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List of Heads of State of the Comoros

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Incumbent Affiliation Notes
State of Comoros Independence from France
(Etat Comorien)
6 July 1975 to 7 July 1975 Ahmed Abdallah, President of the Government UDC 1st Term
7 July 1975 to 3 August 1975 Ahmed Abdallah, Head of State 1st Term (contd.)
3 August 1975 to 10 August 1975 Said Mohamed Jaffar, Chairman of the National Council of the Revolution UNF  
10 August 1975 to 3 January 1976 Said Mohamed Jaffar, Chairman of the National Executive Council  
3 January 1976 to 28 October 1977 Ali Soilih, Head of State RDPC  
28 October 1977 to 13 May 1978 Ali Soilih, President  
13 May 1978 to 23 May 1978 Said Atthoumani, Chairman of the Politico-Military Directorate UNF  
Federal and Islamic Republic of Comoros
(République Fédérale Islamique des Comores)
(Jumhuriyat al-Qumur al-Itthadiyah al-Islamiyah)
23 May 1978 to 22 July 1978 Ahmed Abdallah, Co-Chairman of the Politico-Military Directorate UDC 2nd Term
Mohamed Ahmed, Co-Chairman of the Politico-Military Directorate UDC  
22 July 1978 to 3 October 1978 Ahmed Abdallah, Co-Chairman of the Directorate UDC  
Mohamed Ahmed, Co-Chairman of the Directorate UDC  
3 October 1978 to 25 October 1978 Ahmed Abdallah, Chairman of the Directorate UDC  
25 October 1978 to 26/27 November 1989 Ahmed Abdallah, President UDC/UCP 3rd Term
26 November 1989 to 27 November 1989 Haribon Chebani, Provisional President UCP  
27 November 1989 to 20 March 1990 Said Mohamed Djohar, acting President    
20 March 1990 to 29 September 1995 Said Mohamed Djohar, President 1st Term
29 September 1995 to 2 October 1995 Ayouba Combo, Coordinator of the Transitional Military Committee Mil  
2 October 1995 to 5 October 1995 Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim, President 1st Term
Said Ali Kemal, acting President    
5 October 1995 to 26 January 1996 Caabi El-Yachroutu Mohamed, interim President    
26 January 1996 to 25 March 1996 Said Mohamed Djohar, President 2nd Term
25 March 1996 to 6 November 1998 Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim, President RND 2nd Term
6 November 1998 to 30 April 1999 Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde, interim President    
30 April 1999 to 6 May 1999 Azali Assoumani, Chief of Staff of the National Development Army Mil 1st Term
6 May 1999 to 23 December 2001 Azali Assoumani, Head of State 1st Term (contd.)
Union of Comoros (Union des Comores)
الاتحاد القمر (Udzima wa Komori)
21 December 2001 to 21 January 2002 Azali Assoumani, Head of State Mil 1st Term (contd.)
21 January 2002 to 26 May 2002 Hamada Madi Bolero, interim President    
26 May 2002 to 26 May 2006 Azali Assoumani, President 2nd Term
26 May 2006 to present Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President  


FNR Forum nationale de reprise (Forum of National Recovery) - pro-federated republic
NJ Front National pour la Justice (National Front for Justice) - islamist
RND Rassemblement National pour la Développement (National Rally for Development) - conservative traditionalist
UCP Union Comorienne pour le Progrès (Comorian Union for Progress) - only legal party Feb 1982-1989
UNF Uni National Front (United National Front) - anti-Abdallah
FNUK-Unikom Front National Uni des Komoriens-Union des Komoriens (United National Front of Comorians-Union of Comoros) - anti-Soilih 1979-
MLIC Mouvement pour la Libération des Îles Comores (Comoro Liberation Movement) - pro-independence, anti-French
PB Parti Blanc (White Party) - progressive, later RDPC
PV Parti Vert (Green Party) - later RND
RDPC Rassemblement Démocratique du Peuple Comorien (Democratic Assembly of the Comorian People) i progressive
UDC Union Démocratique des Comores (Comoros Democratic Union) - conservative
Mil Military
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