List of political parties in Germany: Wikis

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Germany

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Politics and government of
Germany



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This is a list of political parties in Germany.

The Parliament of Germany has a plurality system of parties, with two major parties, the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), with its sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU) in the same parliamentary group, also known as (CDU/CSU). Furthermore, it has three minor parties, the Free Democratic Party (FDP), The Left, and Alliance '90/The Greens. The federal government of Germany usually consists of a coalition of a major and a minor party (CDU/CSU and FDP, or SPD and FDP). From 1966 to 1969, and again from 2005 to 2009, the federal government consisted of a grand coalition (CDU/CSU and SPD).[1]

Coalitions in the Bundestag and state diets are often described by party colors. Party colors are the Social Democratic Party being red, the green Alliance '90/The Greens, the yellow Free Democratic Party, the dark red The Left, and the black Christian Democratic Union.[2] So a coalition of CDU, Alliance '90/The Greens and FDP is called a Jamaica coalition.[3]

Contents

Parties in the Bundestag

The following parties currently participate in the German parliament, the Bundestag, sorted by the number of seats (refer to the following links for details):

Name (English) Name (German) Abbr. Leader Ideology Position International organizations Votes (2009) Seats in Bundestag Notes
Christian Democratic Union Christlich Demokratische Union CDU Angela Merkel Christian democracy and conservatism centre-right Centrist Democrat International and International Democrat Union 27.3% 194 Is part of the common CDU/CSU faction in the Bundestag
Social Democratic Party Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands SPD Sigmar Gabriel Social democracy centre-left Socialist International 23.0% 146
Free Democratic Party Freie Demokratische Partei FDP Guido Westerwelle Liberalism centre Liberal International 14.6% 93
The Left Die Linke (DIE LINKE) Lothar Bisky and
Oskar Lafontaine
Democratic Socialism left-wing Party of the European Left 11.9% 76 merger of the The Left Party.PDS and WASG
Alliance '90/The Greens Bündnis 90/Die Grünen GRÜNE Claudia Roth and
Cem Özdemir
Green Politics centre-left Global Greens 10.7% 68 merger of Die Grünen and Bündnis 90
Christian Social Union Christlich-Soziale Union CSU Horst Seehofer Christian democracy and conservatism centre-right International Democrat Union 6.5% 45 Is part of the common CDU/CSU faction in the Bundestag

Other parties. In addition to those parties that won representation in the Bundestag in 2009, a variety of minor parties won a cumulative total of approximately 6% of the vote, up from 3% in 2005.

Minor parties

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More than 0.1% of the vote at the last federal elections in 2009

Others

Defunct parties

Historical parties

Parties existing before World War II

Defunct parties in (former) West Germany

Parties in (former) East Germany

As a socialist state

During transition

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.dw-world.de/popups/popup_printcontent/0,,1647406,00.html
  2. ^ "Political parties form colorful spectrum in Germany". 2009-08-18. http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,4541120,00.html. Retrieved 2009-09-12.  
  3. ^ The Green party: Getting used to opposition, Deutsche Welle, 2009-08-24, http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,4582700,00.html, retrieved 2009-10-12, "This made a so-called "Jamaica" coalition with the Christian Democratic Union and the Free Democratic Party impossible."  

External links


Simple English

Germany

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Germany


  • Human rights
  • Foreign relations

Other countriesTemplate:· Atlas

This is a list of political parties in Germany.

Germany has a multi-party system. There are two large parties, three smaller parties, and a number of minor parties.

Contents

Major Parties

These parties currently have seats in the German parliament, the Bundestag, sorted by the number of seats:

Minor Parties

More than 0.1% of the vote at the last federal elections

  • National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands - NPD): 1.6%
  • The Republicans (Die Republikaner - REP): 0.6%
  • The Grays – Gray Panther (Die grauen Panther - GRAUE): 0.4%
  • Family Party of Germany (Deutsche Familienpartei): 0.4%
  • Human Environment Animal Welfare (Mensch Umwelt Tierschutz): 0.2%
  • Party of Bible-abiding Christians (Partei Bibeltreuer Christen - PBC): 0.2%

Others

  • Anarchist Pogo Party of Germany (Anarchistische Pogo-Partei Deutschlands - APPD)
  • Bavaria Party (Bayernpartei)
  • Communist Party of Germany (Red Dawn)
  • Communist Party of Germany (1990)
  • German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei - ZENTRUM)
  • German Communist Party (Deutsche Kommunistische Partei - DKP)
  • Christian Centre Party (Christliche Mitte - CM)
  • Citizens Make Politics (Bürger machen Politik)
  • Civil Rights Movement Solidarity (Bürgerrechtsbewegung Solidarität - BüSo)
  • Die Violetten - für spirituelle Politik
  • Die FreienThe Free Ones
  • Ecological Democratic Party (Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei - ÖDP)
  • Feminist Party of Germany (Feministische Partei - DIE FRAUEN)
  • Free Voters (Freie Wähler)
  • Law and Order Offensive Party (Partei rechtsstaatlicher Offensive - Offensive D)
  • Marxist Leninist Party of Germany (Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands - MLPD)
  • Die PARTEI (Partei für Arbeit, Rechtsstaat, Tierschutz, Elitenförderung und basisdemokratische Initiative - Die PARTEI), party created by editors of the satirical magazine titanic
  • Piratenpartei Deutschland (PIRATEN)
  • Projekt Partei Project Party
  • Social Equality Party (Partei für Soziale Gleichheit - PSG)
  • South Schleswig Voter Federation (Südschleswigscher Wählerverband - SSW) - this is the party of the Danish and frisian minorities in Germany

Historical parties

Parties existing before World War II

  • Bavarian People's Party (BVP) - Bavarian Regionalist (1920-1933)
  • Centre Party - Christian Democrat/Conservative (1871-1947)
  • Communist Party of Germany (KPD) - Communist (1919-1956)
  • Communist Party Opposition (KPO)- Communist
  • Conservative People's Party (KVP)
  • Free Conservative Party (FKP)
  • General German Workers' Association (ADAV)
  • Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) - Socialist (1917-1922)
  • German Conservative Party (DKP) - Conservative (before 1918)
  • German Democratic Party (DDP) - Left-Liberal (1918-1930, became the German State Party, which lasted until 1933)
  • German National People's Party (DNVP) - Nationalist-Conservative (1918-1933)
  • German People's Party (DVP) - National-Liberal (1918-1933)
  • German Progress Party (DFP) - Left-Liberal (before 1918)
  • German Racialist Freedom Party (DVFP) - anti-semitic (early Weimar period)
  • German Workers' Party (DAP) - precursor to the Nazi Party (1919)
  • National Liberal Party - Right Liberal (before 1918)
  • National Socialist German Workers' Party - aka the Nazi Party (NSDAP) (1919-1945)
  • Progressive People's Party
  • Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD, still in existence)
  • Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP) (since 1875 Social Democratic Party of Germany)
  • Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAP) (since 1875 Social Democratic Party of Germany)
  • Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAP) (between 1931 and 1941/45 an Social Democratic Party left of the SPD)

Defunct parties in (former) West Germany

Parties in (former) East Germany

As a socialist state

  • Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
  • Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (LDPD)
  • Democratic Farmers' Party of Germany (DBD)
  • National Democratic Party of Germany (NDPD)
  • Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED)

During transition

  • Alliance 90
  • Alliance for Germany
  • Association of Free Democrats
  • Democracy Now
  • Democratic Awakening
  • East German Green Party
  • Free Democratic Party
  • German Forum Party
  • German Social Union
  • Initiative for Peace and Human Rights
  • New Forum

Other pages

  • Lists of parties by name of the party, country, ideology or by membership of internationals; categories by country and ideology.
  • History of Germany since 1945
  • Liberalism in Germany

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