List of pharmacies: Wikis

  
  

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is a list of major pharmacies (also known as chemists and drugstores) by country.

Contents

Argentina

  • Farmacity
  • Dr. Ahorro
  • Farmacias del Dr. Simi
  • Zona Vital

Australia

Pharmacies in Australia are mostly independently-owned by pharmacists, often operated as franchises of retail brands offered by the three major pharmaceutical wholesalers in Australia — Australian Pharmaceutical Industries (API), Sigma Company, and Symbion Health. A minority of pharmacies are owned by friendly societies, particularly in Victoria and South Australia.

API brands

Sigma brands

  • Amcal — formerly the Allied Master Chemists of Australia Limited
  • Amcal Max
  • Guardian

Symbion brands

Friendly societies

  • National Pharmacies

Independent chains

  • Discount Drug Stores - www.discountdrugstores.com.au
  • Blooms The Chemist
  • Chemist Warehouse
  • My Chemist
  • Capital Chemist
  • Pharmacy 777
  • Pharmacy Help
  • Pulse Pharmacy
  • Pharmore
  • YouSave Chemist

Canada

Alberta

Atlantic Canada

British Columbia

  • Abbott Pharmacy — online branch of a small Vancouver-based pharmacy chain

Manitoba

  • Alentex Pharmacy
  • Andrews Jack Pharmacy
  • Canada Drugs
  • Cantrust Rx
  • TotalDrugmart.com

Ontario

  • Axis Drugs — small chain in Ontario
  • Dell Pharmacy
  • Pharmacy 1 - based in southern Ontario, some originally as Hy & Zels (1963-2008)
  • Shoppers Drug Mart
  • Rexall
  • PharmaSave
  • Lovell Drugs
  • Gaurdian Drugs
  • Joe, the guy on the corner with the green hat

Quebec

In more than two provinces

Chile

70 % marketshare following three chains:

  • Farmacias Cruz Verde is the largest retail pharmacy chain in Chile.
  • FASA with operations in Mexico and Perú. Largest retail pharmacy chain in Latin America.
  • SALCOBRAND

China

The key players in the drugstore industry in China are:

  • China Nepstar, Shenzhen-based - China's largest
  • SuperPharm, Israeli company has about 65 stores in China, as of 2007
  • Watsons, owned HK-based Hutchison Whampoa
  • Shenzhen Accord Pharmacy Co., Ltd.
  • Shenzhen Associate Pharmacy Co., Ltd.
  • Guangzhou Pharmaceutical Company
  • Jianmin Chain Drugstore
  • Guangzhou Caizhilin Chain Drugstore
  • Liaoning Chengda Co., Ltd.
  • Hangzhou Wulin Drugstore Co., Ltd.
  • Ningbo Siming Dayaofang Co., Ltd.
  • Hunan Laobaixing Big Drugstore Chain Co., Ltd.
  • Hunan Zhilin Medicine (Group) Co., Ltd.
  • Hubei Ready Medicine Industry Co., Ltd.
  • Chongqing Tongjunge Big Drugstore Chain Co., Ltd.
  • Shanghai Huashi Pharmacy Co., Ltd.
  • Beijing Golden Elephant Pharmacy Chain Co., Ltd.

Denmark

In Denmark, all pharmacies are owned by the Association of Danish Pharmacies and controlled by the state. There are two pharmaceutically-trained groups with a higher education in the Danish pharmacies: pharmaconomists (Danish: farmakonomer) and pharmacists (Danish: farmaceuter). There are also pharmacy technicians (Danish: defektricer) who have a vocational training and unskilled laborers/workers (Danish: servicemedarbejdere) who perform manual labour.

Every single pharmacy in Denmark belongs to one of the following five chains: [1]

  • A-apoteket [2]
  • APOTEKEREN A.m.b.a. [3]
  • Apotekernes A.m.b.a. [4]
  • ditapotek a.m.b.a. [5]
  • Pharma+ [6]

France

In France, pharmacies are all independently-owned by pharmacists. By law, a pharmacist can possess up to three pharmacies maximum.

Germany

Germany is the biggest pharmacy market in Europe with €35 billion, or $46 billion, of revenue each year. In Germany, pharmacies are known as "Apotheken". Like France, they are all independently-owned by pharmacists, and like France, there are no pharmacy chains. In hindsight to consumer protection, German law bans chains of Apotheken, but generally allows self- employed pharmacists to individually operate a maximum of four outlets, all of which must be in close proximity.

Other types of retailing are strongly opposed to offer the same types of services as an Apotheke. These retailers would not have the necessary expertise to provide proper patient care- although this has been disproven throughout the United States, Canada, the UK and elsewhere, where pharmacy chains provide trained pharmacists to run their pharmacy counters. Traditionally in Germany, drugs were not discountable and the entire trade with pharmaceuticals was limited to the single channel of the Apotheke. In 2004 however, the health care reform law GMG allowed free pricing of OTC- products. This led to a significant decrease of OTC- prices in competitive areas. Internet and mail-order purchasing of drugs has also become an attractive alternative, which accounts for about 5% of German pharmaceutical trade.

Online- pharmacy DocMorris has been introducing the first, licence based pharmacy chain model in Germany in 2007. Alongside their brand, they are offering standardized services in their pharmacies, whilst they do not operate or own them. They also offer discounted OTC products. Besides this model, German pharmacies are for the most part organized in wholesaler- based cooperations like LINDA, gesund leben, Meine Apotheke or Vivesco. These cooperations are offering discounts in purchasing and support e.g. in Marketing.

DocMorris CEO Ralf Daeinghaus claims the German system to be monopolistic because government sets the profit margin that drug makers, wholesalers and pharmacists are allowed to make, resulting in stronlgy invariant price levels at all traditional outlets- even though most of the 21,500 pharmacies in the country are run independently. Traditional German pharmacists respond that a strategy of generally discounting pharmaceuticals may push people to use more drugs and would be against the general principles of health and customer protection. [1]

Hong Kong

India

India is noted for having among the lowest drug prices in the world, since the Indian government controls drug prices for consumers, many of which have low incomes. Several of the world's largest pharmaceutical companies, including Pfizer, Wyeth,CADILA,Ranbaxy, GlaxoSmithKline and many more, have manufacturing facilities in India, and drugs made there are often exported to other international markets for sale there.

  • International Drug Mart major pharmacy based in Chennai

India produces quality active pharmacutical ingredient and formulations, India has the most number of USFDA approved formulation manufacturing units next to USA.

Indonesia

  • Century Healthcare Pharmacy
  • Watsons

yes

Israel

Kuwait

  • Care Pharmacy
  • Care Pharmacy, the largest retail pharmacy chain in Kuwait, A subsidiary of Ali Abdulwahab Sons & Co.
  • Ali Abdulwahab Sons & Co.

Japan

  • MatsumotoKiyoshi

Macau

Malaysia

  • Guardian, largest retail pharmacy chain in Malaysia
  • Watsons
  • Pharmacy Mas under Tina Pharmaceutical company in Johor runs 24 hours a day.

México

New Zealand

The majority of the above pharmacies are franchises. However, recent legislation has opened pharmacy ownership in New Zealand to individuals and companies other than pharmacists. New foreign groups are beginning to enter the market. The most established new group is Radius Pharmacy, part of the Radius Health Group. However, in order to retain their 'professionalism', pharmacists must still own a fraction of the store. Independent pharmacies are also common in New Zealand. New Zealand has active pharmacy guild and pharmaceutical society membership.

Norway

Philippines

Specialty Pharmacies:

  • General Nutrition Centers (GNC)
  • Healthy Options

Poland

Singapore

  • Guardian Health & Beauty
  • NTUC Healthcare Unity
  • Watsons

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka

Central Pharmacy & Stores New Pharmacy..Kurunegala

South Korea

Sweden

Taiwan

Thailand

United Kingdom

Pharmacy-led chains

  • Alliance Boots — has over 2,500 stores:
  • Co-op Pharmacy — has more than 800 branches in the UK
  • Lloydspharmacy — owned by Celesio (until 2003 named GEHE), has over 1,600 pharmacies in the UK
  • Numark — chain of independent pharmacies with over 2,000 outlets in the UK
  • Rowlands Pharmacy - chain of over 500 branches throughout the UK
  • Superdrug — has over 225 in-store pharmacies in the UK

Supermarket chains

  • Asda — has more than 100 in-store pharmacies in the UK
  • Sainsbury's - Hundreds of stores have in-store pharmacies, including consulting rooms. Sainsbury's is the first supermarket in the UK to start having GP's working in their pharmacies as part of smaller doctor surgeries.[2]
  • Tesco
  • Morrisons

United States

Pharmacy chains

Pharmacies in other stores

Target and Wal-Mart feature pharmacies in nearly all of their stores.

In addition, in many areas supermarkets have pharmacies. Some of these include:

Vatican City

Venezuela

  • Farmatodo
  • Locatel
  • Farmahorro
  • Farmaofertas
  • Ecofarma
  • Pharmastat

References

  1. ^ German entrepreneur fights regulations to build pharmacy chain - International Herald Tribune
  2. ^ BBC NEWS | England | Manchester | Supermarket starts store GP pilot

See also








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