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List of films in the public domain: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of films that certain cited sources believe are in the public domain in the United States. Being in the public domain refers to cinematic, dramatic, literary, musical and artistic works that no government, organization, or individual owns, and as such is common property.[1]

Contents

Elements of public domain

There is no official list of films (or other works) in the public domain. It is more difficult to determine the public domain status of film than for any other media because a film can incorporate any or all of the following:

  • Cinematography
  • Drama
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Art
  • Trademark

Film copyright is actually a “package” of rights. A film can lose its copyright in some of those rights while retaining copyright in other rights. Expert attorneys in the field of public domain sometimes differ in their opinions as to whether a particular film is in the public domain.

Judicial interpretation of public domain

Judges, too, differ in their interpretation of the laws governing copyright protection. The United States is a “patchwork quilt” of inconsistent copyright rules in different federal judicial districts. The courts of one jurisdiction are not obliged to follow the decisions of another.[2] The U.S. Supreme Court (which could resolve those inconsistencies) very seldom decides copyright cases, and then only when an important principle is involved.

Documenting public domain status

If a film appears on the list below, there is a high probability it has lost some or all of its United States copyright protection.

There is no single method for determining if a film, or parts of it, is in the public domain. There are several methods that can be used to document a film’s public domain status. These include the following —

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Determine copyright registration

Motion picture copyright registrations prior to 1978 were published in semi-annual Copyright Catalogs. The Library of Congress also published cumulative Copyright Catalogs of motion picture registrations for the periods

  • 1894–1912
  • 1912–1939
  • 1940–1949
  • 1950–1959
  • 1960–1969

All are out of print. However, the Film Superlist series is a complete reprint of all registrations in the Copyright Catalogs for 1894 through 1959. There is no cumulative Copyright Catalog for 1970–1977; the Copyright Office published 16 semi-annual Copyright Catalog booklets covering that eight-year period, but all are out of print and extremely rare. All copyright registrations from 1978 onward are online at the Library of Congress website.

Some films listed on this page were not registered, but it is unwise to presume an unregistered film is entirely copyright free without doing further research. For example, This Is the Army had no copyright registration, but it is a musical with several Irving Berlin songs, all of which were registered for copyright and renewed. The movie is shown on Turner Classic Movies, presumably with permission from the Berlin estate.

Some decades of The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures include copyright registration information for feature films (not shorts) of United States origin. This can include a statement that research failed to disclose copyright registration for a particular film. Copyright registration information is given in the following:

  • The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures, 1931–1940; ISBN 0913616001
  • The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures, 1941–1950; ISBN 0913616397

The United States copyright website catalogs all the works prior to 1978 that have been renewed.[3] Several pieces of work have been renewed in the form of collections, thus giving the collection as a whole copyright protection.

Copyright renewal status

For films registered in 1923–1963 inclusive, it is essential to know the renewal status. The semi-annual Copyright Catalog booklets have virtually complete (at least 99.99%) lists of renewals for the films registered 28 years earlier. Those semi-annual booklets all are out of print. However, for 1923 through 1959, the Film Superlist books match copyright renewals with earlier registrations. Copyright registrations and renewals can be found in


In 1992, Congress changed the copyright law to make renewal automatic for copyrights registered in 1964 and later.

Underlying rights

Many of the movies listed below are based on plays, novels, magazine stories or a combination of those sources. In some cases, a film’s copyright has lapsed because of non-renewal while the underlying literary or dramatic source is still protected by copyright. For, example the movie His Girl Friday (1941), on the list below as a “public domain” film, is based on the 1928 play The Front Page, which is protected by copyright.

Studio and distributor abbreviations

A

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Abraham Lincoln[4][5] 1930 D.W. Griffith United Artists
Ace Drummond[6] 1936 Ford Beebe Universal serial
Adventures of Smilin' JackThe Adventures of Smilin' Jack[7] 1943 Lewis D. Collins, Ray Taylor Universal serial
Africa Screams[5][8] 1949 Charles Barton United Artists
Algiers[5] 1938 John Cromwell United Artists
All This and Rabbit Stew[5][9] 1941 Fred Avery Warner Bros. Color cartoon
Amazing Mr. XThe Amazing Mr. X[5] 1948 Bernard Vorhaus Eagle-Lion copyright title: The Spiritualist
Amazing Transparent ManThe Amazing Transparent Man[10] 1960 Edgar G. Ulmer AIP
And Then There Were None[11] 1945 René Clair
Angel and the Badman[5][12] 1946 James Edward Grant Republic
Angel on My Shoulder[5][13] 1946 Archie Mayo
ApeThe Ape[14] 1940 William Nigh Monogram
Ape ManThe Ape Man[15] 1943 William Beaudine Monogram
Assassin of Youth[5][16] 1937 Elmer Clifton Exploitation film
At War with the Army[5][17] 1950 Hal Walker Paramount
Atom Age Vampire[18] 1963 Anton Giulio Majano Italian
Attack of the Giant Leeches[5][19] 1959 Bernard L. Kowalski AIP

B

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
BatThe Bat[20] 1959 Crane Wilbur AA
Battleship PotemkinThe Battleship Potemkin[21] 1925 Sergei Eisenstein Goskino USSR
Bear ShootersBear Shooters[22] 1930 Robert F. McGowan MGM Our Gang series
Beast of Yucca FlatsThe Beast of Yucca Flats[23] 1961 Coleman Francis CIP considered one of cinema's worst films
Beat the Devil[5][23] 1953 John Huston Romulus Films
Bela Lugosi Meets a Brooklyn Gorilla[24] 1952 William Beaudine Realart Pictures
The Bigamist [25] 1953 Ida Lupino The Filmakers starring Ida Lupino, Joan Fontaine, and Edmund Gwenn
Big ShowThe Big Show[26] 1936 Mack V. Wright Republic
Birth of a NationThe Birth of a Nation[27] 1915 D. W. Griffith Epoch Film Co.
Black Dragons[5][28] 1942 William Nigh Monogram
Blood of JesusThe Blood of Jesus[29] 1941 Spencer Williams Sack Amusement Enterprises
Bloodlust![5] 1961 Ralph Brooke CIP
Bloody Pit of Horror[30] 1965 Massimo Pupillo Italian
Bluebeard[31] 1944 Edgar G. Ulmer Producers Releasing Corporation
Bowery at Midnight[32] 1942 Wallace Fox Monogram
Boy Meets Dog[33] 1938 Ipana toothpaste commercial
Boy in the Plastic BubbleThe Boy in the Plastic Bubble[34] 1976 Randal Kleiser TV Movie
Boys Beware[35] 1951 Sid Davis Sidney Davis Productions
Brain That Wouldn't DieThe Brain That Wouldn't Die[36] 1962 Joseph Green AIP
Bride of the Gorilla[37] 1951 Curt Siodmak Realart Pictures Inc.
Brideless Groom[5] 1947 Edward Bernds Columbia Pictures Three Stooges short
Broken BlossomsBroken Blossoms[38] 1919 D.W. Griffith United Artists
Bucket of BloodA Bucket of Blood[39] 1959 Roger Corman AIP
Bulldog Drummond[40] 1929 F. Richard Jones UA
Burn 'Em Up Barnes[41] 1934 F. Richard Jones Mascot Pictures Film serial

C

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari[42] 1920 Robert Wiene Decla-Bioscop (Germany)
Goldwyn Distributing
Company (US)
German
Captain Kidd[5] 1945 Rowland V. Lee UA
Carnival of Souls[5][43] 1962 Herk Harvey Herts-Lion International
Cause for Alarm![44] 1951 Tay Garnett MGM
Chained for Life[5] 1951 Harry L. Fraser Classic Pictures Inc Independent exploitation film
Charade[5] 1963 Stanley Donen Universal
Check and Double Check[45][5] 1930 Melville W. Brown RKO Radio Pictures
The Chicken of Tomorrow[46] 1948 Patrick Allen Audio Productions Inc. Documentary short
Child Bride[47] 1938 Harry Revier Exploitation feature
Christmas Comes But Once a Year[48] 1936 Dave Fleischer Fleischer Studios
Paramount Pictures
Fleischer cartoon
The City of the Dead[49] 1960 John Llewellyn Moxey Trans-World Film British
A Coach for Cinderella[50] 1936 Max Fleischer Jam Handy Organization Chevrolet commercial cartoon
A Corny Concerto[5] 1943 Robert Clampett WB WB color cartoon
The Corpse Vanishes[5][51] 1942 Wallace Fox Monogram
Crash of the Moons[52] 1954 Hollingsworth Morse United Television Programs Inc. Sci-fi telefeature
Creature from the Haunted Sea[5][53] 1961 Roger Corman Filmgroup Inc.
Cyrano de Bergerac[5][54] 1950 Michael Gordon UA

D

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
D.O.A.[5][55] 1950 Rudolph Maté UA
Daffy - The Commando[5] 1943 Friz Freleng WB WB color cartoon
A Day at the Zoo[56] 1939 Tex Avery WB WB color cartoon
Dead Men Walk[57] 1943 Sam Newfield PRC
Death Rides a Horse[58] 1967 Giulio Petroni UA (US) Italian
Dementia 13[5][59] 1963 Francis Ford Coppola AIP
Detour[5][60] 1945 Edgar G. Ulmer PRC
Dick Tracy[61] 1937 Alan James
Ray Taylor
Republic Serial
Disorder in the Court[5] 1936 Preston Black Columbia Pictures Three Stooges short
Dogs of War[62] 1923 Robert F. McGowan Pathé Our Gang short
Doomed to Die[5] 1940 William Nigh Monogram
Dressed to Kill[5][63] 1946 Roy William Neill Universal
The Driller Killer[64] 1979 Abel Ferrara Cult Epics Indie slasher
Duck and Cover[65] 1952 Anthony Rizzo Archer Productions Propaganda short

E

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Embryo [66] 1976 Ralph Nelson Cine Artists
The Eternal Jew[67] 1940 Fritz Hippler Terra Nazi propaganda
Eternally Yours[5] 1939 Tay Garnett UA
Experiments in the Revival of Organisms[68] 1940 D.I. Yashin USSR documentary

F

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Falling Hare[5] 1943 Robert Clampett WB Bugs Bunny color cartoon
A Farewell to Arms[5][69] 1932 Frank Borzage Paramount
The Fast and the Furious[70] 1955 John Ireland
Edward Sampson
AIP
The Fatal Hour[71] 1940 William Nigh Monogram
Father's Little Dividend[72] 1951 Vincente Minnelli MGM
Faust[73] 1926 F.W. Murnau UFA
Fear in the Night[74] 1947 Maxwell Shane Paramount
Fire Over England[5] 1937 William K. Howard UA British
Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe[75] 1941 Ford Beebe
Ray Taylor
Universal Serial
The Flying Deuces[5][76] 1939 A. Edward Sutherland RKO Laurel and Hardy
Freaks[77] 1932 Tod Browning Metro-Goldwyn-Meyer cult film
Fresh Hare[5][78] 1942 I. Freleng WB Bugs Bunny color cartoon
The Front Page[5][79] 1931 Lewis Milestone UA

G

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Gamera vs. Guiron[80] 1969 Noriaki Yuasa AIP Japanese
The General[5][81] 1927 Clyde Bruckman
Buster Keaton
UA Silent
The Giant Gila Monster[5][82] 1959 Ray Kellogg McLendon-Radio Pictures Distributing
Glamour Gal[83] 1945 United States Marine Corps U.S. government propaganda
Glorifying the American Girl[5] 1929 John W. Harkrider
Millard Webb
Paramount
Go Down, Death![84] 1944 Spencer Williams Sack Amusement Enterprises
The Gold Rush[5] 1925 Charlie Chaplin UA Charlie Chaplin feature
The Gorilla[5][85] 1939 Allan Dwan Twentieth Century-Fox
The Great Alaskan Mystery[86] 1944 Lewis D. Collins
Ray Taylor
Universal Serial
The Great Rupert[5][87] 1950 Irving Pichel Eagle-Lion
Greed[88] 1924 Erich von Stroheim Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Gulliver's Travels[5][89] 1939 Dave Fleischer Paramount Feature-length cartoon
Gumbasia[90] 1953 Claymation short

H

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Happy Go Lovely[5][91] 1951 H. Bruce Humberstone RKO (US)
Have You Got Any Castles?[5] 1938 Frank Tashlin WB Color cartoon
Häxan[92] 1922 Benjamin Christensen Svensk Filmindustri Danish-Swedish
He Walked by Night[5][93] 1948 Alfred L. Werker
Anthony Mann
Eagle-Lion
Hell's House[5] 1932 Howard Higgin B.F. Zeidman Productions Ltd.
Capitol Film Exchange
Bette Davis feature
Hemp for Victory[94] 1942 Raymond Evans U.S. government short
Hercules[95] 1958 Pietro Francisci Lux Film (Italy)
WB (US)
Italian
Hercules Unchained[5][96] 1959 Pietro Francisci WB (US) Italian
Hercules and the Tyrants of Babylon[97] 1964 Domenico Paolella AIP Italian
Hercules vs. the Moon Men[5] 1964 Giacomo Gentilomo Governor Films Inc. Italian-French
His Girl Friday[5][98] 1940 Howard Hawks Columbia
The Hitch-Hiker[99] 1953 Ida Lupino RKO
Holy Ghost People[100] 1967 Peter Adair Thistle Films Religious documentary
Horror Express[101] 1972 Eugenio Martin British-Spanish
Horrors of Spider Island[102] 1960 Fritz Böttger Centra Films German-Yugoslavian
House on Haunted Hill[103] 1959 William Castle AA
The Hunchback of Notre Dame[5][104] 1923 Wallace Worsley Universal
The Hurricane Express[105] 1932 Armand Schaeffer
J.P. McGowan
Mascot Serial

I

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
I Cover the Waterfront [5] 1933 James Cruze UA
I'll Be Glad When You're Dead You Rascal You[106] 1932 Dave Fleischer Paramount Pictures Betty Boop cartoon
Impact[5][107] 1949 Arthur Lubin UA
The Incredible Petrified World[108] 1957 Jerry Warren Governor Films
The Incredible 2-Headed Transplant[109] 1971 Anthony Lanza AIP
Indestructible Man[110] 1956 Jack Pollexfen AA
The Inspector General[5][111] 1949 Henry Koster WB
Invisible Ghost[5][112] 1941 Joseph H. Lewis Monogram

J

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Jack and the Beanstalk[5][113] 1952 Jean Yarbrough WB
Jackie Robinson StoryThe Jackie Robinson Story[5][114] 1950 Alfred E. Green Eagle-Lion
Jail Bait[5] 1954 Ed Wood Howco
Jungle Book[5][115] 1942 Zoltan Korda UA
Jungle Jitters[116] 1938 Friz Freleng WB

K

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Killer ShrewsThe Killer Shrews[117] 1959 Ray Kellogg MRPDC Independent, low-budget
King of the Zombies[118] 1941 Jean Yarbrough Monogram
Kansas City Confidential[5][119] 1952 Phil Karlson UA

L

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Lady Frankenstein[120] 1971 Mel Welles NWP Italian
Lady VanishesThe Lady Vanishes[121][122] 1938 Alfred Hitchcock Gaumont
MGM
Fox
Last Man on EarthThe Last Man on Earth[123] 1964 Ubaldo Ragona
Sidney Salkow
AIP Italian
Last Time I Saw ParisThe Last Time I Saw Paris[5][124] 1954 Richard Brooks MGM
Last Woman on Earth[125] 1960 Roger Corman The Filmgroup Inc.
Little Lord Fauntleroy[5][126] 1936 John Cromwell UA
Little PrincessThe Little Princess[5][127] 1939 Walter Lang Twentieth Century Fox
Little Shop of HorrorsThe Little Shop of Horrors[5][128] 1960 Roger Corman The Filmgroup Inc.
Lost CityThe Lost City[129] 1935 Harry Revier SSPI
Lost JungleThe Lost Jungle[130] 1934 David Howard
Armand Schaefer
Mascot Pictures
Lost WorldThe Lost World[5][131] 1925 Harry Hoyt FNP

M

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
M[5][132] 1931 Fritz Lang Vereinigte Star-Film
Paramount (US)
Mad MonsterThe Mad Monster[133] 1942 Sam Newfield PRC
Magic SwordThe Magic Sword[134] 1962 Bert I. Gordon UA
Malice in the Palace[5][135] 1949 Jules White Columbia Three Stooges short
Man with a Movie Camera[136] 1929 Dziga Vertov
Manfish[5] 1956 W. Lee Wilder UA
Maniac[137] 1934 Dwain Esper Roadshow
Manos: The Hands of Fate [138] 1966 Harold P. Warren produced by Harold P. Warren considered one of cinema's worst films; cult film
MansterThe Manster[139] 1959 George Breakston
Kenneth G. Crane
UA
Marihuana[140] 1936 Dwain Esper Roadshow exploitation film
McLintock![5][141] 1963 Andrew V. McLaglen UA
Meet John Doe[121][142] 1941 Frank Capra WB
Metropolis[5][143] 1927 Fritz Lang UFA
Paramount
Midnight Manhunt[144] 1945 William C. Thomas Paramount
Metropolis
Monster MakerThe Monster Maker[145] 1944 Sam Newfield PRC
Monster WalksThe Monster Walks[146] 1932 Frank R. Strayer MPC
Mr. Robinson Crusoe[5][147] 1932 A. Edward Sutherland UA
My Favorite Brunette[5][148] 1947 Elliott Nugent Paramount

N

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
'Neath Brooklyn Bridge[149] 1942 Wallace Fox Monogram East Side Kids film
New Adventures of TarzanThe New Adventures of Tarzan[5][150] 1935 Edward Kull Burroughs-Tarzan serial
Night of the Living Dead[5][151] 1968 George A. Romero Walter Reade Copyright notice not on title card.
Nightmare Castle[152] 1965 Mario Caiano Allied Artists Italian
Nosferatu[153] 1922 F. W. Murnau Film Arts Guild silent, German
Nothing Sacred[5][154] 1937 William A. Wellman Selznick
United Artists
color, starring Carole Lombard

O

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
One Body Too Many[5][155] 1944 Frank McDonald Paramount
Our Gang[156] 1922 Charley Chase
Fred Newmeyer
Robert F. McGowan
Tom McNamara
Pathé A  Our Gang series, silent film
Our Gang Follies of 1938[157] 1937 Gordon Douglas MGM Our Gang series
OutlawThe Outlaw[5][158] 1943 Howard Hughes

P

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Parlor, Bedroom and Bath[5][159] 1931 Edward Sedgwick MGM
Penny Serenade[5][160] 1941 George Stevens Columbia
Perversion for Profit[161][162] 1965 propaganda film
(anti-pornography )
Phantom EmpireThe Phantom Empire[163] 1935 Otto Brower
B. Reeves Eason
Mascot serial
Phantom from 10,000 LeaguesThe Phantom from 10,000 Leagues[164] 1955 Dan Milner ARC
Phantom of the OperaThe Phantom of the Opera[5][165] 1925 Rupert Julian Universal Silent Film Lon Chaney Sr.
Phantom PlanetThe Phantom Planet[5][166] 1961 William Marshall AIP
Plan 9 from Outer Space [167] 1959 Edward D. Wood Jr. Distributers Corporation of America considered one of cinema's worst films; cult film
Poor Cinderella[168] 1934 Dave Fleischer Paramount cartoon, Betty Boop
Princess and the PauperThe Princess and the Pauper[169] 1939 cartoon commercial
Chevrolet
Princess Iron Fan[170] 1941 Wan Guchan
Wan Laiming
Cinema Epoch animated Chinese

Q

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Queen of the Amazons[171] 1947 Edward Finney Screen Guild

R

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Radar Men from the Moon[172] 1952 Fred C. Brannon Republic Serial
Rain[173] 1932 Lewis Milestone UA
Red HouseThe Red House[5] 1947 Delmer Daves UA
Reefer Madness[5][174] 1936 Louis Gasnier MPV
Revolt of the Zombies[5][175] 1936 Victor Halperin APDC
Road to Bali[5][176] 1952 Hal Walker Paramount
Royal Wedding[5][177] 1951 Stanley Donen MGM Fred Astaire

S

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Salt of the Earth[5][178] 1954 Herbert J. Biberman Independent Productions
Santa Claus Conquers the Martians[5][179] 1964 Nicholas Webster Embassy considered one of cinema's worst films; cult film
Santa Fe Trail[5][180] 1940 Michael Curtiz WB
Scared to Death[5][181] 1947 Christy Cabanne SGP
Scarlet Street[5][182] 1945 Fritz Lang Universal
School's Out[183] 1930 Robert F. McGowan MGM Our Gang series
Scrap Happy Daffy[5] 1943 Frank Tashlin WB cartoon
Screaming SkullThe Screaming Skull[184] 1958 Alex Nicol AIP
Scrub Me Mama with a Boogie Beat[5][185] 1940 Universal cartoon
Second Chorus[5][186] 1940 H. C. Potter Paramount
Second WomanThe Second Woman[5][187] 1950 James V. Kern UA
Sex Madness[188] 1938 Dwain Esper
She Gods of Shark Reef[189] 1958 Roger Corman AIP
Shock[190] 1946 Alfred L. Werker Fox
Shriek in the NightA Shriek in the Night[191] 1933 Albert Ray APC
Sing a Song of Six Pants[5][192] 1947 Jules White Columbia Three Stooges
Smash Up: The Story of a Woman[193] 1947 Stuart Heisler Universal Pictures
Snafuperman[5][194] 1944 Friz Freleng WB cartoon
Snow White[5][195] 1933 Dave Fleischer Paramount cartoon
Something to Sing About[196] 1937 Victor Schertzinger Grand National Pictures 1964 copyright not renewed musical film
Special Delivery[197] 1946 propaganda film
Spirit of '43The Spirit of '43[198] 1943 Disney cartoon
Spring in a Small Town[199] 1948 Fei Mu Cinema Epoch (US)
Stamp Day for Superman[200] 1954 Thomas Carr Department of the Treasury
Star Is BornA Star Is Born[5][201] 1937 William A. Wellman SIP
UA
Strange Love of Martha IversThe Strange Love of Martha Ivers[5][202] 1946 Lewis Milestone Paramount
StrangerThe Stranger[5][203] 1946 Orson Welles International Pictures
RKO
Street Angel[204] 1937 Yuan Muzhi Cinema Epoch (US)
Street Fighter's Last RevengeThe Street Fighter's Last Revenge[205] 1974 Shigehiro Ozawa
Suddenly[5][206] 1954 Lewis Allen UA
Superman[5][207] 1942–
1943
Fleischer
Famous
cartoon
Swamp Women[208] 1955 Roger Corman WBP

T

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
A Tale of Two Kitties[209] 1942 Bob Clampett WB cartoon
Tarzan the Tiger[210] 1929 Henry MacRae Universal serial
Teenage Zombies[211] 1959 Jerry Warren Governor Films Inc.
Teenagers from Outer Space[5][212] 1959 Tom Graeff WB
Terror by Night[5][213] 1946 Roy William Neill Universal
Terror of Tiny TownThe Terror of Tiny Town[5] 1938 Sam Newfield
TerrorThe Terror[5][214] 1963 Roger Corman
Francis Ford Coppola
Monte Hellman
Jack Hill
Jack Nicholson
AIP
They Made Me a Criminal[5][215] 1939 Busby Berkeley WB Dead End Kids
The 39 Steps [216] 1935 Alfred Hitchcock Gaumont British Picture Corporation Ltd. starring Robert Donat
This Is the Army[5][217] 1943 Michael Curtiz WB
Three Came Home[5][218] 1950 Jean Negulesco Fox
To Duck or Not To Duck[5] 1943 Charles M. Jones WB cartoon
To the Shores of Iwo Jima[5] 1945 Documentary Short
Too Late for Tears[5] 1949 Byron Haskin UA
Topper Returns[5][219] 1941 Roy Del Ruth
Tormented[220] 1960 Bert I. Gordon AAIP

U

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Undersea Kingdom[221] 1936 B. Reeves Eason
Joseph Kane
Republic Serial

V

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Vampire BatThe Vampire Bat[222] 1933 Frank R. Strayer Majestic
Vengeance Valley[5][223] 1951 Richard Thorpe MGM
Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women[224] 1968 Peter Bogdanovich AIT
Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet[225] 1965 Pavel Klushantsev
Curtis Harrington
AIP

W

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Wabbit Who Came to SupperThe Wabbit Who Came to Supper[5][226] 1942 Friz Freleng Warner Brothers Cartoon (Merrie Melodies)
Wackiki Wabbit[227] 1943 Charles M. Jones Warner Brothers Cartoon (Merrie Melodies)
Waldo's Last Stand[228] 1940 Edward Cahn, Steven Granger MGM Our Gang series
The Wasp Woman[5] 1960 Roger Corman and Jack Hill
White Zombie[5][229] 1932 Victor Halperin United Artists Starring Bela Lugosi.
Why We Fight[5][230] 1942–1944 Frank Capra Propaganda films
Word to the WivesA Word to the Wives[231] 1955 Norman Lloyd Sponsored film
World Gone MadThe World Gone Mad[232] 1933 Christy Cabanne Majestic Pictures

Z

Film title Release year Director Studio / Distributor Entered PD in (year) Reason for entering PD Note(s)
Zorro's Black Whip[233] 1944 Spencer Gordon Bennet and Wallace Grissel Republic Pictures
Zorro's Fighting Legion[234] 1939 William Witney and John English Republic Pictures

See also

Notes

  • A  Public domain in the USA because it was released in the USA before 1923
  • J  Assuming public domain worldwide due to Tokyo District Court case on 6 October 2006 applying to films made in Japan before 1953[235]

References

Specific
  1. ^ "An Introduction to Films and Motion Pictures" at RoyaltyFreeMusic.com Retrieved August 4, 2009
  2. ^ Film Superlist: Motion Pictures in the U.S. Public Domain (1940–1949), page xii.
  3. ^ "United States Copyright Office Public Catalog". http://cocatalog.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&PAGE=First. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  4. ^ "Abraham Lincoln" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp "Public Domain" at the Peter Rodgers Organization Retrieved August 4, 2009
  6. ^ "Ace Drummon" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  7. ^ "The Adventures of Smilin' Jack" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  8. ^ "Africa Screams" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  9. ^ "All This and Rabbit Stew" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  10. ^ "The Amazing Transparent Man" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  11. ^ "And Then There Were None" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  12. ^ "Angel and the Badman" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  13. ^ "Angel on My Shoulder" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  14. ^ "The Ape" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  15. ^ "The Ape Man" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  16. ^ "Assassin of Youth" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  17. ^ "At War with the Army" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  18. ^ "Atom Age Vampire" at the Internet Archives Retrieved August 2, 2009
  19. ^ "Attack of the Giant Leeches" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 2, 2009
  20. ^ "The Bat" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  21. ^ "The Battleship Potemkin" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  22. ^ "Bear Shooters" at the Internet Archive Retrieved February 20, 2010
  23. ^ a b "The Beast of Yucca Flats" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  24. ^ "Bela Lugosi Meets a Brooklyn Gorilla" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  25. ^ "The Bigamist" at the Internet Archive Retrieved December 28, 2009
  26. ^ "The Big Show" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  27. ^ "The Birth of a Nation" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  28. ^ "Black Dragons" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 2, 2009
  29. ^ "The Blood of Jesus" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  30. ^ "Bloody Pit of Horror" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  31. ^ "Bluebeard" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  32. ^ "Bowery at Midnight" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  33. ^ "Boy Meets Dog" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  34. ^ The Boy in the Plastic Bubble from the Internet Archive
  35. ^ "Boys Beware" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  36. ^ "The Brain That Wouldn't Die" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  37. ^ "Bride of the Gorilla" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  38. ^ "Broken Blossoms" at the Internet Archive Retrieved January 10, 2010
  39. ^ "A Bucket of Blood" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  40. ^ "Bulldog Drummond" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  41. ^ "Burn 'Em Up Barnes" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  42. ^ "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  43. ^ "Carnival of Souls" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  44. ^ "Cause for Alarm!" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  45. ^ "Check and Double Check" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  46. ^ "The Chicken of Tomorrow" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  47. ^ "Child Bride" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  48. ^ "Christmas Comes But Once a Year" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  49. ^ "City of the Dead/Horror Hotel" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  50. ^ "A Coach for Cinderella" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  51. ^ "The Corpse Vanishes" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  52. ^ "Crash of the Moons" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  53. ^ "Creature from the Haunted Sea" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  54. ^ "Cyrano de Bergerac" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  55. ^ "D.O.A." at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  56. ^ "Merrie Melodies: A Day at the Zoo" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  57. ^ "Dead Men Walk" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  58. ^ "Death Rides a Horse" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  59. ^ "Dementia 13" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  60. ^ "Detour" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  61. ^ "Dick Tracey: Chapter 1" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  62. ^ "Dogs of War" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  63. ^ "Dressed to Kill" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 17, 2009
  64. ^ "The Driller Killer" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  65. ^ "Duck and Cover" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  66. ^ "Embryo" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  67. ^ "Der Ewige Jude" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  68. ^ "Experiments in the Revival of Organisms" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  69. ^ "A Farewell to Arms" at the Internet Archives Retrieved August 4, 2009
  70. ^ "The Fast and the Furious" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  71. ^ "The Fatal Hour" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  72. ^ "Father's Little Dividend" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  73. ^ "Faust - Eine deutsche Volkssage" at the Internet Archive Retrieved March 4, 2010
  74. ^ "Fear in the Night" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  75. ^ Episode 1 of "Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe" at the Internet Archive retrieved November 10, 2009.
  76. ^ "The Flying Deuces" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  77. ^ [1] Retrieved February 19, 2010
  78. ^ "Fresh Hare" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  79. ^ "The Front Page" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  80. ^ "Gamera vs. Guiron (ガメラ対大悪獣ギロン, Gamera tai Daiakaijū Giron)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  81. ^ "The General" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  82. ^ "The Giant Gila Monster" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  83. ^ "Glamour Gal" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  84. ^ "Go Down, Death!" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  85. ^ "The Gorilla" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  86. ^ "The Great Alaskan Mystery" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  87. ^ "The Great Rupert" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  88. ^ "Greed" at the Internet Archive Retrieved March 9, 2010
  89. ^ "Gulliver's Travels" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  90. ^ "Gumbasia" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  91. ^ "Happy Go Lovely" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  92. ^ "Häxan" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  93. ^ "He Walked by Night" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  94. ^ "Hemp for Victory" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  95. ^ "Hercules" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  96. ^ "Hercules Unchained" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  97. ^ "Hercules and the Tyrants of Babylon" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  98. ^ "His Girl Friday" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  99. ^ "The Hitch-Hiker" at the Internet Archive Retrieved December 1, 2009
  100. ^ "Holy Ghost People" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  101. ^ "Horror Express" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  102. ^ "Horrors of Spider Island" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  103. ^ "House on Haunted Hill" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  104. ^ "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  105. ^ "The Hurricane Express" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  106. ^ "Betty Boop: I'll Be Glad When You're Dead, You Rascal You (1932)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  107. ^ "Impact (1949)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  108. ^ "The Incredible Petrified World" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  109. ^ "The Incredible 2 Headed Transplant (1971)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved December 10, 2009
  110. ^ "Indestructible Man" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  111. ^ "The Inspector General" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  112. ^ "Invisible Ghost" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  113. ^ "Jack and the Beanstalk" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  114. ^ "Jackie Robinson Story, The (1950)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  115. ^ "Jungle Book (1942)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  116. ^ "Merrie Melodies , Jungle Jitters svcd quality" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  117. ^ "The Killer Shrews" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  118. ^ "King of the Zombies (1941)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  119. ^ "Kansas City Confidential (1952)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  120. ^ "Lady Frankenstein (1971)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  121. ^ a b O'Shaughnessy, Catriona. A reel of your own: Wanna own a classic movie? Catriona O'Shaughnessy explains how you can in The Independent, 21 September 1992. Retrieved August 5, 2009
  122. ^ "The Lady Vanishes (1938 (USA))" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  123. ^ "The Last Man on Earth (1964)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  124. ^ "The Last Time I Saw Paris (1954)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  125. ^ "Last Woman On Earth (1960)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  126. ^ "Little Lord Fauntleroy (1936)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  127. ^ "Little Princess, The (1939)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  128. ^ "The Little Shop of Horrors (1960)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  129. ^ "The Lost City" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  130. ^ "The Lost Jungle (1934)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 6, 2009
  131. ^ "The Lost World (1925)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 5, 2009
  132. ^ "M – Eine Stadt sucht einen Moerder (1931)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  133. ^ "Mad Monster, The (1942)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  134. ^ "The Magic Sword (1962)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  135. ^ "Malice in the Palace (1949)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  136. ^ "Chelovek s kinoapparatom (Man With A Movie Camera) (1929)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  137. ^ "Maniac (1934)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  138. ^ [2] Retrieved December 28, 2009
  139. ^ "The Manster" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  140. ^ "Marihuana (1936)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  141. ^ "Mclintock (1963)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  142. ^ "Meet John Doe (1941)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  143. ^ Golan v. Gonzales (aka Golan v. Ashcroft and Golan v. Holder). Retrieved on 29 August 2009.
  144. ^ "Midnight Manhunt (1945)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  145. ^ "The Monster Maker (1944)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  146. ^ "Monster Walks, The (1932)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  147. ^ "Mr. Robinson Crusoe (1932)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  148. ^ "My Favorite Brunette" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  149. ^ "'Neath Brooklyn Bridge (1942)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  150. ^ "New Adventures of Tarzan" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  151. ^ "Night of the Living Dead (1968)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  152. ^ "Nightmare Castle (1965)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  153. ^ "Nosferatu" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  154. ^ "Nothing Sacred (1937)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  155. ^ "One Body Too Many (1944)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  156. ^ "Public Domain Movies: Our Gang shorts" Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  157. ^ "Our Gang Follies of 1938 (1937)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  158. ^ "Outlaw, The (1943)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  159. ^ "Parlor, Bedroom and Bath" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  160. ^ "Penny Serenade" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  161. ^ "Perversion for Profit (Part I) (ca. 1964 – 1965)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  162. ^ "Perversion for Profit (Part II) (ca. 1964 – 1965)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  163. ^ "Phantom Empire – Chapter 1: Singing Cowboy (1935)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  164. ^ "The Phantom from 10,000 Leagues" at the Internet Atrchives Retrieved August 5, 2009
  165. ^ "The Phantom of the Opera" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  166. ^ "The Phantom Planet" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  167. ^ ""Plan 9 from Outer Space [1959at Sike Tv] Retrieved December 28, 2009
  168. ^ "Betty Boop: Poor Cinderella (1934)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  169. ^ "Princess and the Pauper, The (1939)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  170. ^ "Princess Iron Fan (鐵扇公主) (1941)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  171. ^ "Queen of the Amazons" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  172. ^ "Radar Men from the Moon" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  173. ^ "Rain" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  174. ^ "Reefer Madness" at the Internet Archives Retrieved August 2, 2009
  175. ^ "Revolt of the Zombies" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  176. ^ "Road to Bali" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  177. ^ "Royal Wedding" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  178. ^ "Salt of the Earth" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  179. ^ "Santa Claus Conquers the Martians" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  180. ^ "Santa Fe Trail" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  181. ^ "Scared to Death" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  182. ^ "Scarlet Street" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  183. ^ "School's Out" at the Internet Movie Database Retrieved February 20, 2010
  184. ^ "The Screaming Skull" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  185. ^ "Scrub Me Mama with a Boogie Beat" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  186. ^ "Second Chorus" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  187. ^ "The Second Woman" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  188. ^ "Sex Madness" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  189. ^ "She Gods of Shark Reef" Retrieved August 5, 2009
  190. ^ "Shock" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  191. ^ "A Shriek in the Night" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  192. ^ "Sing a Song of Six Pants" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  193. ^ "Smash Up, the Story of a Woman" at the Internet Archive Retrieved February 15, 2010
  194. ^ "Private Snafu – Snafuperman" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  195. ^ "Betty Boop: Snow White (1933)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  196. ^ "Something to Sing About" at the Internet Archive Retrieved December 2, 2009
  197. ^ "Special Delivery" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  198. ^ "The Spirit of '43" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  199. ^ "Spring in a Small Town (小城之春) (1948)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  200. ^ "Stamp Day for Superman" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  201. ^ "A Star Is Born" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  202. ^ "The Strange Love of Martha Ivers" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  203. ^ "The Stranger" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  204. ^ "Street Angel (馬路天使) (1937)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  205. ^ "The Street Fighter's Last Revenge (逆襲!殺人拳, Gyakushū! Satsujin ken) (1974)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  206. ^ "Suddenly" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  207. ^ "Superman (1941)" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  208. ^ "Swamp Women" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 5, 2009
  209. ^ "A Tale of Two Kitties" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  210. ^ "Tarzan the Tiger" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  211. ^ "Teenage Zombies" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  212. ^ "Teenagers from Outer Space" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  213. ^ "Terror by Night" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  214. ^ "The Terror" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  215. ^ "They Made Me a Criminal" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  216. ^ [3] Reyrieved December 28, 2009
  217. ^ "This Is the Army" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  218. ^ "Three Came Home" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  219. ^ "Topper Returns" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  220. ^ "Tormented" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  221. ^ "Undersea Kingdom" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  222. ^ "The Vampire Bat" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  223. ^ "Vengeance Valley" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  224. ^ "Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  225. ^ "Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  226. ^ "The Wabbit Who Came to Supper" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  227. ^ "Wackiki Wabbit" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  228. ^ [4]
  229. ^ "White Zombie" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  230. ^ "Why We Fight: Prelude to War" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  231. ^ "A Word to the Wives" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  232. ^ "The World Gone Mad" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  233. ^ "Zorro's Black Whip" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  234. ^ "Zorro's Fighting Legion" at the Internet Archive Retrieved August 4, 2009
  235. ^ "CASRIP Newsletter – Vol 14, Iss 1". http://www.law.washington.edu/Casrip/Newsletter/Vol14/newsv14i1Mitani.html. Retrieved 2009-05-27. "There are many masterpieces which were published on 1953, such as “Shane,” “Roman Holiday,” as well as other well-known Japanese motion pictures, including “Tokyo Story” by Yasujiro Ozu. The copyrights for these works are currently considered expired. Therefore, if the district court’s judgment is upheld by the High Court, the loss which many copyright holders would suffer would be extremely high. As a result, the outcome of the Tokyo High Court in this case will be a landmark judgment and the proceedings should be carefully monitored."  However, the Tokyo District Court ruled on 17 September 2007 that films by Akira Kurosawa remain copyrighted until 2036, arguing that an older pre-1970 law applies. That old law kept copyright protection for 38 years after the creator's death.

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