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This is a list of attacks that have been made by vehicle explosions (bombs that were detonated inside cars, vans, trucks, buses etc).

Contents

Mass car bombings (by date)

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2000s

Year Date Country City Deaths Type More Info
October
28
 Pakistan Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province 92 car bomb
October
25
 Iraq Baghdad 155 car bombs (2)
October
12
 Pakistan Shangla District, Swat Valley 41 suicide car bomb against military vehicle
October
11
 Iraq Ramadi, Anbar Province 26 coordinated car bombs (3), including one suicide car bomb
October
9
 Pakistan Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province 48 car bomb
October
8
 Afghanistan Kabul 17 suicide car bomb
September
17
 Somalia Mogadishu 21 car bombs (2)
August
25
 Afghanistan Kandahar 43 car bomb
August
19
 Iraq Baghdad 101 car and truck bombs
June
24
 Iraq Baghdad 65 motorcycle bomb
June
20
 Iraq Taza 80 truck bomb
June
18
 Somalia Beledweyne 35 car bomb
June
10
 Iraq Al Batha 30 car bomb
May
27
 Pakistan Lahore 30 car bomb
May
20
 Iraq Baghdad 38 car bomb
April
29
 Iraq Baghdad 52 car bombs (2)
April
6
 Iraq Baghdad 37 car bombs (6)
Feb.
22
 Somalia Mogadishu 11 car bomb
2009 Jan.
24
 Somalia Mogadishu 15 car bomb
Dec.
28
 Pakistan Buner District 36 car bomb [1]
Nov.
6
 Pakistan Bajaur Agency 22 car bomb [2]
Oct.
29
 Somalia Bosaso and Hargeisa 30 car bombs (5)
Oct.
10
 Pakistan Orakzai Agency 110 car bomb
Sept.
27
 Syria Damascus 17 car bomb
Sept.
20
 Pakistan Islamabad 60 truck bomb
Sept.
12
 Iraq Dujail 32 car bomb
Sept.
6
 Pakistan 20 km from Peshawar 30 car bomb
Aug.
19
 Algeria Issers 44 car bomb
July
7
 Afghanistan Kabul 58 car bomb
June
17
 Iraq Baghdad 65 car bomb
June
2
 Pakistan Islamabad 6 car bomb
April
15
 Iraq Baquba 53 car bomb
Febr.
16
 Pakistan Parachinar 47 car bomb

The attack left at least 47 people dead and 150 injured

2008 Febr.
10
 Iraq Balad 33 car bomb
Dec.
12
 Iraq Amarah 46 car bombs (3)
Dec.
11
 Algeria Algiers 31 car bombs (2)
Dec.
9
 Pakistan Matta, Swat District, 10 car bomb [3]
Nov.
24
 Pakistan Rawalpindi 35 car bombs (2) .[4]
Sept.
8
 Algeria Dellys 30 car bomb
Aug.
14
 Iraq Yazidi compounds in Kahtaniya 796 truck bombs (4)
Aug.
1
 Iraq Baghdad 74 truck bomb, car bombs (2)
July
26
 Iraq Baghdad 92 car bomb
July
25
 Iraq Baghdad 50 car bombs (2)
July
19
 Pakistan Hub 30 car bomb
July
16
 Iraq Kirkuk 86 car bombs (3)
July
15
 Pakistan Matta, Swat District, 17 car bomb (2) 11 policeofficers among the dead. 47 wounded.[5]
July
14
 Pakistan Miranshah 23 car bomb At least 23 paramilitary troops died and 27 others injured [6]
July
7
 Iraq Armili 156 truck bomb
June
19
 Iraq Baghdad 75 car bomb
June
17
 Afghanistan Kabul 35 car bomb
May
13
 Iraq Makhmur 50 truck bomb
May
6
 Iraq Baghdad 35 car bomb
April
28
 Iraq Karbala 68 car bomb
April
18
 Iraq Baghdad 198 car bombs (4)
April
14
 Iraq Karbala 65 car bomb
April
11
 Algeria Algiers 33 car bombs (2)
March
29
 Iraq Khalis 47 car bombs (3)
March
27
 Iraq Tal Afar 152 truck bombs (2)
Febr.
18
 Iraq Baghdad 62 car bombs (2)
Febr.
14
 Iran Zahedan 18 car bomb
Febr.
12
 Iraq Baghdad 79 car bombs (3)
Febr.
3
 Iraq Baghdad 135 truck bomb
Jan.
22
 Iraq Baghdad 88 car bombs (2)
2007 Jan.
16
 Iraq Baghdad 70 car bomb
Dec.
12
 Iraq Baghdad 71 minibus bomb, car bomb
Dec.
2
 Iraq Baghdad 51 car bombs (3)
Nov.
23
 Iraq Sadr City 215 car bombs (6)
Oct.
16
 Sri Lanka Digampathana 100 truck bomb
Aug.
3
 Afghanistan Panjwayi 21 car bomb
July
1
 Iraq Sadr City 66 car bomb
2006 March
12
 Iraq Sadr City 58 car bombs (2)
Nov.
19
 Iraq Abu Sayda 50 car bomb
Sept.
29
 Iraq Balad 102 car bombs (3)
Sept.
14
 Iraq Baghdad 114 car bomb
Aug.
17
 Iraq Baghdad 43 car bombs (3)
July
23
 Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh 88 car bombs (2)
July
16
 Iraq Mussayib 98 truck bomb
Febr.
28
 Iraq Hilla 125 car bomb
2005 Febr.
14
 Lebanon Beirut 22 truck bomb
Dec.
19
 Iraq Karbala and Najaf 67 car bombs (2)
Oct.
7
 Egypt Hilton Taba, Taba 31 truck bomb
Oct.
7
 Pakistan Multan 40 car bomb
Sept.
30
 Iraq Baghdad 41 car bombs (3)
Sept.
14
 Iraq Police station, Baghdad 47 car bomb
Sept.
9
 Indonesia Australian Embassy, Jakarta 9 van bomb
July
28
 Iraq Police station, Baquba 70 mini-bus bomb
June
24
 Iraq Police stations, Mosul 62 car bombs (5)
June
17
 Iraq Iraqi army recruitment center, Baghdad 35 car bomb
April
21
 Iraq Police stations, Basra 74 car bombs (4)
Febr.
11
 Iraq Iraqi Army facility, Baghdad 47 car bomb
Febr.
10
 Iraq Police Station, Iskandariya 53 truck bomb
2004 Jan.
18
 Iraq Coalition Headquarters, Baghdad 31 truck bomb
Dec.
27
 Iraq Coalition targets, Karbala 19 car bombs (4)
Dec.
25
 Pakistan Rawalpindi 14 truck bombs Targeted Pervez Musharraf
Nov.
20
 Turkey British targets, Istanbul 32 truck bombs
Nov.
15
 Turkey Two synagogues, Istanbul 31 truck bombs
Nov.
12
 Iraq Italian Military HQ in Nasiriyah 33 truck bomb
Nov.
8
 Saudi Arabia Riyadh 18 truck bomb
Oct.
27
 Iraq Baghdad 35 car bombs (4)
Aug.
29
 Iraq Imam Ali Mosque, Najaf 85 car bomb
Aug.
25
 India Mumbai 52 car bombs (2)
Aug.
19
 Iraq United Nations Iraqi Headquarters, Baghdad 22 truck bomb
Aug.
7
 Iraq Jordanian Embassy, Baghdad 19 truck bomb
Aug.
5
 Indonesia Jakarta 12 car bomb
Aug.
1
 Russia Mozdok 50 truck bomb
May
12
 Saudi Arabia Riyadh 35 car bombs (4)
May
12
 Chechnya Znamenskoye 59 truck bomb
2003 Febr.
7
 Colombia Bogotá 36 car bomb
Dec.
27
 Chechnya Government buildings, Grozny 72 truck bombs
Nov.
28
 Kenya Hotel in Mombasa 13 car bomb
Oct.
21
 Israel Bus near Hadera 14 car bomb
Oct.
12
 Indonesia Bali 202 car bomb
Sept.
5
 Afghanistan Kabul 30 car bomb
June
14
 Pakistan US consulate, Karachi 12 truck bomb
June
5
 Israel Megiddo Junction 17 car bomb
May
8
 Pakistan Karachi 14 car bomb
April
11
 Tunisia Synagogue, Djerba 21 truck bomb
April
7
 Colombia Villavicencio 12 car bomb
2002 March
21
 Peru U.S. Embassy, Lima 9 car bomb
Oct.
1
 India Assembly Building, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir 38 car bomb
June
19
 Chechnya Gudermes 12 car bombs (3)
2001 March
24
 Russia Mineralnye Vody 19 car bomb
2000 July
3
 Chechnya Grozny 25 truck bomb

1990s

Year Date Country City Deaths Type More Info
1999 Sept.
4
 Dagestan Russian military apartment, Buinaksk 64 car bomb
Sept.
5
 Dagestan Apartment, Makhachkala 17 car bomb
Aug.
15
Northern Ireland Omagh 29 car bomb
Aug.
7
 Kenya
 Tanzania
Nairobi and Dar es Salaam 224 car bombs (2)
1998 March
5
 Sri Lanka Street, Colombo 36 mini-bus bomb
Nov.
19
 India Hyderabad 23 car bomb
1997 Oct.
15
 Sri Lanka World Trade Center, Colombo 18 truck bomb
June
25
 Saudi Arabia Khobar Towers, Khobar (near Dhahran) 19 truck bomb
Febr.
9
 United Kingdom Docklands, London 2 truck bomb
1996 Jan.
31
 Sri Lanka Central Bank, Colombo 90 truck bomb
Dec.
21
 Pakistan Peshawar 45 car bomb
Nov.
19
 Pakistan Egyptian embassy in Islamabad 15 truck bomb
Nov.
13
 Saudi Arabia U.S. military headquarters in Riyadh 7 car bomb
April
19
 USA Federal building, Oklahoma City 168 truck bomb
Febr.
27
Flag of Iraq, 1991-2004.svg Iraq Zakho 76 car bomb [7]
1995 Jan.
30
 Algeria Algiers 42 car bomb [8]
July
18
 Argentina Jewish center, Buenos Aires 85 car bomb
1994 April
6
 Israel Afula 8 car bomb
June
21
 Spain Madrid 7 car bomb
April
24
 United Kingdom London 1 truck bomb
May
27
 Italy Uffizi Gallery, Florence 6 car bomb
March
12
 India Mumbai 257 car bombs
Febr.
26
 USA World Trade Center, New York City 6 truck bomb
1993 Jan.
30
 Colombia Bogotá 20 car bomb [9]
July
16
 Peru Lima 24 car bombs (2)
April
10
 United Kingdom Baltic Exchange, London 3 truck bomb
1992 March
17
 Argentina Israeli Embassy, Buenos Aires 29 car bomb
1991 May
29
 Spain Vic 10 car bomb
1990 May
12
 Colombia Bogotá and Cali 26 car bombs (2) [10]

1980s

Year Date Country City Deaths Type More info
Dec.
6
 Colombia Bogotá 52 truck bomb
Nov.
22
 Lebanon Beirut 24 car bomb
1989 April
14
 Sri Lanka Trincomalee 38 car bomb
July
8
 Afghanistan Jalalabad 31 truck bomb [11]
April
23
 Lebanon Tripoli 60 truck bomb
April
23
 Namibia Oshakati 27 car bomb
1988 April
14
 Lebanon USO Club, Naples, Italy 5 car bomb [12]
Dec.
11
 Spain Zaragoza 11 car bomb
Oct.
8
 Afghanistan Kabul 27 car bomb [13]
July
14
 Pakistan Karachi 72 car bombs (2) [14]
July
5
 Sri Lanka Army camp, Jaffna 40 truck bomb
June
19
 Spain Barcelona 21 car bomb
1987 April
21
 Sri Lanka Colombo 106 car bomb
Aug.
19
 Iran Tehran 20 car bomb [15]
July
14
 Spain Madrid 12 car bomb
March
27
 Australia Victoria Police HQ, Melbourne 1 car bomb
1986 March
17
 Syria Military compound, Damascus 60 truck bomb [16]
Aug.
17
 Lebanon Market, Beirut 55 car bomb
May
22
 Lebanon Beirut 50 car bomb
1985 March
8
 Lebanon Beirut 80 car bomb
Aug.
8
 West Germany Rhein-Main Air Base, Frankfurt 2 car bomb
1984 Sept.
20
 Lebanon U.S. embassy in Beirut 23 car bomb
Dec.
21
 Lebanon French Army building, Beirut 15 truck bomb
Dec.
12
 Kuwait U.S. and French embassies,Kuwait City 6 truck bombs
Nov. 4  Lebanon Israeli Army HQ ,Tyre 60 truck bomb
Oct.
23
 Lebanon United States Marines and French Paratroop barracks, Beirut 305 truck bombs
May
20
 South Africa Church Street, Pretoria 20 car bomb
April
18
 Lebanon U.S. Embassy, Beirut 63 car bomb
1983 Jan.
28
 Lebanon Palestine Liberation Organisation building, Beirut 45 car bomb
Nov.
11
 Lebanon Israeli military HQ, Tyre 102 car bomb
Oct.
1
 Iran Central Square, Tehran 60 truck bomb [17]
Aug.
1
 Iraq Baghdad 20 car bomb [18]
July
20
 United Kingdom Hyde Park parade, London 4 car bomb
1982 May
24
 Lebanon French embassy, Beirut 14 car bomb [19]
Dec.
15
 Lebanon Iraqi embassy, Beirut 61 car bomb [20]
Nov.
29
 Syria Damascus 64 car bomb [21]
1981 Oct.
1
 Lebanon Palestine Liberation Organisation office, Beirut 83 car bomb

1970s

Date (YYYY/MM/DD) Country Place Deaths Type Perpetrator/
Suspected perpetrator
Article/Source
1978/02/08 Northern Ireland Maghera 2 car bomb Provisional IRA [22]
1977/04/20 Northern Ireland Belfast 2 car bomb Ulster Volunteer Force [23]
1976/08/16 Northern Ireland Keady 2 car bomb Ulster loyalists [24]
1976/03/17 Northern Ireland Dungannon 4 car bomb Ulster Volunteer Force [25]
1975/12/19  Ireland Dundalk 2 car bomb Ulster Volunteer Force [26]
1974/05/17  Ireland Dublin
Monaghan
33 car bombs (4) Ulster Volunteer Force Dublin and Monaghan bombings
1974/01/11 Northern Ireland Derry 2 car bomb Official IRA [27]
1973/06/12 Northern Ireland Coleraine 6 car bomb Provisional IRA [28]
1973/05/17 Northern Ireland Omagh 5 car bomb Provisional IRA [29]
1973/01/14 Northern Ireland Derry 2 car bomb Provisional IRA [30]
1972/12/28  Ireland Belturbet 2 car bomb Ulster loyalists [31]
1972/12/01  Ireland Dublin 2 car bombs (2) Ulster Volunteer Force [32]
1972/10/31  Northern Ireland Belfast 2 car bomb Ulster Defence Association [33]
1972/09/30  Northern Ireland Belfast 2 car bomb Ulster Volunteer Force [34]
1972/09/14  Northern Ireland Belfast 3 car bomb Ulster Volunteer Force [35]
1972/08/26  Northern Ireland Enniskillen 2 car bomb Provisional IRA [36]
1972/07/31  Northern Ireland Claudy 9 car bombs (3) Claudy bombing
1972/07/21  Northern Ireland Belfast 9 car bombs (22) Provisional IRA Bloody Friday (1972)
1972/05/24  West Germany United States Army base, Heidelberg 3 car bomb Red Army Faction List of attacks attributed to the RAF
1972/05/11  West Germany United States Army base, Frankfurt 1 car bomb Red Army Faction List of attacks attributed to the RAF
1972/03/20  Northern Ireland Belfast 7 car bomb Provisional IRA [37]
1972/03/15  Northern Ireland Belfast 2 car bomb Provisional IRA [38]
1972/02/22  United Kingdom British Army base, Aldershot, England 7 car bomb Official IRA Aldershot bombing (1972)
1970/08/24  USA University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 1 truck bomb Karleton Armstrong, Dwight Armstrong, David Fine, Leo Burt Sterling Hall bombing
1970/08/11  Northern Ireland Crossmaglen 2 car bomb Provisional IRA [39]

1900–1969

Date (YYYY/MM/DD) Country Place Deaths Type Perpetrator/
Suspected perpetrator
Article/Source
1965/03/30  South Vietnam US Embassy, Saigon 21 car bomb [40]
1962/05/02  Algeria Algiers 62 car bomb [41]
1948/03/11 Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg British mandate of Palestine Jewish Agency, Jerusalem 11 car bomb
1948/03/02 Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg British mandate of Palestine Office building, Haifa 14+ truck bomb
1948/02/22 Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg British mandate of Palestine Ben Yehuda Street, Jerusalem 52-80 truck bombs (2) Ben Yehuda Street Bombing
1948/01/04 Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg British mandate of Palestine Jaffa 18 truck bomb
1947/04/25 Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg British mandate of Palestine Sarona police compound, Tel Aviv 5 truck bomb
1947/01/12 Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg British mandate of Palestine Haifa 4 truck bomb
1927/05/18  USA Bath Township, Michigan 5 suicide car bomb Andrew Kehoe Bath School disaster
1920/09/16  USA Wall Street, New York 38 wagon bomb Wall Street bombing

Assassinations by car bombings

Date Country Place Type Target Perpetrator/
Suspected perpetrator
2005/12/12  Lebanon Beirut car bomb (remote) Gebran Tueni, lawmaker Strugglers for the Unity and Freedom of al-Sham
2005/06/28  Iraq Baghdad suicide car bomb Dhari Ali al-Fayadh, Iraqi politician Al-Qaeda in Iraq
2005/06/21  Lebanon Beirut car bomb (remote) George Hawi, former Lebanese Communist Party head
2005/06/02  Lebanon Beirut car bomb (remote) Samir Kassir, journalist
2005/02/14  Lebanon Beirut suicide truck bomb Rafic Hariri, former Lebanese Prime Minister (with 20 others)
2004/05/17  Iraq Baghdad suicide car bomb Ezzedine Salim, Iraqi Governing Council leader Al-Qaeda in Iraq
2004/02/13  Qatar Doha car bomb (remote) Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, former President of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
2003/11/20  Turkey Istanbul suicide truck bomb Roger Short, British Consul-General (with 27 others)
2003/08/29  Iraq Najaf car bomb (remote) Ayatollah Mohammed Baqr al-Hakim, Iraqi cleric (with 84 others)
2003/08/19  Iraq Baghdad suicide truck bomb Sérgio Vieira de Mello, United Nations special representative (with 22 others) Al-Qaeda in Iraq
2002/05/20  Lebanon Beirut unknown Mohammed Jihad Ahmed Jibril, son of PFLP-GC leader Ahmed Jibril
2002/01/24  Lebanon Beirut car bomb (remote) Elie Hobeika, Phalangist militia leader
2000/02/22  Spain Vitoria car bomb (remote) Fernando Buesa, Basque Socialist Party leader ETA
1999/10/21  Turkey Ankara car bomb (tilt-based) Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, prominent Turkish intellectual, lawyer, politician
1999/03/15 Northern Ireland Lurgan car bomb (tilt-based) Rosemary Nelson, Irish human rights lawer Red Hand Defenders
1996/11/01  USA Tucson, Arizona car bomb (remote) Gary Triano, Businessman
1992/05/23  Italy Capaci, Sicily car bomb (remote) Giovanni Falcone, Italian judge (with 4 others) Italian Mafia
1990/07/30  United Kingdom Hankham, England car bomb (remote) Ian Gow, Conservative MP Provisional IRA
1989/11/22  Lebanon Beirut car bomb (remote) Rene Moawad, President of Lebanon (with 23 others)
1989/05/16  Lebanon Beirut car bomb (remote) Hassan Khaled, Lebanese spiritual leader (with 21 others)
1988/06/28  Greece Athens car bomb (remote) William Nordeen, United States diplomat Revolutionary Organization 17 November
1987/12/22 Northern Ireland Lisburn car bomb John McMichael, Ulster Defence Association leader Provisional IRA
1987/04/27 Northern Ireland County Armagh car bomb (remote) Sir Maurice and Lady Gibson Provisional IRA
1979/03/30  United Kingdom Palace of Westminster car bomb (tilt-based) Airey Neave, Conservative MP Irish National Liberation Army
1979/01/22  Lebanon Beirut car bomb (remote) Ali Hassan Salameh, Black September leader Mossad
1976/09/21  USA Washington, D.C. unknown Orlando Letelier, Chilean exile
1976/06/02  USA Phoenix, Arizona car bomb (remote) Don Bolles, investigative reporter
1974/09/30  Argentina Buenos Aires, Argentina car bomb (remote) Carlos Prats, Former Chilean army commander
1928/12/04  USA Saint Paul, Minnesota unknown "Dapper" Danny Hogan, "Irish Mob" boss

Notes

  1. ^ Abdur Rahman Abid. "Suicide blast rocks Buner on polling day; 36 killed" Dawn, 29 December, 2008
  2. ^ "Bomber strikes Salarzai jirga in Bajaur, kills 22" Daily Times, 7 November, 2008
  3. ^ 10 killed in Swat suicide attack Daily Times, December 10, 2007
  4. ^ 30 killed in two suicide attacks in Rawalpindi Daily Times, November 25, 2007
  5. ^ At least 49 are killed by suicide bombers in Pakistan International Herald Tribune
  6. ^ Suicide bomber kills 23 FC troops Daily Times, July 15, 2007
  7. ^ Chronology for Kurds in Iraq
  8. ^ Islamic Rebels Admit Setting Off Bomb In Algerian Capital
  9. ^ Escobar's hand seen in Bogota bomb atrocity
  10. ^ The Washington Post, May 13, 1990, Douglas Farah
  11. ^ "31 Killed in Afghan Car Bomb Attack." The Washington Post, July 9, 1988.
  12. ^ A Japanese With Lebanese Links Blamed in Naples U.S.O. Bombing
  13. ^ "Bomb Kills 27 in Afghan City; Government Blames Moslem Guerrillas for Blast in Kabul." The Washington Post, October 10, 1987.
  14. ^ Bombs Kill 72 and Wound 250 in Pakistani City
  15. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1986-08-19/news/mn-17192_1_car-bomb
  16. ^ Damascus Bomb May Have Killed 60
  17. ^ "At Least 60 Killed, 700 Hurt As Bomb Explodes In Tehran". The Associated Press, October 3, 1982.
  18. ^ "Baghdad Bomb Toll." The Washington Post, August 5, 1982.
  19. ^ "Bomb Kills 14 at Beirut Embassy." Los Angeles Times, May 24, 1982.
  20. ^ http://www.start.umd.edu/start/data/tops/terrorist_organization_profile.asp?id=4612
  21. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=LlENAAAAIBAJ&sjid=_m0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=3529,5981219&dq=damascus+and+car+bomb
  22. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1978.html
  23. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1977.html
  24. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1976.html
  25. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1976.html
  26. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1975.html
  27. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  28. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1973.html
  29. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1973.html
  30. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1973.html
  31. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  32. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  33. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  34. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  35. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  36. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  37. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  38. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1972.html
  39. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/chron/1970.html
  40. ^ http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=1760
  41. ^ Karawan, Ibrahim A., et al. Values and Violence, p. 129.

See also


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