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List of elements by melting point: Wikis

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Element PhasesPerTemperature EN.svg

This is a list of the chemical elements, sorted by melting point measured at normal pressure.

Table

Z Name Symbol Melting Point
°C (K)
2 Helium He n/a *
1 Hydrogen H −258.975 °C (14.2 K)
10 Neon Ne −248.447 °C (24.7 K)
8 Oxygen O −222.65 °C (50.5 K)
9 Fluorine F −219.52 °C (53.6 K)
7 Nitrogen N −209.86 °C (63.3 K)
18 Argon Ar −189.19 °C (84.0 K)
36 Krypton Kr −157.22 °C (116 K)
54 Xenon Xe −111.7 °C (161 K)
17 Chlorine Cl −100.84 °C (172 K)
86 Radon Rn −71 °C (202.1 K)
80 Mercury Hg −38.72 °C (234 K)
35 Bromine Br −7.1 °C (266 K)
87 Francium Fr 27 °C (300 K)
55 Caesium Cs 28.55 °C (301.70 K)
31 Gallium Ga 29.76 °C (302.91 K)
37 Rubidium Rb 39.64 °C (312.79 K)
15 Phosphorus (white) P 44.1 °C (317.3 K)
19 Potassium K 63.35 °C (336.50 K)
11 Sodium Na 98 °C (371 K)
53 Iodine I 113.5 °C (386.7 K)
16 Sulfur S 115.36 °C (388.51 K)
49 Indium In 156.76 °C (429.91 K)
3 Lithium Li 180.7 °C (453.9 K)
34 Selenium Se 221 °C (494 K)
50 Tin Sn 232.06 °C (505.21 K)
84 Polonium Po 254 °C (527 K)
83 Bismuth Bi 271.52 °C (544.67 K)
85 Astatine At 302 °C (575 K)
81 Thallium Tl 304 °C (577 K)
48 Cadmium Cd 321.18 °C (594.33 K)
82 Lead Pb 327.6 °C (600.8 K)
30 Zinc Zn 419.73 °C (692.88 K)
52 Tellurium Te 449.65 °C (722.80 K)
51 Antimony Sb 630.9 °C (904.1 K)
93 Neptunium Np 640 °C (913 K)
94 Plutonium Pu 640 °C (913 K)
12 Magnesium Mg 650 °C (923 K)
13 Aluminium Al 660.25 °C (933.40 K)
88 Radium Ra 700 °C (973 K)
56 Barium Ba 729 °C (1,002 K)
38 Strontium Sr 769 °C (1,042 K)
58 Cerium Ce 798 °C (1,071 K)
33 Arsenic As 817 °C (1,090 K)
63 Europium Eu 822 °C (1,095 K)
70 Ytterbium Yb 824 °C (1,097 K)
20 Calcium Ca 839 °C (1,112 K)
99 Einsteinium Es 860 °C (1,130 K)
57 Lanthanum La 920 °C (1,190 K)
59 Praseodymium Pr 931 °C (1,204 K)
61 Promethium Pm 931 °C (1,204 K)
32 Germanium Ge 938.3 °C (1,211.4 K)
47 Silver Ag 961 °C (1,234 K)
97 Berkelium Bk 986 °C (1,259 K)
95 Americium Am 994 °C (1,267 K)
60 Neodymium Nd 1,016 °C (1,289 K)
89 Actinium Ac 1,050 °C (1,320 K)
79 Gold Au 1,064.58 °C (1,337.73 K)
96 Curium Cm 1,067 °C (1,340 K)
62 Samarium Sm 1,072 °C (1,345 K)
29 Copper Cu 1,084.6 °C (1,357.8 K)
92 Uranium U 1,132 °C (1,405 K)
25 Manganese Mn 1,246 °C (1,519 K)
4 Beryllium Be 1,287 °C (1,560 K)
64 Gadolinium Gd 1,312 °C (1,585 K)
65 Terbium Tb 1,357 °C (1,630 K)
66 Dysprosium Dy 1,407 °C (1,680 K)
14 Silicon Si 1,410 °C (1,680 K)
28 Nickel Ni 1,453 °C (1,726 K)
67 Holmium Ho 1,470 °C (1,740 K)
27 Cobalt Co 1,495 °C (1,768 K)
68 Erbium Er 1,522 °C (1,795 K)
39 Yttrium Y 1,526 °C (1,799 K)
26 Iron Fe 1,535 °C (1,808 K)
21 Scandium Sc 1,539 °C (1,812 K)
69 Thulium Tm 1,545 °C (1,818 K)
46 Palladium Pd 1,552 °C (1,825 K)
91 Protactinium Pa 1,600 °C (1,870 K)
98 Californium Cf 1,652 °C (1,925 K)
22 Titanium Ti 1,660 °C (1,930 K)
71 Lutetium Lu 1,663 °C (1,936 K)
90 Thorium Th 1,755 °C (2,028 K)
78 Platinum Pt 1,772 °C (2,045 K)
40 Zirconium Zr 1,852 °C (2,125 K)
24 Chromium Cr 1,857 °C (2,130 K)
23 Vanadium V 1,902 °C (2,175 K)
45 Rhodium Rh 1,966 °C (2,239 K)
43 Technetium Tc 2,200 °C (2,470 K)
72 Hafnium Hf 2,227 °C (2,500 K)
44 Ruthenium Ru 2,250 °C (2,520 K)
5 Boron B 2,300 °C (2,570 K)
77 Iridium Ir 2,443 °C (2,716 K)
41 Niobium Nb 2,468 °C (2,741 K)
42 Molybdenum Mo 2,617 °C (2,890 K)
73 Tantalum Ta 2,996 °C (3,269 K)
76 Osmium Os 3,027 °C (3,300 K)
75 Rhenium Re 3,180 °C (3,450 K)
74 Tungsten W 3,422 °C (3,695 K)
6 Carbon (diamond) C 3,550 °C (3,820 K)
6 Carbon (graphite) C 3,675 °C (3,948 K)

* Does not solidify at 1 atm, even near absolute zero, but does at 2.5MPa at 0.95K.

† Sublimes at 1 atm

The melting points of the following elements are not yet known:

Temperature with most liquid elements

The temperature ranges at which the most elements are liquid are 2739 - 2742K and 2750 - 2792K (2466 - 2469°C and 2477 - 2518°C; 4471 - 4476°F and 4491 - 4566°F).

Actinium, aluminium, americium, boron, cerium, chromium, cobalt, copper, curium, dysprosium, erbium, gadolinium, germanium, gold, hafnium, holmium, iridium, iron, lanthanum, lutetium, neodymium, neptunium, nickel, palladium, platinum, plutonium, praseodymium, promethium, protactinium, rhodium, ruthenium, scandium, silicon, technetium, terbium, thorium, tin, titanium, uranium, vanadium, yttrium and zirconium are liquid in both ranges. They are joined by beryllium in the lower range, and niobium in the upper.

The four key temperatures in these ranges are respectively, the melting point of iridium, the boiling point of beryllium, the melting point of niobium, and the boiling point of aluminium.

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