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List of national leaders of Ukraine: Wikis


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This is a comprehensive chronological list of national leaders of Ukraine since its first independence, in 1917, including its presidents both before and after the soviet era, and the soviet leaders themselves, who, unlike the Presidents, were not formal Heads of State.

Ukraine has had only seven Presidents since 1917, divided into two periods (1917-1921 and 1991-Present). In between, the country was a part of the Soviet Union (1922-1991) with the name of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.


Leaders of Ukraine since 1917


Ukrainian People's Republic (1917-1921)

The Ukrainian People's Republic was formed after the Russian Revolution of 1917, and lasted until the Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Russia in March 1921. The state leadership position title varied and, despite a rather widespread misconception, none of them had an official "Presidential" title.

Chairman of the Central Rada (Council)

  • Mykhailo Serhiiovych Hrushevsky (27 March 1917 – 29 April 1918) (arrived 29 March 1917)
  • Volodymyr Pavlovych Naumenko and Serhiy Oleksandrovych Yefremov (27 April - 29 April 1917 (acting for Hrushevsky)

Hetman of the Ukrainian State

Chairmen of the Directory

Ukrainian People's Republic in Exile (1921-1992)


(in Paris and Prague to 1945, Munich 1945-1992)

Western Ukrainian People's Republic (1918-1919)

The government of the Western Ukrainian People's Republic, which was proclaimed on 19 October 1918, united with the Ukrainian People's Republic on 22 January 1919, although this was mostly a symbolic act because the western Ukrainians retained their own Ukrainian Galician Army and government structure. After the Polish-Ukrainian War, Poland took over most of territory of the West Ukrainian People's Republic by July 1919.

President of the Ukrainian National Council

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1918/1921-1991)

Ukraine was incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on 30 December 1922.

Secretaries of Central Committee the (Ukrainian) Communist Party

First Secretary of the Central Committee

Executive Secretary of the Central Committee

First Secretaries of the Communist Party

General Secretaries of the Central Committee

First Secretaries of the Central Committee

Ukraine (1991-Present)

On 5 July 1991, the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR passed a law establishing the post of the President of the Ukrainian SSR. The title was changed to the President of Ukraine upon the proclamation of independence (24 August 1991). The first election of the President of Ukraine was held on 1 December 1991.

# President Took office Left office Party Term
1 Leonid Kravchuk.jpg Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk 5 December 1991
Inauguration: 22 August 1992[c]
19 July 1994 Non-partisan 1
2 Ukraine.LeonidKuchma.01.jpg Leonid Danylovych Kuchma 19 July 1994 14 November 1999 Independent / Non-partisan 2
14 November 1999 23 January 2005 3
3 Viktor Yushchenko in Polish parliament..jpg Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko 23 January 2005 Incumbent
Term end: 23 January 2010
People's Union "Our Ukraine" 4

See also


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