List of indigenous peoples: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a partial list of the world's indigenous / aboriginal / native peoples.

Note that this is a listing of peoples, groups and communities. It is not a list of individual persons who may be considered or recognised as indigenous.

This list is grouped by region, and sub-region. Note that a particular group may warrant listing under more than one region, either because the group is distributed in more than one region (example: Inuit in North America and eastern Russia), or there may be some overlap of the regions themselves (that is, the boundaries of each region are not always clear and some locations may commonly be associated with more than one region).



The continent of Africa, including associated islands such as Madagascar, but excluding Arabia.


Central Africa

Central Africa generally includes the lands mainly of the Congo River basin, south of the Sahara and west of the Great Rift Valley.

East Africa

East Africa generally includes the Horn of Africa region and (parts of) surrounding countries.

North Africa

North Africa generally includes African countries with borders on the Mediterranean Sea and northern Red Sea and Atlantic Ocean, bounded largely by the Sahara Desert to the south.

Southern Africa

Southern Africa generally includes lands from the Cape of Good Hope northwards to the borders of Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania, and islands such as Madagascar.

West Africa

West Africa generally includes the region bounded by the Sahara Desert to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south.


the Americas is the continent (or supercontinent) comprising North and South America, and associated islands.

The Caribbean

the Caribbean, or West Indies, generally includes the island chains of the Caribbean Sea.

Central America and Mexico

Central America generally includes the part of the North American (sub-)contintent from southern Mexico to and including Panama, this section includes indigenous peoples of Mexico.

North America

North America generally includes Greenland, Canada, the United States, Mexico, and the eastern Aleutian Islands.

South America

South America generally includes all of the (sub-)continent and islands south of the Isthmus of Panama.


The (sub-)continent of Asia, including related islands, the Indian subcontinent, Central Asian Republics, the Middle East and Arabia.

Central Asia

Central Asia generally includes the landlocked region east of the Caspian Sea, south of the Russian Taiga, to the Himalayas, and extending eastwards to Mongolia and the western Chinese provinces and autonomous regions.

East Asia

East Asia generally includes the People's Republic of China, the Korean Peninsula, and the associated Pacific islands, principally Japan and Taiwan.

North Asia

North Asia generally includes the Russian Far East and the northern and eastern parts of Siberia.

South Asia

South Asia generally includes the Indian subcontinental region, the Himalayan states and related islands of the Indian Ocean.

Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia generally includes the mainland region sometimes known as Indochina, and the Malay archipelago.

Southwest Asia

Women of the Ghilzai tribe of Pashtun people

Southwest Asia generally includes the region (formerly Persia) westwards of Pakistan, the Arabian peninsula, the Middle East, the Levant, Mesopotamia, the Caucasus region and Anatolia.

Circumpolar North

The Circumpolar North generally includes the lands surrounding the Arctic Circle.


Europe generally refers to the mass of the Eurasian peninsula westwards of the Ural Mountains, the islands of the Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean.


Oceania includes most islands of the Pacific Ocean, New Guinea and the continent of Australia.


Australia includes the continental landmass, and associated islands.


Melanesian generally includes New Guinea and other (far-)western Pacific islands from the Arafura Sea out to Fiji.


Micronesia generally includes the various small island chains of the western and central Pacific.


Polynesia generally includes New Zealand and thus islands of the central and southern Pacific Oceans

See also

Related articles

See all pages that start with indigenous people or indigenous


  1. ^ Kipuri (2007, p.472)
  2. ^ Rouse (1992)
  3. ^ Sawahla & Dloomy (2007, pp.425–433)
  4. ^ Bachmann (2007, pp.420–424)


Bachmann, Anna Sophia (2007). "The Marsh Dwellers of Iraq". in Sille Stidsen (compilation and ed.) (PDF online edition). The Indigenous World 2007. International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs yearbooks (ISSN 1024-0217). Copenhagen: IWGIA, distributed by Transaction Publishers. pp. 420–424. ISBN 978-87-91563-23-2. OCLC 30981676. 
Kipuri, Naomi (2007). "Kenya". in Sille Stidsen (compilation and ed.) (PDF online edition). The Indigenous World 2007. International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs yearbooks (ISSN 1024-0217). Marianne Wiben Jensen (Horn of Africa and East Africa regional ed.). Copenhagen: IWGIA, distributed by Transaction Publishers. pp. 468–476. ISBN 978-87-91563-23-2. OCLC 30981676. 
Rouse, Irving (1992). The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People who greeted Columbus. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-05181-6. OCLC 24469325. 
Sawalha, Faisal; and Ariel Dloomy (2007). "The Arab Bedouins of Israel". in Sille Stidsen (compilation and ed.) (PDF online edition). The Indigenous World 2007. International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs yearbooks (ISSN 1024-0217). Copenhagen: IWGIA, distributed by Transaction Publishers. pp. 425–433. ISBN 978-87-91563-23-2. OCLC 30981676. 


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