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List of heads of state of Hungary: Wikis

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President of the
Republic of Hungary
Flag of Hungary.svg
Insignia
Incumbent
László Sólyom

since 5 August 2005
Residence Sándor Palace
Appointer The Országgyűlés
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mátyás Szűrös
Formation 18 October 1989
Website The Office of the President of the Republic of Hungary
Hungary

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Hungary



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For grand princes and kings of Hungary, see List of rulers of Hungary

Contents

Heads of State of Hungary

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1848–49

The Hungarian Revolution of 1848 had particular impact on the Kingdom of Hungary. The Hungarians wanted to establish a Hungarian state independent from Austria, while the Croats sought autonomous government and separation from Hungary.

The independent Hungarian state was proclaimed on 14 April 1849, with Lajos Kossuth as Governor-President. On 13 August 1849, the Habsburgs reasserted their authority with the help of Russian troops.

1918–Present

Affiliation Portrait Ruler Reigns of rulers Remarks
Hungary declared complete independence from the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy on October 17, 1918 and formed the First Republic (as the 1849 state is not counted)
Hungarian Democratic Republic Karolyi.jpg Mihály Károlyi 16 November 1918 – 21 March 1919 President of the Republic
Hungarian Soviet Republic
Hungarian Party of Communists
Bela-kun--outlawsdiary00tormuoft.pngGarbai Kalló Kiskunhalas.JPG Béla Kun
Sándor Garbai
21 March – 1 August 1919 Leader and President/Prime Minister of the soviet republic, Romania invades and occupies Hungary.
Hungarian Soviet Republic
Hungarian Social Democratic Party
Peidl.jpg Gyula Peidl 1 August – 6 August 1919 Leader and Acting President/Prime Minister of the soviet republic, Romanian occupation continues.
First Republic abolished
Period White Terror Joseph August Austria 1872 1962 in1916.jpg Archduke Joseph August of Austria 6 August – 23 October 1919 Regent, Romanian occupation continues.
Period White Terror Friedrich.JPG István Friedrich 23 October – 24 November 1919 President of the Republic, Romanian occupation continues.
Period White Terror Huszar Karoly.jpg Károly Huszár 24 November 1919 – 1 March 1920 President of the Republic, Romanian occupation ends.
Monarchy Restored
Kingdom of Hungary Horthy the regent.jpg Miklós Horthy 1 March 1920 – 15 October 1944 Regent of a Kingdom with no King on the throne
Nazi dominated Hungarian State Szalasioath.jpg Ferenc Szálasi 16 October 1944 – 28 March 1945 Leader of the Nation for an Arrow Cross-dominated puppet-government in the Nazi occupied portions of the country, Hungary is occupied by Nazi Germany.
Soviet dominated Debrecen Government B Miklos.jpg Béla Miklós 21 December 1944 – 1 February 1946 Prime Minister for a Communist-dominated puppet-government in the Soviet occupied portions of the country, Hungary is occupied by the Red Army.
Second Republic of Hungary declared
Second Hungarian Republic
Independent Smallholders' Party
Zoltán Tildy 1 February 1946 – 2 August 1948 President of the Republic
Second Hungarian Republic
Hungarian Working People's Party
Árpád Szakasits 2 August 1948 – 23 August 1949 President of the Republic
Renamed the "People's Republic of Hungary"
People's Republic of Hungary
Hungarian Working People's Party
Árpád Szakasits 23 August 1949 – 26 April 1950 Chairman of the Council of President
People's Republic of Hungary
Hungarian Working People's Party
Sándor Rónai 26 April 1950 – 14 August 1952 Chairman of the Council of President
People's Republic of Hungary
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party
István Dobi 14 August 1952 – 13 April 1967 Chairman of the Council of President
Hungarian Revolution of 1956
People's Republic of Hungary
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party
Pál Losonczi 13 April 1967 – 25 June 1987 Chairman of the Council of President
People's Republic of Hungary
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party
Károly Németh 25 June 1987 – 29 June 1988 Chairman of the Council of President
People's Republic of Hungary
Non-partisan
Brunó Ferenc Straub 29 June 1988 – 18 October 1989 Chairman of the Council of President
Third Republic of Hungary declared
Republic of Hungary
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party
Szuros matyas.jpg Mátyás Szűrös 18 October 1989 – 2 May 1990 Interim President
Republic of Hungary
Alliance of Free Democrats
Goncz arpad.jpg Árpád Göncz 2 May 1990 – 4 August 2000 President of the Republic
Republic of Hungary
Non-partisan
Ferenc Mádl.jpg Ferenc Mádl 4 August 2000 – 5 August 2005 President of the Republic
Republic of Hungary
Non-partisan
László Sólyom.jpg László Sólyom 5 August 2005 – (incumbent) President of the Republic

General Secretaries of the Hungarian Communist/Socialist Workers' Party (1945-1989)

See also


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