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List of heads of state of Ghana: Wikis


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Prior to independence in 1957, Ghana was known as the British colony of Gold Coast. Before then it had been divided among a number of states, by far the largest of which was the Ashanti Confederacy, whose leaders were known as the Asantehene.


Heads of State of Ghana (1957-Present)

Tenure Incumbent Notes
Ghana   Unification of Gold Coast and British Togoland upon independence from Britain
6 March 1957 to 1 July 1960
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
represented by:-
    6 March 1957 to 24 June 1957    Sir Charles Noble Arden-Clarke, Governor-General
    24 June 1957 to 1 July 1960    William Francis Hare, Lord Listowel, the 5th Earl of Listowel, Governor-General
Tenure Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Republic of Ghana
1 July 1960 to 24 February 1966 Dr.h.c. Kwame Nkrumah, President CPP Deposed in a coup d'état
24 February 1966 to 2 April 1969 Major-General Joseph Arthur Ankrah, Chairman of the National Liberation Council Mil
2 April 1969 to 3 April 1970 Brigadier Akwasi Amankwa Afrifa, Chairman of the National Liberation Council Mil Later General
3 April 1970 to 7 August 1970 Brigadier Akwasi Amankwa Afrifa, Chairman of the Presidential Commission
7 August 1970 to 31 August 1970 Nii Amaa Ollennu, acting President
31 August 1970 to 13 January 1972 Edward Akufo-Addo, President n-p Deposed in a coup d'état
13 January 1972 to 9 October 1975 Colonel Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong, Chairman of the National Redemption Council Mil Later General
9 October 1975 to 5 July 1978 General Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong, Chairman of the Supreme Military Council Deposed in a palace coup d'état
5 July 1978 to 4 June 1979 Lieutenant-General Frederick Fred William Kwasi Akuffo, Chairman of the Supreme Military Council Mil Deposed in a coup d'état
4 June 1979 to 24 September 1979 Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings, Chairman of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council Mil born Jeremiah Rawlings John
24 September 1979 to 31 December 1981 Dr. Hilla Limann, President PNP Deposed in a coup d'état
31 December 1981 to 7 January 1993 Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings, Chairman of the Provisional National Defence Council PNDC
7 January 1993 to 7 January 2001 Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings, President NDC After retiring from the Armed Forces
7 January 2001 to 7 January 2009 John Agyekum Kufuor, President NPP Elected 28 December 2000
7 January 2009 to present John Evans Atta Mills, President NDC Elected 2 January 2009


PNP Peoples National Party  social democrat, Nkrumah personalist
NDC National Democratic Congress  social democrat
NLM National Liberation Movement  Asante regionalist 1954-1957, 1966-
NPP New Patriotic Party  liberal
PP Progress Party
CPP Convention People's Party  authoritarian, socialist, Nkrumah personalist, 1949-1966, 1960-1966 - only legal party
NAL National Alliance of Liberals  1966-1970
Mil Military
n-p non-partisan
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Latest election

Party Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Votes Percentage
National Democratic Congress John Atta Mills 4,056,634 47.92% 4,521,032 50.23%
New Patriotic Nana Akufo-Addo 4,159,439 49.13% 4,480,446 49.77%
Convention People's Paa Kwesi Nduom 113,494 1.34%
People's National Convention Edward Mahama 73,494 0.87%
Democratic Freedom Emmanuel Ansah-Antwi 27,889 0.33%
Independent Kwasi Amoafo-Yeboah 19,342 0.23%
Democratic People's Thomas Ward-Brew 8,653 0.10%
Reformed Patriotic Democrats Kwabena Adjei 6,889 0.08%
Valid votes 8,465,834 97.63% 9,001,478 98.98%
Invalid or blank votes 205,438 2.37% 92,886 1.02%
Totals 8,671,272 100.00% 9,094,364 100.00%
Voter turnout 69.52% 72.91%
Source: Electoral Commission of Ghana, [1], [2]


  • Guinness Book of Kings, Rulers & Statesmen, Clive Carpenter, Guinness Superlatives Ltd
  • African States and Rulers, John Stewart, McFarland
  • Heads of State and Government, 2nd Edn., John V da Graça, MacMillan Press Ltd, 2000

See also


I,............................................................................................................having been elected to the high office of President of the Republic of Ghana do (in the name of the Almighty God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will be faithful and true to the Republic of Ghana; that I will at all times preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana; and that I dedicate myself to the service and well-being of the people of the Republic of Ghana and to do right to all manner of persons.

I further (solemnly swear) (solemnly affirm) that should I at any time break this oath of office I shall submit myself to the laws of the Republic of Ghana and suffer the penalty for it. (So help me God.)


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