List of human spaceflights to Mir: Wikis

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Soyuz TM-20 is docked to the bottom of Mir, as seen from Space Shuttle Discovery in February 1995 during STS-63

This is a list of human spaceflights to Mir, a Russian space station. Unmanned visiting spacecraft are excluded (see List of unmanned spaceflights to Mir for details). Mir crew members are listed in bold. "Time Docked" refers to the spacecraft and does not always correspond to the crew.

Mir's core module was launched on 19 February 1986. The space station was largely assembled while in orbit and had many short-term visitors (about a week aboard Mir) as well as many long-term crew members (from 6 months up to Valeri Polyakov's 14 month stay at the space station beginning in January 1994, which still holds the record for the longest continuous spaceflight by a single person).

Many of the crew who visited Mir used different spacecraft to launch than they did to land; the first such examples were Aleksandr Viktorenko and Muhammed Faris who flew up in Soyuz TM-3 (launched 22 July 1987) and landed a week later in Soyuz TM-2 on 30 July 1987. The largest crew aboard Mir simultaneously (not including the NASA Space Shuttle missions) was 6, which first occurred with the launch of Soyuz TM-7 on 26 November 1988 and lasted for just over three weeks. Mir existed until 23 March 2001. At that day it was deliberately de-orbited and broke apart during atmospheric reentry.

Mission Crew Crew Photo Crew Patch Notes
1. Soyuz T-15
Launch:
13 March 1986
Time Docked:
~71 days
Soviet Union Leonid Kizim

Soviet Union Vladimir Solovyov

Delivered Mir EO-1 crew

Also visited Salyut 7

2. Soyuz TM-2
Launch:
5 February 1987
Time Docked:
~172 days
Soviet Union Yuri Romanenko

Soviet Union Aleksandr Laveykin

Delivered Mir EO-2 crew
3. Soyuz TM-3
Launch:
22 July 1987
Time Docked:
~158 days
Soviet Union Aleksandr Aleksandrov

Soviet Union Aleksandr Viktorenko
Syria Muhammed Faris

Delivered Aleksandrov for Mir EO-2 crew

Viktorenko and Faris returend on Soyuz TM-2 after 8 days

4. Soyuz TM-4
Launch:
21 December 1987
Time Docked:
~177 days
Soviet Union Vladimir Titov

Soviet Union Musa Manarov
Soviet Union Anatoli Levchenko

Delivered Mir EO-3 crew

Levchenko returned on Soyuz TM-3 after 8 days

5. Soyuz TM-5
Launch:
7 June 1988
Time Docked:
~90 days
Soviet Union Anatoly Solovyev

Soviet Union Viktor Savinykh
Bulgaria Aleksandr Aleksandrov

All three crew returned on Soyuz TM-4 after 10 days
6. Soyuz TM-6
Launch:
29 August 1988
Time Docked:
~112 days
Soviet Union Valeri Polyakov

Soviet Union Vladimir Lyakhov
Afghanistan Abdul Ahad Mohmand

Soyuz-tm6.gif Delivered Polyakov for Mir EO-3 crew

Lyakhov and Mohmand returned on Soyuz TM-5 after 9 days

7. Soyuz TM-7
Launch:
26 November 1988
Time Docked:
~149 days
Soviet Union Aleksandr Volkov

Soviet Union Sergei Krikalev
France Jean-Loup Chrétien

Stm7pat.jpg Delivered Mir EO-4 crew

Chrétien returned on Soyuz TM-6 after 25 days

8. Soyuz TM-8
Launch:
5 September 1989
Time Docked:
~165 days
Soviet Union Aleksandr Viktorenko

Soviet Union Aleksandr Serebrov

Delivered Mir EO-5 crew
9. Soyuz TM-9
Launch:
11 February 1990
Time Docked:
~177 days
Soviet Union Anatoly Solovyev

Soviet Union Aleksandr Balandin

Delivered Mir EO-6 crew
10. Soyuz TM-10
Launch:
1 August 1990
Time Docked:
~129 days
Soviet Union Gennadi Manakov

Soviet Union Gennady Strekalov

Delivered Mir EO-7 crew
11. Soyuz TM-11
Launch:
1 December 1990
Time Docked:
~173 days
Soviet Union Viktor Afanasyev

Soviet Union Musa Manarov
Japan Toyohiro Akiyama

Delivered Mir EO-8 crew

Akiyama returned on Soyuz TM-10 after 8 days

12. Soyuz TM-12
Launch:
18 May 1991
Time Docked:
~142 days
Soviet Union Anatoly Artsebarsky

Soviet Union / Russia Sergei Krikalev
United Kingdom Helen Sharman

Stm12pat.jpg Delivered Mir EO-9 crew

Sharman returned on Soyuz TM-11 after 8 days

13. Soyuz TM-13
Launch:
2 October 1991
Time Docked:
~173 days
Soviet Union / Russia Aleksandr Volkov

Soviet Union Toktar Aubakirov
Austria Franz Viehböck

Delivered Mir EO-10 crew

Aubakirov and Viehböck returned on Soyuz TMA-12 after 8 days

14. Soyuz TM-14
Launch:
17 March 1992
Time Docked:
~143 days
Russia Aleksandr Viktorenko

Russia Aleksandr Kaleri
Germany Klaus-Dietrich Flade

Delivered Mir EO-11 crew

Flade returned on Soyuz TM-13 after 8 days

15. Soyuz TM-15
Launch:
27 July 1992
Time Docked:
~187 days
Russia Anatoly Solovyev

Russia Sergei Avdeyev
France Michel Tognini

Delivered Mir EO-12 crew

Tognini returned on Soyuz TM-14 after 14 days

16. Soyuz TM-16
Launch:
24 January 1993
Time Docked:
~177 days
Russia Gennadi Manakov

Russia Aleksandr Poleshchuk

Delivered Mir EO-13 crew
17. Soyuz TM-17
Launch:
1 July 1993
Time Docked:
~195 days
Russia Vasili Tsibliyev

Russia Aleksandr Serebrov
France Jean-Pierre Haigneré

Delivered Mir EO-14 crew

Haigneré returned on Soyuz TM-16 after 21 days

18. Soyuz TM-18
Launch:
8 January 1994
Time Docked:
~180 days
Russia Viktor Afanasyev

Russia Yury Usachev
Russia Valeri Polyakov

Delivered Mir EO-15 crew
19. Soyuz TM-19
Launch:
1 July 1994
Time Docked:
~124 days
Russia Yuri Malenchenko

Russia Talgat Musabayev

Soyuztm19.jpg Delivered Mir EO-16 crew
20. Soyuz TM-20
Launch:
3 October 1994
Time Docked:
~166 days
Russia Aleksandr Viktorenko

Russia Yelena Kondakova
Germany Ulf Merbold

Delivered Mir EO-17 crew

Merbold returned on Soyuz TM-19 after 32 days

21. Soyuz TM-21
Launch:
14 March 1995
Time Docked:
~179 days
Russia Vladimir Dezhurov

Russia Gennady Strekalov
United States Norman E. Thagard

Delivered Mir EO-18 crew
22. STS-71
Atlantis
Launch:
27 June 1995
Time Docked:
4 days 22h
United States Robert L. Gibson

United States Charles J. Precourt
United States Ellen S. Baker
United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
United States Gregory J. Harbaugh
Russia Anatoly Solovyev
Russia Nikolai Budarin

STS-71 crew.jpg Sts-71-patch.png Delivered Mir EO-19 crew

Returned Mir EO-18 crew

23. Soyuz TM-22
Launch:
3 September 1995
Time Docked:
~177 days
Russia Yuri Gidzenko

Russia Sergei Avdeyev
Germany Thomas Reiter

Delivered Mir EO-20 crew
24. STS-74
Atlantis
Launch:
12 November 1995
Time Docked:
3 days 2h
United States Kenneth D. Cameron

United States James D. Halsell
United States Jerry L. Ross
United States William S. McArthur
Canada Chris A. Hadfield

STS-74 crew.jpg Sts-74-patch.png Delivered Mir Docking Module & Solar Array Package
25. Soyuz TM-23
Launch:
21 February 1996
Time Docked:
~192 days
Russia Yuri Onufrienko

Russia Yury Usachev

Delivered Mir EO-21 crew
26. STS-76
Atlantis
Launch:
22 March 1996
Time Docked:
4 days 23h
United States Kevin P. Chilton

United States Richard A. Searfoss
United States Linda M. Godwin
United States Michael R. Clifford
United States Ronald M. Sega
United States Shannon W. Lucid

STS-76 crew.jpg Sts-76-patch.png Delivered Lucid for Mir EO-21 crew

Deployed MEEP
1 spacewalk

27. Soyuz TM-24
Launch:
17 August 1996
Time Docked:
~195 days
Russia Valery Korzun

Russia Aleksandr Kaleri
France Claudie Haigneré

Soyuz-tm24.jpg Delivered Mir EO-22 crew

Haigneré returned on Soyuz TM-23 after 16 days

28. STS-79
Atlantis
Launch:
16 September 1996
Time Docked:
4 days 22h
United States William F. Readdy

United States Terrence W. Wilcutt
United States Thomas D. Akers
United States Jerome Apt
United States Carl E. Walz
United States John E. Blaha

STS-79 crew.jpg STS-79 patch.svg Delivered Blaha for Mir EO-22 crew
29. STS-81
Atlantis
Launch:
12 January 1997
Time Docked:
4 days 22h
United States Michael A. Baker

United States Brent W. Jett
United States John M. Grunsfeld
United States Marsha S. Ivins
United States Peter J.K. Wisoff
United States Jerry M. Linenger

STS-81 crew.jpg Sts-81-patch.png Delivered Linenger for Mir EO-22 crew
30. Soyuz TM-25
Launch:
10 February 1997
Time Docked:
~183 days
Russia Vasili Tsibliyev

Russia Aleksandr Lazutkin
Germany Reinhold Ewald

Delivered Mir EO-23 crew

Ewald returned on Soyuz TM-24 after 20 days

31. STS-84
Atlantis
Launch:
15 May 1997
Time Docked:
4 days 23h
United States Charles J. Precourt

United States Eileen M. Collins
United States Carlos I. Noriega
United States Edward T. Lu
France Jean-François Clervoy
Russia Yelena Kondakova
United States Michael Foale

STS-84 crew.jpg Sts-84-patch.png Delivered Foale for Mir EO-23 crew
32. Soyuz TM-26
Launch:
5 August 1997
Time Docked:
~196 days
Russia Anatoly Solovyev

Russia Pavel Vinogradov

Delivered Mir EO-24 crew
33. STS-86
Atlantis
Launch:
27 September 1997
Time Docked:
5 days 22h
United States James D. Wetherbee

United States Michael J. Bloomfield
United States Scott E. Parazynski
United States Wendy B. Lawrence
France Jean-Loup Chrétien
Russia Vladimir Titov
United States David A. Wolf

STS-86 crew.jpg Sts-86-patch.png Delivered Wolf for Mir EO-24 crew

Retrieved MEEP
1 spacewalk

34. STS-89
Endeavour
Launch:
22 January 1998
Time Docked:
4 days 21h
United States Terrence W. Wilcutt

United States Joe F. Edwards
United States Bonnie J. Dunbar
United States Michael P. Anderson
United States James F. Reilly
Russia Salizhan Sharipov
United States Andrew S.W. Thomas

STS-89 crew.jpg Sts-89-patch.png Delivered Thomas for Mir EO-24 crew
35. Soyuz TM-27
Launch:
29 January 1998
Time Docked:
~206 days
Russia Talgat Musabayev

Russia Nikolai Budarin
France Léopold Eyharts

Delivered Mir EO-25 crew

Eyharts returned on Soyuz TM-26 after 22 days

36. STS-91
Discovery
Launch:
2 June 1998
Time Docked:
3 days 23h
United States Charles J. Precourt

United States Dominic L. Pudwill Gorie
United States Wendy B. Lawrence
United States Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
United States Janet L. Kavandi
Russia Valery Ryumin

STS-91 crew.jpg Sts-91-patch.png Returned Thomas from Mir EO-25 crew
37. Soyuz TM-28
Launch:
13 August 1998
Time Docked:
~196 days
Russia Gennady Padalka

Russia Sergei Avdeyev
Russia Yuri Baturin

Delivered Mir EO-26 crew

Baturin returned on Soyuz TM-27 after 12 days

38. Soyuz TM-29
Launch:
20 February 1999
Time Docked:
~186 days
Russia Viktor Afanasyev

France Jean-Pierre Haigneré
Slovakia Ivan Bella

Delivered Mir EO-27 crew

Bella returned on Soyuz TM-28 after 8 days

39. Soyuz TM-30
Launch:
4 April 2000
Time Docked:
~70 days
Russia Sergei Zalyotin

Russia Aleksandr Kaleri

Soyuz-tm-30-patch.png Delivered Mir EO-28 crew

See also

References

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