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List of national parks in Peru: Wikis

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The protected areas in Peru, South America.

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Natural heritage

View of the beach in Punta Sal.

The Constitution of Peru of 1993 recognized the natural resources and ecosystem variety of its country as a heritage. In 1900, the National System of Natural Areas that are protected by the Government (SINANPE) was created. This entity depends on the National Institute of Natural Resources (INRENA). Also created was a map of protection and preservation of historical-cultural heritage and nature.

This map has 63 natural areas (14,2% of the country surface area) that are preserved by the National Government: twelve national parks, eleven national reservations, seven national sanctuaries, four historical sanctuaries, two wild life refuges, two landscape reserves, six protected forests, seven communal reserves, two hunting enclosed lands and ten reserved zones.[1]

Peru is considered to be among 17 of the most megadiverse countries in the world.[2] With over 1,700 species of birds, it has the world's second most diverse avian community, after Colombia.[3]

National Parks are places where the wild flora and fauna are protected and preserved. Natural resources exploitation and human settlements are forbidden.

National System of Natural State Protected Areas

National parks

National reserves

National sanctuaries

National sanctuaries are areas of national importance for the protection of the habitat of specific species of flora and fauna, and natural formations of scientific or scenic interest.[1]

Historical sanctuaries

Machu Picchu

Protection forests

Communal reserves

Communal reserves are conservation areas for flora and fauna, allowing traditional use for the rural populations surrounding the areas. The use and marketing of the natural resources within the communal reserve is conducted by the same rural populations.[1]

Reserve Date Area (ha)
Yanesha 19880428 28 April, 1988 &0000000000034744.00000034,744
El Sira 20010622 22 June, 2001 &0000000000616413.000000616,413
Amarakaeri 20020509 9 May, 2002 &0000000000402335.000000402,335
Machiguenga 20030114 14 january, 2003 &0000000000218905.000000218,905
Asháninka 20030114 14 january, 2003 &0000000000184468.000000184,468
Purús 2004112020 November, 2004 &0000000000202033.000000202,033
Tuntanain 2007081010 August, 2007 &0000000000094967.00000094,967

Enclosed hunting lands

Reserved zones

Manú National Park

References

  1. ^ a b c SINANPE, SINANPE protected areas, retrieved 5 february 2009.
  2. ^ Conservation International, South America Banks on Regional Strategy to Safeguard Quarter of Earth's Biodiversity. Retrieved on June 29, 2007.
  3. ^ Lambertini, A Naturalist's Guide to the Tropics, excerpt

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