List of metro systems: Wikis

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A train approaching a London Underground station

A metro system is a rapid transit train system. In some cases, metro systems are referred to as subways or undergrounds. The first metro system, the London Underground, was opened in 1863. As of 2009, there are approximately 140 metro systems in the world.

Contents

Considerations

A metro system is defined as an urban, electric passenger transportation system with high capacity and high frequency of service, which is totally independent from other traffic, road or pedestrians.[1][2] The terms heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail often have similar definitions.[3][4]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail and commuter rail, is not always clear. A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequency, typically not more than 10 minutes between trains during normal daytime service. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or overhead lines.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criteria for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted for in the provided network data. Certain transit networks match the technical level and service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are commonly known or better described as regional or commuter rail. These are not included. Neither are monorail and funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transportation systems.

Legend

Location 
Country, and primary city served by the metro system.
Name 
The most common English name of the system.
Opened 
The year the system was opened for commercial service with metro standard. Parts of the system may be older, as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network.
Stations 
The number of stations in the network, with stations connected by transfer counted as one.
Length 
The route length of the network in kilometers and miles.

List

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

This list is sortable. Click on the Sort none.gif icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

Location Name Opening Stations Length (km) Length (mi)
 Argentina
Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Metro 1913 76 52.3 32.5
 Armenia
Yerevan Yerevan Metro 1981 10 13.4 8.3
 Austria
Vienna Vienna U-Bahn 1976 84 69.5 43.2
 Azerbaijan
Baku Baku Metro 1967 21 32.0 19.9
 Belarus
Minsk Minsk Metro 1984 25 30.3 18.8
 Belgium
Brussels Brussels Metro 1969 59 40.5 25.2
 Brazil
Belo Horizonte Belo Horizonte Metro 1986 19 28.2 17.5
Brasília Brasília Metro 2001 21 42.0 26.1
Porto Alegre Porto Alegre Metro 1985 20 33.8 21.0
Recife Recife Metro 1985 28 39.5 24.5
Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro Metro 1979 33 42.0 26.1
São Paulo São Paulo Metro 1974 58 62.3 38.7
Teresina Teresina Metro 1989 8 12.5 7.8
 Bulgaria
Sofia Sofia Metro 1998 14 18.0 11.2
 Canada
Montreal Montreal Metro[5] 1966 68 66 41
Toronto TTC subway/RT[6] 1954 69 68.3 42.4
Vancouver SkyTrain 1985 47 68.7 42.7
 Chile
Santiago Santiago Metro 1975 108 105 65
Valparaíso Valparaíso Metro 2005 20 43.3 26.9
 China
Beijing Beijing Subway[note 1][7] 1969 126 228 142
Chongqing Chongqing Metro 2005 18 19.15 11.90
Dalian Dalian Metro[8] 2003 20 63 39
Guangzhou Guangzhou Metro 1997 88 148.5 92.3
Hong Kong MTR[9] 1979 85 211.6 131.5
Nanjing Nanjing Metro 2005 17 21.72 13.50
Shanghai Shanghai Metro[10] 1995 193 367 228
Shenyang Shenyang Metro 2009 18 22.2 13.8
Shenzhen Shenzhen Metro 2004 22 21.9 13.6
Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit 2004 24 42.321 26.297
Tianjin Tianjin Metro 1984 26 31.6 19.6
Wuhan Wuhan Metro 2004 10 10.2 6.3
 Colombia
Medellín Metro de Medellin 1995 34 32 20
 Czech Republic
Prague Prague Metro 1974 54 59.3 36.8
 Denmark
Copenhagen Copenhagen Metro 2002 22 21 13
Copenhagen Copenhagen S-train 1934 85 155 96
 Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo Santo Domingo Metro 2009 16 14.5 9.0
 Egypt
Cairo Cairo Metro[11] 1987 53 65.5 40.7
 Finland
Helsinki Helsinki Metro 1982 17 21.1 13.1
 France
Lille Lille Metro 1983 60 45.2 28.1
Lyon Lyon Metro 1978 41 30 19
Marseille Marseille Metro 1977 24 19 12
Paris Paris Métro[note 2][12] 1900 368 199 124
Rennes Rennes Metro 2002 15 9.4 5.8
Toulouse Toulouse Metro 1993 41 37.5 23.3
 Georgia
Tbilisi Tbilisi Metro 1966 22 26.4 16.4
 Germany
Berlin Berlin U-Bahn[13] 1902 173 147 91
Berlin Berlin S-Bahn 1924 166 331 206
Frankfurt Frankfurt U-Bahn 1968 85 58.6 36.4
Hamburg Hamburg U-Bahn 1912 89 100.7 62.6
Munich Munich U-Bahn 1971 98 100.8 62.6
Nuremberg Nuremberg U-Bahn 1972 44 34.6 21.5
 Greece
Athens-Piraeus ISAP[note 3] 1904 24 25.6 15.9
Athens Attico Metro[note 4] 2000 27 46.6 29.0
 Hungary
Budapest Budapest Metro 1896 40 31.7 19.7
 India
Delhi Delhi Metro[14] 2002 83 96.1 59.7
Kolkata Kolkata Metro 1984 23 25.5 15.8
 Iran
Tehran Tehran Metro 2000[15] 80 120 75
 Ireland
Dublin Dublin Area Rapid Transit 1984 30 53 33
 Italy
Catania Catania Metro 1999 6 3.8 2.4
Genoa Genoa Metro 1990 7 5.3 3.3
Milan Milan Metro 1964 93 87 54
Naples Naples Metro[note 5] 1925 69 29.8 18.5
Palermo Palermo Metro 1990 18 39.0 24.2
Rome Rome Metro 1955 50 38 24
Turin Metrotorino 2006 14 9.6 6.0
 Japan
Fukuoka Fukuoka City Subway 1981 35 29.8 18.5
Kobe Kobe Rapid Railway 1968 10 7.6 4.7
Kobe Kobe Municipal Subway 1977 25 30.6 19.0
Kyoto Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981 29 28.8 17.9
Nagoya Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957 83 89.1 55.4
Osaka Osaka Municipal Subway 1933 101 137.8 85.6
Sapporo Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971 46 48 30
Sendai Sendai Subway 1987 17 14.8 9.2
Tokyo Tokyo Metro 1927 179 195.1 121.2
Tokyo Toei Subway 1960 106 121.5 75.5
Tokyo Tokyo Waterfront Area Rapid Transit 1996 8 12.2 7.6
Yokohama Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972 32 40.4 25.1
Yokohama Minatomirai Line 2004 6 4.1 2.5
 North Korea
Pyongyang Pyongyang Metro 1973 17 22 14
 South Korea
Busan Busan Subway 1985 89 95 59
Daegu Daegu Subway 1997 55 53.9 33.5
Daejeon Daejeon Subway 2006 22 22.6 14.0
Gwangju Gwangju Subway 2004 20 20.1 12.5
Incheon Incheon Subway 1999 29 29.4 18.3
Seoul Seoul Subway[note 6] 1974 284 314 195
 Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur RapidKL Light Rail Transit 1996 48 56 35
 Mexico
Mexico City Mexico City Metro[note 7][16] 1969 175 176.4 109.6
Monterrey Monterrey Metro 1991 32 32 20
Guadalajara Guadalajara Metro 1989 28 25 16
 Netherlands
Amsterdam Amsterdam Metro[note 8][17] 1977 33 32.7 20.3
Rotterdam Rotterdam Metro 1968 38 55.3 34.4
 Norway
Oslo Oslo T-bane 1966 90 84.2 52.3
 Peru
Lima Lima Metro 2003 7 11.7 7.3
 Philippines
Manila Manila Light Rail Transit System 1984 32 34.5 21.4
Manila Manila Metro Rail Transit System 1999 13 17.0 10.6
 Poland
Warsaw Warsaw Metro 1995 21 23.1 14.4
 Portugal
Lisbon Lisbon Metro 1959 46 39 24
Porto Porto Metro 2002 68 60 37
 Romania
Bucharest Bucharest Metro 1979 52 67.3 41.8
 Russia
Kazan Kazan Metro[18] 2005 6 8 5.0
Moscow Moscow Metro[note 9] 1935 180 298.8 185.7
Nizhny Novgorod Nizhny Novgorod Metro 1985 13 15.3 9.5
Novosibirsk Novosibirsk Metro 1986 12 14.3 8.9
Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg Metro 1955 63 110.2 68.5
Samara Samara Metro 1987 9 10.2 6.3
Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburg Metro 1991 7 8.6 5.3
 Singapore
Singapore Mass Rapid Transit 1987 69 118.9 73.9
 Spain
Barcelona Barcelona Metro[19][20] 1924 147 107.4 66.7
Bilbao Bilbao Metro 1995 36 38.2 23.7
Madrid Madrid Metro[21] 1919 294 284 176
Palma de Mallorca Palma de Mallorca Metro 2007 9 7.2 4.5
Seville Seville Metro 2009 22 18.2 11.3
 Sweden
Stockholm Stockholm Metro[22] 1950 100 105.7 65.7
 Switzerland
Lausanne Lausanne Metro[note 10][23] 2008 14 5.9 3.7
 Taiwan
Taipei Taipei Rapid Transit System 1996 80 90.6 56.3
Kaohsiung Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit 2008 36 40.4 25.1
 Thailand
Bangkok Bangkok Skytrain[24] 1999 25 28.7 17.8
Bangkok Bangkok Metro 2004 18 20 12
 Turkey
Adana Adana Metro 2009 13 13.5 8.4
Bursa Bursa Metro 2003 22 24 15
Ankara Ankara Metro 1997 23 23.4 14.5
Istanbul Istanbul Metro 2000 10 15 9.3
Izmir Izmir Metro 2000 10 11.6 7.2
 Ukraine
Dnipropetrovsk Dnipropetrovsk Metro 1995 6 7.8 4.8
Kharkiv Kharkiv Metro 1975 28 35.4 22.0
Kiev Kiev Metro 1960 46 59.9 37.2
 United Arab Emirates
Dubai Dubai Metro 2009 10 52.1 32.4
 United Kingdom
Glasgow Glasgow Subway 1896 15 10.4 6.5
London London Underground[25] 1863 270 408 254
London Docklands Light Railway 1987 39 31 19
Newcastle/Sunderland Tyne & Wear Metro 1980 60 77.7 48.3
 United States
Atlanta MARTA 1979 38 77 48
Baltimore Metro Subway 1983 14 24.5 15.2
Boston MBTA[note 11][26][27] 1897 51 61 38
Chicago Chicago 'L' 1892 144 170.8 106.1
Cleveland RTA Rapid Transit (Red Line) 1955 18 31 19
Los Angeles Los Angeles County Metro Rail[note 12][28] 1993 16 28.0 17.4
Miami Metrorail 1984 22 36 22
New York City New York City Subway[note 13][29][30] 1870 468 369 229
New York City PATH[31] 1908 13 22.2 13.8
Philadelphia SEPTA[note 14] 1907 53 40.06 24.89
Philadelphia PATCO Speedline 1936 13 22.9 14.2
San Francisco Bay Area BART[32] 1972 43 167 104
San Juan Tren Urbano 2004 16 17.2 10.7
Washington, D.C. Washington Metro 1976 86 171 106
 Uzbekistan
Tashkent Tashkent Metro 1977 29 39.1 24.3
 Venezuela
Caracas Caracas Metro 1983 44 51 32
Los Teques Los Teques Metro 2006 2 9.5 5.9
Maracaibo Maracaibo Metro 2006 6 6.5 4.0
Valencia Valencia Metro 2006 7 4.7 2.9

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Trial operation since 1969. Fully operational and open to public since 1981.
  2. ^ Paris Metro network had 297 stations and was 211.3 km long in 2004. In 2007, the network was extended with 1 station and 1.6 kilometers.
    "Les Transports en commun (French)". Syndicat des Transports d'Ile-de-France. http://www.stif-idf.fr/IMG/pdf/STIF_Les_chiffres_2005.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
    "Paris: new section of Metro Line 14 opened". Infrasite.net. 2007-07-02. http://www.infrasite.net/news/news_article.php?ID_nieuwsberichten=7579&language=en&refresh=1. Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
  3. ^ The green line, operated by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railway, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in the 1950's, and extended to its full length in 1957. Full metro operation since 1904 or 1957 according to UrbanRail.net.
    "Information on Line 1 - Technical Data". ISAP. http://www.isap.gr/eng/page.asp?id=46. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  4. ^ The blue line also has a 21.2 km part (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.
    "Operation". Attiko Metro S.A.. http://www.amel.gr/index.php?id=22&L=1. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
    Schwandl, Robert. "Athens Metro". UrbanRail.net. http://www.urbanrail.net/eu/ath/athens.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  5. ^ Currently, line 1, 2 and 6 are rapid transit. Additional suburban lines will be upgraded to rapid transit standard.
    Schwandl, Robert. "Napoli". UrbanRail.net. http://www.urbanrail.net/eu/nap/napoli.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 
  6. ^ Parts of Line 1 and Line 3 overlap with conventional railways that were built before 1974.
  7. ^ There are 147 stations on the network map, counting transfer stations as one. The sum of number of stations for all lines is 175.
  8. ^ Line 50, 53, and 54 are rapid transit. Numbers exclude light rail line 51.
  9. ^ Opening year (1935), network length (298.8 km) and number of stations (180), are according to official webpage. Corrsesponding page in Russian states 177 stations. When counting transfer stations only once using the metro map, the number is 142 (excluding monorail line, but including light metro line).
    "Moscow Metro". Moscow Metro. http://engl.mosmetro.ru/pages/page_0.php?id_page=2. Retrieved 2008-09-29. 
    "Moscow Metro Map". Moscow Metro. http://engl.mosmetro.ru/flash/scheme01.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29. 
  10. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines. Line 1 is light rail, line 2 is rapid transit. Stats are for line 2 only.
  11. ^ The Red, Orange, and Blue lines of the subway are rapid transit. The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that opened in 1897 as an underground tram tunnel.
  12. ^ Red and purple lines.
  13. ^ First regular elevated railway service began in 1870. The first section of subway opened in 1904. According to official statistics, the subway has 468 stations. With transfer stations counted as one, the number is 422 (according to system map and article in the New York Post; not including one temporarily closed station counted as part of the 468).
    "New York City Transit - History and Chronology". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. http://mta.info/nyct/facts/ffhist.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
    "New York City Transit - Subway and Bus Ridership Statistics 2008". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. http://mta.info/nyct/facts/ridership/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
    "MTA New York City Transit - 2006 Preliminary Budget". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. http://www.mta.info/mta/budget/pdf/Section%20VIId%20-%20Agency%20Financial%20Plans%20-%20NYCT.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
    Jeremy Olshan (2006-08-21). "Lone riders of the Rockaways". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/seven/08212006/news/regionalnews/lone_riders_of_the_rockaways_regionalnews_jeremy_olshan__transit_reporter.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  14. ^ Broad Street Line and Market–Frankford Line

References

  1. ^ "Metro". International Association of Public Transport. http://www.uitp.org/Public-Transport/metro/index.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  2. ^ Schwandl, Robert (2007). "What is a metro?". UrbanRail.Net. http://www.urbanrail.net/about.htm#definition. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  3. ^ "Glossary of Transit Terminology". American Public Transportation Association. http://www.apta.com/research/info/online/glossary.cfm. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  4. ^ "The demand for public transport: a practical guide". Transport Research Laboratory. p. 6. http://www.demandforpublictransport.co.uk/TRL593.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  5. ^ "The Montreal métro: a source of pride". 2002. pp. 10,11. http://www.stm.info/English/en-bref/a-notrefierte.pdf. Retrieved 16 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "TTC - Subway/RT". http://www3.ttc.ca/Subway/index.jsp. Retrieved 31 January 2010. 
  7. ^ "Beijing Subway". Explore Beijing "Subwaypedia". http://www.explorebj.com/subway/pedia/. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  8. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Dalian". UrbanRail.net. http://www.urbanrail.net/as/dalian/dalian.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  9. ^ "Train Services". MTR Corporation. http://www.mtr.com.hk/eng/train/intro_index.html. Retrieved 2008-09-24. 
  10. ^ "Shanghai Metro". Explore Shanghai "Metropedia". http://www.exploreshanghai.com/metro/pedia/. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  11. ^ Rohde, Mike. "Cairo". Metro Bits. http://mic-ro.com/metro/metrocity.html?city=126. Retrieved 2008-03-22. 
  12. ^ "Le Metropolitain, RER and Bus - A bit of history". Paris.org. http://www.paris.org/Metro/. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  13. ^ "The Berlin metro (U-Bahn)". Means of Transport & Routes. BVG. http://www.bvg.de/index.php/en/Bvg/Index/folder/670/name/Underground. Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
  14. ^ Megha Suri Singh (2009-11-13). "Metro steps out". Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/TNN12noidatimattn-all-centres-from-delhi-metro-deskPRASANNAMETRO-STEPS-OUT/articleshow/5224265.cms. 
  15. ^ "Tehran Metro". http://www.msedv.com/rai/metro.html. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  16. ^ "Datos de operacion (Spanish)". Metro de la Ciudad de Mexico. http://www.metro.df.gob.mx/operacion/cifrasoperacion06.html. Retrieved 2008-05-27.  (Spanish)
  17. ^ "World Metro List - Amsterdam". metro bits. 2008-01-10. http://mic-ro.com/metro/metrocity.html?city=Amsterdam. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ "Kazan Subway". http://www.kazantransport.by.ru/metro/index~e.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  19. ^ "TMB: Basic information". TMB. http://www.tmb.net/en_US/tmb/queestmb/dadesbasiques.jsp. Retrieved 1 February 2010.  - for the TMB lines
  20. ^ "Barcelona Metro". UrbanRail.net. http://www.urbanrail.net/eu/bcn/barcelona.htm. Retrieved 1 February 2010.  - for the FCG lines
  21. ^ "Metro de Madrid in figures". http://www.metromadrid.es/en/conocenos/infraestructuras/red/index.html. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  22. ^ "SL Annual Report 2007". Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. 2008-06-27. p. 29. http://www.sl.se/upload/eng_text/uploads/annual_reports/annual_report_07.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-10. 
  23. ^ "Metro m2". Transports publics de la région lausannoise. http://web-anc.t-l.ch/m2_old/080918m2factsheet.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  24. ^ "Operating System". Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited. http://www.bts.co.th/en/btstrain_01.asp. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  25. ^ "Key facts". London Underground. Transport for London. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/modesoftransport/londonunderground/1608.aspx. Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
  26. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "Boston T". UrbanRail.net. http://www.urbanrail.net/am/bost/boston.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  27. ^ "About the T - Financials - Appendix: Statistical Profile". MBTA. 2007. http://www.mbta.com/uploadedFiles/About_the_T/Financials/9_Appendix.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  28. ^ "Facts at a Glance". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. http://www.metro.net/news_info/facts.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  29. ^ "New York Subway: Facts and Figures". MTA - New York. http://mta.info/nyct/facts/ffsubway.htm. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  30. ^ "New York City Subway and PATH". UrbanRail. http://www.urbanrail.net/am/nyrk/new-york.htm. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  31. ^ "New York City: PATH". UrbanRail. http://www.urbanrail.net/am/nyrk/new-york.htm#path. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  32. ^ "BART System Facts". San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. http://www.bart.gov/about/history/systemFacts.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-23. 

General References

Further reading

  • Garbutt, Paul. World Metro Systems. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-191-0. 
  • W Hinkel, K Treiber, G Valenta and H Liebsch. Underground Railways Yesterday - Today - Tomorrow. Schmid Verlag. ISBN 3-900607-44-3. 
  • Ovenden, Mark. Metro Maps Of The World. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-288-7. http://www.metromapsoftheworld.com. 
  • Fischler, Stan. Subways Of The World. MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0752-0. 

External links

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