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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of extinct plants.

Contents

Prehistoric extinctions

Cooksonia
Archaefructus

Modern extinctions

Africa

Saint Helena Olive (Nesiota elliptica)

Americas

Asia

Europe

Oceania

Plants extinct in the wild

Encephalartos woodii
Cosmos atrosanguineus
Sophora toromiro

Africa

Americas

Asia

Europe

Oceania

  • Pele Clermontia – (Clermontia peleana) (Hawaiian Is.)
  • Cyanea pinnatifida (Hawaiian Is.)
  • Royal Cyanea Tree – (Cyanea superba) (Hawaiian Is.)
  • Punaluu Cyanea – (Cyanea truncata) (Hawaiian Is.)
  • Fuzzyflower Cyrtandra – (Cyrtandra waiolani) (Hawaiian Is.)
  • Hemiandra rutilans (Australia)
  • Cooke's Kokia – (Kokia cookei) (Hawaiian Is)
  • Toromiro – (Sophora toromiro) (Easter Island, Chile)

Extinct plant cultivars

Plants previously thought extinct and subsequently rediscovered

See Lazarus species

  • Badula ovalifolia – from Mauritius. Known in 1830's; collected in 1970 and 1997 but misidentified (Page and D'Argent 1997, IUCN report)/confirmed identity in 2008 (Florens et al, Kew Bulletin)
  • Café marron (Ramosmania rodriguesii) - rediscovered on Rodrigues in 1979
  • Jellyfish tree (Medusagyne oppositifolia) - rediscovered in Seychelles in the 1970s
  • Sichuan Thuja – (Thuja sutchuenensis) – rediscovered 1999 (Sichuan, China)
  • Gibraltar Campion (Silene tomentosa) - rediscovered on Gibraltar in 1994

Extinct algae

See also

References

  • The Evolution of Plants, by K. J. Willis, J. C. McElwain, Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN 0198500653
  • Principles and Practice of Plant Conservation, by David R. Given, Timber Press, 1995. ISBN 0881922498
  • Earth Witness Community Site [1] (accessed 19 October 2005)

External links


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