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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of oil spills throughout the world.

One tonne of crude oil is roughly equal to 308 US gallons, or 7.33 barrels. The amounts shown are inexact.

Contents

Large

Oil spills, ordered by tonnes (One tonne = approx. 308 US gallons)
Spill / Tanker Location Date Tonnes of crude oil link
Gulf War oil spill Persian Gulf 01991-01-23January 23, 1991 &0000000001140000.000000780,000–1,500,000 [1][2]
Ixtoc I oil well Gulf of Mexico 01979-06-03June 3, 1979 – March 23, 1980 &0000000000467000.000000454,000–480,000 [3][4]
Atlantic Empress / Aegean Captain  Trinidad and Tobago 01979-07-19July 19, 1979 &0000000000287000.000000287,000 [5][6][7]
Morris J. Berman Oil Spill  Puerto Rico 01994-01-07January 7, 1994  ? [8]
Fergana Valley  Uzbekistan 01992-03-02March 2, 1992 &0000000000285000.000000285,000 [2]
Nowruz Field Platform Persian Gulf 01983-02-04February 4, 1983 &0000000000260000.000000260,000 [9]
ABT Summer 700 nautical miles (1,300 km) off  Angola 01991-05-28May 28, 1991 &0000000000260000.000000260,000 [5]
Castillo de Bellver Saldanha Bay,  South Africa 01983-08-06August 6, 1983 &0000000000252000.000000252,000 [5]
Amoco Cadiz  Brittany,  France 01978-03-16March 16, 1978 &0000000000225000.000000223,000–227,000 [2][2][5][10][11]
MT Haven Mediterranean Sea near Genoa,  Italy 01991-04-11April 11, 1991 &0000000000144000.000000144,000 [5]
Odyssey 700 nautical miles (1,300 km) off  Nova Scotia,  Canada 01988-11-10November 10, 1988 &0000000000132000.000000132,000 [5]
Sea Star Gulf of Oman 01972-12-19December 19, 1972 &0000000000115000.000000115,000 [2][5]
Irenes Serenade Navarino Bay,  Greece 01980 1980 &0000000000100000.000000100,000 [5]
Urquiola A Coruña,  Spain 01976-05-12May 12, 1976 &0000000000100000.000000100,000 [5]
Torrey Canyon Isles of Scilly,  UK 01967-03-18March 18, 1967 &0000000000099500.00000080,000–119,000 [2][5]
MT Independenţa Bosphorus,  Turkey 01979-11-15November 15, 1979 &0000000000095000.00000095,000 [5]
Hawaiian Patriot 300 nautical miles (600 km) off Honolulu,  Hawaii,  USA 01977-02-26February 26, 1977 &0000000000095000.00000095,000 [2][5]
Jakob Maersk Oporto,  Portugal 01975-01-29January 29, 1975 &0000000000088000.00000088,000 [5]
Braer  Shetland,  UK 01993-01-05January 5, 1993 &0000000000085000.00000085,000 [5]
Ekofisk oil field North Sea 01977-04-22April 22, 1977 &0000000000081000.00000081,000
Greenpoint, Brooklyn Oil Spill Newtown Creek, Greenpoint, Brooklyn,  New York,  USA 01940 1940s & 1950s &0000000000076300.00000055,200–97,400 [12]
Khark 5 120 nautical miles (220 km) off Atlantic coast of  Morocco 01989 1989 &0000000000075000.00000070,000–80,000 [2][5]
Aegean Sea A Coruña,  Spain 01992-12-03December 3, 1992 &0000000000074000.00000074,000 [5]
Katina P Maputo,  Mozambique 01992 1992 &0000000000072000.00000072,000 [5]
Nova Off Kharg Island, Gulf of Iran 01985 1985 &0000000000070000.00000070,000 [5]
Betelgeuse Bantry Bay,  Ireland 01979-01-08January 8, 1979 &0000000000064000.00000064,000 [13]
Prestige  Galicia,  Spain 02002-11-13November 13, 2002 &0000000000063000.00000063,000 [5][14]
Sea Empress  Wales,  UK 01996-02-15February 15, 1996 &0000000000056000.00000040,000–72,000 [2][5]
Othello Tralhavet Bay,  Sweden 01970-03-20March 20, 1970 &0000000000055000.00000050,000–60,000 [1][2]
Metula Strait of Magellan,  Chile 01974-08-09August 9, 1974 &0000000000050500.00000050,000–51,000 [15]
Exxon Valdez Prince William Sound,  Alaska,  USA 01989-03-24March 24, 1989 &0000000000037000.00000037,000 [5][16]
Corinthos Delaware River, Marcus Hook,  Pennsylvania,  USA 01975-01-31January 31, 1975 &0000000000035700.00000035,700
Tasman Spirit Karachi,  Pakistan 02003-07-28July 28, 2003 &0000000000029000.00000028,000–30,000 [17][18]
Argo Merchant Nantucket Island,  Massachusetts,  USA 01976-12-15December 15, 1976 &0000000000026500.00000025,000–28,000

[19][20]

Jiyeh power station oil spill  Lebanon 02006-07-14July 14, 2006 – July 15, 2006 &0000000000025000.00000020,000–30,000 [21]
Erika Bay of Biscay,  France 01999-12-12December 12, 1999 &0000000000020000.00000015,000–25,000 [1][2]
Nakhodka Sea of Japan 01997-12-15December 1997 &0000000000019000.00000019,000 [1]
Kirki tanker Pacific ocean, off the coast of West  Australia 01991-07-21July 21, 1991 &0000000000017280.00000017,280 [22]
Mega Borg Gulf of Mexico, 57 mi (92 km) SE of Galveston,  Texas,  USA 01990 1990 &0000000000016500.00000016,500 [23]
Seki  United Arab Emirates 01994-03-31March 31, 1994 &0000000000015900.00000015,900 [2]
Tanio  Brittany,  France 01980-03-07March 7, 1980 &0000000000013500.00000013,500 [24]
Limburg bombing Gulf of Aden 02002-10-06October 6, 2002 &0000000000012200.00000012,200
1969 Santa Barbara oil spill Santa Barbara,  California,  USA 01969-01-28January 28, 1969 &0000000000012000.00000010,000–14,000 [25]
2007 Korea oil spill Yellow Sea,  South Korea 02007-12-07December 7, 2007 &0000000000010800.00000010,800 [26][27]
Ashland Oil Spill Floreffe,  Pennsylvania,  USA 01988-01-02January 2, 1988 &0000000000010000.00000010,000 [28][29]
Burmah Agate Galveston Bay,  Texas,  USA 01979-11-01November 1, 1979 &0000000000008440.0000008,440 [30]
Citgo refinery Lake Charles,  Louisiana,  USA 02006-06-19June 19, 2006 &0000000000006500.0000006,500~

[31]

Mobil Nigeria Oil Spill  Nigeria 01998-01-12January 12, 1998 &0000000000005500.0000005,500 [2]
North Cape  Rhode Island,  USA 01996-01-19January 19, 1996 &0000000000002500.0000002,500 [32]
Kab 101 Bay of Campeche,  Mexico 02007-10-23October 23, 2007 – December 17, 2007 &0000000000001869.0000001,869 [33]
MV Selendang Ayu Unalaska Island,  Alaska,  USA 02004-12-08December 8, 2004 &0000000000001560.0000001,560 [2]
Treasure Cape Town,  South Africa 02000-06-15June 2000 &0000000000001400.0000001,400 [1]
Grand Eagle Delaware River, Marcus Hook,  Pennsylvania,  USA 01985-09-28September 28, 1985 &0000000000001400.0000001,400
Amorgos Oil Spill Southern coast of  Taiwan 02001-01-14January 14, 2001 &0000000000001150.0000001,150 [34]
(ruptured pipeline) Guanabara Bay,  Rio de Janeiro,  Brazil 02000-01-15January 2000 &0000000000001100.0000001,100 [1]
Kerch Strait Oil Spill Strait of Kerch,  Ukraine &  Russia 02007-11-11November 11, 2007 &0000000000001000.0000001,000 [35]
NEPCO 140 Oil Spill Saint Lawrence River,  USA 01976-06-23June 23, 1976 &0000000000001000.0000001,000 [36] [37]
American Trader Bolsa Chica State Beach,  California,  USA 01990 1990 &0000000000000980.000000980 [2][38]
Prudhoe Bay Alaska North Slope,  Alaska,  USA 02006-03-02March 2, 2006 &0000000000000866.000000866 [39]
Athos 1 Delaware River,  USA 02004-11-26November 26, 2004 &0000000000000860.000000860
Guimaras oil spill  Philippines 02006-08-11August 11, 2006 &0000000000000856.000000172–1,540 [21]
Julie N. Portland,  Maine,  USA 01996-09-27September 27, 1996 &0000000000000586.000000586 [40]
Jessica Galapagos Islands,  Ecuador 02001-01-15January 2001 &0000000000000568.000000568 [1][41]
Bouchard No. 120 Buzzards Bay, Bourne,  Massachusetts,  USA 02003-04-27April 27, 2003 &0000000000000320.000000320 [42]
West Cork oil spill Southern coast of  Ireland 02009-02-15February 2009 &0000000000000300.000000300~
2009 Queensland oil spill  Queensland,  Australia 02009-03-10March 10, 2009 &0000000000000230.000000230+
Full City, Rognsfjorden Rognsfjorden near Såstein south of Langesund,  Norway 02009-07-31July 31, 2009 &0000000000000200.000000200
2007 San Francisco Bay oil spill  San Francisco,  California,  USA 02007-11-07November 7, 2007 &0000000000000188.000000188 [43]
World Glory  South Africa 01979-01-08January 8, 1979 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?".Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"?
Keo  Massachusetts,  USA 01969-11-05November 5, 1969 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?".Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"?
(storage tank) Sewaren,  New Jersey,  USA 01969-11-04November 4, 1969 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?".Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"?
African Queen Ocean City,  Maryland,  USA 01958-12-30December 30, 1958 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?".Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "?"?
Mean (67 lower–upper) World 01940 1940 – July 31, 2009 72,369.69 – 86,019.96
Std. Deviation (67 lower–upper) World 1940 – July 31, 2009 124,460.3 – 196,325.9
Median (67 lower–upper) World 1940 – July 31, 2009 20,000 – 28,000
TOTAL (67 lower–upper) World 1940 – July 31, 2009 4,848,769 – 5,763,337
Spill / Tanker Location Date Tonnes of crude oil link

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Major Oil Spills". http://www.endgame.org/oilspills.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-02.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Oil Spill History". The Mariner Group. http://www.marinergroup.com/oil-spill-history.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-02.  
  3. ^ "IXTOC I". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.incidentnews.gov/incident/6250/. Retrieved 2008-11-03.  
  4. ^ "Ixtoc 1 oil spill: flaking of surface mousse in the Gulf of Mexico". Nature Publishing Group. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v290/n5803/abs/290235a0.html. Retrieved 2008-11-03.  
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Major Oil Spills". International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation. http://www.itopf.com/stats.html. Retrieved 2008-11-02.  
  6. ^ "Atlantic Empress". Centre de Documentation de Recherche et d'Expérimentations. http://www.cedre.fr/uk/spill/atlantic/atlantic.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-10.  
  7. ^ "Tanker Incidents". http://www.maritime-connector.com/ContentDetails/1479/gcgid/193/lang/English/Tanker-Incidents.wshtml. Retrieved 2009-07-19.  
  8. ^ "Fact Sheet: Morris J. Berman Oil Spill". http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache%3AXphRBsAVVwgJ%3Awww.wqis.com%2Fnews%2Farticles%2FWQIS_BermanSpill.pdf+morris+berman+oil&hl=en&gl=ca&sig=AHIEtbRU_qSWVJrCDufqeCQRMP8xR6jmHA&pli=1. Retrieved 5 January 2010.  
  9. ^ "Oil Spills and Disasters". http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0001451.html. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  10. ^ "Amoco Cadiz". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.incidentnews.gov/incident/6241/. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Greenpoint, Maspeth Residents Lobby To Get 55-Year-Old Oil Spill Cleaned Up, New York Sun, November 18, 2005
  13. ^ "Betelgeuse". Centre de Documentation de Recherche et d'Expérimentations. http://www.cedre.fr/uk/spill/betelgeuse/betelgeuse.htm. Retrieved 15 March 2009.  
  14. ^ [http://assets.panda.org/downloads/finalprestige.pdf WWF: The Prestige: one year on, a continuing disaster], November, 2003
  15. ^ ITOPF: METULA (Chile, 1974)
  16. ^ Cruel, Crude at sprol.com's "Worst Places in the World"
  17. ^ ITOPF Case History: Tasman Spirit
  18. ^ WWF: August 2003 - Karachi oil spill, Pakistan
  19. ^ ITOPF: ARGO MERCHANT (USA, 1976)
  20. ^ "Argo Merchant". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.incidentnews.gov/incident/6231/. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  21. ^ a b "Oil spills - Philippines, Indian Ocean and Lebanon". Greenpeace. 2006-08-18. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/news/recent-oil-spills. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  22. ^ Major Oil Spills in Australia: Kirki, Western Australia, 21 July 1991 from the Australian Maritime Safety Authority
  23. ^ "M/V Mega Borg". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.incidentnews.gov/incident/6748. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  24. ^ ITOPF: TANIO (France, 1980)
  25. ^ Brief Oil and Gas History of Santa Barbara County from the County of Santa Barbara, California
  26. ^ "Tanker oil spill off S Korea coast". Al Jazeera English. 2007-12-08. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2007/12/2008525133041570288.html. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  27. ^ "S Korea declares slick 'disaster'". BBC News. 2007-12-09. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7134967.stm. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  28. ^ Oil Spills report from the Air and Waste Management Association
  29. ^ Nightmare on The Monongahela, Time Magazine, January 18, 1988
  30. ^ "Burmah Agate". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.incidentnews.gov/incident/6253/. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  31. ^ "CITGO Oil Spill" (PDF). Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality. 2006-07-25. http://kplc.images.worldnow.com/images/incoming/Citgo/CitgoIncident.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  32. ^ Rhode Island Oil Spill Is More Serious Than Initially Thought, New York Times, January 22, 1996
  33. ^ Usumacinta and Kab 101 Blowout
  34. ^ Cabinet frees Greek crew at the Taipei Times]
  35. ^ "Fuel spill disaster reported in waters near Russia". CNN International. 2007-11-11. http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/europe/11/11/russia.spill/index.html. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  36. ^ "Albert T. McKINNEY v. US - 30 April 1979= 2009-07-01". http://www.uscg.mil/Legal/Suspension_Revocation/Commandant_Decisions/S_and_R_1980_2279/2153%20-%20MCKINNEY.pdf.  
  37. ^ "Save The River Report= 2009-07-01". http://www.savetheriver.org/docs/76_NEPCO_spill_fact_sheet.pdf.  
  38. ^ American Trader Oil Spill, California Office of Spill Prevention and Response
  39. ^ "Oil spill is the North Slope's biggest ever". Anchorage Daily News. 2006-03-10. http://www.adn.com/news/environment/story/7519250p-7431265c.html. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  
  40. ^ How do oil spills impact Casco Bay? report by the Casco Bay Estuary Partnership
  41. ^ Oil Spills at thinkquest.org
  42. ^ Overview of the Bouchard 120 oil spill from the Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program
  43. ^ "Spill closes bay beaches as oil spreads, kills wildlife". San Francisco Chronicle. 2007-11-09. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2007/11/08/BAD8T8PLU.DTL. Retrieved 2008-11-16.  

External links

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