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List of political parties in Israel: Wikis

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Israel

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Politics and government of
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Israel's political system is based on proportional representation which allows for a multi-party system with numerous parties. There are currently five parties with more than ten seats in the 120-seat Knesset, and a single party usually has no chance of gaining power by itself (only once has a party held an absolute majority in the Knesset), forcing the parties to cooperate and form coalition governments. This article lists the political parties in Israel.

Contents

Current parties

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Parties with Knesset representation

The following parties are represented following the 2009 elections:

Party and constituents Leader Seats
Kadima Tzipi Livni 28
Likud Binyamin Netanyahu 27
Yisrael Beiteinu Avigdor Lieberman 15
Avoda (Labor Party) Ehud Barak 13
Shas Eli Yishai 11
United Torah Judaism Yaakov Litzman 5
United Arab List - Ta'al Ibrahim Sarsur 4
National Union Ya'akov Katz 4
Hadash Mohammad Barakeh 4
New Movement-Meretz Haim Oron 3
The Jewish Home Daniel Hershkowitz 3
Balad Jamal Zahalka 3

Other parties

The following parties ran in the 2009 elections but did not pass the electoral threshold:

Former parties

Parties with Knesset seats

Party First Knesset Last Knesset Notes
Agriculture and Development 2nd 4th
Ahi 16nd 17th Breakaway from Mafdal (National Religious Party), joined the National Union alliance (2006-2008), merged into Likud
Ahdut HaAvoda 2nd 5th Merged into the Avoda (Labor Party)
Ahva 9th 9th Breakaway from the Democratic Movement
Maarakh (Alignment) 6th 12th Became the Avoda (Labor Party)
Aliya 14th 14th Breakaway from Yisrael BaAliyah
Arab Democratic Party 11th 13th Breakaway from the Maarakh (Alignment), merged into the United Arab List
Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers 8th 8th Merged into the United Arab List (1976)
Atid 13th 13th Breakaway from Yiud
Black Panthers 12th 12th Breakaway from Hadash
Centre Party 14th 15th Breakaway from Likud, Tzomet and Avoda (Labor Party)
Cooperation and Brotherhood 4th 7th
Cooperation and Development 6th 6th Merger of Cooperation and Brotherhood and Progress and Development, demerged soon after
Dash 9th 9th Disbanded into the Democratic Movement, Shinui, and Ya'ad
Democratic Choice 15th 15th Breakaway from Yisrael BaAliyah, merged into Meretz-Yachad
Democratic List for Israeli Arabs 2nd 3rd
Democratic Movement 9th 9th Emerged from the breakup of Dash
Development and Peace 9th 9th
Druze Party 6th 6th Breakaway from Cooperation and Brotherhood, merged into Progress and Development
Faction independent of Ahdut HaAvoda 2nd 2nd Breakaway from Mapam, merged into Mapai
Fighters' List 1st 1st
Free Centre 6th 8th Breakaway from Herut in 6th Knesset, breakaway from Likud in 8th Knesset
Gahal 5th 7th Became Likud
General Zionists 1st 4th Merged into the Liberal Party
Gesher 13th 15th Breakaway from Likud, merged back into Likud
Gesher – Zionist Religious Centre 10th 10th Breakaway from Mafdal (National Religious Party), merged back into Mafdal
Geulat Israel 10th 10th Breakaway from Agudat Israel
HaOlim 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui, merged into Yisrael Beiteinu
Hapoel HaMizrachi 2nd 2nd Merged into the Mafdal (National Religious Party)
Hebrew Communists 1st 1st Breakaway from Maki, merged into Mapam
Herut 1st 5th Merged into Gahal
Herut – The National Movement 14th 15th Breakaway from Likud, joined National Union alliance, ran unsuccessfully in the following two elections and merged back into Likud
HaTzeirim 14th 14th Breakaway from the Centre Party, merged into Shinui
Independent Liberals 5th 9th Breakaway from the Liberal Party, merged into the Maarakh (Alignment)
Independent Socialist Faction 8th 8th Breakaway from Ya'ad – Civil Rights Movement
Jewish-Arab Brotherhood 6th 6th Breakaway from Progress and Development, merged into Cooperation and Brotherhood
Justice for the Elderly 17th 17th Breakaway from Gil, merged back into Gil
Kach 11th 11th Party banned
Left Camp of Israel 9th 9th
Left Faction 2nd 2nd Breakaway from Mapam
Lev 15th 15th Breakaway from the Centre Party, merged into Likud
Liberal Party 4th 5th Merged into Gahal
Maki (original) 1st 7th Merged into Moked
Mapai 1st 5th Merged into the Avoda (Labor Party)
Mapam 1st 12th Merged into Meretz
Mekhora 14th 14th Breakaway from Tzomet, merged into Moledet
Meri 6th 7th Originaly named HaOlam HaZeh – Koah Hadash (until 1973)
Mizrachi 2nd 2nd Merged into Mafdal (National Religious Party)
Moked 7th 8th Merged into the Left Camp of Israel
Morasha 11th 11th
Moria 12th 12th Breakaway from Shas
Movement for the Renewal of Social Zionism 10th 10th Breakaway from Telem
National Home 16th 16th Breakaway from the Secular Faction
National List 7th 9th Merged into Likud
Mafdal (National Religious Party) 3rd 17th Disbanded when The Jewish Home formed
New Liberal Party 12th 12th Breakaway from Likud
New Way 15th 15th Breakaway from the Centre Party
Noy 16th 16th Breakaway from One Nation, merged into Kadima
Ometz 9th 11th Breakaway from Likud, merged into Telem, broke away again, merged into Likud
One Israel (1980) 9th 9th Breakaway from Likud
One Israel 15th 15th Joint list of Avoda (Labor Party), Meimad and Gesher
One Nation 14th 16th Merged into the Avoda (Labor Party)
Poalei Agudat Yisrael 2nd 9th
Progress and Development 4th 8th Merged into the United Arab List (1976)
Progress and Work 2nd 3rd
Progressive List for Peace 11th 12th
Progressive National Alliance 15th 15th Breakaway from the United Arab List
Progressive Party 1st 4th Merged into the Liberal Party
Rafi 5th 6th Breakaway from Mapai, merged into the Avoda (Labor Party)
Ratz 8th 12th Merged into Meretz
Religious Torah Front 3rd 4th Broke up into Agudat Israel and Agudat Israel Workers
Secular Faction 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui
Sephardim and Oriental Communities 1st 2nd Merged into the General Zionists
Shinui 9th 16th Majority of representatives split to form Secular Faction
Shlomtzion 9th 9th Merged into Likud
Tami 10th 11th Breakaway from Mafdal (National Religious Party), merged into the Likud
Tehiya 9th 12th Breakaway from Likud
Telem 9th 10th Breakaway from Likud
The Right Way 17th 17th Breakaway from Justice for the Elderly
The Third Way 13th 14th Breakaway from the Avoda (Labor Party)
Tkuma 14th 17th Breakaway from Mafdal (National Religious Party), joined the National Union alliance in 1999, disbanded in 2008.
Tzalash 16th 16th Breakaway from Shinui
United Arab List (1976) 8th 9th Merger of the Arab List for Bedouins and Villagers and Progress and Development (not related to contemporary United Arab List)
United Religious Front 1st 1st Broke up into Agudat Israel, Agudat Israel Workers, Mizrachi and Hapoel HaMizrachi
Unity for Peace and Immigration 12th 12th Breakaway from the Maarakh (Alignment), merged into Likud
Unity Party 9th 9th Breakaway from Dash and the Left Camp of Israel
WIZO 1st 1st
Ya'ad 9th 9th Emerged from the breakup of Dash
Ya'ad – Civil Rights Movement 8th 8th Merger of Ratz and one other MK, split into Ratz and the Independent Socialist Faction
Yachad 11th 11th Merged into the Maarakh (Alignment)
Yemenite Association 1st 2nd Merged into the General Zionists but broke away later
Yisrael BaAliyah 14th 16th Merged into Likud
Yiud 13th 13th Breakaway from Tzomet

Parties without Knesset seats

Name changes

The following parties changed their names

Zionist youth movements

See also

External links


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