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List of mountains on Mars by height: Wikis

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This is a list of mountains on Mars by elevation. The listed elevations are relative to the Martian datum (the elevation defined as zero by average martian atmospheric pressure and planet radius). Elevation is NOT the height above the surrounding terrain.

  • A Mons is a mountain and may or may not be of volcanic origin.
  • A Patera refers to the dish-shaped depression atop a volcano that is not very high compared to its diameter.
  • In planetary geology, a Tholus (pl. tholi) is the term used to describe a small domical mountain or hill.
  • Listed Mons elevation is the highest point (at 16 pixels/degree) within the feature.
  • Listed Patera elevation is the average elevation of the shallow dish-shaped depression (the actual 'patera') at the summit.

Notable extreme elevations on Earth are included (in bold and Italics) for comparison, where the given elevations are relative to mean sea level.

Name Elevation (m)
Olympus Mons 21,171
Ascraeus Mons 18,209
Arsia Mons 17,779
Pavonis Mons 14,037
Elysium Mons 13,862
Mount Everest, Earth 8,848
Tharsis Tholus 8,000-9,000
Biblis Tholus (formerly Patera) 7,198
Alba Mons (formerly Patera) 6,815
Ulysses Tholus (formerly Patera) 5,863
Uranius Mons (formerly Patera) 4,853
Anseris Mons 3,959
Hadriacus Mons (formerly Hadriaca Patera) 3,959
Euripus Mons 3,945
Tyrrhenus Mons (formerly Tyrrhena Patera) 3,920
Promethei Mons 3,789
Chronius Mons 3,240
Apollinaris Mons (formerly Patera) 3,155
Gonnus Mons 2,937
Syrtis Major 2,300
Amphitrites Patera 2,066
Nili Patera 2,036
Pityusa Patera 1,877
Malea Patera 1,313
Peneus Patera 1,276
Labeatis Mons 1,143
Issedon Paterae 826
Pindus Mons 704
Meroe Patera 542
Dead Sea, Earth -420
Orcus Patera -764
Oceanidum Mons -1,277
Horarum Mons -2,325
Peraea Mons -2,470
Bentley Subglacial Trench, Earth -2,555
Octantis Mons -2,731
Galaxius Mons -3,972
Challenger Deep, Earth -10,924

References

  • United States Geological Survey data files megt90n000eb.img and megt90n000eb.lbl

External links

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