List of political parties in Sri Lanka: Wikis


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Sri Lanka
Coat of arms of Sri Lanka, showing a lion holding a sword in its right forepaw surrounded by a ring made from blue lotus petals which is placed on top of a grain vase sprouting rice grains to encircle it. A Dharmacakra is on the top while a sun and moon are at the bottom on each side of the vase.

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This article lists political parties in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, with difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. In the last decades, the United National Party and the Sri Lanka Freedom Party have been the largest parties, by far. The general rule, however, has become coalition politics, since neither SLFP nor UNP are able to gather parliamentary majorities. Tamil areas are generally dominated by Tamil parties.




Parliamentary alliances

Tamil National Alliance n/a
(contests under the name and House symbol of the Illankai Tamil Arasu Katchi)
All Ceylon Tamil Congress
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front (Suresh wing)
Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization
Tamil United Liberation Front
2001 Rajavarothiam Sampanthan MP 22
United National Front n/a
(contests under the name and Elephant symbol of the United National Party)
United National Front logo.jpg
Democratic People's Front
Democratic United National Front
National Development Front
National Professional Board
New Sinhala Heritage
Our National Front
People's Liberation Solidarity Front
Ruhunu People's Party
Sri Lanka Freedom Party (Mahajana wing)
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress
United National Alliance
United National Party
2009 (relaunch)
Ranil Wickremasinghe MP
United People's Freedom Alliance
(Sinhala: Eksath Janatha Nidahas Sandhanaya)
Betel Leaf
All Ceylon Muslim Congress
Ceylon Workers' Congress
Communist Party of Sri Lanka
Desha Vimukthi Janatha Pakshaya (National Liberation People's Party)
Eelam People's Democratic Party
Jathika Hela Urumaya (National Heritage Party)
Jathika Nidahas Peramuna (National Freedom Front)
Lanka Sama Samaja Party
Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (People's United Front)
National Congress
National Unity Alliance
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
Sri Lanka People's Party
United National Party (Democratic wing)
Up-Country People's Front
2003 President Mahinda Rajapaksa

Other alliances

Left Front
(formerly New Left Front)
Table Democratic Left Front
Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Alternative Group)
National Democratic Movement
Nava Sama Samaja Party
New Democratic Party
1998 Vikramabahu Karunaratne
Democratic Tamil National Alliance
(aka Tamil Democratic National Alliance)
Brass Lamp Democratic People's Liberation Front (PLOTE)
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front (Padmanaba wing)
Tamil United Liberation Front (Anandasangaree wing)

Defunct alliances

People's Alliance
(Sinhala: Janatha Sandhanaya)
Chair All members joined UPFA in 2004 1994


Parliamentary parties

All Ceylon Muslim Congress Peacock UPFA 2008 Risad Badhiutheen MP 4
All Ceylon Tamil Congress Bicycle
All Ceylon Tamil Congress flag.PNG
TNA 1944 Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam MP Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
Ceylon Workers' Congress
(formerly Ceylon Indian Congress)
Flag of Ceylon Workers' Congress.svg
UPFA 1939 Arumugam Thondaman MP Communism, Marxism-Leninism
Communist Party (Moscow wing) Star
South Asian Communist Banner.svg
UPFA 1943 2 Communism, Marxism-Leninism
Democratic People's Front
(formerly Western People's Front)
Ladder UNF Mano Ganesan MP 1
Eelam People's Democratic Party Veena
Flag of Eelam People’s Democratic Party.svg
UPFA 1986 Douglas Devananda MP 1
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front
(Suresh wing)
Flower TNA 1980 Suresh Premachandran MP Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
(English: People's Liberation Front)
Bell 1965 Somawansa Amarasinghe Communism, Marxism-Leninism, nationalism
Jathika Hela Urumaya
(English: National Heritage Party)
Conch Shell UPFA 2004 9
Jathika Nidahas Peramuna
(English: National Freedom Front)
n/a UPFA 2008 Wimal Weerawansa MP
Lanka Sama Samaja Party
(English: Lanka Equal Society Party)
Key UPFA 1935 1 Communism, Trotskyism
Mahajana Eksath Peramuna
(English: People's United Front)
Cartwheel UPFA 1951?
Dinesh Gunawardena MP 2
National Unity Alliance
(aka Muslim National Unity Alliance)
Pigeon UPFA Ferial Ismail Ashraff MP 2 Islamic socialism
National Congress
(aka National Muslim Congress)
Horse UPFA A. L. M. Athaullah MP 1
Sri Lanka Freedom Party
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Nidahas Pakshaya)
Hand UPFA 1951 President Mahinda Rajapaksa Democratic socialism, Centre-Left/Populist, Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism
Sri Lanka Freedom Party (Mahajana wing) n/a UNF 2007 Mangala Samaraweera MP 2
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress Tree
SL Muslim.png
UNF 1981 Rauff Hakeem MP
Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization Light House TNA 1974?
Selvam Adaikalanathan MP Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
Tamil United Liberation Front
(formerly Tamil United Front)
TNA 1972 Disputed Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
United National Party
(Sinhala: Eksath Jathika Pakshaya)
UNP logo 1.jpg
UNF 1946 Ranil Wickremasinghe MP Centre-Right, Conservatism, Liberal conservatism
United National Party (Democratic wing) n/a UPFA 2007
Up-Country People's Front Mammoty UPFA P. Chandrasekaran MP 1

Other registered parties

Party Symbol Alliance Founded Leader Ideology
Akila Ilankai Tamil United Front Orange 2005 K. Vigneswaran
All Are Citizens All Are Kings Organization
(Sinhala: Okkoma Wasiyo Okkoma Rajawaru Sanvidanaya)
Ceylon Democratic Unity Alliance Fish 2002 T.V. Chennan
Citizen's Front
(Sinhala: Puravesi Peramuna)
Democratic Left Front
(Sinhala: Prajathanthravadi Vamanshika Peramuna)
Clock LF 1999 Vasudeva Nanayakkara
Democratic People's Liberation Front
(political wing of People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam)
Anchor DTNA 1988 D. Siddarthan
Democratic United National Front
(Sinhala: Prajathanthravadi Eksath Jathika Peramuna)
Eagle UNF 1990 Ariyawansa Dissanayake
Democratic Unity Alliance Two Leaves
Desha Vimukthi Janatha Pakshaya
(English: National Liberation People's Party)
Ear of Paddy UPFA 1988
Eelam National Democratic Liberation Front Bull 1987
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front
(Padmanaba wing), previously Varatharaja wing
Candle DTNA 2000 T. Sridharan
Varatharaja Perumal
Eelavar Democratic Front
(political wing of Eelam Revolutionary Organisation of Students)
Plough UPFA
Green Party Goblet
Janasetha Peramuna Tractor
Liberal Party Book
Muslim Liberation Front Butterfly
Muslim National Alliance Pair of Scales
National Alliance
(Sinhala: Jathika Sandanaya)
Double Flags
National Development Front
(Sinhala: Jathika Sangwardhena Peramuna)
Coconut UNF Achala Asoka Suraweera
National Peoples Party Electric Bulb
Nava Sama Samaja Party
(English: New Equal Society Party)
Umbrella LF 1977 Vikramabahu Karunaratne
New Democratic Front Swan Shamila Perera
New Sinhala Heritage
(Sinhala: Nava Sihala Urumaya)
Bow & Arrow UNF Sarath Manamendra
Our National Front
(Sinhala: Ape Jathika Peramuna)
Telephone UNF
Patriotic National Front
(Sinhala: Desha Premi Jathika Peramuna)
People's Front of Liberation Tigers Tiger 1989
People's Liberation Solidarity Front
(Sinhala: Janatha Vimukthi Sahayogitha Peramuna)
Lantern UNF 1997 Ruwan Ferdinandus
Ruhuna People's Party
(Sinhala: Ruhunu Janatha Party)
Motor Car UNF Aruna de Zoysa
Sinhalaye Mahasammatha Bhoomiputra Pakshaya
(English: The Great Consensus Party of the Sons of the Soil of Sinhala)
Aeroplane Harischandra Wijayatunga
Socialist Alliance Clay Lamp
Socialist Equality Party
(Sinhala: Samajavadi Samanathmatha Pakshaya)
(formerly Revolutionary Communist League)
Pair of Scissors 1968
Sri Lanka National Front
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Jathika Peramuna)
Cricket Bat
Sri Lanka People's Party
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Mahajana Pakshaya)
Eye UPFA 1984
Sri Lanka Progressive Front
(Sinhala: Sri Lanka Pragathishili Peramuna)
Flower Vase 1996
Sri Lanka Vanguard Party Envelop
Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal
(English: Tamil People's Liberation Tigers)
Boat UPFA 1984 Sivanesathurai Chandrakanthan
United Democratic Front Rabbit
United Lanka Great Council
(Sinhala: Eksath Lanka Maha Sabha)
Fountain Pen
United Lanka People's Party
(Sinhala: Eksath Lanka Podujana Pakshaya)
United National Alternative Front Gate
United Socialist Party Tri-shaw 1989

Unregisteres parties

Party Alliance Founded Leader Ideology
Aziz Democratic Workers Congress
Bahujana Nidahas Peramuna
(English: Mass Freedom Front)
Communist Party (Peking wing) 1964
Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Alternative Group) LF
Left and Democratic Alliance
Muslim United Liberation Front
National Democratic Movement
(Sinhala: Jathika Prajathanthravadi Pakshaya)
New Democratic Party LF 1991
Revolutionary Workers Party 1968
Socialist Party 2006
United Muslim Peoples's Alliance
United National Alliance
(Sinhala: Eksath Jathika Sandhanaya)
UNF Shamila Perera

Defunct parties

All Ceylon Islamic United Front 1960
Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma
(renamed Bolshevik Samasamaja Party)
Bolshevik Samasamaja Party
(absorbed by Lanka Sama Samaja Party)
Federal Party
(merged with others to form Tamil United Front)
Flag of the Federal Party of Sri Lanka.svg
1949 1972 Sri Lankan Tamil nationalism
Lanka Prajathanthravadi Pakshaya
(English: Ceylon Democratic Party)
(absorbed by Sri Lanka Freedom Socialist Party)
Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Revolutionary) 1964
National Liberation Front
(Sinhala: Jathika Vimukthi Peramuna)
Sinhala Heritage
(Sinhala: Sihala Urumaya)
(replaced by Jathika Hela Urumaya)
Sinhala Maha Sabha
(English: Sinhala Great Assembly)
(absorbed by United National Party)
1934/5 1946
Sri Lanka Freedom Socialist Party
(absorbed by United National Party)
Sri Lanka Sama Samaja Party
(absorbed by Sri Lanka Freedom Party)
1982 1983
United Lanka Congress
Viplavakari Lanka Sama Samaja Party
(English: Revolutionary Lanka Equal Society Party)
1950 1959

See also



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