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Ramses II at Kadesh.jpgGustavus Adolphus at the Battle at Breitenfeld.jpgM1A1 abrams front.jpg Military history


This is a list of missions, operations, and projects. Missions in support of other missions are not listed independently.

World War I

See also List of military engagements of World War I

World War II

See List of World War II military operations

Cold War Era



  • Berlin Airlift of 1948:
    • Vittles United States— US part of the Berlin Airlift
    • Planefare United Kingdom— British part of the Berlin Airlift.
  • Gladio (?) — Stockpiles of weapons in Switzerland, Austria and other countries for resistance to Soviet occupiers.
  • Gold (1954) United States — covert American tunnel under the Berlin Wall
  • Neptune (1964) Soviet Union — Soviet-led counterintelligence operation.
  • Reforger United States — Annual American exercise to "return forces to Germany".
  • Silver (1949) United Kingdom — covert British communications tap in Austria
  • Banner (1969 - 2007) Deployment of British troops to Northern Ireland. To prevent sectarian killings and support the Police (RUC). Op Banner resulted in over 700 British Armed Forces deaths and 303 Police deaths at the hands of the Irish Republicans

Central America and the Caribbean

  • Anadyr Soviet Union — Soviet plan to base nuclear weapons in Cuba; the cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis
    • Kama — Soviet plan to forward-base seven Soviet ballistic missile submarines in Mariel, Cuba (part of Anadyr)
  • Fortune (1951) United States — 1951 CIA plan for a coup in Guatemala. Executed as Success
  • Golden Pheasant (1988) United States — US deployment in Honduras
  • Just Cause (1989) United States — US invasion of Panama
  • Mongoose (1962) United States — plan for information gathering, sabotage, civil insurrection and the overthrown of the Cuban government.
  • Northwoods (1960s) United States — plan to incite war between the United States and Cuba.
  • Waverider (1972) United States — *Peter Pan (1960s) — transfer of Cubans to the US
  • Phibriglex (1962) United States — US plan and mock invasion by its armed forces of a Caribbean island. The exercise took place on Vieques and the purpose of the mock invasion was to overthrow a fictitious leader called "Ortsac", whose name was, in fact, Castro spelled backwards. It occurred in August, shortly before the Cuban Missile Crisis. It is also known by the names Operation Ortsac, Operation Swift Strike II and Exercise Phibriglex-62.
  • Power Pack (1965) United States — US deployment in the Dominican Republic
  • Success (1954) United States — 1954 CIA coup in Guatemala.
  • Urgent Fury (1983) United States — US invasion of Grenada

Southern Africa

  • Hurricane (1972-1980) Rhodesia/Zimbabwe Rhodesia — Operations by Rhodesian security forces against ZIPRA and ZANU guerillas in Mashonaland.
  • Operation Overload (1974) Rhodesia — Rhodesian security forces operation to establish protected villages.
  • Savannah (1975-76) South Africa — South African intervention in Angola in support of the FNLA.
  • Carlota (1977) Cuba — Cuban Deployment to counter South African attacks to Angola.
  • Dingo (1977) Rhodesia — Rhodesian attack on camps in Mozambique.
  • Tangent (1977-1980) Rhodesia/Zimbabwe Rhodesia — Operations by Rhodesian security forces against insurgents in Matabeleland.
  • Favour (1978-1980) Rhodesia/Zimbabwe Rhodesia — Training of former insurgents to serve as security force auxiliaries in Zimbabwe-Rhodesia.
  • Reindeer (1978) South Africa — South African airborne attack on SWAPO base at Cassinga, Angola.
  • Rekstok (1979) South Africa — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
  • Safraan (1979) South Africa — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Zambia.
  • Klipklop (1980) South Africa — South African disruption of SWAPO logistics in Angola.
  • Sceptic (1980) South Africa — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
  • Protea (1981) South Africa — South African attack on SWAPO bases near Ongiva and Xangongo, Angola.
  • Carnation (1981) South Africa — South African skirmishes with SWAPO forces along the Angolan border.
  • Meebos (1982) South Africa — South African destruction of SWAPO's "East Front" HQ at Mupa, Angola.
  • Askari (1983) South Africa — South African attack on SWAPO and FAPLA forces in Angola.
  • Phoenix (1983) South Africa — South African response to mass SWAPO infiltration of South-West Africa
  • Alpha Centauri (1986) South Africa — South African operation in support of UNITA in Angola.
  • Modular (1987) South Africa — South African operation to reverse the FAPLA advance on Mavinga and Jamba.
  • Hooper (1988) South Africa — South African operation followup to Modular in pursuit of retreating FAPLA forces.
  • Packer (1988) South Africa — South African operation to push FAPLA and Cuban forces north of the Cuito river following Hooper.

Chad Civil War (1965–1993)

  • Bison (1969–72) France (French intervention to counter FROLINAT insurgency)
  • Tacaud (1978–80) France (Operation to avoid FROLINAT rebels taking Chad's capital)
  • Manta (1983–84) France (Intervention in the Chad-Libyan conflict)
  • Épervier (1986–) France (ongoing mission, originated to counter Libyan expansion in Chad)

Falklands War (1982)

  • Rosario Argentina — Argentine joint operation
    • Algeciras Argentina — Planned Argentine sabotage raid.
    • Azul Argentina — Argentine invasion
  • Corporate United Kingdom — British liberation
    • Paraquet United Kingdom — British recapture of South Georgia.
    • Black Buck United Kingdom — British long-range bombing raid
    • Keyhole United Kingdom — British commando raid
    • Purple Warrior — British training exercise incorporating lessons from the Falklands War
    • Sutton United Kingdom — British amphibious landings


Vietnam (pre-Vietnam War)

Korean War

Vietnam War

Post-Cold War



Other Africa

East Timor

Croatian War of Independence 1991-1995

  • Operation Otkos 10 (end Oct-Nov 1991) — Croatian actions against rebel Serbs and regular Serbian forces on area from Mount Bilogora to Mount Papuk (on west of Slavonia)
  • Operation Orkan 91 (1991) — Follow-up offensive after Otkos 10.
  • Harmony — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), which was created in February 1992 to ensure the protection and demilitarization of three UN Protected Areas in Croatia
  • Operation Tigar (July 1992) — Croatian military actions in occupied Dubrovnik hinterland, held by Serbomontenegrin regulars.
  • Medački džep (September 1993) Croatian offensive against rebel Serbs with aim of relieving the city of Gospić from Serb shelling attacks.
  • Bljesak ("Flash") (March 1995) — Croatian offensive against rebel Serbs, with aim of liberating occupied western Slavonia
  • Oluja ("Storm") (August 1995) — Croatian major offensive against most areas under control of rebel Serbs.

War in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995

  • Maritime Monitor (July 1992 - November 1992) — in support of UN resolutions 713 and 757, operation which subsequently became:
  • Sky Monitor (October 1992 -) — NAEW orbit over the Adriatic. On 31 October an additional NAEW orbit was commenced over Hungary
  • Deny Flight (April 1993 - December 1995) — to prevent the violation of the Bosnia-Herzegovina airspace, declared "No-Fly Zone"
  • Neretva '93 (1993) Bosnia and Herzegovina — offensive of Bosnian Muslim forces against Bosnian Croats in northern and eastern Herzegovina
  • Bøllebank ("Hooligan-bashing" in Danish) (April 1994) United Nations — UN-forces' use of tanks against Bosnian Serbian forces.
  • Amanda (1994) United Nations — Danish UN-forces' second engagement against Bosnian Serb forces.
  • Summer '95 (July 1995) Croatia — Croatian offensive in west Bosnia
  • Sword '95 (1995) Bosnia and Herzegovina — Bosnian-Serb offensive against Bosnian-Moslem forces in west Bosnia
  • Koridor '92 (1995) Bosnia and Herzegovina — One of the most successful Bosnian-Serb operations against Moslem and Croatian military forces
  • Deliberate Force (August - September 1995) — NATO air campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Tiger (1995) Bosnia and Herzegovina — offensive of pro-government Bosnian Muslim forces against forces of Fikret Abdić
  • Maestral (September 1995) Croatia — Major Croatia offensive in western Bosnia
  • Južni Potez (October 1995) Croatia — Croatia offensive in area around Mrkonjić Grad
  • Sana (1995) Bosnia and Herzegovina — Bosnian offensive in northwest Bosnia
  • Pauk (1995) Bosnia and Herzegovina — Bosnian-Serb and rebel Croatian Serb offensive in northwest Bosnia
  • Una (1995) Croatia — Failed Croatian operation against Bosnian-Serb Army. Bosnian-Serb victory
  • Joint Endeavor (December 1995) — NATO peace-keeping operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Joint Guard (December 1996 - 1998) — NATO peace-keeping operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina which established SFOR
  • Joint Forge (1998) — NATO peace-keeping operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina following Operation Joint Guard

Kosovo War 1999

  • Allied Force (1999) — NATO's air campaign in Yugoslavia
  • Megaphone Canada — Canada's return of equipment used in Kosovo
  • Potkova ("Horseshoe") (1999) Federal Republic of Yugoslavia — Yugoslav army offensive against the KLA
  • Quadrant Canada — Canada's mission in Kosovo


  • Able Sentry (1993-94) United States — Berlin Brigade deployed as part of Multi-National United Nations Protection Forces (UNPROFOR) to the Republic of Macedonia to establish Camp Able Sentry and monitor sanctions imposed by NATO against Serbia/Kosovo.
  • Essential Harvest (2001) — month-long NATO mission of disarming ethnic Albanians in Macedonia
    • Forage Canada — Canadian contribution to NATO's Essential Harvest
  • Kinetic Canada — Canada's contribution to NATO's mission KFOR to secure Kosovo and Macedonia and to provide humanitarian needs to displaced persons
  • Echo Canada — Canada sending air forces to Aviano, Italy to enforce a no-fly zone over Balkan region (UNSFOR and UNKFOR)
  • Mountain Storm Republic of Macedonia — Macedonian special police operation against Albanian extremists (2007).


Persian Gulf War

  • Desert Shield (1990-91) United States — American buildup prior to Gulf War
  • Desert Storm (1991) — Gulf War
    • Granby United Kingdom — British codename for operations during Gulf War
    • Daguet France — French codename for operations during Gulf War
    • Damask AustraliaRoyal Australian Navy deployment to the Persian Gulf.
    • Tempesta nel Deserto Italy — Italian codename for operation during Gulf War
    • Desert Sabre United States — Proposed Marine landing on the coast of Iraq.
    • Determination (early 1998) Canada — Canadian deployment in the Persian Gulf to force Iraq to comply with United Nations inspection agreements.
  • Ace Guard (1991) — The (NATO) Allied Command Europe Mobile Force for Turkey South Border Reinforcement (based at Diyarbakir AFB)
  • Record (1991) Canada — Canadian mission to secure Iraqi-Kuwaiti border

Iraq (post-Gulf War)

Arab/Israeli Conflict


1948-1949 Arab-Israeli War

  • An-Far (1948) Israel — Opening a corridor from the center to the Negev (failure)
  • Assaf (1948) Israel — Israeli offensive against the Egyptian Army in order to take control of the western Negev desert
  • Balak (1948) Israel — Smuggling of arms purchased in Czechoslovakia to Israel
  • Barak (1948) Israel — Israeli attack to capture al-Ramla
  • Ben-Ami (1948) Israel — Israeli capture of Acre
  • Bin Nun (1948) Israel — First Israeli offensive to seize the Latrun
  • Bin Nun B (1948) Israel — Second Israeli offensive to seize the Latrun
  • Danny (1948) Israel — Israeli relief of Jerusalem and securing of the area around Tel Aviv
  • Dekel (1948) Israel — Large Israeli offensive capturing Nazareth and lower Galilee
  • Erez (1948) Israel — Preparation for Operation Yitzhak
  • Gideon (1948) Israel — Israeli operations to capture the approaches to Jenin and remove Arab forces from the upper Jordan Valley
  • HaHar (1948) Israel — To extend the Jerusalem Corridor to the south
  • Hametz (1948) Israel — Israeli operation to isolate Jaffa
  • Harel (1948) Israel — Clearance of Arab forces north-east of the road
  • Hashmed (1948) Israel — Clearance of the IsdudYibna road
  • Hiram (1948) Israel — Large Israeli attack resulting in the capture of the entire Galilee and (temporarily) 41 villages in southern Lebanon, with Israeli forces reaching the Litani River for the first time
  • Horev (1949) Israel — Israeli offensive to remove Egyptians from the Negev
  • Kedem (1948) Israel — Failed Israeli attempt to capture East Jerusalem
  • Kilshon (1948) Israel — Israeli capture of the Jewish suburbs of Jerusalem particularly Talbiya in central Jerusalem
  • Maccabi (1948) Israel — Early Israeli attempt to open the road to Jerusalem
  • Matateh (1948) Israel — Opening up Tiberias-Metula road
  • Mishmar HaEmek (1948) Israel — Clearing villages around Haifa-Jenin road
  • Misparayim (1948) Israel — Israeli capture of the Arab quarter of Haifa
  • Nachshon (1948) Israel — Israeli clearance of Arab forces blocking the Jerusalem road
  • Namal (1948) Israel — Capture of Al-Tantura
  • Ovda (1949) Israel — Last Israeli operation of the war resulting in the capture the southern Negev desert including Umm Rashrash (present day Eilat)
  • Pleshet (1948) Israel — Capture of Isdud (failure), stoppage of Egyptian advance
  • Schfifon (1948) Israel — Israeli operation to capture the Old City of Jerusalem
  • Shoter (1948) Israel — Securing the road to Haifa by capturing the "little triangle"
  • Yekev (1948) Israel — Take control of Tel Aviv-Jerusalem railway and the Egyptian stronghold in Beit Jala.
  • Yevusi (1948) Israel — Israeli capture of Jewish buildings and neighbourhoods in Jerusalem
  • Yiftah (1948) Israel — Israeli attack to clear eastern Galilee of Arab forces
  • Yitzhak (1948) Israel — Failure capture of Jenin
  • Yoav (1948) Israel — Israeli operation to drive a wedge between Egyptian forces in the Negev desert
  • Yoram (1948) Israel — Third Israeli offensive to seize the Latrun

1956 Suez Crisis

  • Slope Israel — original Israeli plan for capturing the Sinai, replaced by Kadesh.
  • Kadesh (1956) Israel — Israeli armored thrust into the Sinai Peninsula.
    • Machbesh — Air operations element of Kadesh.
      • Omer — planned Israeli air attack on Egyptian guns covering Strait of Tiran.
      • Steamroller — Israeli air assault/airdrop (using paratroopers) that began Kadesh and provided the excuse for the launch of Musketeer.
  • Musketeer (1956) United Kingdom France — Anglo-French invasion of Egypt to capture the Suez Canal during the Suez Crisis.
  • Paladin (1956) Australia United Nations — Australia's contribution to the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) [2]

1967 Six Day War

  • Dawn (1967) United Arab Republic — Egyptian plan for a preemptive strike against Israel; it came within hours of implementation but was canceled only because Egypt's President Gamal Abdel Nasser feared it had been compromised.
  • Focus (1967) IsraelIsraeli Air Force bombing of Egyptian airfields, expanded to include Syrian, Jordanian and Iraqi airfields as well (also known as Moked, its Hebrew name).

1968-1970 War of Attrition

  • Boxer (1969) Israel — a series of attacks by the Israeli Air Force on Egyptian SAM installations
  • Bulmus 6 (1969) Israel — Israeli special operations raid against the Egyptian fortress and early warning radar and ELINT station of Green Island in the Gulf of Suez
  • Kavkaz (1970) Soviet Union — Direct Soviet intervention on the side of Egypt for the deployment and manning of new SAM batteries along with squadrons of aircraft to protect them from Israeli attacks
  • Raviv (1969) Israel — Israeli armoured raid across the Gulf of Suez into Egypt. Egyptian radar installation at Ras Abu-Daraj and Ras Za'arfrana were destroyed. Also known as the Ten-Hour War.
    • Escort (1969) — Israeli air support component of Israeli landing on western side of the Gulf of Suez (Raviv).
  • Rooster 53 (1969) Israel — Israeli special operation to capture an Egyptian P-12 radar system.
  • Priha ("Blossom") (1970) Israel — A concentrated series of Israeli strikes against military targets in the Egyptian heartland.

1973 Yom Kippur War

1978 Israel/Lebanon conflict

Sinai Peninsula 1982 - 1986 and 1993 - ongoing

1982-2000 Israel–Lebanon conflict

Second Intifada (2000-2009)

West Bank

  • Operation Defensive Shield (2002) Israel — Large-scale counter-terrorist operation conducted by the Israel Defense Forces into Palestinian towns and villages in the West Bank in order to eliminate terror infrastructures and to avoid the suicide bombings wave.
    • Battle of Jenin (April 3–11) — Israel attacked Palestinian militants in the city of Jenin.
    • Battle of Bethlehem (2 April – 10 May) — Israel occupied Bethlehem and tried to capture wanted Palestinian militants who were hiding in the Church of the Nativity.
    • Battle of Nablus (April 5–8) — Israel attacked Palestinian militants in the city of Nablus.
  • Operation Determined Path (2002) Israel — A military operation carried out by the Israel Defense Forces, following Operation Defensive Shield, with the goal of reaching some of the unreached objectives set forth for Defensive Shield, especially in the northern West Bank.
  • Operation Bringing Home the Goods (2006) Israel — IDF military operation in the Jericho prison in order to capture several Palestinian prisoners wanted by Israel, whose incarceration was monitored by British and American wardens.

Gaza Strip

2006 Lebanon War

Other Israeli Operations

See also

Global War on Terror and other associated activity

Afghanistan War

Iraq War

Other military counter-terrorist operations

Terrorist operations

Counter-terrorism drills

  • Fast Forward (2005) Mock evacuation of downtown Washington.
  • Firework Fanfare (2005) Mock evacuation of towns in Oklahoma.
  • Highline (2005) Counter-terrorist exercise in Collingwood, Melbourne.
  • TriPOD (2004) Plan to mass inoculate New York City citizens in the event of a biological attack.

Preventive counter-terrorist operations

Reactive counter-terrorist operations


  • Abacus — Plan to use the Canadian Forces to maintain and restore vital public services in the event of disruption by the Year 2000 problem.
  • Artisan — Canadian Forces contribution to the Rinas Airfield Rehabilitation Project in Tirana, Albania
  • Breakwater [4] (????) — Australian air and sea operation targeting border incursions by foreign fishing boats off its northern coastline.
  • Bright Star — (1981) American exercise to reinforce allies in the middle east.
  • Chaperon — Canada's contribution to the United Nations of one military observer (UNMO).
  • Celesta — Australian naval surveillance in Australia's southern waters against illegal fishing.
  • Condor (1974) — Joint-operations by various South American countries, and supported by the United States, against dissidents in each other's borders.
  • Cranberry — Australian naval surveillance in Australia's northern waters against smuggling and illegal fishing.
  • Eclipse — deployment of Canadian soldiers to east Africa in support of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE)
  • Ezra and Nehemiah (aka Ali Baba) (1950-1952) — mass migration/airlift of Iraqi Jews to Israel
  • Flavius (1988) — SAS action against the IRA in Gibraltar
  • Fusion — Canada's combined contribution to Allied Harmony and Concordia
  • Garden Plot — US Army plan for assistance to civil authorities.
  • Highjump (1947) — US Naval expedition to Antarctica.
  • Nunalivut (2006) — Canadian naval deployment in the Arctic.
  • Parabellum (2007) Italian Mafia-Iraq arms deal investigation.
  • Power Geyser (2005) — Military security support to the 2005 Presidential inauguration.
  • Prudence — Canada's participation in the Mission des Nations Unies dans la République Centrafricaine (MINURCA)
  • Relex (2001) — Australian defence force operations to secure Australia's northern maritime approaches against illegal immigration. Reactivated in 2004 as Operation Relex II.
  • Sure Victory (1997) — Sri Lankan counter-insurgency operations against the Tamil Tigers.
  • Exercise Unified Spirit — large NATO exercise held every two years to train the armed forces of member nations in joint and combined operations.
  • Operation Vijay (1999) — Indian operations against Pakistan.

Law Enforcement

US Drug Enforcement Administration Operations

Other anti-narcotic operations

Anti-child pornography operations

Operations against intellectual property theft

  • Buccaneer (2001) — International raid on software pirates.
  • D-Elite (2005) — US raid on software pirates.
  • Fastlink (2004) — International operation against pirated computer software.
  • Site Down (2005) — International crackdown on pirated movies.

Other operations

Humanitarian Operations


Non-military operations

External links


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