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For notes, summary and related links, see parent article: List of human spaceflights.

This is a detailed listing of human spaceflights from 1980 to 1989, spanning the end of the Soviet Union's Salyut space station program, the beginning of Mir, and the start of the US Space Shuttle program.

  • Red indicates fatalities.
  • Green indicates suborbital flights (including flights that failed to attain intended orbit).
# Crew Launch
Spacecraft
Habitation Return
Spacecraft
Brief Mission Summary
Continued from List of human spaceflights, 1970s
1980 launches
74 Soviet Union Leonid I. Popov
Soviet Union Valeri V. Ryumin
9 April 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 35
Salyut 6 11 October 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 37
Salyut 6 crew rotation.
75 Soviet Union Valeri N. Kubasov
Hungary Bertalan Farkas
26 May 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 36
Salyut 6 3 June 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 35
Materials processing, Earth observation and life sciences experiments.
First Hungarian in space (Farkas).
76 Soviet Union Yuri V. Malyshev
Soviet Union Vladimir Aksyonov
5 June 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz T-2
Salyut 6 9 June 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz T-2
First manned flight of the Soyuz T.
77 Soviet Union Viktor V. Gorbatko
Vietnam Pham Tuân
23 July 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 37
Salyut 6 31 July 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 36
Miscellaneous scientific experiments
First Vietnamese and first Asian in space (Tuan).
78 Soviet Union Yuri V. Romanenko
Cuba Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez
18 September 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 38
Salyut 6 26 September 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz 38
First Cuban and first black person in space (Tamayo-Mendez).
79 Soviet Union Leonid D. Kizim
Soviet Union Oleg G. Makarov
Soviet Union Gennadi M. Strekalov
27 November 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz T-3
Salyut 6 10 December 1980
Soviet Union Soyuz T-3
Salyut 6 refurbishment.
1981 launches
80 Soviet Union Vladimir V. Kovalenok
Soviet Union Viktor P. Savinykh
13 March 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz T-4
Salyut 6 26 May 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz T-4
 
81 Soviet Union Valdimir A. Dzanibekov
Mongolia Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa
22 March 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz 39
Salyut 6 29 March 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz 39
First Mongolian in space (Gürragchaa).
82 United States John W. Young
United States Robert L. Crippen
12 April 1981
United States STS-1, Columbia
14 April 1981
United States STS-1, Columbia
First space shuttle flight; systems test.
83 Soviet Union Leonid I. Popov
Romania Dumitru Prunariu
14 May 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz 40
Salyut 6 22 May 1981
Soviet Union Soyuz 40
First Romanian in space (Prunariu).
Magnetic field observations.
Final Soyuz flight.
84 United States Joseph H. Engle
United States Richard H. Truly
12 November 1981
United States STS-2, Columbia
14 November 1981
United States STS-2, Columbia
First re-use of a manned spacecraft.
Systems test; Earth science observations.
1982 launches
85 United States Jack R. Lousma
United States C. Gordon Fullerton
22 March 1982
United States STS-3, Columbia
30 March 1982
United States STS-3, Columbia
Further system testing.
Miscellaneous scientific experiments and Earth science observations.
86 Soviet Union Anatoli Brergovoy
Soviet Union Valentine V. Lebedev
12 May 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-5
Salyut 7 10 December 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-7
First mission to Salyut 7.
Deployment of radio communications satellite.
87 Soviet Union Vladmiri A. Dzanibekov
Soviet Union Alexander S. Ivanchenkov
France Jean-Loup Chrétien
24 June 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-6
Salyut 7 2 July 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-6
First French citizen in space (Chrétien).
88 United States Thomas K. Mattingly
United States Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr.
27 June 1982
United States STS-4, Columbia
4 July 1982
United States STS-4, Columbia
Final space shuttle R&D flight. Miscellaneous scientific experiments plus classified US Air Force payload.
89 Soviet Union Leonid I. Popov
Soviet Union Alexander A. Serebov
Soviet Union Svetlana Y. Savitskaya
19 August 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-7
Salyut 7 27 August 1982
Soviet Union Soyuz T-5
Second woman in space (Savitskaya).
90 United States Vance D. Brand
United States Robert F. Overmyer
United States Joseph P. Allen
United States William B. Lenoir
11 November 1982
United States STS-5, Columbia
16 November 1982
United States STS-5, Columbia
Launched commercial ANIK C-3
and SBS-C communications satellites.
Planned EVA cancelled due to space suit malfunction.
1983 launches
91 United States Paul J. Weitz
United States Karol J. Bobko
United States Donald H. Peterson
United States F. Story Musgrave
4 April 1983
United States STS-6, Challenger
9 April 1983
United States STS-6, Challenger
First Space Shuttle EVA (Peterson and Musgrave).
Deployment of first Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-1).
Miscellaneous science experiments.
92 Soviet Union Vladimir G. Titov
Soviet Union Gennadi M. Strekalov
Soviet Union Alexander A. Serebrov
20 April 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-8
22 April 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-8
Failed to dock with Salyut 7.
93 United States Robert L. Crippen
United States Frederick H. Hauck
United States John M. Fabian
United States Sally K. Ride
United States Norman E. Thagard
18 June 1983
United States STS-7, Challenger
24 June 1983
United States STS-7, Challenger
Two communications satellites launched.
First American woman in space (Ride).
Investigation into behavior of ant colony in zero gravity; various microgravity experiments.
94 Soviet Union Vladimir A. Lyakhov
Soviet Union Alexander P. Alexandrov
26 June 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-9
Salyut 7 23 November 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-9
 
95 United States Richard H. Truly
United States Daniel C. Brandenstein
United States Dale A. Gardner
United States Guion Bluford
United States William E. Thornton
30 August 1983
United States STS-8, Challenger
5 September 1983
United States STS-8, Challenger
First African-American in space (Bluford).
First night launch and landing.
Deployed INSAT-1B satellite for India.
Observation of behavior of rats in space.
Soviet Union Vladimir Titov
Soviet Union Gennady Strekalov
26 September 1983
Soviet Union Soyuz T-10-1
Launch failed due to fire; crew ejected.
96 United States John W. Young
United States Brewster H. Shaw
United States Owen K. Garriott
United States Robert A. Parker
United States Byron K. Lichtenberg
Germany Ulf Merbold
28 November 1983
United States STS-9, Columbia
8 December 1983
United States STS-9, Columbia
First Spacelab (orbital laboratory) mission.
First ESA astronaut and first non-American on US flight (Merbold).
1984 launches
97 United States Vance D. Brand
United States Robert L. Gibson
United States Bruce McCandless II
United States Ronald E. McNair
United States Robert L. Stewart
3 February 1984
United States STS-41-B,
Challenger
11 February 1984
United States STS-41-B,
Challenger
First untethered spacewalk (McCandless and Stewart).
WESTAR-VI and PALAPA-B2 satellites deployed but failed to attain correct orbits.
98 Soviet Union Leonid D. Kizim
Soviet Union Vladimir Solovyov
Soviet Union Oleg Y. Atkov
4 February 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-10
Salyut 7 2 October 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-11
 
99 Soviet Union Yuri V. Malyshev
Soviet Union Gennadi M. Strekalov
India Rakesh Sharma
3 April 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-11
Salyut 7 11 April 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-10
First Indian in space (Sharma).
Earth observation program; life sciences and materials processing experiments.
100 United States Robert L. Crippen
United States Francis R. "Dick" Scobee
United States George D. Nelson
United States James D. A. van Hoften
United States Terry J. Hart
6 April 1984
United States STS-41-C,
Challenger
13 April 1984
United States STS-41-C,
Challenger
LDEF deployed for later retrieval.
Capture, repair and redeployment of malfunctioning Solar Maximum Mission satellite.
101 Soviet Union Vladimir A. Dzanibekov
Soviet Union Igor P. Volk
Soviet Union Svetlana Y. Savitskaya
17 July 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-12
Salyut 7 29 July 1984
Soviet Union Soyuz T-12
First EVA by a female astronaut (Savitskaya).
102 United States Henry W. Hartsfield
United States Michael L. Coats
United States Judith A. Resnik
United States Steven A. Hawley
United States Richard M. Mullane
United States Charles D. Walker
30 August 1984
United States STS-41-D,
Discovery
5 September 1984
United States STS-41-D,
Discovery
Testing of experimental solar arrays; three satellites deployed.
103 United States Robert L. Crippen
United States Jon A. McBride
United States Kathryn D. Sullivan
United States Sally K. Ride
United States David C. Leestma
Canada Marc Garneau
United States Paul D. Scully-Power
5 October 1984
United States STS-41-G,
Challenger
13 October 1984
United States STS-41-G,
Challenger
ERBS satellite deployed.
Radar imaging.
First EVA by an American woman (Sullivan).
First Canadian in space (Garneau).
First flight including two women.
104 United States Frederick H. Hauck
United States David Walker
United States Anna Fisher
United States Dale A. Gardner
United States Joseph P. Allen
8 November 1984
United States STS-51-A,
Discovery
16 November 1984
United States STS-51-A,
Discovery
Deployed two communications satellites; retrieved two malfunctioning satellites.
1985 launches
105 United States Thomas K. Mattingly II
United States Loren J. Shriver
United States Ellison S. Onizuka
United States James F. Buchli
United States Gary E. Payton
24 January 1985
United States STS-51-C,
Discovery
27 January 1985
United States STS-51-C,
Discovery
First mission for the U.S. Department of Defense. Classified payload, possibly intelligence-gathering satellite.
106 United States Karol J. Bobko
United States Donald E. Williams
United States M. Rhea Seddon
United States Jeffrey A. Hoffman
United States S. David Griggs
United States Charles D. Walker
United States E. Jake Garn
12 April 1985
United States STS-51-D,
Discovery
19 April 1985
United States STS-51-D,
Discovery
Communications satellite deployed.
Miscellaneous scientific experiments.
First senator in space (Garn).
107 United States Robert F. Overmyer
United States Frederick D. Gregory
United States Don L. Lind
United States Norman E. Thagard
United States William E. Thornton
United States Lodewijk van den Berg
United States Taylor G. Wang
29 April 1985
United States STS-51-B,
Challenger
6 May 1985
United States STS-51-B,
Challenger
Second Spacelab mission; microgravity experiments.
Observation of behaviour of monkeys and rodents in space.
108 Soviet Union Vladimir A. Dzanibekov 5 June 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-13
Salyut 7 26 September 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-13
Repair of crippled Salyut 7 station.
Soviet Union Viktor P. Savinykh 21 November 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-14
109 United States Daniel C. Brandenstein
United States John O. Creighton
United States Shannon W. Lucid
United States Steven R. Nagel
United States John M. Fabian
France Patrick Baudry
Saudi Arabia Sultan Salman Al Saud
17 June 1985
United States STS-51-G,
Discovery
24 June 1985
United States STS-51-G,
Discovery
Three communications satellites deployed.
Miscellaneous scientific experiments.
First Saudi and the first Arab in space (Al-Saud).
110 United States Gordon Fullerton
United States Roy D. Bridges
United States F. Story Musgrave
United States Anthony W. England
United States Karl G. Henize
United States Loren W. Acton
United States John-David F. Bartoe
29 July 1985
United States STS-51-F,
Challenger
6 August 1985
United States STS-51-F,
Challenger
Spacelab-2 mission; miscellaneous science experiments.
Three communications satellites deployed.
111 United States Joseph H. Engle
United States Richard O. Covey
United States James D. A. van Hoften
United States John M. Lounge
United States William F. Fisher
27 August 1985
United States STS-51-I,
Discovery
3 September 1985
United States STS-51-I,
Discovery
Three communications satellites deployed.
Retrieval, repair and redeployment of LEASAT-3 satellite.
112 Soviet Union Vladimir Vasyutin
Soviet Union Alexander Volkov
17 September 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-14
Salyut 7 21 November 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-14
 
Soviet Union Georgi M. Grechko 26 September 1985
Soviet Union Soyuz T-13
113 United States Karol J. Bobko
United States Ronald J. Grabe
United States David C. Hilmers
United States Robert L. Stewart
United States William A. Pailes
3 October 1985
United States STS-51-J,
Atlantis
7 October 1985
United States STS-51-J,
Atlantis
Second U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, believed to be two communications satellites.
114 United States Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr.
United States Steven R. Nagel
United States James F. Buchli
United States Guion Bluford
United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
Germany Reinhard Furrer
Germany Ernst Messerschmid
Netherlands Wubbo J. Ockels
30 October 1985
United States STS-61-A,
Challenger
6 November 1985
United States STS-61-A,
Challenger
German-sponsored Spacelab mission; microgravity experiments.
First Dutchman in space (Ockels).
115 United States Brewster H. Shaw, Jr.
United States Bryan D. O'Connor
United States Mary L. Cleave
United States Sherwood C. Spring
United States Jerry L. Ross
Mexico Rodolfo Neri Vela
United States Charles D. Walker
26 November 1985
United States STS-61-B,
Atlantis
3 December 1985
United States STS-61-B,
Atlantis
Three communications satellites deployed.
Demonstration of in-orbit construction techniques.
First Mexican in space (Neri).
1986 launches
116 United States Robert L. Gibson
United States Charles F. Bolden
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
United States Steven A. Hawley
United States George D. Nelson
United States Robert J. Cenker
United States Bill Nelson
12 January 1986
United States STS-61-C,
Columbia
18 January 1986
United States STS-61-C,
Columbia
Deployment of communications satellite.
Miscellaneous science experiments.
United States Francis R. "Dick" Scobee
United States Michael J. Smith
United States Judith A. Resnik
United States Ellison S. Onizuka
United States Ronald E. McNair
United States Gregory B. Jarvis
United States Christa McAuliffe
28 January 1986
United States STS-51-L, Challenger
Disintegrated 73 seconds after launch with loss of all crew.
117 Soviet Union Leonid D. Kizim
Soviet Union Vladimir Solovyov
13 March 1986
Soviet Union Soyuz T-15
Mir
Salyut 7
Mir
16 July 1986
Soviet Union Soyuz T-15
First expedition to Mir.
Last expedition to Salyut 7.
1987 launches
118 Soviet Union Alexander Laveykin 7 February 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-2
Mir 30 July 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-2
Mir crew rotation and maintenance.
Soviet Union Yuri V. Romanenko 29 December 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3
119 Soviet Union Alexander Viktorenko
Syria Mohammed Faris
22 July 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3
Mir 30 July 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-2
Mir crew rotation.
First Syrian in space (Faris).
Soviet Union Alexander P. Alexandrov 29 December 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3
120 Soviet Union Anatoli Levchenko 21 December 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-4
Mir 29 December 1987
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3
Mir crew rotation.
Biological experiments and astronomical observations.
Soviet Union Vladimir G. Titov
Soviet Union Musa Manarov
21 December 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-6
1988 launches
121 Soviet Union Anatoly Solovyev
Soviet Union Victor Savinykh
Bulgaria Alexander Alexandrov
7 June 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-5
Mir 17 June 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-4
 
122 Soviet Union Vladimir A. Lyakhov
Afghanistan Abdul Ahad Mohmand
29 August 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-6
Mir 7 September 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-5
Mir crew rotation.
First Afghan in space (Mohmand).
Soviet Union Valeri Polyakov 27 April 1989
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-7
123 United States Frederick H. Hauck
United States Richard O. Covey
United States John M. Lounge
United States George D. Nelson
United States David C. Hilmers
28 September 1988
United States STS-26, Discovery
3 October 1988
United States STS-26, Discovery
First "Return to Flight" Space Shuttle mission after Challenger Disaster.
Deployment of Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-3 (TDRS-3).
124 Soviet Union Alexander Volkov
Soviet Union Sergei Krikalev
26 November 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-7
Mir 27 April 1989
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-7
Mir crew rotation.
Technology experiments.
First European EVA (Chrétien).
France Jean-Loup Chrétien 21 December 1988
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-6
125 United States Robert L. Gibson
United States Guy S. Gardner
United States Richard M. Mullane
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States William M. Shepherd
2 December 1988
United States STS-27, Atlantis
6 December 1988
United States STS-27, Atlantis
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, reportedly Lacrosse 1 radar reconnaissance satellite.
1989 launches
126 United States Michael L. Coats
United States John E. Blaha
United States James P. Bagian
United States James F. Buchli
United States Robert C. Springer
13 March 1989
United States STS-29, Discovery
18 March 1989
United States STS-29, Discovery
Deployment of Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-4 (TDRS-4).
Miscellaneous science experiments.
127 United States David M. Walker
United States Ronald J. Grabe
United States Norman E. Thagard
United States Mary L. Cleave
United States Mark C. Lee
4 May 1989
United States STS-30, Atlantis
8 May 1989
United States STS-30, Atlantis
Magellan probe deployed.
128 United States Brewster H. Shaw, Jr.
United States Richard N. Richards
United States James C. Adamson
United States David C. Leestma
United States Mark N. Brown
8 August 1989
United States STS-28, Columbia
13 August 1989
United States STS-28, Columbia
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, reportedly military communications and reconnaissance satellites.
129 Soviet Union Alexander Viktorenko
Soviet Union Alexander A. Serebrov
5 September 1989
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-8
Mir 19 February 1990
Soviet Union Soyuz TM-8
Mir equipment installation.
130 United States Donald E. Williams
United States Michael J. McCulley
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
United States Shannon W. Lucid
United States Ellen S. Baker
18 October 1989
United States STS-34, Atlantis
23 October 1989
United States STS-34, Atlantis
Galileo probe deployed.
131 United States Frederick D. Gregory
United States John E. Blaha
United States F. Story Musgrave
United States Sonny Carter
United States Kathryn C. Thornton
22 November 1989
United States STS-33, Discovery
27 November 1989
United States STS-33, Discovery
U.S. Department of Defense mission. Classified payload, reportedly reconnaissance satellite.
First African-American Shuttle Commander.
Continued at List of human spaceflights, 1990s
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