List of monitors of the United States Navy: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ships of the
United States Navy

A-B * C * D-F * G-H
I-K * L * M * N-O* P
Q-R * S * T-V * W-Z

Aircraft carriers
Airships
Amphibious warfare ships
Auxiliaries
Battleships
Cruisers
Destroyers
Destroyer escorts
Escort carriers
Frigates
Mine warfare vessels
Monitors
Patrol vessels
Sailing frigates
Steam frigates
Steam gunboats
Ships of the line
Sloops of war
Submarines
Torpedo boats

This is a list of all monitors of the United States Navy. While the most famous name is represented in this list, many monitors held multiple names during their service life. To view the complete list of names, click here.

The whole category of warship took its name from the first of these, Monitor, designed in 1861 by John Ericsson. They were low-freeboard, steam-powered ironclad vessels, with one or two rotating armored turrets, rather than the traditional broadside of guns. The low freeboard meant that these ships were unsuitable for ocean-going duties and were always at risk of water entering the ship and causing flooding and possible loss, but it reduced the amount of armor required for protection.

They were succeeded by more seaworthy armored cruisers and battleships.

Contents

River monitors

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Neosho class monitors

Marietta class monitors

Harbor monitors

Casco class monitors

Cassco class monitors Shawnee and Wassuc", circa 1871-72

Coastal monitors

Passaic class monitors

Canonicus class monitors

Milwaukee class monitors

Seagoing monitors

Puritan

Miantonomoh class monitors

Kalamazoo class monitors

"New Navy" monitors

The first five of these were ostensibly rebuilds of Civil War era monitors (in much the same way that the 1854 sloop-of-war Constellation was ostensibly a refit of the 1797 sail frigate Constellation). In fact, they were entirely new ships, much larger and more capable than the previous ones.

Puritan class monitors

Amphitrite class monitors

Monterey class monitors

Arkansas class monitors

Similar vessels of interest

USS Keokuk]]
  • Keokuk. an experimental ironclad steamer with composite armor and two armored three-gun towers, fought in one battle
  • Spuyten Duyvil, an innovative semi-submersible spar torpedo boat, effectively employed in the Civil War
  • Katahdin, an ironclad harbor defense ram

References

  • Roberts, William O. (2002). Civil War ironclads: the U. S. Navy and industrial mobilization. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-6830-0.  

External links


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