He Tao (何淘) - the constable leader who is tasked with arresting
the group responsible for robbing the convoy of birthday gifts. He
leads the government soldiers to attack Liangshan while pursuing
Chao Gai and his friends. The army is utterly defeated in the marsh
and he is captured. He has one of his ears sliced off and is sent
back to the authorities.
He Qing (何清) - the idling younger brother of He Tao. He knows
the truth behind the robbery of the birthday gifts by coincidence
and reports it to his elder brother.
Huang An (黃安) - the naval commander who is appointed to lead
government troops to attack Liangshan after He Tao's failure. He is
defeated in battle and killed by Liu Tang while attempting to
Yan Poxi (閻婆惜) - Song Jiang's wife. She is forced to marry him
to repay his kindness after he provides her with financial
assistance in her deceased father's funeral. She does not like Song
Jiang at all and has an adulterous affair with Song's assistant
Zhang Wenyuan. She discovers Chao Gai's letter to Song Jiang and
threatens to report Song to the magistrate for being in league with
the outlaws if Song does not agree to her conditions. She wants
Song Jiang to give her his house and property, allow her to remarry
Zhang Wenyuan and let her keep the gold from Chao Gai. Song Jiang
kills her in anger and flees to evade arrest.
Zhang Wenyuan (張文遠) - Song Jiang's assistant when Song was
still a judge's clerk. He has an adulterous affair with Song
Jiang's wife Yan Poxi.
Liu Gao (劉高) - the official in charge of Qingfeng Fort. His
wife is captured by the outlaws on Mount Qingfeng and is almost
raped by Wang Ying. Song Jiang saves
her by persuading Wang Ying to give up on her and the outlaws
release her. Later, she repays kindness with evil and accuses Song
Jiang of being the bandit who sexually assaulted her. Liu Gao
believes his wife and has Song arrested and thrown into prison. Liu
Gao is killed along with his family after the outlaws break into
the fort to rescue Song Jiang.
Governor Murong (幕容知府) - the governor of Qingzhou. He orders the execution of Qin Ming's family after
believing that Qin has defected to join the outlaws. Huyan Zhuo comes to
Qingzhou to join him after his defeat. The Liangshan heroes capture
Huyan Zhuo and persuades him to join them. Huyan tricks Murong into
opening the city gates and the outlaws break in. Murong is killed
by Qin Ming for revenge after his capture.
Cai Jiu (蔡九) - the governor of Jiangzhou and the son of the Imperial Tutor
Cai Jing. He sentences
Song Jiang and Dai Zong to
death after believing Huang Wenbing's accusations that Song is
planning to start a rebellion.
Huang Wenbing (黃文炳) - a low-ranking official from Jiangzhou who
serves under the governor Cai Jiu. Huang is scheming by nature and
desires to make his name through unscrupulous means. His chance
comes when he discovers Song Jiang's poem advocating rebellion and
he reports it to Cai Jiu. Song Jiang is arrested and sentenced to
death but the outlaws manage to rescue Song by storming the
execution ground. Huang's family is killed by the outlaws later and
his house set on fire. Huang is captured by Zhang Shun later and killed by Li
Li Gu (李顧) - Lu Junyi's housekeeper. He betrays his master and
has an adulterous affair with Lu Junyi's wife. They frame Lu Junyi
for being in league with the outlaws, which causes Lu to be
arrested and imprisoned. After Lu is rescued from prison by the
Liangshan heroes, he returns home and kills to adulterous pair for
Mrs Lu (盧夫人) - Lu Junyi's wife. She betrays her husband and has
an adulterous affair with the housekeeper Li Gu. They frame Lu
Junyi for being in league with the outlaws, which causes Lu to be
arrested and imprisoned. After Lu is rescued from prison by the
Liangshan heroes, he returns home and kills to adulterous pair for
Mrs Lin (林夫人) - the beautiful wife of Lin Chong. She attracts
the attention of Gao Yanei while praying in the temple. Gao
attempts to molest her but refrains from doing so when Lin Chong
stops him. Gao is unwilling to give up and collaborates with his
foster father and Lu Qian to frame Lin Chong. Lin is sentenced to
exile and he divorces his wife before going into exile so as to
allow her to have a chance to remarry again. Mrs Lin remains
faithful to her husband and she commits suicide afterwards to
prevent herself from being violated by Gao Yanei again.
Lu Qian (陸謙) - a scheming and ungrateful villain who repays Lin
Chong's kindness with evil. He collaborates with Gao Yanei in the
latter's evil plan to seize Lin Chong's wife. He is despatched by
Gao Qiu to follow Lin Chong to Cangzhou and bribe the officials there to kill
Lin Chong. He is slain by Lin Chong after setting the fire to the
fodder storage field.
Gao Yanei (高衙內) - the foster son of Gao Qiu. He is a lecherous
villain who lusts for Lin Chong's wife and enlists the help of his
foster father and Lu Qian to frame Lin Chong for attempted
assassination so he can seize Lin's wife for himself. He is
castrated by the followers of Lin Chong's friend Lu Zhishen.
Dong Chao (董超) and Xue Ba (薛霸) - the guards escorting Lin Chong
to Cangzhou. They have
been bribed by Gao Qiu to finish off Lin Chong along the way. They
mistreat and abuse Lin Chong along the way and want to kill him in
Wild Boar Woods when Lu Zhishen appears and stops them. In another
version of the novel, Dong and Xue are the guards escorting Lu Junyi to Shamen Island.
They have also been bribed by Li Gu to kill Lu Junyi along the way
and they treat Lu Junyi the same way as they did to Lin Chong years
ago. They are killed by Yan
Qing when they are about to kill Lu Junyi.
Wang Lun (王倫) - one of the pioneers of Liangshan together with
Song Wan, Du Qian and Zhu Gui. He is selfish and incompetent and is
unwilling to accept others who are better than him, for fear that
they might take over his position as chief. He tries to send Lin
Chong and the seven heroes led by Chao Gai away later. He is killed by Lin Chong
through Wu Yong's
Gao Lian (高廉) - the cousin of Gao Qiu. He is the governor of
Gaotangzhou and a corrupt official. His relative Yin Tianxi bullies
Chai Jin's uncle and is killed by Li Kui. Gao is furious and he holds Chai
responsible. Chai is arrested and imprisoned. The Liangshan heroes
attack Gaotangzhou to rescue Chai but are held off by Gao Lian's
black magic. They defeat Gao Lian eventually when Gongsun Sheng
arrives and breaks his evil magic charms.
Yin Tianxi (殷天錫) - a relative of Gao Lian. He is local tyrant
who bullies the people by abusing his relations with Gao Lian.
Once, he tries to take over Chai Jin's residence and beats up
Chai's elderly uncle. Chai Jin confronts him but Yin shows
disrespect to Chai and is killed by Li Kui in anger.
Jin Cuilian (金翠蓮) - a beautiful young maiden who is bullied by
Zheng (Lord of the West). Zheng is attracted by her beauty and
wants to make her his concubine. After she enters Zheng's
household, Zheng's wife dislikes her and drives her away. Zheng is
known to be afraid of his fierce wife so he has no choice but to
agree. He forces Jin and her father to compensate him for his
losses but Jin and her father are too poor to afford that sum of
money. Zheng does not allow them to leave so Jin and her father has
to try to accumulate that sum of money by street-performing. Once,
Jin cries over her plight and draws the attention of Lu Zhishen
(then Major Lu Da). After listening to her plight, Lu is furious
and he kills Zheng in anger. Jin and her father flee from town. She
is taken in by the kind-hearted Squire Zhao who treats her and her
Squire Zhao (趙員外) - a wealthy squire who takes pity on Jin
Cuilian and her father and accepts them. Jin's father meets Lu Da
who is on the run from the law after killing Butcher Zheng and
brings him to Zhao's residence. Zhao enjoys befriending pugilists
and he does not hesitate in accepting Lu Da. Zhao recommends Lu Da
to the monastery on Mount Wutai to become a monk through his
friendship with the head abbot.
Lord of the West (鎮關西) - a butcher called Zheng (鄭) from Weizhou who abuses his wealth
by bullying the poor. He attempts to force Jin Cuilian to marry him
but fails. He forces Jin and her father to compensate him for his
losses. When Lu Zhishen (then Major Lu Da) hears about it, he is
furious and wants to deliver justice for them. Lu Zhishen kills
Zheng with three punches and flees to Mount Wutai and becomes a
monk to avoid arrest.
Squire Liu (劉太公) - the master of Peach Blossom Manor (桃花莊). He
has a beautiful daughter who attracts the attention of the bandit
leader Zhou Tong. Zhou forces her to
marry him. Lu Zhishen is staying with the Lius then and he decides
to help Squire Liu. Lu beats up Zhou Tong in the dark and Zhou
escapes back to the stronghold. Li Zhong comes to Zhou Tong's
aid but he stops when he recognises Lu Zhishen. Li persuades Zhou
Tong to give up marrying Squire Liu's daughter.
Cui Daocheng (崔道成) and Qiu Xiaoyi (邱小乙) - two bandits who
disguise themselves as religious men (a Taoist and a Buddhist
monk respectively). They raze a temple to the ground and murder its
occupants. Lu Zhishen is seeking shelter inside the temple and
encounters them. Lu is almost killed by them because he is unaware
of their evil intentions. Luckily, Shi Jin arrives and saves Lu Zhishen. Shi and
Lu defeat and kill the evil bandits together.
Deng Long (鄧龍) - the leader of the bandits on Twin Dragons
Mountain (二龍山). He is killed by Lu Zhishen, Yang Zhi and Cao Zheng who seize control of his
stronghold. Later, other future Liangshan heroes such as Wu Song, Shi En, Zhang Qing and Sun
Er Niang come to seek refuge at the stronghold prior to merging
Wu Dalang (武大郎) - the elder brother of Wu Song, who is
nicknamed "Three-Inch Nail" (三寸釘) for his short stature. He is
murdered by his adulterous wife Pan Jinlian and Ximen Qing.
Pan Jinlian (潘金蓮) - the adulterous wife of Wu Dalang. She has
an affair with Ximen Qing and they murder Wu Dalang together with
the help of Granny Wang. Pan Jinlian is killed by Wu Song after he
forces a confession out of her.
Ximen Qing (西門慶) - a rich man from Yanggu County. He has
an affair with Wu Dalang's adulterous wife Pan Jinlian and they
murder Wu Dalang together with Granny Wang's help. He is killed
viciously by Wu Song for revenge.
Granny Wang (王婆) - the owner of a teahouse and the neighbour of
Wu Dalang. She aids Pan Jinlian and Ximen Qing in their adulterous
affair and plays a role in Wu Dalang's murder. Wu Song brings her
to the county office after obtaining the confessions of the murder.
She is convicted of abetting adultery and murder and is sentenced
to execution by dismemberment.
He Jiu (何九) - the chief coroner who inspects Wu Dalang's
corpse. He knows that Wu Dalang is poisoned to death but he has
been bribed by Ximen Qing so he remains silent. Somewhat haunted by
his conscience, he keeps a bone as evidence after cremating the
body and helps Wu Song in making the accusation as a witness.
Yun Ge (鄆哥) - a little street urchin who befriends Wu Dalang
and makes a living by selling pears. He witnesses the adulterous
affair of Pan Jinlian and Ximen Qing. He appeares to help Wu Song
make the accusation as a witness.
Inspector Zhang (張督監) - the official in charge of Mengzhou. He collaborates
with Jiang Zhong to frame Wu Song for theft and has Wu Song thrown
into prison. Zhang bribes the guards escorting Wu Song into exile
to kill him along the way but they are killed by Wu Song instead.
Wu Song returns to take his revenge and kills Inspector Zhang at
his residence along with Zhang's family.
Jiang Zhong (蔣中) - a local tyrant nicknamed "Jiang the
Door-God" (蔣門神). He beats up Shi
En and seizes Shi's restaurant Forest of Delight (快活林) for
himself. Shi En enlists the help of Wu Song and Wu defeats Jiang in
an intense fight. Wu Song demands that Jiang return the restaurant
to Shi and warns him never to return to Mengzhou. Jiang plots his
revenge and bribes Inspector Zhang to frame Wu Song for theft. Wu
Song survives the journey into exile and returns to take his
revenge. Jiang is killed by Wu Song along with Inspector
Niu Er (牛二) - a local bully who is killed by Yang Zhi after he
annoys the latter.
Liang Shijie (梁世傑) - the son in law of the Imperial Tutor Cai Jing. He is the Grand
Secretary of the Imperial Court and the governor of Damingfu (大名府).
He is impressed with Yang Zhi's abilities and appoints him to be in
charge of escorting the convoy of birthday gifts, worth a large sum
of money, to his father-in-law. However, the birthday gifts are
robbed by Chao Gai and his
friends. Since then, Liang harbours a grudge against the Liangshan
heroes and he vents his anger on Lu Junyi later when Lu is arrested for being
in league with Liangshan.
Li Gui (李鬼) - an imposter who pretends to be Li Kui and robs
passersby in the woods in Li Kui's name. He encounters Li Kui and
cooks up a story to trick Li Kui into sparing his life. Li Kui
discovers the truth and kills him but his wife escaped.
Mrs Li (李夫人) - Li Gui's wife. She plots with her husband to
capture Li Kui and send him to the authorities for a reward. Li Kui
overhears their conversation and kills Li Gui. She escapes and
arrives at Squire Cao's residence where she plots with Cao again to
capture Li Kui. She is killed by Li Kui.
Squire Cao (曹太公) - a wealthy squire who collaborates with the
authorities to arrest Li Kui after knowing his true identity from
Li Gui's wife. He tricks Li Kui into drinking and makes Li drunk.
When Li is unconscious, he is bound and escorted to the county
office by Li Yun but Zhu Gui and Zhu Fu saves him by knocking out the group using
drugged wine. Squire Cao is killed by Li Kui when he is knocked
Taoist Luo (羅真人) - the teacher of Gongsun Sheng. Dai Zong and Li Kui go to find Gongsun Sheng
to help them in combating Gao Lian's black magic. Luo refuses to
allow Gongsun Sheng to leave with them and is killed by Li Kui in
anger. Surprisingly, Luo is still alive the next day and he allows
Gongsun Sheng to leave with them.
Wang Jin (王進) - the instructor of the Imperial Guards. His
father taught Gao Qiu a painful lesson when the latter was stil a
street-roaming ruffian. When Gao Qiu becomes an official later, he
takes revenge on Wang Jin and has Wang beaten up severely. Wang Jin
knows that Gao Qiu will not let him off so he flees together with
his mother and comes to Shi Jin's home. He instructs Shi Jin in
Squire Shi (史太公) - the father of Shi Jin. He dies of illness
not too long after Wang Jin left.
Li Ji (李吉) - a hunter who reports Shi Jin to the authorities
for being in league with the bandits on Mount Shaohua (少華山). Shi
Jin sets fire to his home and fights his way out. Li Ji is killed
by Shi Jin during the chaos.
Prefect He (賀太守) - a corrupt official who seizes the daughter
of a craftsman for himself. Shi Jin breaks into his residence to
assassinate him and rescue the girl but fails and is captured. Lu Zhishen also attempts
to break in to rescue Shi Jin but he fails as well and is captured
too. The Liangshan heroes impersonate Marshal Su Jin and lure
Prefect He out of the city where he is killed.
Wang Yi (王義) - a craftsman. His daughter catches the eye of
Prefect He, who seizes her for himself. Shi Jin hears about it and
wants to help him rescue his daughter but fails and is
Li Ruilian (李瑞蓮) - a prostitute in the city of Dongping County
who is a friend of Shi Jin. Shi Jin volunteers to sneak into the
city and work as a spy for Liangshan when they are attacking the
city. He hides in the brothel where Li stays but the pimp discovers
him and reports him to the government.
Bai Yuqiao (白玉喬) - the father of Bai Xiuying. Lei Heng goes to
watch their performance but forgets to bring any money with him.
Both of them pester Lei Heng to pay up and insult him. Lei Heng
beats up Bai Yuqiao in anger and is arrested and put in
Bai Xiuying (白秀英) - a singer who insulted Lei Heng when he
watched her performance without paying. Lei Heng beat up her father
Bai Yuqiao in anger and was arrested and put in chains. Later when
Lei Heng's mother went to visit him, Bai Xiuying insulted her and
slapped her. Lei Heng could not tolerate Bai's attitude towards his
mother and killed her in anger.
Zhang Wang (張旺) - a pirate who robbed Zhang Shun and bound him
before throwing him into the river while the latter was on a
journey to find An
Daoquan. Later on the return journey, Zhang Shun recognised him
and did the same to him.
Li Qiaonu (李巧奴) - a prostitute who is in love with An Daoquan. When Zhang
Shun goes to find An Daoquan to cure Song Jiang's illness, Li refuses to allow An
to leave together with Zhang. Zhang attempts to force An to leave
and join Liangshan and he kills Li Qiaonu and writes "An Daoquan is
the killer" on the wall near the crime scene to frame An. An
Daoquan has no choice but to leave with Zhang Shun and join
Pan Qiaoyun (潘巧雲) - the adulterous wife of Yang Xiong. She has
an affair with the monk Pei Ruhai and accuses Shi Xiu of molesting her after he discovers
their affair. She is captured by Shi Xiu and taken to Mount Cuiping
(翠屏山) along with Pei and her servant maid. On the mountain, Yang
Xiong interrogates her and forces a confession out of her before
Pei Ruhai (裴如海) - a monk who has an adulterous affair with Yang
Xiong's wife Pan Qiaoyun. He is killed by Shi Xiu.
Ying Er (迎兒) - the servant maid of Pan Qiaoyun. She is killed
by her master Yang Xiong along with her adulterous mistress.
Squire Cao (曹太公) - a rich squire. The Xie brothers are sent to
hunt down and kill and ferocious tiger. The tiger is wounded and
rolls down the hill and lands in Squire Cao's backyard. The Xie
brothers go to Cao's residence to claim the tiger but Cao has
already sent his men with the dead tiger to the county office to
collect his reward. Cao frames the Xie brothers for attempting to
rob him and has them thrown into prison. After a jailbreak, the Xie
brothers return to take their revenge and kill Squire Cao along
with his family.
Family Village (祝家莊)
Zhu Chaofeng (祝朝奉) - the headman of the village. He has
connections with the government and abuses his authority and wealth
by oppressing the common people. He provokes Liangshan through
insulting messages and captures Shi Qian. His actions harden the Liangshan
heroes' decision to attack his village. After the village fell, he
tries to escape but runs into Shi Xiu who beheads him on sight.
Zhu Long (祝龍) - the eldest son of Zhu Chaofeng. His name means
"dragon" (龍). He is killed by Lin Chong during his escape.
Zhu Hu (祝虎) - the second son of Zhu Chaofeng. His name means
"tiger" (虎). He is killed by Lü Fang and Guo Sheng who skewer him with their spears
and drag him together with his steed to the ground.
Zhu Biao (祝彪) - the youngest son of Zhu Chaofeng. His name
means "tiger cub" (彪). He is originally engaged to Hu Saniang of
the neighbouring Hu Family Village. After the village falls, he
flees there, hoping that the Hus will accept him. However, Hu Cheng
binds him and sends him to Liangshan in exchange for his sister.
Zhu Biao is killed by Li Kui along the way.
Luan Tingyu (栾廷玉) - the martial arts instructor of the village.
He is a fellow student of Sun Li. Sun uses their
relationship to infiltrate the village and work as a spy for
Liangshan. Luan's eventual fate is not mentioned in the novel as he
disappears after the village fell, but he is purportedly killed in
Zhong Li Old Man (鐘離老人) - an old man who directs Shi Xiu out of
the danger zone.
Family Fortress (曾頭市)
Zeng Nong (曾弄) - the headman of the fortress. He is originally
at odds with Liangshan but regrets after losing two of his sons. He
tries to recoincile and come to a peace treaty with Liangshan but
fails. He commits suicide by hanging himself after the village is
Zeng Tu (曾涂) - the eldest son of Zeng Nong. He fights with Lü Fang and Guo Sheng and tries to kill
them when their spears become entangled. Hua Rong wounds him with an arrow and Lü Fang
and Guo Sheng seize the opportunity to spear him together after he
Zeng Mi (曾密) - the second son of Zeng Nong. He is killed by Zhu Tong when the Liangshan
heroes overrun the fortress.
Zeng Suo (曾索) - the third son of Zeng Nong. He is killed in an
ambush while attempting to launch a sneak attack on the Liangshan
Zeng Kui (曾魁) - the fourth son of Zeng Nong. He is killed by Lu Zhishen and Wu Song when the fortress is
overrun by the Liangshan heroes.
Zeng Sheng (曾升) - the youngest son of Zeng Nong. He is sent as
a hostage to the Liangshan camp during the negotiations for a truce
between Liangshan and the fortress. He is killed by the Liangshan
heroes after the fortress falls.
Shi Wengong (史文恭) - the martial arts instructor of the
fortress. He is responsible for killing Liangshan's chief Chao Gai with a poisoned
arrow and henceforth becomes a sworn enemy of Liangshan. He is
captured by Lu Junyi after
the fortress falls and executed.
Marshal Hong (洪太尉) - an imperial official who is sent by the
Emperor to seek Heavenly Master Zhang to help them in combating the
plague. On the way, Hong visits a temple and unsuspectingly
releases 108 demons imprisoned in a secret chamber for centuries.
The demons spread out throughout the land after being released and
are incarnated into the 108 Liangshan heroes. As if predestined,
the stone tablet which holds the demons bears the words "Opens when
Hong arrives" (遇洪而開).
Hu Cheng (扈成) - the elder brother of Hu Sanniang. He pleads with the Liangshan
heroes to release his sister after she is captured by them, with
the condition that he capture one of the Zhus in exchange for her.
Hu captures Zhu Biao but Zhu Biao is killed by Li Kui.
Li Shishi (李師師) - a prostitute in the capital city. The emperor
is one of her regular customers. She helps the Liangshan heroes in
obtaining amnesty from the
Su Jin (宿進) - a high-ranking court Marshal (太尉), of almost
equal status as the imperial villain Gao Qiu. He is reputed to be an honest and
incorrupt official. The heroes want to convey their grievances of
being forced to become outlaws due to the corrupt government, as
well as express their desire to serve the government after being
granted amnesty. Su Jin
reports their situation to the emperor and helps the heroes
persuade the emperor into granting them amnesty.