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This article provides the list of maraji (plural of marja the supreme legal authority or the source of emulation), both current and deceased, followed by Twelver (also known as Imamiyyah) Shia Muslims around the world. The concept of a marja-i taqlid (lit. source of emulation) is central to Usuli Shi'a Islam [1] . Marja-i taqlids provide religious interpretations on matters of law and rituals.[2][3] Ideally, the most just and knowledgeable specialist in the field of the Islamic law should become recognized throughout the Muslim world as the marja-i taqlid. In practice however this rarely happens and there are several marja taqlid's among whom an individual is free to choose and emulate.[2][3]

Those clerics who reach the apex in the hirerachy of theological rank in the centers of Shi'a learning become marja-i taqlids.[2][4] Since around 1940, marja-i taqlids are often referred to by their followers with the honorific title of Ayatollah al-`Uzma (Grand Ayatollah).[2] Among the functions of marja-i taqlids is the collection and distribution of religious taxes (zakat and khums).[2][3]

Contents

Current

Note: The list contains those Ayatollahs who have published a resalah, regardless of the number of followers they have. The general consensus on the standard by which a believer chooses the marja he/she wishes to follow requires (among other things) that the marja be the most knowledgeable shi'i mujtahid in all fields. However, the assessment of the most knowledgeable scholar ('alam) is subjective among experts in the field. The names are ordered alphabetically(by common name of mujtahids. See also: List of Ayatollahs

S No
Image
Name
Year of Birth[5]
CE
AH
Birth Place
Education
Residence
Website
Notes
1 AyatullahAliari.jpg Aliari - علياري
Mirza Javad Gharvi Aliari
ميرزا جواد غروي علياري
1935
1353
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
2 JavadiAmoli.jpg Amoli - آملى
Abdollah Javadi-Amoli
عبدالله جوادى آملى
1933
1352
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
3 Ardabili.jpg Ardebili - اردبيلي
Sayyid Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili
السيد عبدالكريم موسوي اردبيلي
1926
1344
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
4 RahimiAzad.jpg Azad - آزاد
Ali Asghar Rahimi Azad
علی اصغر رحیمی آزاد
1939
1358
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
5 Bouroujerdi1.jpg Boroujerdi - بروجردی
Sayyid Hossein Kazemeyni Boroujerdi
السيد حسين كاظميني بروجردي
1934
1352
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
6 DastgheibShirazi.jpg Dastgheib - دستغیب
Sayyid Ali Mohammad Dastgheib Shirazi
السيد علی محمد دستغیب شيرازي
1935
1353
Iran Iran Iran Iran & Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
7 Doozdoozani.jpg Duzduzani - دوزدوزاني
Mirza Yadollah Duzduzani
ميرزا يدالله دوزدوزاني
1935
1354
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
8 Fadlallah.jpg Fadlallah - فضل الله
Sayyid Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah
السيد محمد حسين فضل الله
1935
1353
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Lebanon Lebanon Official Website -
9 Faghih.jpg Faqih - فقيه
Mirza Mohammad Hassan Ahmadi Faqih
ميرزا محمد حسن احمدى فقيه
1946
1365
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
10 Al fayyad.jpg Fayyadh - فياض
Mohammad Ishaq al-Fayyadh
محمد إسحاق فياض
1930
1348
Afghanistan Afghanistan Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
11 GeramiGhomi.jpg Ghomi - قمي
Mohammad Ali Gerami Ghomi
محمدعلى گرامى قمي
1938
1357
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
12 Ghomsheie.jpg Ghomsheiy - قمشه‏اي
Mohammad Ali Esmailpour Ghomsheiy
محمد علي اسماعيل‏پور قمشه‏اي
1940
1359
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
13 Golpaygani.gif Golpaygani - گلپایگانی
Lotfollah Safi Golpaygani
لطف الله صافی گلپایگانی
1919
1337
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
14 JARJAB1.jpg Gorgani - گرگانى
Sayyid Mohammad Alavi Ali Hosseini Gorgani
السيد محمد على علوى حسينى گرگانى
1926
1344
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
15 HAERI.jpg Haeri - حائري‎
Sayyid Kazim Hussaini al-Haeri
السيد كاظم حسيني حائري‎
1938
1356
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
16 Al hakim1.jpg Hakeem - حكيم
Sayyid Mohammad Sa'eed Tabatabai al-Hakeem
السيد محمد سعيد الطباطبائي الحكيم
1936
1354
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
17 Hamadani.jpg Hamedani - همداني
Hossein Noori Hamedani
حسين نوري همداني
1926
1344
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
18 Jannati.jpg Jannaati - جناتی
Mohammad Ebrahim Jannaati
محمد ابراهيم جناتی
1932
1350
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
19 Jazayeri.jpg Jazayeri - جزایری
Sayyid Mohammad Ali Moosavi Jazayeri
السید محمد علی موسوی جزایری
1941
1360
Iran Iran Iran Iran & Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
20 Kaboli.jpg Kaboli - كابلى
Qorban Ali Kaboli
قربان علي كابلى
1928
1346
AfghanistanAfghanistan AfghanistanAfghanistan &IraqIraq AfghanistanAfghanistan Official Website -
21 Kashani111.jpg Kashani - کاشانی
Sayyid Abbas Hosseini Kashani
السید عباس حسيني کاشانی
1931
1350
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
22 AyatullahMobasher.jpg Kashani - کاشانی
Khalil Mobasher Kashani
خلیل مبشر کاشانی
1951
1370
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
23 Ali Khamenei,.jpg Khamenei - خامنه اي
Sayyid Ali Hoseyni Khamenei
السيد علي حسيني خامنه اي
1939
1358
Iran Iran Iran Iran & Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
24 Vahid Khorasani1.jpg Khorasani - خراساني
Hossein Vahid Khorasani
حسين وحيد خراساني
1924
1342
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
25 Moslem-Malakouti1.jpg Malakouti - ملكوتی
Moslem Malakouti
مسلم ملكوتی
1923
1341
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
26 Hossein Mazaheri.jpg Mazaheri - مظاهري
Hossein Mazaheri
حسين مظاهري
1934
1352
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
27 Mazandarani.png Mazandarani - مازندرانی
Morteza Sadoughi Mazandarani
مرتضی صدوقی مازندرانی
1946
1365
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
28 Moderresihadi1.jpg Modaressi - مدرسي
Sayyid Hadi al-Modaressi
السيد هادي المدرسي‎
1956
1376
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
29 Moderresi.jpg Modaressi - مدرسي
Sayyid Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi
السيد محمد تقي المدرسي‎
1945
1364
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
30 Mohri.jpg Mohri - مهري
Sayyid Mohammad Baqir Mousavi al-Mohri
السيد محمد باقر موسوي مهري
1948
1367
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Kuwait Kuwait Official Website -
31 Mohseni2.jpg Mohseni - محسني
Mohammad Asif Mohseni
محمد آصف محسني
1936
1354
Afghanistan Afghanistan Iraq Iraq Afghanistan Afghanistan Official Website -
32 Mousavi.jpg Mousavi - موسوي
Sayyid Mohammad Mofti al-Shi'a Mousavi
السيد محمد مفتي الشيعة موسوي
1928
1347
Iran Iran Iran Iran & Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
33 Najafi12.jpg Najafi - نجفي
Bashir Hussain Najafi
بشير حسين النجفي
1942
1361
India British India Pakistan Pakistan & Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
34 Hussainnajafy.jpg Najafi - نجفي
Muhammad Hussain Najafi
محمد حسين النجفي
1932
1350
IndiaBritish India Pakistan Pakistan & Iraq Iraq Pakistan Pakistan Official website -
35 Hossein Nassab.jpg Nassab - نسب
Sayyid Reza Hosseini Nassab
السيد رضا حسيني نسب
1960
1380
Iran Iran Iran Iran Canada Canada Official Website [6]
36 Nekoonam.jpg Nekoonam - نکونام
Mohammad Reza Nekoonam
محمد رضا نکونام
1948
1367
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
37 Sadiqrohani.jpg Rohani - روحاني
Sayyid Mohammad Sadeq Hosayni Rohani
السيد محمد صادق حسيني روحاني
1926
1344
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
38 Saanei.jpg Saan'ei - صانعي
Yousuf Saan'ei
يوسف صانعي
1937
1355
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
39 SHAHROUDI1.jpg Shahroudi - شاهرودي
Sayyid Mohammad Shahroudi
السيد محمد شاهرودي
1925
1343
Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
40 MAKAREM.jpg Shirazi - شيرازي
Naser Makarem Shirazi
ناصر مكارم شيرازي
1927
1345
Iran Iran Iran Iran & Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
41 Sadiq22.jpg Shirazi - شيرازي
Sayyid Sadiq Hussaini Shirazi
السيد صادق حسيني شيرازي
1942
1361
Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
42 Sirjani.jpg Sirjani - سیرجانی
Mohammad Rahmati Sirjani
محمد رحمتی سیرجانی
1928
1347
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
43 Ali Sistani.jpg Sistani - سيستاني
Sayyid Ali Husayni as-Sistani
السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني‎
1930
1348
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website -
44 Sobhani.jpg Sobhani - سبحاني
Ja'far Sobhani
جعفر سبحاني
1928
1346
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
45 KoochebaghiTabrizi.jpg Tabrizi - تبریزی
Mirza Mohsen Koochebaghi Tabrizi
میرزا محسن كوچه باغي تبریزی
1924
1342
Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
46 Tabrizi1.jpg Tabrizi - تبریزی
Sayyid Yousef Madani Tabrizi
السيد يوسف مدنی تبریزی
1928
1347
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
47 MohammadSadeghTehrani.jpg Tehrani - تهراني
Mohammad Sadeghi Tehrani
محمد صادقی تهراني
1926
1345
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
48 Tehrani123.jpg Tehrani - تهراني
Mojtaba Tehrani
مجتبي تهراني
1933
1352
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
49 Asadullah1.jpg Zanjani - زنجانی
Asadollah Bayyat Zanjani
اسدالله بیات زنجانی
1942
1361
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website -
50 Zanjani123.jpg Zanjani - زنجانی
Sayyid Mohammad Ezodin Hosseini Zanjani
السید محمد عزالدین حسيني زنجانی
1921
1340
Iran Iran Iran Iran & Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website -
51 Shabiri.jpg Zanjani - زنجانی
Sayyid Mousa Shubayri Zanjani
السيد موسى شبيري زنجانی
1927
1345
Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography [7]

Deceased

Note: The names are ordered by date of death (descending) as an arbitrary standard.

S. No. Name Birth Year Year of Death Birth Place Education Residence Website Image
* Kulaini 864 941 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq
* Shaikh Sudooq 918 993 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran
1 Sadr al-Din bin Saleh - - Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq
* Murtada al-Ansari - 1864
2 Seyed Mohammad Kazem Yazdi - -
3 Mohaddes Noori 1838 1902
4 Mohammad Taha Najafi 1825 1905
5 Seyed Morteza Kashmiri 1851 1905
6 Mirza Hossein Khalili 1839 1911
8 Reza Tabrizi - 1913
10 Mohammad Ali Rashti - 1919
12 Shari'ah Isfahani 1849 1920
13 Ismail as-Sadr - 1920 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Abulhasan.jpg
14 Abulhassan Esfahani 1860 1946 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Abolhassan Isfahani.jpg
15 Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi 1875 1961 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran - BorujerdiHossein.jpg
16 Mohammed Hassan Razi
(Aqa Bozorg Tehrani)
1875 1969 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq - Mohammed Hassan Aqa Bozorg Tehrani.jpg
17 Muhsin Al-Hakim 1889 1970 Lebanon Lebanon Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq - Mhakim.jpg
18 Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr 1935 1980 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq - Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr.jpg
19 Allameh Mohammed Hussain Tabatabai 1892 1981 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website TABATABAI.jpg
20 Abdullah Shirazi 1892 1984 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran - Al-Shirazi (3).gif
21 Mohammad Kazem Shariatmadari 1904 1986 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran - Kazem Shariatmadari.jpg
22 Sayyed Ali Naqi Naqvi 1905 1988 India British India Iraq Iraq India India - Naqqan sb.jpg
23 Ruhollah Khomeini 1902 1989 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.jpg
24 Abul-Qassim Khoei 1899 1992 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website KHOEI.jpg
25 Mohammad Reza Golpaygani 1898 1993 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography Gulpaygani1.jpg
26 Mohammad Ali Araki 1895 1994 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Biography
27 Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr 1934? 1999 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website
28 Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr 1943 1999 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq
29 Mohammad Hussaini Shirazi 1928 2001 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website
30 Mirza Javad Tabrizi 1926 2006 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website TABRIZI1.jpg
31 Mohammad Fazel Lankarani 1931 2007 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website Lankarani.jpg
32 Mohammad Taghi Bahjat Foumani 1917 2009 Iran Iran Iraq Iraq Iran Iran Official Website BEHJAT.jpg
33 Grand Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri 1922 2009 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website Grand Ayatollah Montazeri.jpg
34 Ali Safi Golpaygani 1913 2010 Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Iran Official Website Grand Ayatollah Ali Safi Golpaygani.jpg

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/intro/islam-ithna-ashari2.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e Lara Deeb, An Enchanted Modern: Gender and Public Piety in Shi'i Lebanon, Princeton University Press, pp.69-70
  3. ^ a b c Michael W. Suleiman,Arabs in America: Building a New Future, p.55, Temple University Press
  4. ^ Linda S. Walbridge, The Most Learned of the Shiʻa: The Institution of the Marjaʻ Taqlid, Oxford University Press, p.217
  5. ^ The abbreviation CE refers to the Common Era solar calendar, while AH refers to the Islamic Hijri lunar calendar.
  6. ^ Seyed Reza Hosseini Nassab
  7. ^ The Biography of Current Marjas

External links

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