The Full Wiki

List of famines: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Depiction of victims of the Great Irish Famine, 1845-1849

This is an incomplete list of known major famines, ordered by date.

Contents

5th century BC

2nd century BC

  • Between 108 BC and 1911 AD there were no fewer than 1,828 major famines in China, or one nearly every year in one or another province; however, the famines varied greatly in severity.[1][2]

5th century AD

7th century AD

8th century

9th century

  • 800–1000 AD, severe drought killed millions of Maya people with famine and thirst and initiated a cascade of internal collapses that destroyed their civilization[5]
  • 809 famine in Frankish Empire[6]
  • 875–884 peasant rebellion in China inspired by famine; Huang Chao captured capital

10th century

  • 927 famine in Byzantine Empire
  • 963–964 famine in Ireland
  • 968 famine in Egypt; 500,000 dead

11th century

  • 1005 Famine in England.[7] There were 95 famines in Britain during the Middle Ages.[8][9]
  • 1016 Famine throughout Europe[10]
  • 1022, 1033, 1052 Great famines in India, in which entire provinces were depopulated
  • 1025 famine in Egypt
  • 1030–1032 famine in France
  • 1064–1072 Seven years' famine in Egypt
  • 1051 famine forced the Toltecs to migrate from a stricken region in what is now central Mexico[11]
  • 1066 famine in England
  • 1097 famine in Palestine; 500,000 dead
  • 1097 famine and plague in France; 100,000 dead

12th century

  • 1199–1202 famine in Egypt

13th century

14th century

15th century

  • 1403–1404 famine in Egypt
  • 1441 famine in Mayapan, Mexico[17]
  • 1445 famine in Korea
  • 1450–1454 famine in Aztec Empire
  • 1460–1461 Kanshō famine in Japan
  • 1481–1483 famine in France

16th century

17th century

  • 1599–1600 famine in Spain
  • 1601–1603 one of the worst famines in all of Russian history; famine killed as many as 100,000 in Moscow and up to one-third of Tsar Godunov's subjects; see Russian famine of 1601–1603.[20][21] Same famine killed about half Estonian population.
  • 1611 famine in Anatolia
  • 1618–1648 famines in Europe caused by Thirty Years' War
  • 1619 famine in Japan. During the Tokugawa period, there were 154 famines, of which 21 were widespread and serious.[22]
  • 1623–1624 famine in England
  • 1630–1631 Deccan famine in India kills 2,000,000 (Note: There was a corresponding famine in northwestern China, eventually causing the Ming dynasty to collapse in 1644)
  • 1636 famine in Spain
  • 1648–1660 Poland lost an estimated 1/3 of its population due to the wars, famine, and plague
  • 1649 famine in northern England
  • 1650–1652 famine in the east of France
  • 1651–1653 famine throughout much of Ireland during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland[23]
  • 1661 famine in India, when not a drop of rain fell for two years[24]
  • 1661–1662 famine in Morocco
  • 1661–1662 famine in France
  • 1669 famine in Bengal
  • 1670s and 1680s plague and famines in Spain
  • 1680 famine in Sardinia[25]
  • 1680 famine in Japan
  • 1680s famine in Sahel
  • 1690s famine throughoutScotland which killed 15% of the population
  • 1693–1694 famine in France which killed 2 million people[26][27]
  • 1695–1697 Great Famine of Estonia killed about a fifth of Estonian population (70 000–75 000 people). Famine also hit Sweden (80 000–100 000 dead)
  • 1696–1697 famine in Finland wiped out almost a third of the population[28]

18th century

19th century

20th century

21st century

See also

References

  1. ^ China: Land of Famine
  2. ^ "Heaven, Observe!" – TIME
  3. ^ A Brief History of Population
  4. ^ Islamic and Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages
  5. ^ The Great Maya Droughts: Water, Life, and Death
  6. ^ The Ninth Century
  7. ^ 1005: The People's Chronology
  8. ^ Famines through history.
  9. ^ Poor studies will always be with us
  10. ^ Famine – LoveToKnow 1911
  11. ^ The Facts of Malnutrition and Famine
  12. ^ Portugal > History and Events
  13. ^ Collapse: Chaco Canyon
  14. ^ The Great Famine and the Black Death
  15. ^ Projects and Events: 14th Century
  16. ^ Bidar District Important Historical Events
  17. ^ Welcome to The Human Past
  18. ^ Land and Society in Golden Age Castile
  19. ^ The Dimension of Famine
  20. ^ Boris Feodorovich Godunov
  21. ^ Russia before Peter the Great
  22. ^ A Chronology of Japanese History
  23. ^ BBC – Northern Ireland – A Short History
  24. ^ The 17th Century
  25. ^ Italian States in the Seventeenth Century
  26. ^ Appleby, Andrew B. (1980). "Epidemics and Famine in the Little Ice Age". Journal of Interdisciplinary History 10 (4): 643–663. doi:10.2307/203063. 
  27. ^ Ó Gráda, Cormac; Chevet, Jean-Michel (2002). "Famine And Market In Ancient Régime France". The Journal of Economic History 62: 706–733. doi:10.1017/S0022050702001055. 
  28. ^ Finland timeline
  29. ^ The Dimension of Famine.
  30. ^ The Little Ice Age in Europe
  31. ^ Climatic fluctuation and natural disasters in Arabia between mid-17th and early 20th Centuries
  32. ^ Epidemics and Famine in the Little Ice Age
  33. ^ Len Milich: Anthropogenic Desertification vs ‘Natural’ Climate Trends
  34. ^ [1]
  35. ^ Naples and Sicily -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  36. ^ FAMINE ()
  37. ^ The locust plague
  38. ^ Haze Famine (Icelandic history)
  39. ^ ScienceDaily: Icelandic Volcano Caused Historic Famine In Egypt, Study Shows
  40. ^ Grove, Richard H. (1998). "Global Impact of the 1789–93 El Niño". Nature 393 (6683): 318–319. doi:10.1038/30636. 
  41. ^ Wood, C. A. (1992). "The climatic effects of the 1783 Laki eruption". in Harrington, C. R. (ed.). The Year Without a Summer?. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Nature. pp. 58–77. 
  42. ^ Neumann, J. (1977). "Great Historical Events that were Significantly Affected by the Weather: 2, The Year Leading to the Revolution of 1789 in France". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 58 (2): 163–168. doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1977)058<0163:GHETWS>2.0.CO;2. 
  43. ^ Fearfull Famines of the Past
  44. ^ The Great Famine in Ireland, 1845–1849
  45. ^ Ch'ing China: The Taiping Rebellion
  46. ^ The Great Persian Famine of 1870-1871
  47. ^ The St. Lawrence Island Famine and Epidemic, 1878–80, Arctic Anthropology
  48. ^ Famine Hunger stalks Ethiopia once again – and aid groups fear the worst
  49. ^ El Niño and Drought Early Warning in Ethiopia
  50. ^ The History of International Humanitarian Assistance
  51. ^ Late Victorian Holocausts
  52. ^ Global Connections . Timeline
  53. ^ Famine perspectives from past and present
  54. ^ World's worst natural disasters since 1900
  55. ^ The German Colonies on the Volga River – Famine Years
  56. ^ The NDSU Libraries: Germans From Russia
  57. ^ Famine of 1932, or Ukrainian genocide (Soviet history)
  58. ^ Legacy of famine divides Ukraine
  59. ^ The Kazakh Catastrophe and Stalin’s Order of Priorities, 1929–1933: Evidence from the Soviet Secret Archives
  60. ^ Natural Disasters and Hazards – Historical Events Timeline
  61. ^ 900-Day Siege of Leningrad
  62. ^ Famine and Death in Occupied Greece, 1941-1944
  63. ^ Surviving Hitler and Mussolini: daily life in occupied Europe, by Robert Gildea, Anette Warring, Olivier Wieviorka, Berg Publishers 2007
  64. ^ The 1947 Soviet famine and the entitlement approach to famines, Cambridge Journal of Economics
  65. ^ Nicholas Ganson, The Soviet Famine of 1946-47 in Global and Historical Perspective[2]. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. (ISBN 0-230-61333-0)
  66. ^ The world's worst natural disasters
  67. ^ The Architect of India's Second Liberation
  68. ^ Famine Casts Its Grim Global Shadow, TIME
  69. ^ Pre-modern, Modern and Post-modern Famine in Iraq
  70. ^ Bruce Cumings: We look at it and see ourselves
  71. ^ Famine plagues Zimbabwe
  72. ^ Food crisis looms in Myanmar, International Herald Tribune
  73. ^ North Korea at risk of famine, says U.N., CNN.com
  74. ^ The Next Great North Korean Famine, TIME
  75. ^ Ethiopia facing new famine with 4.5 million children in danger of starvation , Telegraph
  76. ^ "Famine Looms as Wars Rend Horn of Africa", New York Times, May 17, 2008, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/17/world/africa/17somalia.html .
  77. ^ Food crisis leaves Afghans desperate, msnbc.com
  78. ^ Food Crisis Looms in Bangladesh, International Business Times
  79. ^ In-depth | Food Crisis: Status and Impacts, IRIN
  80. ^ Tajikistan: Almost One-Third of the Population Is in Danger of Going Hungry This Winter, EurasiaNet
  81. ^ National Food Emergency Grips Kenya. 20 Jan 2009.
  82. ^ Starvation and Strife Menace Torn Kenya. The New York Times. February 28, 2009.

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message