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Epistemology (from Greek ἐπιστήμη - episteme-, "knowledge, science" + λόγος, "logos") or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope (limitations) of knowledge.[1] It addresses the questions "What is knowledge?", "How is knowledge acquired?", "What do people know?", "How do we know what we know?", and "Why do we know what we know?". Much of the debate in this field has focused on analyzing the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief, and justification. It also deals with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims.

Articles related to epistemology include:

Contents Top · 0–9 · A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

A Defence of Common Sense - A priori and a posteriori (philosophy) - Adaptive representation - Aenesidemus - Aenesidemus (book) - Agrippa the Sceptic - Alison Wylie - Alvin Goldman - Analytic-synthetic distinction - Androcentrism - Android epistemology - Anti-foundationalism - Anti-realism - Apperception - Aristotle's theory of universals - Atomism - Autoepistemic logic

B

Basic belief - Belief - Bertrand Russell - Black swan theory - Body of Knowledge - Brain in a vat - Brute fact - Burden of proof (rhetoric)

C

Cartesian Other - Cartesian Self - Cartesian skepticism - Causality - Cogito ergo sum - Cognitive closure (philosophy) - Cognitive relativism - Coherence theory of truth - Coherentism - Common sense - Compensationism - Composition of Causes - Computational epistemology - Condition of possibility - Consensus theory of truth - Constructivism (mathematics) - Constructivist epistemology - Contextualism - Contrastivism - Correspondence theory of truth - Counter-intuitive - Counterknowledge - Criteria of truth - Critical rationalism - Critical thinking - Cynic

D

Daimonic - David Hume - Deductive closure - Defeasible reasoning - Defeater - Deflationary theory of truth - Discourse on the Method - Dispositional and occurrent belief - Dogma - Doubt - Doxa - Doxastic attitudes - Dream argument

E

Eastern epistemology - Edgar Morin - Edmund Gettier - Egocentric predicament - Emergence - Empirical method - Empirical relationship - Empirical research - Empiricism - Episteme - Epistemic community - Epistemic minimalism - Epistemic theories of truth - Epistemic virtue - Epistemological idealism - Epistemological realism - Epistemological solipsism - Epistemology - Epoché - Eristic - Evidentialism - Evil daemon - Evolutionary argument against naturalism - Evolutionary epistemology - Exclusion principle (philosophy) - Existential phenomenology - Experience - Extended mind

F

Fact - Fact-value distinction - Faith and rationality - Falsifiability - Finitism - Fitch's paradox of knowability - Five minute hypothesis - Fooled by Randomness - Formal epistemology - Foundationalism - Foundherentism - Fragmentalism - Frame problem - Frank George - Freethought

G

Gaston Bachelard - Genetic epistemology - George Pappas - Gettier problem - Gilbert Harman - Gnosiology - Gödel's incompleteness theorems - Günther Maluschke

H

Harry Binswanger - Here is a hand - Humanism - Hume's fork

I

I know that I know nothing - Ideology - Ignorabimus - Indeterminacy (Philosophy) - Inductive reasoning - Infallibility - Infinitism - Innatism - Intellectual responsibility - Internalism and externalism - Intersubjective verifiability - Introspection - Intuition (Bergson) - Intuition (knowledge) - Intuitionism - Intuitive understanding - Irrealism (philosophy)

J

Jean-Louis Le Moigne - Jonathan Dancy

K

Knowledge - Knowledge and Its Limits - Knowledge by acquaintance - Knowledge by description - Knowledge relativity

L

Laplace's demon - Latitudinarianism (philosophy) - Leonard Peikoff - Levels of adequacy - Logical holism - Logical necessity of inconsistency - Logical positivism - Lottery paradox

M

Map/territory relation - Margaret Elizabeth Egan - Meta - Meta-epistemology - Metaphysical naturalism - Metatheory - Methodic doubt - Methodical culturalism - Michel de Montaigne - Mind extension - Molyneux's Problem - Moore's paradox - Moral rationalism

N

Nassim Taleb - Naturalism (philosophy) - Naturalized epistemology - Naïve empiricism - Naïve realism - Neopragmatism - New evil demon - New realism (philosophy) - Nicholas Rescher - Noetic theory - Nomothetic - Nomothetic and idiographic - Noogony - Noumenon

O

Objectivity (philosophy) - Observation - Ontologism

P

P. F. Strawson - Paradigm - Paradigm shift - Percept - Peripatetic axiom - Pessimism - Peter Unger - Phenomenal conservatism - Phillip H. Wiebe - Philosophical problems of testimony - Philosophical skepticism - Philosophical zombie - Plato's Problem - Platonic epistemology - Popular errors - Postmodern philosophy - Pragmatic theory of truth - Pramana - Praxeology - Predictive power - Primary/secondary quality distinction - Principle of charity - Private language argument - Probabilism - Probability interpretations - Problem of universals - Propensity probability - Propositional attitude - Pseudointellectual - Pseudoskepticism - Psychological nominalism - Pyrrho - Pyrrhonism

R

Ramification problem - Rational egoism - Rational ignorance - Rationalism - Rationalist movement - Rationality - Reason - Redundancy theory of truth - Reformed epistemology - Reliabilism - Representative realism - Rieko - Robert Nozick

S

Scottish School of Common Sense - Self-evidence - Semantic externalism - Semantic theory of truth - Sextus Empiricus - Sherrilyn Roush - Simulated reality - Simulation hypothesis - Simulism - Skeptical hypothesis - Skepticism - Social constructionism - Social epistemology - Sociology of knowledge - Solipsism - Steve Fuller (social epistemologist) - Swampman

T

Tarski's indefinability theorem - Tennyson Samraj - Theory of justification - Transcendental idealism - Transcendental realism - Transparency (philosophy) - Truth - Truth-value link - Twin Earth thought experiment

U

Underdetermination - Universal pragmatics - Unobservables

V

Vagueness - Verification theory - Verisimilitude - Virtue epistemology - Voluntarism (philosophy)

W

Will to believe doctrine - William Alston - World view

Z

- Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

References

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volume 3, 1967, Macmillan, Inc.

See also

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