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This list of fictional locations in The Simpsons includes towns, cities, businesses, states, and other locations created for the television series The Simpsons. This list only includes places that exist solely in the Simpsons universe, not real-life locations that have appeared on the show.

Contents

Towns

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Springfield

Springfield is the setting of the series and the home of the Simpson family. It is located near Shelbyville and Capitol City in a U.S. state whose name is never mentioned. Founded in 1796 by Jebediah Springfield, Springfield is a medium-sized city with a nuclear power plant plus several schools, mountains, factories, parks, neighborhoods, landmarks and businesses. The fact that Springfield is not in any actual state has become a running joke within the show. As with many aspects of The Simpsons, the evidence provided in different episodes is often contradictory. Sometimes this is simply to fit in with a particular story line and sometimes it is an attempt to confuse overly analytical fans. It is also worth note that West Springfield is three times the size of texas and contains at least one oil well.

Shelbyville

Shelbyville is Springfield's neighbor and rival city. It was founded in 1796 by Shelbyville Manhattan, who advocated cousin marriage among his followers, causing a split between himself and Jebediah Springfield. An intense rivalry between the two cities continues today, especially in the sixth season episode "Lemon of Troy", in which Shelbyville residents steal a prized lemon tree from Springfield. In several episodes, "Lemon of Troy" in particular, it is suggested that Shelbyville is to an extent a parallel version of Springfield. Shelbyville is also the city where Luann van Houten grew up. It also has at least one McDonalds restaurant, a Speed-E-Mart, Joe's Tavern and a school.

Capital City

Capital City, typically spelled Capitol City in early episodes, is the capital and largest city of the state which Springfield is in. It is a major urban center, hosting major sports events, conventions, and United Nations conferences. Its nickname is The Windy Apple, derived from New York City's "The Big Apple" and Chicago's "The Windy City". Landmarks include a Duff brewery, the Cross-town suspension bridge resembling San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge, the Capital City Stadium, the Capital City Amphitheatre, and the intersection of 4th and D streets. Capital City is the city where Principal Skinner grew up and Marge Simpson (Bouvier) in Wedding for Disaster and where capital punishment was first used.

Brockway

Brockway is mentioned by Lyle Lanley (voiced by Phil Hartman) as a town to which he's sold monorail systems ("Marge vs. the Monorail").

Brockway and Ogdenville are also mentioned in the T.V. series "Supernatural", Season 1, Episode 18 by Sam Winchester as locations of past Striga activity.

Ogdenville

Ogdenville has also been mentioned in other episodes such as "Scenes from the Class Struggle in Springfield". In "Eeny Teeny Maya Moe", Maya is from Ogdenville. Ogdenville has an outlet mall, and is separated from Springfield by a rocky desert. In "Coming to Homerica", Ogdenville is a town of barley producing farms that are shut down due to tainted barley being used in a new, vegetarian Krusty Burger. Ogdenvillians are composed of Norwegian immigrants with thick Norwegian accents. They also are big fans of the Minnesota Vikings.

North Haverbrook

North Haverbrook was first mentioned by Lyle Lanley in Marge vs. the Monorail. Marge arrives in North Haverbrook and finds a desolate ghost town, as the faulty monorail derailed, causing a disaster and scaring away investors. North Haverbrook locals have since denied the monorail's existence, as Marge is met by a woman who works at the 'Monorail Cafe' and orders Marge to "Go away! There ain't no monorail and there never was!" Lanley is later attacked by the citizens of the town after his plane makes an unscheduled stop there.

North Haverbrook also appeared in "Little Big Girl". After Bart is awarded a driver's license, he gets sick of countless errands and goes for a drive and eventually finds North Haverbrook, and falls in love with a girl named Darcy. In this episode, the town appears to have recovered well from the monorail disaster, as it is now changed from a ghost town to a thriving community with multiple businesses Bart enjoys. It has a romantic reputation. All signs of the monorail have also disappeared.

It also appears on a road sign as Snake drives towards Mexico with the Kwik-E-Mart on a flatbed trailer during "Marge in Chains".

North Haverbrook is also mentioned in the T.V. series "Supernatural", Season 1, Episode 18 by Sam Winchester as locations of past Striga activity.

Little Pwagmattasquarmsettport

Little Pwagmattasquarmsettport is an attractive beachside town seen in "Summer of 4 Ft. 2" It has several beach-themed stores, a library and a carnival. It is the vacation spot of choice for many Springfielders and other holidaymakers. It is not perfect, however, and has been called "America's Scrodbasket". It has a store run by a Pakistani counterpart of Apu which sells illegal fireworks.

Terror Lake

Terror Lake is a morbidly named lakeside town in "Cape Feare" to which the Simpsons are relocated as part of the Witness Protection Program.

Waverly Hills

Waverly Hills is a wealthy city in "Waverly Hills 9-0-2-1-D'oh".

Guidopolis

Guidopolis is the Italian-American filled city where Homer gets a tow truck.

Humbleton, PA

Humbleton, PA is the small nostalgic town that the Flanders family moves to in the episode Home Away from Homer. Ned Flanders' collection of Humble Figurines were produced in Humbleton.

Cypress Creek

Cypress Creek is the fictional city The Simpsons moved to in season 8's episode, You Only Move Twice.

Businesses

Springfield Nuclear Power Plant

The Springfield Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant in Springfield owned by Montgomery Burns. The plant has the monopoly on the city of Springfield's energy supply, and the carelessness of Mr. Burns and the plant's employees (like Homer, who is employed at Sector 7G) often endangers the residents and natural environment of Springfield. The core of the plant is a Fissionator 1952 Slow-Fission Reactor, operating in spite of more than 342 safety violations. The plant has come close to a meltdown several times, and blown up at least once.

There is an unseen crow or raven that lives near the Power Plant, that caws whenever an establishing shot of the Power Plant is on screen. Mutated fish with more than two eyes have been seen in the lake behind the power plant, which has a large pipe pumping nuclear waste into it.

The design and folly of Springfield Nuclear Power Plant is often rumored to be based on the troubled Trojan Nuclear Power Plant (closed in 1993 due to defects) near Matt Groening's home town of Portland, Oregon, or the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington. However, Antonia Coffman, Groening's publicist, has said that the Springfield plant's design is generic and that "the Springfield Nuclear Power plant was not based on the Trojan Plant or any other power plant in the country."[1][2]

Kwik-E-Mart

A Seattle 7-Eleven store transformed into a Kwik-E-Mart.

Kwik-E-Mart is a convenience store located in Springfield and run by Apu Nahasapeemapetilon. The Kwik-E-Mart first appeared in the first season episode "The Telltale Head". The episode "Homer and Apu" suggests that Apu is an employee of the Kwik-E-Mart and after losing his job there had to travel to India where the Kwik-E-Mart head office is located, in the Himalayas. However, Apu mentions at a bachelor auction that he runs his own business in "The Two Mrs. Nahasapeemapetilons".

In addition to the sale of food, alcoholic beverages, cigarettes, and other items offered at a typical convenience store, gas pumps have been shown in front on two occasions. In the episode "Sweet Seymour Skinner's Baadasssss Song", Bart is visiting Principal Skinner at Fort Springfield. Skinners tells his troops to hold their fire and a mortar is fired in the wrong direction; the scene cuts to Apu standing in front of the Kwik-E-Mart bragging about his 8 new pumps just as a shadow from the mortar appears, and back to Fort Springfield where a 'K' from the Kwik-E-Mart lands in smoke. The episode "Scenes from the Class Struggle in Springfield" also shows the pumps where Apu refuses to go out and serve a customer on the forecourt.

In July 2007, convenience store chain 7-Eleven converted 11 of its stores in the United States and one in Canada into Kwik-E-Marts to promote the release of The Simpsons Movie.[3] The locations of the renovated Kwik-E-Marts were: Bladensburg, Maryland/Washington, D.C.; Burbank, California; Chicago, Illinois; Dallas, Texas; Denver, Colorado; Henderson/Las Vegas, Nevada; Los Angeles, California; Mountain View/San Francisco, California; New York, New York; Orlando/Lake Buena Vista, Florida; Seattle, Washington;[4] and Vancouver/Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada.[5] These 12 locations, as well as the majority of other North American 7-Elevens, sold products found in The Simpsons, such as "Buzz Cola", "Krusty-O's", "Squishees", pink frosted "Sprinklicious doughnuts", and other Simpsons-themed merchandise. The Squishees were Slurpees that are sold in special collector cups and the Krusty-O's were made by Malt-O-Meal.[4] The promotion resulted in a 30% increase in profits for the changed 7-Eleven stores. This can be seen during the opening of The Simpsons Movie.[6]

The Android's Dungeon & Baseball Card Shop

The Android's Dungeon & Baseball Card Shop is a comic book store owned by Jeff Albertson a.k.a. Comic Book Guy. The comic book store and its owner first appeared in the episode "Three Men and a Comic Book" when Bart sees the store is selling the very first edition of Radioactive Man for $100.

In the episode titled "Worst Episode Ever" (which is a remark often used by Comic Book Guy), Bart and Milhouse are given the job of running the comic book store after Comic Book Guy suffers from a heart attack and is told to take a rest from the store and go out and make some friends. It was damaged in The Simpsons Movie, where Comic Book Guy stated that spending his entire life collecting comics was a "life well spent."

Aztec Theater

Aztec Theater is the downtown movie theater in Springfield. The first known appearance was in The Telltale Head where Bart and the school bullies Jimbo, Kearney and Dolph all sneak into the theater through the fire escape to watch Space Mutants IV. The theater was used to screen the premiere of Itchy and Scratchy:The Movie in the episode of the same name. In the future, Soylent Green is on sale in the lobby.

Barney's Bowl-A-Rama

Barney's Bowl-A-Rama is the bowling alley in Springfield. It is owned by Barney Gumble's Uncle Al. The Bowl-A-Rama has appeared several times in Simpsons episodes. The very first known appearance is the episode "Life on the Fast Lane" where Homer forgets Marge's birthday and after rushing out to purchase a gift, he ends up buying a bowling ball. Marge is insulted at the fact her gift from Homer was something obviously intended for his own personal use given the fact the ball had Homer's name engraved on it. Marge decides she will keep the gift for her own use and goes bowling for the first time. This is seen destroyed in The Simpsons Movie.

In the episode "And Maggie Makes Three", Homer tells the family the story of Maggie's birth. In this story, Homer explains how he quit his job at Springfield Nuclear Power Plant to work at the Bowl-A-Rama, which was Homer's dream job. This episode reveals where the bowling pins go after they are knocked over; the pins are shown ending up in a heap and new pins are manufactured instantly to replace those knocked over.

The Bowl-A-Rama is used in the episode "Homer vs. the Eighteenth Amendment" as a way of smuggling beer into Moe's Tavern. In this episode, alcohol is banned in Springfield and Homer begins bootlegging beer he uncovered from the city dump. The beer is poured into bowling balls and Homer then bowls the ball into the gutter at the Bowl-A-Rama; the ball then falls into a pipe leading to Moe's Tavern where Moe charges an outrageous price.

Costingtons

Costingtons is a department store near the Springfield Mall featured in such episodes as "Trash of the Titans", "Kill Gil, Volumes I & II" and "Homer vs. Dignity".

It Blows

It Blows is an air-conditioning store located next to King Toots. It appears in the episode "Lisa's Sax" and is the subject of debate when Homer has to decide how to spend his family's savings-on a sax for Lisa or an air-conditioner for himself.

KBBL Broadcasting Inc.

is a media company which runs all KBBL TV and radio stations; it's used to parody the media. Its personalities include Kent Brockman, Krusty, and Bumble Bee man.

King Toots

King Toots is a music store located next door to Moe's Tavern. The store sells musical instruments and is the place where Lisa's saxophone was purchased. The most notable appearance of King Toots Music Store was in "Lisa's Pony" where Lisa asks Homer to pick up a new reed for her saxophone for her recital. Homer heads to the store after work and realizes Moe's is next door; since the store wasn't to close for 5 minutes, Homer decides to have a quick beer first. Homer finishes his beer with 15 seconds to spare only to find the store owner has closed early. Homer goes back to Moe's fortunately to find the owner of the store and after much convincing from Homer and Moe the owner opens up to sell Homer a reed. Unfortunately, Homer is too late for Lisa's recital. Another appearance was in "Lisa's Sax" where after Lisa's saxophone was run over by a truck, as a result of a fight between Bart and Lisa, Homer tells the story of how Lisa first got her sax. King Toots is seen briefly during the opening of The Simpsons Movie and later while the dome is being put over Springfield.

Krusty Burger

Krusty Burger is a fast food chain owned by Krusty the Clown as one of the many products and services owned by Krusty. Krusty Burger is seen as a parody of a typical fast food chain such as McDonald's or Burger King or Arby's; a typical store features a Drive-Thru with a speaker box and most of the employees are young teenage workers. In the episode "22 Short Films About Springfield", the Springfield police are comparing the differences between Krusty Burger and McDonald's, a parallel of the Royale With Cheese discussion seen in Pulp Fiction. This can be seen in The Simpsons Movie during the dome sequence after Homer and Bart buy lunch by themselves and with the family.

It appears that Krusty Burger is located across the entire United States; in the episode "Boy-Scoutz n the Hood", Homer loses the map of the rafting route but tells the group that luckily he has brought a map along. It happens to be a map of the entire United States with locations of Krusty Burger restaurants. There is even a Krusty Burger located on an offshore oil rig; it was seen after Homer, Bart, Ned Flanders, and Rod Flanders had been lost at sea several days and were saved from starvation after finding it. In the episode "I'm Spelling as Fast as I Can" it was also revealed that Krusty Burger operates in different markets across the USA when Krusty Burger has a new burger called the Ribwich. After the Ribwich stopped selling in Springfield, Homer and a group of Ribwich fans known as the "Ribheads" followed the "Ribwich tour" as the Ribwich was tested in various markets. The Ribwich sandwich is based on a real life McDonald's sandwich called the McRib.

Lard Lad Donuts

A donut store that seems to be famous in policemen terms, as Chief Wiggum is often seen eating some. It's generally an estimated 3 meter tall donut store with an estimated 8 meter tall mascot of a young boy proudly holding a donut. The name and the statue of the eponymous boy are likely references to Big Boy restaurants. In one comic, he had to find missing holes from donuts for a Lard Lad donut store. In level 7 of The Simpsons Hit & Run, he is seen with red eyes. In The Simpsons Game, he is a boss. Lard Lad Donuts is shut down by a health inspector in The Simpsons Movie, and the Lard Lad is painted in different colors and seen later in the movie during the dome sequence. The former was disproved in "E. Pluribus Wiggum" when an explosion blows the correctly colored Lard Lad's head off.

The Leftorium

The Leftorium is a store in the Springfield Mall that specializes in products for left-handed people. The store is owned by Ned Flanders who first started The Leftorium in the season 3 episode "When Flanders Failed".[7] At first, business at the store was going very poorly. Irritated with Flanders, Homer wished that the store would go out of business after Homer received the larger half of a wishbone. Homer got his wish and the Flanders family were forced to sell many of their possessions, much of which Homer purchased at a very low price. The bank repossessed the Flanders home and the store was to be next. Homer then regretted making this wish and the fact that he never told any of his friends who were in need of left-handed items about The Leftorium. As a result he managed to get everyone he knew in town to shop at Ned's store, thus saving the store.

The Leftorium has continued to thrive since. However, there have been episodes where Flanders mentioned the store doesn't do that well, such as in the season ten episode "Thirty Minutes over Tokyo" where Ned mentions that he purchased most of his possessions cheaply, and that the business moved way down hill since 'Leftopolis' moved in next door to it. In the episode "Home Away from Homer", Ned mentions that a recently opened, left-hand megastore, called Left-Mart (A parody of Wal-Mart) is threatening his business.

The writers had wanted to have Flanders own a failing business and the idea for the store was suggested by George Meyer.[8] He got the idea from a friend whose family had owned a left-handed specialty store which had failed.[9]

Moe's Tavern

Moe's Tavern is the local bar in Springfield run by Moe Szyslak. Moe's Tavern first appeared in the episode "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire". In the first season of The Simpsons the entrance appeared to be a saloon door. The bar sells mostly Duff Beer although other beverages are served. In the episode "Flaming Moe's", Moe got behind on his beer payments and the distributor cut off his supply of beer. When Homer shows Moe a drink he invented, he starts selling it as his own and calls it the Flaming Moe. The Flaming Moe was an extremely popular drink until Homer revealed the secret ingredient allowing other businesses to create a similar product. The Flaming Moe has never appeared in any later episodes.

Moe's Tavern has seen several other makeovers in various episodes of The Simpsons but the tavern always reverts back to its former state before the show's end. In the episode "Homer's Barbershop Quartet" Moe's Tavern is named "Moe's Cavern" as a reference to the world famous Cavern Club in Liverpool, which is the club that the Beatles started out playing in. Most notable are in the episode "Bart Sells His Soul" where Moe turns his tavern into a family restaurant called Uncle Moe's Family Feed Bag and in "Homer the Moe" where Moe turns his tavern into a yuppie bar called m. Also in this episode, it is revealed that the television in Moe's is not black and white (as it is always seen) but a dirty colour television (Homer says "When was the last time Moe cleaned this thing" then wipes the screen with a cloth). The store, as well as the Alaskan Eski-Moe's, is seen in The Simpsons Movie. In addition it is turned into an English Pub named "Nag and Weasel" in the episode "Mommie Beerest". In The Simpsons Movie it is located next to the church and in The Simpsons Game it is seen next to the Sleep-Eazy Motel. In the episode "Homer the Smithers", Mr Burns believes in order to operate a telephone, you spell the requested person's name out using the alphabetic keypad (he spells out S-M-I-T-H-E-R-S), he is instead connected to Moe's Tavern. As a result if one was to spell Smithers name out on a telephone keypad, the fictional phone number minus the area code for the tavern would be revealed as 76484377.

Monstro Mart

Monstro Mart is a local supermarket. It is seen in "Homer And Apu." It is shown that most of Monstro Marts products are in Monster size. It is also possible to be a reference to Costco and other bulk-supplied department stores.

Noiseland Video Arcade

Noiseland Video Arcade is the video arcade in downtown Springfield, a popular place for the youth. The video arcade has had several appearances in The Simpsons, although mostly in the earlier seasons. The earliest known appearance was in "Moaning Lisa" where Bart challenges Homer to a boxing game on their home TV game system. As Bart is continuously undefeated, Homer decides to fight back by going to the video arcade to learn from the young children how to win in the same boxing game. Homer almost beats Bart but Marge switches off the game at the crucial moment. It was seen destroyed briefly in The Simpsons Movie.

Sprawl* Mart

Sprawl* Mart is a department store in Springfield and an obvious parody of Wal-Mart. It is first seen in "The Fat and the Furriest." Abe and Homer worked there in "On a Clear Day I Can't See My Sister;" Homer was required to work overtime in the store for no extra pay and workers were locked in the store. The workers used this as an opportunity to steal whatever wasn't bolted down.

Springfield Mall

The Springfield Mall is a small mall in Springfield and it features stores such as Happy Market, Cost-Mo and an obvious parody of Costco, and smaller stores such as Gum4Less, Popular Books, Nick's Bowling Shop and many, many others, some even duplicated. The mall is small and only features around 50 stores or so though it has a huge piece of property in which the mall is located on in Springfield. It is only shown in the show rarely but it is very interesting to see in the Simpsons game Road Rage.

Try-N-Save

In the episode "Marge Be Not Proud", Bart is caught shoplifting in a Try-N-Save, a store based on former retail outlet Pick 'n Save. Despite being told by Try-N-Save security to never return to the store, Bart is forced to go back with his family for a picture. Seen by security again, Bart's shoplifting is revealed and his relationship with Marge is threatened. Also appeared in the "Kamp Krusty" episode of The Simpsons. In the episode "The Good, the Sad and the Drugly," the Try-N-Save brand comes up when Seymour Skinner leads Superintendent Chalmers to believe that his Try-N-Save Shush Mutts are genuine Hush Puppies.

Schools

Springfield Elementary School

Springfield Elementary School is the school that Bart and Lisa attend. It was once the most dilapidated school in Missouri and was moved to Springfield brick by brick. Springfield has a computer-less computer lab, a less than enthusiastic staff, and a group of very uneducated students. On many occasions, it has been said that Lisa is the only one keeping the school going. There are several subjects that have been cut, such as geography (which was proving to be an embarrassment), math, music, gym, and art (due to a lack of funding), but returned when a situation called for it. The majority of Springfield's adults attended Springfield Elementary in "The President Wore Pearls". The school is horribly underfunded. For instance, there is a cinder block in place of a tether ball, and it has several grossly incompetent teachers. Springfield Elementary was the only building not damaged in The Simpsons Movie. It is architecturally identical to West Springfield Elementary, as seen in "Trilogy of Error."

Springfield University

Springfield University is a large and prestigious college which Homer attended in "Homer Goes to College." It teaches several different courses, including nuclear physics, arts management, and the meaning of cartoons, and has a fierce rivalry with Springfield A&M University.

Springfield Magnet School for the gifted and troublesome

Springfield magnet school is a school located on the western side of Springfield where Lisa one day dreams to go to. It has been mentioned in Trilogy of Error but you dont see it till she is dropped off at it in The President Wore Pearls.

Springfield High School

Springfield High School is rarely seen because there are very few teenage characters in The Simpsons. Springfield High School is most often seen in flashbacks, notably in "The Way We Was" when Homer and Marge tell the story of how they met. Springfield High School is seen in the present time in "The Front" when Marge and Homer have their high school reunion there.

West Springfield Elementary

In the episode "Trilogy of Error" Lisa misses the bus to school. She tries to get to her school as quick as possible but she ends up in "West Springfield Elementary".

Other

Springfield Retirement Castle

The Springfield Retirement Castle is Springfield's retirement home for the elderly. Some noted residents of the Castle include Abraham "Grampa" J. Simpson and his neighbors, Jasper Beardley, Hans Moleman, and the Crazy Old Man.

For Abraham Simpson, the Retirement Castle is a lonely place to be. He often gets mad when his family doesn't come and visit him. The door features a sign reading 'Thank you for not discussing the outside world'. The most interesting way to pass time at the home is to "stake yourself out a good spot at the staring window", which overlooks nothing but a barren tree, and bingo (the prize being a banana). The staff of the home have little to no respect for the residents, doing things like vacuuming their hair during "nap time", or switching their IV sacs with their catheter sacs when the former is empty and the latter is full. In the episode "Old Money" Grandpa inherits $100,000 which he uses to refurbish and redecorate the home.

The Springfield City Hall

The City Hall of Springfield serves as the workplace of Mayor Quimby and the City Government. Often it is the sight of town meetings regarding an issue facing the city, where the citizens vote to approve a proposal that generally causes havoc (most of the time proposed by Homer) and causes more problems.

The Springfield Courthouse

The Courthouse is the center for all trials and cases in Springfield. Its two Judges, Judge Constance Harm who is a tough and unforgiving judge who enjoys giving cruel punishments to criminals in her courtroom. The other Judge is Judge Roy Snyder who is known for his lenient Punishments. Often the Prosecuter is The Blue Haired Lawyer who also represents Mr.Burns and The Walt Disney Company unlike Gil Gunderson or Lionel Hutz he is a competent lawyer (but not always ethical).

The Springfield Stadium

Is where the Springfield Isotopes play; they are generally Sponsored by Duff Beer. It has a Jumbotron and is rarely seen in the show.

References

  1. ^ LaBoe, Barbara (2006-05-14). "'Simpsons' keeps Trojan tower legacy alive ... or does it?". The Daily News. p. A1. http://www.tdn.com/articles/2006/05/14/area_news/news07.txt. Retrieved 2006-05-28. 
  2. ^ "Tower of Oregon's only nuclear plant goes down". http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/271084_trojan22.html. 
  3. ^ Josh Grossberg (2007-07-02). "Cowabunga! 7-Elevens Get Kwik-E Makeover". E! News. http://www.eonline.com/news/article/index.jsp?uuid=4082c01a-a201-4b22-8c30-1f51e4a41a5a. Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
  4. ^ a b "7-Eleven Becomes Kwik-E-Mart for 'Simpsons Movie' Promotion". Fox News. 2007-07-01. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,287578,00.html. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  5. ^ "Oh Canada, D'oh Homer". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2007-10-30. http://www.cbc.ca/news/story/2007/07/04/kwick-e-mart.html. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  6. ^ Gail Schiller (2007-07-06). "D'oh! 'Simpsons' limits tie-in partners". The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/film/news/e3i5cd11e0c6fc24e90a897224f6f3c214d. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 
  7. ^ Jean, Al. (2003). The Simpsons season 3 DVD commentary for the episode "When Flanders Failed". [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. 
  8. ^ Reiss, Mike. (2003). The Simpsons season 3 DVD commentary for the episode "When Flanders Failed". [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. 
  9. ^ Vitti, Jon. (2003). The Simpsons season 3 DVD commentary for the episode "When Flanders Failed". [DVD]. 20th Century Fox. 

See also


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