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Ethnolinguistic map of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan)
This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

The following is a list of ethnic groups in China where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal names, the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC, "Taiwan").

The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group, where some 91.59% [1] of the population was classified as Han Chinese (~1.2 billion). Besides the majority Han Chinese, 55 other "nationalities" or ethnic groups are recognised in mainland China by the PRC government, numbering approximately 105 million persons, mostly concentrated in the northwest, north, northeast, south, and southwest but with some in central interior areas.

The major minority ethnic groups are Zhuang (16.1 million), Manchu (10.6 million), Hui (9.8 million), Miao (8.9 million), Uyghur (8.3 million), Tujia (8 million), Yi (7.7 million), Mongol (5.8 million), Tibetan (5.4 million), Buyei (2.9 million), Dong (2.9 million), Yao (2.6 million), Korean (1.9 million), Bai (1.8 million), Hani (1.4 million), Kazakh (1.2 million), Li (1.2 million), and Dai (1.1 million).

Contents

Officially recognised ethnic groups in mainland China

In order of population,[2] this is the list of the 56 ethnic groups in China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China. Members of several ethnic groups reside in Hong Kong and Macau, but due to the long separation from China, many of these ethnic groups are generally unknown[citation needed] to the Special Administrative Regions (of People's Republic of China) of Hong Kong and of Macau.

English name Standard Romanization/CodeA Pinyin S. Chinese T. Chinese PopulationB
Han Han/HA Hàn Zú 汉族 漢族 1,230,117,207
Zhuang Zhuang/ZH Zhuàng Zú 壮族 壯族 16,178,811
Manchu Man/MA Mǎn Zú 满族 滿族 10,682,263
Hui1 Hui/Hu Huí Zú 回族 回族 9,816,802
Miao2 Miao/MH Miáo Zú 苗族 苗族 8,940,116
Uyghurs Uyghur/UG Wéiwúěr Zú 维吾尔族 維吾爾族 8,399,393
Tujia Tujia/TJ Tǔjiā Zú 土家族 土家族 8,028,133
Yi Yi/YI Yí Zú 彝族 彝族 7,762,286
Mongols Mongol/MG Měnggǔ Zú 蒙古族 蒙古族 5,813,947
Tibetan3 Zang/ZA Zàng Zú 藏族 藏族 5,416,021
Buyei Buyei/BY Bùyī Zú 布依族 布依族 2,971,460
Dong Dong/DO Dòng Zú 侗族 侗族 2,960,293
Yao Yao/YA Yáo Zú 瑶族 瑤族 2,637,421
Korean Chosen/CS Cháoxiǎn Zú 朝鲜族 朝鮮族 1,923,842
Bai Bai/BA Bái Zú 白族 白族 1,858,063
Hani Hani/HN Hāní Zú 哈尼族 哈尼族 1,439,673
Kazakh Kazak/KZ Hāsàkè Zú 哈萨克族 哈薩克族 1,420,458
Li Li/LI Lí Zú 黎族 黎族 1,247,814
Dai4 Dai/DA Dǎi Zú 傣族 傣族 1,158,989
She She/SH Shē Zú 畲族 畲族 709,592
Lisu Lisu/LS Lìsù Zú 傈僳族 傈僳族 634,912
Gelao Gelao/GL Gēlǎo Zú 仡佬族 仡佬族 579,357
Dongxiang Dongxiang/DX Dōngxiāng Zú 东乡族 東鄉族 513,805
Gaoshan5 Gaoshan/GS Gāoshān Zú 高山族 高山族 458,000
Lahu Lahu/LH Lāhù Zú 拉祜族 拉祜族 453,705
Sui Sui/SU Shuǐ Zú 水族 水族 406,902
Va Va/VA Wǎ Zú 佤族 佤族 396,610
Nakhi6 Naxi/NX Nàxī Zú 纳西族 納西族 308,839
Qiang Qiang/QI Qiāng Zú 羌族 羌族 306,072
Tu Tu/TU Tǔ Zú 土族 土族 241,198
Mulao Mulao/ML Mùlǎo Zú 仫佬族 仫佬族 207,352
Xibe Xibe/XB Xíbó Zú 锡伯族 錫伯族 188,824
Kyrgyz Kirgiz/KG Kēěrkèzī Zú 柯尔克孜族 柯爾克孜族 160,823
Daur Daur/DU Dáwòěr Zú 达斡尔族 達斡爾族 132,394
Jingpo7 Jingpo/JP Jǐngpō Zú 景颇族 景頗族 132,143
Maonan Maonan/MN Màonán Zú 毛南族 毛南族 107,166
Salar Salar/SL Sǎlá Zú 撒拉族 撒拉族 104,503
Blang Blang/BL Bùlǎng Zú 布朗族 布朗族 91,882
Tajik Tajik/TA Tǎjíkè Zú 塔吉克族 塔吉克族 41,028
Achang Achang/AC Āchāng Zú 阿昌族 阿昌族 33,936
Pumi Pumi/PM Pǔmǐ Zú 普米族 普米族 33,600
Ewenki Ewenki/EW Èwēnkè Zú 鄂温克族 鄂温克族 30,505
Nu Nu/NU Nù Zú 怒族 怒族 28,759
Jing8 Gin/GI Jīng Zú 京族 京族 22,517
Jino Jino/JN Jīnuò Zú 基诺族 基諾族 20,899
De'ang Deang/DE Déáng Zú 德昂族 德昂族 17,935
Bonan Bonan/BO Bǎoān Zú 保安族 保安族 16,505
Russian Russ/RS Éluósī Zú 俄罗斯族 俄羅斯族 15,609
Yugur Yugur/YG Yùgù Zú 裕固族 裕固族 13,719
Uzbeks Uzbek/UZ Wūzībiékè Zú 乌孜别克族 烏孜别克族 12,370
Monba Monba/MB Ménbā Zú 门巴族 門巴族 8,923
Oroqen Oroqen/OR Èlúnchūn Zú 鄂伦春族 鄂倫春族 8,196
Derung Derung/DR Dúlóng Zú 独龙族 獨龍族 7,426
Tatars Tatar/TT Tǎtǎěr Zú 塔塔尔族 塔塔爾族 4,890
Hezhen9 Hezhen/HZ Hèzhé Zú 赫哲族 赫哲族 4,640
Lhoba Lhoba/LB Luòbā Zú 珞巴族 珞巴族 2,965

AGB 3304-91 "Names of nationalities of China in romanization with codes".[3]
Bthe population only includes the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China
1also includes Utsuls of Hainan, descended from Cham refugees
2a subset of which is also known as Hmong
3including Amdowa and Khampa
4this category includes several different Tai-speaking groups historically referred to as Bai-yi
5a collective name for all Taiwanese aborigine groups in Taiwan
6also included are the zh:摩梭; Mósuō
7known as Kachin in Myanmar
8The same group as Vietnamese or Kinh in Sino-Vietnamese and historically referred to as 越 Yuè, or Sino-Viet Việt. See Yue (peoples).
9the same group as Nanai on the Russian side of the border

Taiwanese aborigines

"Undistinguished" ethnic minority groups

Poster showing the 56 ethnic groups of China in Beijing

This is a list of ethnic groups in China that are not officially recognised by the government of the People's Republic of China.

  • Gejia (亻革家人, Gèjiā Rén)
  • Bajia (八甲人, Bājiǎ Rén)
  • Deng (僜人, Dèng Rén)
  • Khmu (克木人, Kèmù Rén)
  • Kucong (Yellow Lahu/Lahu Shi (苦聪人; Traditional: 苦聰人; Kǔcōng Rén)
  • Mang (芒人, Máng Rén)
  • Sherpas (夏尔巴人; Traditional: 夏爾巴人; Xiàěrbā Rén)
  • Tuvans (图瓦人, Túwǎ Rén)
  • Yi (羿人, Yìrén)
  • Youtai (犹太; Traditional: 猶太; Yóutài) (Jewish people of China and Jewish people in general)
  • Immigrants (外国人)[citation needed]
    • Many of Caucasian/Western descent[citation needed]
    • Yamato Japanese (大和民族) and Ryukyuans (琉球民族) living as permanent residents in Taiwan[citation needed]
    • African immigrants[citation needed]

Ethnic groups in Hong Kong and Macau

See also: Demographics of Hong Kong, Demographics of Macau

Hong Kong and Macau are special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China. The governments of Hong Kong and Macau do not use the official PRC ethnic classification system, nor does the PRC's official classification system take ethnic groups in Hong Kong and Macau into account. As a result, minority groups such as Filipinos, Indonesians, Europeans and South Asians in Hong Kong, as well as Portuguese and Macanese (people of mixed Chinese-Portuguese ancestry) in Macau, do not appear in the PRC's list of ethnicities in China.

See also

References

External links

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