • Wake Island: unincorporated territory administered from Washington, D.C., by the Department of the Interior; activities on the island are conducted by the US Air Force, the ownership of the territory is disputed with the Marshall Islands.

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