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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of emotions.

Contents

Plutchik's wheel of emotions

Plutchik's Wheel of Emotions in 2D and 3D models.

Robert Plutchik created a wheel of emotions in 1980 which consisted of 8 basic emotions and 8 advanced emotions each composed of 2 basic ones.[1]

Basic emotion Basic opposite
Joy Sadness
Trust Disgust
Fear Anger
Surprise Anticipation
Sadness Joy
Disgust Trust
Anger Fear
Anticipation Surprise
Advanced emotion Composed of... Advanced opposite
Optimism Anticipation + Joy Disappointment
Love Joy + Trust Remorse
Submission Trust + Fear Contempt
Awe Fear + Surprise Aggressiveness
Disappointment Surprise + Sadness Optimism
Remorse Sadness + Disgust Love
Contempt Disgust + Anger Submission
Aggressiveness Anger + Anticipation Awe

Emotions by groups

Here is a categorised, tree structured list of emotions as described in Parrot (2001).[2]

Primary emotion Secondary emotion Tertiary emotions
Love Affection Adoration, affection, love, fondness, liking, attraction, caring, tenderness, compassion, sentimentality
Lust Arousal, desire, lust, passion, infatuation
Longing Longing
Joy Cheerfulness Amusement, bliss, cheerfulness, gaiety, glee, jolliness, joviality, joy, delight, enjoyment, gladness, happiness, jubilation, elation, satisfaction, ecstasy, euphoria
Zest Enthusiasm, zeal, zest, excitement, thrill, exhilaration
Contentment Contentment, pleasure
Pride Pride, triumph
Optimism Eagerness, hope, optimism
Enthrallment Enthrallment, rapture
Relief Relief
Surprise Surprise Amazement, surprise, astonishment
Anger Irritation Aggravation, irritation, agitation, annoyance, grouchiness, grumpiness
Exasperation Exasperation, frustration
Rage Anger, rage, outrage, fury, wrath, hostility, ferocity, bitterness, hate, scorn, spite, vengefulness, dislike, resentment
Disgust Disgust, revulsion, contempt, loathing
Envy Envy, jealousy
Torment Torment
Sadness Suffering Agony, suffering, hurt, anguish
Sadness Depression, despair, hopelessness, gloom, glumness, sadness, unhappiness, grief, sorrow, woe, misery, melancholy
Disappointment Dismay, disappointment, displeasure
Shame Guilt, shame, regret, remorse
Neglect Alienation, isolation, neglect, loneliness, rejection, homesickness, defeat, dejection, insecurity, embarrassment, humiliation, insult
Sympathy Pity, sympathy
Fear Horror Alarm, shock, fear, fright, horror, terror, panic, hysteria, mortification
Nervousness Anxiety, nervousness, tenseness, uneasiness, apprehension, worry, distress, dread

Lojban emotions

The artificial language Lojban has interjections expressing degrees of emotions.[citation needed] These include:

  • Simple emotions
  • Complex emotions
  • Pure emotions
  • Propositional attitudes
    • attentive - inattentive - avoiding
    • alertness - exhaustion
    • intent - indecision - refusal
    • effort - no real effort - repose
    • hope - despair
    • desire - indifference - reluctance
    • interest - no interest - repulsion
  • Complex propositional attitudes
    • permission - prohibition
    • competence - incompetence
    • obligation - freedom
    • constraint - independence - resistance to constraint
    • request - negative request
    • suggestion - no suggestion - warning
    • understand - confused

EARL

The HUMAINE Emotion Annotation and Representation Language (EARL) classifies the following 48 emotions.[3]

See also

References

External links


Simple English

This is a list of emotions (feelings).

Contents

Robert Plutchik's theory

This says that the basic eight emotions are:

  • fear -> feeling afraid. Other words are terror (strong fear), shock, phobia (fear of one thing)
  • anger -> feeling angry. Another word is rage. One can be angry with theirself or with others.
  • sorrow -> feeling sad. Other words are sadness, grief (a stronger feeling, for example when someone has died) or depression (feeling sad for a long time). Some people think depression is a different emotion.
  • joy -> feeling happy. Other words are happiness, glee (when something good happens to someone. or something bad happens to someone else), gladness.
  • disgust -> feeling something is wrong or dirty.
  • acceptance -> feeling happy with something.
  • anticipation -> feeling happy because of something in the future.
  • surprise -> how one feels when something happens quickly or when someone did not think it would happen.

Book Two of Aristotle's Rhetoric

This theory says that the emotions are:

  • Anger, opposite Calmness (not feeling excited)
  • Friendship (Love), opposite Enmity (feeling hate)
  • bums, opposite Confidence (having no fear)
  • Shame, opposite Shamelessness (shame: how one feels when they of themselves as wrong or stupid; shamelessness: one does not feel shame, but others think one should.)
  • Kindness, opposite Unkindness (kindness: when people are good to other people)
  • Pity (when people feel sorry for other people)
  • Indignation (feeling angry because something is not fair)
  • Envy, jealous ( when people hate another person/people because he or she does not have something that another person has)
  • mad at one

The engineered language Lojban

This "language" has words showing these emotions:

  • Simple emotions
    • discovery - confusion
    • gain - loss
    • surprise - no surprise - expectation
    • wonder (surprise - commonplace
    • happiness - unhappiness
    • amusement - weariness
    • completion - incompleteness
    • courage - timidity - cowardice
    • pity - cruelty
    • repentance - lack of regret - innocence
  • Complex emotions
  • Pure emotions
    • fear - nervousness - security
    • togetherness - privacy
    • respect - disrespect
    • appreciation - envy
    • love - no love lost - hatred
    • familiarity - mystery
  • Propositional attitudes
    • attentive - inattentive - avoiding
    • alertness - exhaustion
    • intent - indecision - refusal
    • effort - no real effort - repose
    • hope - despair
    • desire - indifference - reluctance
    • interest - no interest - repulsion
  • Complex propositional attitudes
    • permission - prohibition
    • competence - incompetence
    • obligation - freedom
    • constraint - independence - resistance to constraint
    • request - negative request
    • suggestion - no suggestion - warning

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