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List of members of the July 20 plot: Wikis

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This is a list of members of the 20 July plot, a coup d'état which involved a failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. At least 7,000 persons were arrested by the Gestapo.[1] According to records of the Fuehrer Conferences on Naval Affairs, 4,980 persons were executed.[2] Few of these are believed to be involved. The most prominent conspirators were ordered to be "hanged like cattle" by Hitler. At the Plötzensee prison, those persons were hung on a symbolic meathooks with rope.[3]

Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

B

C

  • Oscar Caminecci, farmer
  • Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, Chief of German Military Intelligence (1887-1945); hanged at Flossenburg concentration camp, 9 April 1945[7]
  • Walter Cramer, industrialist; hanged at Plötzensee Prison, 14 November 1944

D

  • Professor Alfred Delp, Pater S.J. (1907-1945); executed 2 February 1945 [8]
  • Dr. Wilhelm Dieckmann, official working in a ministry
  • Heinrich Graf zu Dohna-Schlobitten, military officer & landowner
  • Court official Hans von Dohnanyi (1902-1945); arrested for treason, 1943; executed 9 April 1945 [9]
  • Lieutenant Hans Martin Dorsch
  • Captain Max-Ulrich Graf von Drechsel

E

  • Professor Fritz Elsas, former deputy mayor of Berlin
  • Lieutenant (General Staff) Karl-Heinz Engelhorn
  • Lieutenant Hans Otto Erdmann

F

  • Baron General Alexander von Falkenhausen, military commander of Belgium and northern France (1878-1966); freed by American troops from Niederhorf on 4 May 1945, before Gestapo could carry out death sentence; imprisoned until 1951 for war crimes [7]
  • General Erich Fellgiebel, chief of military signals (1886-1944); in charge of cutting off communications on 20 July, hanged on 10 August 1944
  • Colonel (General Staff) Eberhard Finckh (1899-1944)
  • Professor Max Fleischmann
  • Reinhold Frank, lawyer
  • Ehrengard Frank-Schultz
  • Colonel (General Staff) Wessel von Freytag-Loringhoven (1899-1944), who provided the explosives for the plot
  • Walter Frick, salesman
  • Colonel General Friedrich Fromm (1888-1945). Aware of the conspiracy, betrayed and executed conspirators, including Stauffenberg, on 20 July. He was arrested on orders of Himmler the next day, and executed by firing squad for "cowardice" on 19 March 1945 [10]

G

H

  • Max Habermann, Christian syndicate leader
  • Hans Bernd von Haeften, official in the foreign office, executed 15 August 1944, Plötzensee prison
  • Lieutenant Werner von Haeften (1908-1944); Adjutant to Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and fellow conspirator. Executed 20 July 1944, by firing squad on orders of General Fromm [12]
  • Syndic Albrecht von Hagen (1904-1944)
  • Colonel Kurt Hahn
  • Nikolaus-Christoph von Halem (1905-1944), merchant
  • Eduard Hamm, former ministry official (1879-1944)
  • Colonel (General Staff) Georg Hansen [5]
  • Colonel (General Staff) Bodo von Harbow
  • Ernst von Harnack, former district president
  • General-leutnant Paul von Hase, commander of Berlin (1885-1944); among the first eight tried by the People's Court; hanged 8 August 1944 [13]
  • Ulrich von Hassell, former ambassador to Italy (1881-1944); executed 8 September 1944 [8]
  • Theodor Haubach, leading social democrat
  • Professor Albrecht-Georg Haushofer; executed by firing squad at Gestapo prison, 23 April 1945 [5]
  • Major (General Staff) Egbert Hayessen
  • Wolf-Heinrich Graf von Helldorf, police president of Berlin; executed 15 August 1944 at Plötzensee Prison[5]
  • Major General Otto Herfurth; collaborated with, then betrayed, conspirators; hanged [14]
  • Andreas Hermes, former minister for food and agriculture (1878-1964)
  • Colonel General Erich Hoepner (1886-1944); among the first eight hanged, 8 August 1944 [13]
  • Colonel Caesar von Hofacker (1896-1944); testimony led to execution of General Erwin Rommel [15]
  • Major Roland von Hößlin
  • Wilhelm Konrad Hossë
  • Otto Hübener, director of the insurance brokers Jauch & Hübener, hanged 21, 22 or 23 April 1945 [16]

J

K

  • Hermann Kaiser, grammar school teacher
  • Jakob Kaiser, CDU co-founder (1888-1961)
  • Franz Kempner, retired ministry official (undersecretary of state)
  • Albrecht von Kessel, Diplomat, Mission Adviser at the Vatican
  • Otto Kiep, envoy (1886-1944), executed August 23, 1944, Plötzensee Prison
  • Georg Conrad Kißling, farmer
  • Lieutenant Colonel Bernhard Klamroth, executed 15 August 1944 by hanging, Plötzensee Prison
  • Hans Georg Klamroth, salesman (1898-1944); executed 26 August 1944 by hanging, Plötzensee Prison
  • Captain Friedrich Karl Klausing (1920-1944)
  • Ewald von Kleist-Schmenzin (1890-1945) Executed 16 April 1945 [6]
  • Lieutenant Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin Born in 1922, the last surviving member of the 20 July plot.
  • Major Gerhard Knaack
  • Dr. Hans Koch, lawyer (1893-1945)
  • Heinrich Körner, union leader
  • Lieutenant Commander Alfred Kranzfelder
  • Richard Kuenzer, legation councillor
  • Major Joachim Kuhn, (1913-1994)
  • Elise Auguste Kutznitzki, née von Liliencron
  • Elizabeth Kuznitzky, guillotined 30 November 1944, Plötzensee Prison

L

M

  • Hermann Maaß, leading social democrat, executed 20 October 1944, Plötzensee Prison
  • Colonel Count Rudolf Graf von Marogna-Redwitz, executed 12 October 1944, Plötzensee prison
  • Karl Marks, merchant
  • Michael Graf von Matuschka, district president, executed 14 September 1944, Plötzensee Prison
  • Colonel Joachim Meichßner, executed 29 September 1944, Plötzensee Prison
  • Lieutenant Colonel (General Staff) Karl Michel
  • Carlo Mierendorff, SPD (1897-1943)
  • Joseph Müller, executed 11 September 1944, Brandenburg-Gőrden prison
  • Dr. Otto Müller, prelate
  • Herbert Mumm von Schwarzenstein, legation councillor out of service
  • Lieutenant Colonel Ernst Munziger

N

  • Arthur Nebe, head of the national police, executed 2 March 1945, Plötzensee prison
  • Wilhelm zur Nieden, local government building officer, shot by Gestapo 23rd April 1945

O

P

Q

R

  • Cuno Raabe, lawyer (1888-1971)
  • General Friedrich von Rabenau, executed 15 April 1945, Flossenbŭrg concentration camp
  • Lieutenant Colonel (General Staff) Karl Ernst Rathgens
  • Professor Adolf Reichwein, leading social democrat, executed 20 October 1944, Plőtzensee prison
  • Colonel Alexis Freiherr von Roenne, executed 12 October 1944, Plőtzensee prison
  • Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel, 14 October 1944, Forced suicide by Hitler

S

T

U

V

  • Fritz Voigt, former police president of Breslau, executed 1 March 1945, Plötzensee prison
  • Lieutenant Colonel Hans-Alexander von Voss

W

  • Josef Wirmer, lawyer, executed 8 September 1944, Plötzensee Prison
  • Oswald Wiersich, labour union leader, executed 1 March 1945, Plötzensee Prison
  • Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben; executed 8 August 1944, Plötzensee Prison

Y

Z

  • General Gustav von Ziehlberg, secretary of state

References

  1. ^ William Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, p. 1393.
  2. ^ Shirer, Id.
  3. ^ In the Name of the Volk: Political Justice in Hitler's Germany by H. W. Koch
  4. ^ Shirer, pp 1385-87
  5. ^ a b c d e Shirer, p1393
  6. ^ a b Shirer, p1333
  7. ^ a b c Shirer, p1394
  8. ^ a b c d e Shirer, p1392
  9. ^ Shirer, p1330
  10. ^ Shirer, pp 1382-84, 1394
  11. ^ Shirer, p1326
  12. ^ Shirer, p1386
  13. ^ a b Shirer, p1391
  14. ^ Shirer, p1384
  15. ^ Shirer, p1398
  16. ^ de:Otto Hübener
  17. ^ Shirer, p1182
  18. ^ http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Graf_zu_Lynar
  19. ^ a b Shirer, p1387
  20. ^ Shirer, p197
  21. ^ Shirer, p1355
  22. ^ Shirer, pp1392
  23. ^ Shirer, pp1399-1400
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