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List of non-marine molluscs of the Czech Republic: Wikis

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This is a list of the non-marine molluscs of the Czech Republic. That country is land-locked and therefore it has no marine molluscs, only land and freshwater species, including snails, slugs, freshwater clams and freshwater mussels. There are 244 species of molluscs living in the wild in the Czech Republic. In addition there are at least 11 gastropod species surviving in greenhouses.

There are 216 gastropod species (50 freshwater and 166 land species) and 28 bivalve species living in the wild.

There are also 10 introduced gastropod species (5 freshwater and 6 land species) and 4 bivalve species living in the wild in the Czech Republic. This is a total of 9 freshwater non-indigenous species living in natural habitats.

Summary table of number of species
Bohemia Moravia (including Czech Silesia) the Czech Republic
freshwater gastropods 43 43 50
land gastropods 152 151 166
gastropods altogether 195 194 216
bivalves 28 27 28
molluscs altogether 223 221 244
non-indigenous gastropods in natural habitats 5 freshwater and 4 land 4 freshwater and 4 land 5 freshwater and 6 land
non-indigenous gastropods in synantropic habitats 11
non-indigenous bivalves in natural habitats 4 3 4
non-indigenous bivalves in synantropic habitats 0 0 0
non-indigenous molluscs altogether 26

There are 2 endemic species of molluscs in the Czech Republic:

Contents

Systematic list

There are only orders, families and species in the list. The Czech name is in parentheses. Listed is the occurrence in Bohemia or in Moravia (and if it is a non-indigenous or locally extinct species). Non-indigenous species only occurring in greenhouses in the Czech Republic are noted separately after the list.

The main source for the list is the Checklist of molluscs of the Czech Republic [1]

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Gastropoda

Neritidae
Viviparidae
Hydrobiidae
The introduced freshwater gastropod Potamopyrgus antipodarum
Amnicolidae
Lithoglyphidae
Bithyniidae
Aciculidae
Valvatidae
Acroloxidae
Lymnaeidae
Physidae
  • (levotočka bažinná) Aplexa hypnorum (Linnaeus, 1758) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (levatka říční) Physa fontinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (levatka ostrá) Physella acuta (Draparnaud, 1805) - non-indigenous, Bohemia, Moravia
Planorbidae
Ellobiidae
Cochlicopidae
Orculidae
Chondrinidae
Pupillidae
Pyramidulidae
Valloniidae
Vertiginidae
Enidae
  • (trojzubka stepní) Chondrula tridens (O. F. Müller, 1774) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (hladovka horská) Ena montana (Draparnaud, 1801) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (hladovka chlumní) Merdigera obscura (O. F. Müller, 1774) - Bohemia, Moravia
  • (lačník stepní) Zebrina detrita (O. F. Müller, 1774) - Bohemia, Moravia
Clausiliidae
Balea biplicata is most common species of Clausiliidae family in the Czech Republic
Succineidae
Ferussaciidae
Punctidae
Discidae
Gastrodontidae
Euconulidae
Oxychilidae
Pristilomatidae
Vitrinidae
Zonitidae
Milacidae
Limacidae
Agriolimacidae
Boettgerillidae
Arionidae
Bradybaenidae
Helicodontidae
Hygromiidae
Helicidae

Bivalvia

Unionoida
Margaritiferidae
Unionidae
Veneroida
Corbiculidae
Sphaeriidae
Dreissenidae
  • (slávička mnohotvárná) Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) - non-indigenous in Bohemia, in southern Moravia is probably native

Synanthropic species

These species do not live in the wild or are not recorded in the wild yet, but they live in greenhouses and similar biotopes, as "hothouse alien" species.[9][10][11]

List (alphabetically according scientific name):

  • Discus rotundatus f. pyramidalis Jeffreys - form of Discus rotundatus (native species) inhabiting greenhouses
  1. (křivoústka liberijská) Gulella io Verdcourt, 1974[12]
  2. Gyraulus chinensis (Dunker, 1848)[13]
  3. (skelnatěnka drobná) Hawaiia minuscula (Binney, 1840)[14]
  4. (subulína paličkovitá) Lamellaxis clavulinus (Potiez & Michaud, 1838)
  5. (podkornatka iberská) Lehmannia valentiana (Férussac, 1823)
  6. (piskořka hrbolkovitá) Melanoides tuberculatus (O. F. Müller, 1774)
  7. (subulína malá) Opeas pumilum (L. Pfeiffer, 1840)
  8. Planorbella sp. - Planorbella duryi (Wetherby, 1879) or Helisoma anceps (Menke, 1830). Former was incorrectly noted as Planorbella trivolvis (Say, 1817) (mentioned under invalid name Helisoma trivolvis), which occurrence is also possible.
  9. (ampulárka argentinská) Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856)
  10. (blátivka americká) Pseudosuccinea columella (Say, 1817)
  11. (subulína americká) Subulina octona (Bruguière, 1798)[15]

See also

Lists of non-marine molluscs of surrounding countries:

References

  1. ^ Juřičková L., Horsák M., Beran L. & Dvořák L. (Last update: 30 May 2007) Check-list of the molluscs (Mollusca) of the Czech Republic. http://mollusca.sav.sk/malacology/checklist.htm
  2. ^ Beran L. & Horsák M. (28 April 2009) "Distribution of Bithynia leachii (Sheppard, 1823) and Bithynia troschelii (Paasch, 1842) (Gastropoda: Bithyniidae) in the Czech Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 8: 19-23. PDF.
  3. ^ Horsák M., Šteffek J., Čejka T., Ložek V. & Juřičková L. (18 June 2009) "Occurrence of Lucilla scintilla (R.T. Lowe, 1852) and Lucilla singleyana (Pilsbry, 1890) in the Czech and Slovak Republics – with remarks how to distinguish these two non-native minute snails". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 8: 24-27. PDF.
  4. ^ Dvořák L. & Kupka L. (9 January 2007) "The first outdoor find of an American snail Zonitoides arboreus (Say, 1816) from the Czech Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 6: 1-2. PDF.
  5. ^ Horsák M. & Myšák J. (4 June 2008) "The first records of Aegopinella ressmanni (Westerlund, 1883) in the Czech Republic extends its distribution range northwards". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 7: 47–50. PDF.
  6. ^ Horsák M. & Dvořák L. (2003) "First records of the introduced slug Deroceras panormitanum (Lessona et Pollonera, 1882) from the Czech Republic (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Agriolimacidae)". Folia Malacologica 11: 57-58.
  7. ^ Juřičková L. & Kapounek F. (18 November 2009) "Helix (Cornu) aspersa (O.F. Müller, 1774) (Gastropoda: Helicidae) in the Czech Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 8: 53-55. PDF.
  8. ^ Beran L. (2000) "First record of Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the Czech Republic". Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 64: 1-2.
  9. ^ (Czech) Horsák M. (2001) "Měkkýši v našich sklenících". Živa, Academia, Praha 49(3): 123-124.
  10. ^ Horsák M., Dvořák L. & Juřičková L. (2004) "Greenhouse gastropods of the Czech Republic: current stage of research". Malakológiai Tájekoztató (Malacological Newsletter) 22: 141-147.
  11. ^ Šefrová H. & Laštůvka Z. (2005) "Catalogue of alien animal species in the Czech Republic". Acta univ. agric. et silvic. Mendel. Brun. 53(4): 151-170. PDF.
  12. ^ (Czech) Flasar I. & Kroupová V. (1976) "Gulella io Verdcourt (Pulmonata, Stylommatophora) nový druh měkkýše v našich sklenících". Živa, Academia, Praha 24(2): 65-66.
  13. ^ Beran L. & Glöer P. (12 May 2006) "Gyraulus chinensis (Dunker, 1848) – a new greenhouse species for the Czech Republic (Gastropoda: Planorbidae)]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 5: 25-28. PDF
  14. ^ (Czech) Mácha S. (1988) "Další nový druh měkkýše v našich sklenících - Hawaia minuscula (Binney, 1840)". Časopis Slez. Muz. (A), Slezské muzeum Opava, Opava, 37(1): 63-64.
  15. ^ Juřičková L. (30 January 2006) "Subulina octona (Bruguière, 1798) – a new greenhouse species for the Czech Republic (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Subulinidae)]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 5: 1-2. PDF.

Further reading

  • (Czech) (with English summary) Beran L. (2002) Vodní měkkýši České Republiky - rozšíření a jeho změny, stanoviště, šíření, ohrožení a ochrana, červený seznam. Aquatic moluscs of the Czech Republic - distribution and its changes, habitats, dispersal, threat and protection, Red List. - Sborník přírodovědného klubu v Uherském Hradišti, Supplementum 10, 258 pp.
  • (Czech) Beran L. (1998) Vodní měkkýši ČR. Metodika ČSOP 17, ČSOP Vlašim, 113 pp.
  • (Czech) (with English summary) Beran L., Juřičková L. & Horsák M. (2005) Mollusca (měkkýši), pp. 69-74. – In: Farkač J., Král D. & Škorpík M. [eds.] Červený seznam ohrožených druhů České republiky. Bezobratlí. Red list of threatened species in the Czech Republic. Invertebrates. Agentura ochrany přírody a krajiny ČR, Praha, 760 pp.
  • (Czech) Ložek V. (1956) Klíč československých měkkýšů. Vydav. Slov. akad. vied SAV, Bratislava, 425 pp.
  • (German) Ložek V. (1964) "Quartärmollusken der Tschechoslowakei". Rozpravy Ústředního ústavu geologického, 31. Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha sv. 31, 374 pp., 32 tab., 4 supplements.
  • (Czech) Uličný J. (1892-1895) Měkkýši čeští. Přírodovědecký klub, Praha, 4 volumes, 208 pp.

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