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Plaque commemorating the popes buried in St. Peter's

The list of Popes chronologically lists the men who have been given the title Pope (or Bishop of Rome) by the Catholic Church. While there is actually no official list of popes, the Annuario Pontificio, published every year by the Vatican, contains a list that is generally considered to be the most authoritative. The Annuario Pontificio lists Benedict XVI as the 265th Bishop of Rome. That list is the one given here; it lists 263 men serving 265 pontificates (periods of Papal office), if Pope-elect Stephen is excluded (see below). The difference in these numbers is due to the fact that Benedict IX reigned during three non-consecutive periods between 1032 and 1048.

The term Pope (Latin: papa "father'") is used in several Churches to denote their high spiritual leaders (for example Coptic Pope). This title in English usage usually refers to the head of the Roman Catholic Church. The Roman Catholic pope officially uses the title of Pontifex Maximus. This title was first used by the Ancient Romans as the title of the high priest of the College of Pontiffs. Emperor Augustus later subsumed the office into his Imperial office[1] but Gratian dropped the title on the advice of Ambrose.[2]

Hermannus Contractus may have been the first historian to number the popes continuously. His list ends in 1049 with Pope Leo IX as number 154. Several changes were made to the list during the 20th century. Antipope Christopher was considered legitimate for a long time. Pope-elect Stephen was considered legitimate under the name Stephen II until the 1961 edition, when his name was erased. Although these changes are no longer controversial, a number of modern lists still include this "first Pope Stephen II". It is probable that this is because they are based on the 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia, which is in the public domain. In the year 2001 a rigorous study was made by the Catholic Church into the history of the papacy which "prompted almost 200 corrections to the existing biographies of the Popes, from St. Peter to John Paul II."[3]

The title Episcopus Romanus means Roman Bishop in Latin.

Chronological list of popes

1st–5th Centuries

1st Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
30 – 64/67 Pope-peter pprubens.jpg St. Peter
PETRUS
Simon Peter
שמעון בן יונה
(Shimon ben Yona)

Shimon Kipha
CΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑC
(Simeon Kephas – Simon the Rock)
Bethsaida, Galilea Disciple of Jesus from whom he received the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, according to Matthew 16:18–19 . Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (Feast of Saints Peter and Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Saint Peter) 22 February. Recognized as the first Bishop of Rome (Pope) appointed by Christ, by the Catholic Church. Also revered as saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 29 June.
64/67(?) – 76/79(?) Linus2.jpg St. Linus
LINUS
Linus Tuscia (Northern Latium) Feast day 23 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.
76/79(?) – 88 Popeanacletus.JPG St. Anacletus
(Cletus)
ANACLETUS
Anacletus Probably Greece Martyred; feast day 26 April. Once erroneously split into Cletus and Anacletus[4]
88/92 – 97/101 Clemens I.jpg St. Clement I
CLEMENS
Clement Rome Feast day 23 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 November.
97/99 – 105/107 Evaristus.jpg St. Evaristus
(Aristus)
EVARISTUS
Aristus Bethlehem, Palestine Feast day 26 October

2nd Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
105/107 – 115/116 Pope Alexander I.jpg St. Alexander I
ALEXANDER
Alexander Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 16 March.
115/116 – 125 SixtusI.jpg St. Sixtus I
XYSTUS
  Rome or Greece Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
125 – 136/138 Telesphorus.JPG St. Telesphorus
TELESPHORUS
  Greece  
136/138 – 140/142 Hyginus.jpg St. Hyginus
HYGINUS
  Greece Traditionally martyred; feast day 11 January
140/142 – 155 Pius I.jpg St. Pius I
PIUS
  Aquileia, Friuli, Italy Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July
155 – 166 Papa Aniceto cropped.jpg St. Anicetus
ANICETUS
  Emesa, Syria Traditionally martyred; feast day 17 April
c.166 – 174/175 Soter.jpg St. Soter
SOTERIUS
  Fondi, Latium, Italy Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April
174/175 – 189 Eleutherius.jpg St. Eleuterus
ELEUTHERIUS
  Nicopoli, Epyrus Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
189 – 198/199 Victor I..jpg St. Victor I
VICTOR
  Northern Africa  
199 – 217 Saintz05.jpg St. Zephyrinus
(Zephyrin)
ZEPHYRINUS
  Rome  

3rd Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
c.217 – 222/223 CalixtusI.jpg St. Callixtus I
CALLISTUS
    Martyred; feast day 14 October
222/223 – 230 UrbanI.jpg St. Urban I
URBANUS
  Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 May.
21 July 230
– 28 September 235
(5 years)
Pope Pontian.jpg St. Pontian
PONTIANUS
  Rome First Pope with firm dates of office
21 November 235
– 3 January 236
(44 days)
Pope Anterus.jpg St. Anterus
ANTERUS
  Greece Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
10 January 236
– 20 January 250
(14 years)
Saint Fabian1.jpg St. Fabian
FABIANUS
  Rome Feast day 20 January. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
6/11 March 251
– June 253
(2 years)
Heiliger Cornelius.jpg St. Cornelius
CORNELIUS
    Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
25 June 253
– 5 March 254
(256 days)
Lucius I.jpg St. Lucius I
LUCIUS
  Rome Feast day 4 March
12 May 254
– 2 August 257
(3 years)
Stephen I.jpg St. Stephen I
STEPHANUS
  Rome Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with the same feast day.
30/31 August 257
– 6 August 258
(340/341 days)
PopesixtusII.jpg St. Sixtus II
XYSTUS Secundus
  Greece Martyred by beheading. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
22 July 259
– 26 December 268
(9 years)
Pope Dionysius.jpg St. Dionysius
DIONYSIUS
  Greece Feast day 26 December
5 January 269
– 30 December 274
(5 years)
PopeFelixI.jpg St. Felix I
FELIX
  Rome  
4 January 275
– 7 December 283
(8 years)
Eutychian.jpg St. Eutychian
EUTYCHIANUS
     
17 December 283
– 22 April 296
(12 years)
PCaius.jpg St. Caius
CAIUS
    Martyred (according to legend) Feast day 22 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 11 August.
30 June 296
– 1 April 304
(7 years)
Marcellinus.jpg St. Marcellinus
MARCELLINUS
    Feast day 26 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.

4th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
308 – 309 Papa Marcelo I.jpg St. Marcellus I
MARCELLUS
     
c.309 – c.310 Eusebius.jpg St. Eusebius
EUSEBIUS
     
2 July 311
– 11 January 314
(2 years)
Pope miltiades.jpg St. Miltiades
(Melchiades)
MILTIADES
  Africa First pope after the end of the persecution of Christians through the Edict of Milan (313 AD) issued by Constantine the Great
31 January 314
– 31 December 335
(21 years)
Sylvester I.jpg St. Sylvester I
SILVESTER
  Sant'Angelo a Scala, Avellino Feast day 31 December. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 2 January. First Council of Nicaea, 325.
18 January 336
– 7 October 336
(263 days)
Marcus (papa).jpg St. Mark
MARCUS
  Rome Feast day 7 October
6 February 337
– 12 April 352
(15 years)
Iulius I.jpg St. Julius I
IULIUS
  Rome  
17 May 352
– 24 September 366
(14 years)
Paderborner Dom Dreifaltigkeitskapelle Liborius.jpg Liberius
LIBERIUS
    Earliest Pope not yet canonized by the Roman Church. Revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 27 August.
1 October 366
– 11 December 384
(18 years)
Saintdamasus.png St. Damasus I
DAMASUS
  Idanha-a-Velha, Portugal Patron of Jerome, commissioned the Vulgate translation of the Bible. Council of Rome, 382
11 December 384
– 26 November 399
(14 years)
Siricius.jpg St. Siricius
Papa SIRICIUS
    First Bishop of Rome to employ the title "Papa" ("Pope")
27 November 399
– 19 December 401
(2 years)
Anastasius I.jpg St. Anastasius I
Papa ANASTASIUS
     

5th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
22 December 401
– 12 March 417
(15 years)
Innocentius I.jpg St. Innocent I
Papa INNOCENTIUS
    Visigoth Sack of Rome (410) under Alaric
18 March 417
– 26 December 418
(1 year)
Zosimus.jpg St. Zosimus
Papa ZOSIMUS
     
28/29 December 418
– 4 September 422
(3 years)
Pope Boniface I.jpg St. Boniface I
Papa BONIFACIUS
     
10 September 422
– 27 July 432
(9 years)
Celestine1pope.jpg St. Celestine I
Papa COELESTINUS
  Rome, Western Roman Empire Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 8 April.
31 July 432
– March/August 440
(8 years)
Sixtuspope3.jpg St. Sixtus III
Papa XYSTUS Tertius
     
29 September 440
– 10 November 461
(21 years)
Greatleoone.jpg St. Leo I
(Leo the Great)
Papa LEO MAGNUS
  Rome Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy. Feast day 10 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 18 February.
19 November 461
– 29 February 468
(6 years)
Nuremberg chronicles - Hilarius, Pope (CXXXVIv).jpg St. Hilarius
Papa HILARIUS
  Sardinia, Western Roman Empire  
3 March 468
– 10 March 483
(15 years)
Simplicius.jpg St. Simplicius
Papa SIMPLICIUS
  Tivoli, Italy  
13 March 483
– 1 March 492
(8 years)
Felix3.jpg St. Felix III (Felix II)
Papa FELIX Tertius (Secundus)
  Rome Sometimes called Felix II
1 March 492
– 21 November 496
(4 years)
Papa Gelasio I.jpg St. Gelasius I
Papa GELASIUS
  Africa  
24 November 496
– 19 November 498
(1 year)
Anastasius II.jpg Anastasius II
Papa ANASTASIUS Secundus
     
22 November 498
– 19 July 514
(15 years)
Simmaco - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura.jpg St. Symmachus
Papa SYMMACHUS
  Sardinia  

6th–10th Centuries

6th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
20 July 514
– 19 July 523
(8 years)
Hormispope.jpg St. Hormisdas
Papa HORMISDUS
  Frosinone, Southern Latium, Italy Father of Pope Silverius
13 August 523
– 18 May 526
(2 years)
Papa Ioannes I.jpg St. John I
Papa IOANNES
  Tuscany  
13 July 526
– 22 September 530
(4 years)
Pope Felix III.jpg St. Felix IV (Felix III)
Papa FELIX Quartus (Tertius)
  Samnium Sometimes called Felix III
22 September 530
– 17 October 532
(2 years)
Boniface II.jpg Boniface II
Papa BONIFACIUS Secundus
  Rome to Ostrogoth parents  
2 January 533
– 8 May 535
(2 years)
Johannes II.jpg John II
Papa IOANNES Secundus
Mercurius Rome First pope to not use personal name. This was due to Mercury being a Roman god.
13 May 535
– 22 April 536
(346 days)
Agapitus I.jpg St. Agapetus I
(Agapitus)
Papa AGAPETUS
  Rome, Ostrogothic Kingdom Feast days 22 April, 20 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 17 April.
1 June 536
– 11 November 537
(1 year)
Silverius.jpg St. Silverius
Papa SILVERIUS
    Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
29 March 537
– 7 June 555
(18 years)
Vigilius.jpg Vigilius
Papa VIGILIUS
  Rome  
16 April 556
– 4 March 561
(5 years)
Pope Pelagius I.jpg Pelagius I
Papa PELAGIUS
  Rome  
17 July 561
– 13 July 574
(12 years)
Papa Joao III.jpg John III
Papa IOANNES Tertius
Catelinus Rome, Eastern Roman Empire  
2 June 575
– 30 July 579
(4 years)
Benedict I.jpg Benedict I
Papa BENEDICTUS
     
26 November 579
– 7 February 590
(10 years)
PopePelagiusII.jpg Pelagius II
Papa PELAGIUS Secundus
  Rome  
3 September 590
– 12 March 604
(13 years)
Gregorythegreat.jpg St. Gregory I, O.S.B.
(Gregory the Great)
Papa GREGORIUS MAGNUS
  Rome First to formally employ the titles "Servus servorum Dei" and "Pontifex Maximus". Feast day 3 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 12 March.

7th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
13 September 604 – 22 February 606 Sabinian.jpg Sabinian
Papa SABINIANUS
  Blera   1  
19 February 607 – 12 November 607 Boniface III.jpg Boniface III
Papa BONIFACIUS Tertius
  Rome   <1  
25 August 608 – 8 May 615 Pope Boniface IV.jpg St. Boniface IV, O.S.B.
Papa BONIFACIUS Quartus
  Marsi   6 First Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
19 October 615 – 8 November 618 StAdeodatus I.jpg Adeodatus I
(Deusdedit)
Papa ADEODATUS
  Rome   3 Sometimes called Deusdedit, and then Pope Adeodatus II is called Pope Adeodatus without a number
23 December 619 – 25 October 625 Papa Bonifacio V.jpg Boniface V
Papa BONIFACIUS Quintus
  Naples   5  
27 October 625 – 12 October 638 Onorio I - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura.jpg Honorius I
Papa HONORIUS
  Campania, Byzantine Empire   2  
October 638 – 2 August 640 Severinopapa.jpg Severinus
Papa SEVERINUS
  Rome   1  
24 December 640 – 12 October 642 Murner History Cod Karlsruhe 3117 (crop).jpg John IV
Papa IOANNES Quartus
  Zadar, Dalmatia, now Croatia   1  
24 November 642 – 14 May 649 Theodorus I.jpg Theodore I
Papa THEODORUS
  Palestine   6  
July 649 – 16 September 655 Pope Martin I.jpg St. Martin I
Papa MARTINUS
  Near Todi, Umbria, Byzantine Empire   6 Feast Day 12 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 14 April.
10 August 654 – 2 June 657 PopeeugeneI.jpg St. Eugene I
Papa EUGENIUS
  Rome   2  
30 July 657 – 27 January 672 Pope Vitalian.jpg St. Vitalian
Papa VITALIANUS
  Segni, Byzantine Empire   14  
11 April 672 – 17 June 676 Adeodatus II.jpg Adeodatus II, O.S.B.
Papa ADEODATUS Secundus
  Rome, Byzantine Empire   4 Sometimes called Pope Adeodatus (without a number) when Pope Adeodatus I is called Pope Deusdedit. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
2 November 676 – 11 April 678 Popedonus.jpg Donus
Papa DONUS
  Rome, Byzantine Empire   1  
27 June 678 – 10 January 681 Agatho.gif St. Agatho
Papa AGATHO
  Sicily   2 Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 20 February.
December 681 – 3 July 683 LeoII-s.jpg St. Leo II
Papa LEO Secundus
  Sicily   1 Feast day 3 July
683/26 June 684 – 8 May 685 BenedictII.jpg St. Benedict II
Papa BENEDICTUS Secundus
  Rome, Byzantine Empire   <1 Feast day 7 May
12 July 685 – 2 August 686 Johannes V.jpg John V
Papa IOANNES Quintus
  Syria   1  
21 October 686 – 22 September 687 Konon.jpg Conon
Papa CONON
      <1  
15 December 687 – 8 September 701 Sergius I.jpg St. Sergius I
Papa SERGIUS
  Sicily   13  

8th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
30 October 701
– 11 January 705
(3 years)
John VI.jpg John VI
Papa IOANNES Sextus
  Greece  
1 March 705
– 18 October 707
(2 years)
Byzantinischer Mosaizist um 705 002.jpg John VII
Papa IOANNES Septimus
  Greece Second Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor
15 January 708
– 4 February 708
(21 days)
Sisinnius.jpg Sisinnius
Papa SISINNIUS
  Syria  
25 March 708
– 9 April 715
(7 years)
Costantinopapa.jpg Constantine
Papa CONSTANTIUS
  Syria Last Pope to visit Greece until John Paul II in 2001
19 May 715
– 11 February 731
(15 years)
StgregoryII.jpg St. Gregory II
Papa GREGORIUS Secundus
  Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 11 February
18 March 731
– 28 November 741
(10 years)
SangregorioIII.jpg Gregory III
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius
  Syria Third Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor
3 December 741
– 14/22 March 752
(10 years)
Pope Zachary.jpg St. Zachary
Papa ZACHARIAS
  Greece Feast day 15 March
23 March 752
– 25 March 752
(Never took office as Pope.)
Stef2pope.jpg Pope-elect Stephen
Papa Electus STEPHANUS
    Sometimes known as Stephen II. Died three days after his election and was never consecrated into the office of Pope as such. Some lists still include his name. The Vatican sanctioned his addition to the list of Popes in the sixteenth century, however he was removed in 1961. He is no longer considered a Pope by the Catholic Church.
26 March 752
– 26 April 757
(5 years)
La donacion de Pipino el Breve al Papa Esteban II.jpg Stephen II (Stephen III)
Papa STEPHANUS Secundus (Tertius)
    Sometimes called Stephen III
29 May 757
– 28 June 767
(10 years)
Paul I.jpg St. Paul I
Papa PAULUS
  Rome  
1/7 August 767
– 24 January 772
(4 years)
StephenIII.jpg Stephen III (Stephen IV)
Papa STEPHANUS Tertius (Quartus)
  Sicily Sometimes called Stephen IV
1 February 772
– 26 December 795
(23 years)
Pope Adrian I.jpg Adrian I
Papa HADRIANUS
  Rome  
26 December 795
– 12 June 816
(20 years)
Leo III.jpg St. Leo III
Papa LEO Tertius
  Rome Crowned Charlemagne Imperator Augustus on Christmas Day, 800, thereby initiating what would become the office of Holy Roman Emperor requiring the imprimatur of the pope for its legitimacy

9th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
12 June 816 – 24 January 817 Stephen IV.jpg Stephen IV (Stephen V)
Papa STEPHANUS Quartus (Quintus)
      <1 Sometimes called Stephen V
25 January 817 – 11 February 824 Apsis - Paschalis I..gif St. Paschal I
Papa PASCHALIS
  Rome   7  
8 May 824 – August 827 Eugene II.jpg Eugene II
Papa EUGENIUS Secundus
  Rome   3  
August 827 – September 827 Valentine.jpg Valentine
Papa VALENTINUS
  Rome   <1  
827 – January 844 Greg4papa.jpg Gregory IV
Papa GREGORIUS Quartus
  Rome   17  
January 844 – 7 January 847 SergiusII.jpg Sergius II
Papa SERGIUS Secundus
  Rome   3  
January 847 – 17 July 855 Pope St. Leo IV.jpg St. Leo IV, O.S.B.
Papa LEO Quartus
  Rome   8 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
855 – 7 April 858 Ben3pope.jpg Benedict III
Papa BENEDICTUS Tertius
  Rome      
24 April 858 – 13 November 867 NicholasI.jpg St. Nicholas I
(Nicholas the Great)
Papa NICOLAUS MAGNUS
  Rome   9  
14 December 867 – 14 December 872 Adrian II.jpg Adrian II
Papa HADRIANUS Secundus
  Rome   5  
14 December 872 – 16 December 882 GiovanniVIII.jpg John VIII
Papa IOANNES Octavus
  Rome   10  
16 December 882 – 15 May 884 Marinus I.jpg Marinus I
Papa MARINUS
  Gallese, Rome   1  
17 May 884 – c.September 885 Papa Adriano III.jpg St. Adrian III
Papa HADRIANUS Tertius
  Rome      
885 – 14 September 891 Stephen V.jpg Stephen V (Stephen VI)
Papa STEPHANUS Quintus (Sextus)
  Rome     Sometimes called Stephen VI
19 September 891 – 4 April 896 PopeFormosusBW.jpg Formosus
Papa FORMOSUS
  Ostia   4 Posthumously ritually executed following the Cadaver Synod
4 April 896 – 19 April 896 Boniface VI.jpg Boniface VI
Papa BONIFACIUS Sextus
  Rome   <1  
22 May 896 – August 897 Stephen VI.jpg Stephen VI (Stephen VII)
Papa STEPHANUS Sextus (Septimus)
      1 Sometimes called Stephen VII
August 897 – November 897 Romano papa.jpg Romanus
Papa ROMANUS
  Gallese, Rome   <1  
December 897 TeodoroII.jpg Theodore II
Papa THEODORUS Secundus
  Rome   <1  
January 898 – January 900 John IX.jpg John IX, O.S.B.
Papa IOANNES Nonus
  Tivoli, Italy     Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
900 – 903 BenedettoIV.jpg Benedict IV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quartus
  Rome      

10th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
July 903 – September 903 Pope Leo V.jpg Leo V
Papa LEO Quintus
  Ardea   <1  
29 January 904 – 14 April 911 SergiusIII.jpg Sergius III
Papa SERGIUS Tertius
  Rome   7 "Pornocracy" begins
April 911 – June 913 120-anastasio3.jpg Anastasius III
Papa ANASTASIUS Tertius
  Rome   2  
July/August 913 – February/March 914 Landopapa.jpg Lando
Papa LANDO
  Sabina, Italy   <1  
March 914 – May 928 IoannesX.jpg John X
Papa IOANNES Decimus
  Romagna, Italy   14  
May 928 – December 928 LeoVIpapa.jpg Leo VI
Papa LEO Sextus
  Rome   <1  
December 928 – February 931 Stephen VII.jpg Stephen VII (Stephen VIII)
Papa STEPHANUS Septimus (Octavus)
  Rome   2 Sometimes called Stephen VIII
February/March 931 – December 935 Ioannes XI.jpg John XI
Papa IOANNES Undecimus
  Rome   4  
3 January 936 – 13 July 939 Leone-VII.jpg Leo VII, O.S.B.
Papa LEO Septimus
      3 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
14 July 939 – October 942 Stephen VIII.JPG Stephen VIII (Stephen IX)
Papa STEPHANUS Octavus (Nonus)
  Germany   3 Sometimes called Stephen IX
30 October 942 – May 946 Marinus II.jpg Marinus II
Papa MARINUS Secundus
  Rome   3  
10 May 946 – December 955 Agapito II.jpg Agapetus II
Papa AGAPETUS Secundus
  Rome   9  
16 December 955 – 14 May 964 GiovanniXII.png John XII
Papa IOANNES Duodecimus
Octavian Rome   8 Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the "Pornocracy"
22 May 964 – 23 June 964 BenedettoV.jpg Benedict V
Papa BENEDICTUS Quintus
  Rome   <1 Elected after John XII's death by the people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope Leo VIII who was appointed by Emperor Otto; Benedict accepted his deposition in 964 leaving Leo as sole pope.
July 964 – 1 March 965 Leo VIII.jpg Leo VIII
Papa LEO Octavus
  Rome   <1 Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and Benedict V. He became the true Pope after Benedict V was deposed
1 October 965 – 6 September 972 Ikkon Papa Giovanni XIII 2 small.JPG John XIII
Papa IOANNES Tertius Decimus
  Rome   6  
19 January 973 – June 974 BenedettoVI.jpg Benedict VI
Papa BENEDICTUS Sextus
  Rome, Papal States   1 Deposed and murdered
October 974 – 10 July 983 BenedettoVII.jpg Benedict VII
Papa BENEDICTUS Septimus
  Rome   8  
December 983 – 20 August 984 IoannesXIV.jpg John XIV
Papa IOANNES Quartus Decimus
Pietro Campanora Pavia   <1  
August 985 – March 996 IoannesXV.jpg John XV
Papa IOANNES Quintus Decimus
  Rome   10  
3 May 996 – 18 February 999 Otto III wird von Papst Gregor V. zum Kaiser gesalbt.jpg Gregory V
Papa GREGORIUS Quintus
Bruno of Carinthia Germany, Holy Roman Empire   2 First German Pope
2 April 999 – 12 May 1003 Silvester II.JPG Sylvester II
Papa SILVESTER Secundus
Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France   4 First French Pope

11th–15th Centuries

11th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
June 1003 – December 1003 Papa Joao XVII.jpg John XVII
Papa IOANNES Septimus Decimus
Siccone Rome, Papal States   <1  
25 December 1003 – July 1009 Ioannes XVIII.jpg John XVIII
Papa IOANNES DuodeVicesimus
Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rapagnano, Papal States   5  
31 July 1009 – 12 May 1012 Sergius IV.jpg Sergius IV
Papa SERGIUS Quartus
Pietro Boccapecora Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire   2  
18 May 1012 – 9 April 1024 150px-B Benedikt VIII.jpg Benedict VIII
Papa BENEDICTUS Octavus
Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire   11  
April/May 1024 – 20 October 1032 150px-B Johannes XIX.jpg John XIX
Papa IOANNES UndeVicesimus
Romanus, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire   8  
1032 – 1044 BenedictusIX.jpg Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire     1st Term
1045 Silvestro3.jpg Sylvester III
Papa SILVESTER Tertius
John, Bishop of Sabina Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire     Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
1045 – 1046 BenedictusIX.jpg Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire     2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
April/May 1045 – 20 December 1046 150px-B Gregor VI.jpg Gregory VI
Papa GREGORIUS Sextus,
Johannes Gratianus Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire   1 Deposed at the Council of Sutri
24 December 1046 – 9 October 1047 Pope clement II.jpg Clement II
Papa CLEMENS Secundus
Suidger Hornburg, Duchy of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire   <1  
November 1047 – 1048 BenedictusIX.jpg Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire     3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
17 July 1048 – 9 August 1048 B Damasus II1.jpg Damasus II
Papa DAMASUS Secundus
Poppo Pildenau, Duchy of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire   <1  
12 February 1049 – 19 April 1054 Leon IX.jpg St. Leo IX
Papa LEO Nonus
Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Eguisheim, Swabia, Holy Roman Empire   5 In 1054, Leo IX and Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Cerularius excommunicated each other, beginning the still-existing East-West schism.
13 April 1055 – 28 July 1057 Vicii bild.jpg Victor II
Papa VICTOR Secundus
Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg Kingdom of Germany, Holy Roman Empire   2  
2 August 1057 – 29 March 1058 B Stephan IX.jpg Stephen IX (Stephen X), O.S.B.
Papa STEPHANUS Nonus (Decimus)
Frédéric de Lorraine Duchy of Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire   <1 Sometimes called Stephen X. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
6 December 1058 – 27 July 1061 Papa Nicolau II.jpg Nicholas II
Papa NICOLAUS Secundus
Gérard de Bourgogne Château de Chevron, Kingdom of Arles   2  
30 September 1061 – 21 April 1073 Papa Alexandre II.jpg Alexander II
Papa ALEXANDER Secundus
Anselmo da Baggio Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire   11  
22 April 1073 – 25 May 1085 Pope Gregory VII.jpg St. Gregory VII, O.S.B.
Papa GREGORIUS Septimus
Hildebrand Sovana, Italy, Holy Roman Empire   12 Restricted the use of title "Papa" to the Bishop of Rome. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
24 May 1086 – 16 September 1087 Victor III.jpg Bd. Victor III, O.S.B.
Papa VICTOR Tertius
Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius Benevento, Duchy of Benevento   1 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
12 March 1088 – 29 July 1099 BlUrban II.gif Bd. Urban II, O.S.B.
Papa URBANUS Secundus
Odo of Lagery Lagery, County of Champagne, France   11 Started the First Crusade. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
13 August 1099 – 21 January 1118 B Paschalis II.jpg Paschal II, O.S.B.
Papa PASCHALIS Secundus
Raniero Bleda, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire   18 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.

12th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
24 January 1118
– 28 January 1119
(1 year)
GelasioII.gif Gelasius II, O.S.B.
Papa GELASIUS Secundus
Giovanni Coniulo Gaeta, Principality of Capua Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
2 February 1119
– 13 December 1124
(5 years)
Callistus II.gif Callixtus II
Papa CALLISTUS Secundus
Guido, Comte de Bourgogne Quingey, County of Burgundy, Holy Roman Empire Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
15 December 1124
– 13 February 1130
(5 years)
B Honorius II.jpg Honorius II, Can.Reg.
Papa HONORIUS Secundus
Lamberto Scannabecchi Fiagnano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Maria di San Reno
14 February 1130
– 24 September 1143
(13 years)
B Innozenz II.jpg Innocent II, Can.Reg.
Papa INNOCENTIUS Secundus
Gregorio Papareschi Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of Lateran; Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
26 September 1143
– 8 March 1144
(164 days)
Caelestinus II.jpg Celestine II
Papa COELESTINUS Secundus
Guido Città di Castello, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
12 March 1144
– 15 February 1145
(340 days)
B Lucius II.jpg Lucius II, Can.Reg.
Papa LUCIUS Secundus
Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso Bologna, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Frediano di Lucca
15 February 1145
– 8 July 1153
(8 years)
150px-B Eugen III.jpg Bd. Eugene III, O.Cist.
Papa EUGENIUS Tertius
Bernardo da Pisa Pisa, Republic of Pisa, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Cistercians.
8 July 1153
– 3 December 1154
(1 year)
B Anastasius IV.jpg Anastasius IV
Papa ANASTASIUS Quartus
Corrado Demetri della Suburra Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
4 December 1154
– 1 September 1159
(4 years)
Pope Hadrian IV.jpg Adrian IV, O.S.A.
Papa HADRIANUS Quartus
Nicholas Breakspear Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, Kingdom of England First and only English pope; purportedly granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England. Member of the Order of St. Augustine.
7 September 1159
– 30 August 1181
(21 years)
B-Alexander III1.jpg Alexander III
Papa ALEXANDER Tertius
Rolando Siena, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
1 September 1181
– 25 November 1185
(4 years)
Pope Lucius III.png Lucius III
Papa LUCIUS Tertius
Ubaldo Lucca, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
25 November 1185
– 19 October 1187
(1 year)
B Urban III.jpg Urban III
Papa URBANUS Tertius
Uberto Crivelli Cuggiono, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
21 October 1187
– 17 December 1187
(57 days)
150px-B Gregor VIII.jpg Gregory VIII, Can.Reg.
Papa GREGORIUS Octavus
Alberto di Morra Benevento, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular Premostratense; Proposed the Third Crusade
19 December 1187
– 20 March 1191[5]
(3 years)
B Clemens III.jpg Clement III
Papa CLEMENS Tertius
Paolo Scolari Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
21 March 1191
– 8 January 1198
(6 years)
Celestin III.jpg Celestine III
Papa COELESTINUS Tertius
Giacinto Bobone Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
8 January 1198
– 16 July 1216
(18 years)
Innozenz3.jpg Innocent III
Papa INNOCENTIUS Tertius
Lothario dei Conti di Segni Gavignano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215. Initiated the Fourth Crusade.

13th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
18 July 1216
– 18 March 1227
(10 years)
B Honorius III3.jpg Honorius III
Papa HONORIUS Tertius
Cencio Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Fifth Crusade.
19 March 1227
– 22 August 1241
(14 years)
Gregory IX bas-relief in the U.S. House of Representatives chamber.jpg Gregory IX
Papa GREGORIUS Nonus
Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canonized Elisabeth of Hungary, 1235
25 October 1241
– 10 November 1241
(17 days)
B Colestin IV.jpg Celestine IV
Papa COELESTINUS Quartus
Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Died before coronation.
25 June 1243
– 7 December 1254
(11 years)
Innocent IV - Council of Lyon - 002r detail.jpg Innocent IV
Papa INNOCENTIUS Quartus
Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire Convened the First Council of Lyons, 1245
12 December 1254
– 25 May 1261
(6 years)
B Alexander IV.jpg Alexander IV
Papa ALEXANDER Quartus
Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne Jenne, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
29 August 1261
– 2 October 1264
(3 years)
Pope Urban IV.jpg Urban IV
Papa URBANUS Quartus
Jacques Pantaléon Troyes, County of Champagne, France  
5 February 1265
– 29 November 1268
(3 years)
Papst Clemens IV.jpg Clement IV
Papa CLEMENS Quartus
Gui Faucoi Saint-Gilles, Languedoc, France  
29 November 1268
– 1 September 1271
(2 years)
Ombrellino-keys.svg interregnum Almost 3 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
1 September 1271
– 10 January 1276
(4 years)
B Gregor X.jpg Bd. Gregory X
Papa GREGORIUS Decimus
Tebaldo Visconti Piacenza, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Second Council of Lyons, 1274.
21 January 1276
– 22 June 1276
InnocentV.jpg Bd. Innocent V, O.P.
Papa INNOCENTIUS Quintus
Pierre de Tarentaise County of Savoy, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Dominican Order.
11 July 1276
– 18 August 1276
Papa Adriano V.jpg Adrian V
Papa HADRIANUS Quintus
Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire  
8 September 1276
– 20 May 1277
B Johannes XXI.jpg John XXI
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Primus
Pedro Hispano Lisbon, Portugal Due to a confusion over the numbering of popes named John in the 13th century, there was no John XX. Killed in the collapse of his scientific laboratory
25 November 1277
– 22 August 1280
(2 years)
NicholasIII.jpg Nicholas III
Papa NICOLAUS Tertius
Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
22 February 1281
– 28 March 1285
(4 years)
B Martin IV.jpg Martin IV
Papa MARTINUS Quartus
Simon de Brion Meinpicien, Touraine, France  
2 April 1285
– 3 April 1287
(2 years)
PopeOnorioIV.jpg Honorius IV
Papa HONORIUS Quartus
Giacomo Savelli Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
22 February 1288
– 4 April 1292
(4 years)
NicholasIV.jpg Nicholas IV, O.F.M.
Papa NICOLAUS Quartus
Girolamo Masci Lisciano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Franciscan Order.
4 April 1292
– 5 July 1294
(2 years)
Ombrellino-keys.svg interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
5 July 1294
– 13 December 1294
(223 days)
Celestin 5 statue.jpg St. Celestine V, O.S.B.
Papa COELESTINUS Quintus
Pietro da Morrone Sant' Angelo Limosano, Kingdom of Sicily One of only two popes who abdicated. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
24 December 1294
– 11 October 1303
(8 years)
Bonifatius VIII Grabstatue.JPG Boniface VIII
Papa BONIFACIUS Octavus
Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  

14th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
22 October 1303
– 7 July 1304
(260 days)
B Benedikt XI.jpg Bd. Benedict XI, O.P.
Papa BENEDICTUS Undecimus
Niccolò Boccasini Treviso, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Council of Vienne, 1311–1312. Member of the Dominican Order.
5 June 1305
– 20 April 1314
(8 years)
Papst klemens v.jpg Clement V
Papa CLEMENS Quintus
Bertrand de Got Villandraut, Gascony, France Pope at Avignon. Ordered the execution of the Knights Templar at the Council of Vienne.
20 April 1314
– 7 August 1316
Ombrellino-keys.svg interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
7 August 1316
– 4 December 1334
(18 years)
John22.jpg John XXII
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Secundus
Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, Quercy, France Pope at Avignon
20 December 1334
– 25 April 1342
(7 years)
Benedikt XII1.gif Benedict XII, O.Cist.
Papa BENEDICTUS Duodecimus
Jacques Fournier Saverdun, County of Foix, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Cistercians.
7 May 1342
– 6 December 1352
(10 years)
Clemens VI.gif Clement VI, O.S.B.
Papa CLEMENS Sextus
Pierre Roger Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon
18 December 1352
– 12 September 1362
(9 years)
Innozenz VI.gif Innocent VI
Papa INNOCENTIUS Sextus
Étienne Aubert Les Monts, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon
28 September 1362
– 19 December 1370
(8 years)
Urban V.gif Bd. Urban V, O.S.B.
Papa URBABUS Quintus
Guillaume (de) Grimoard Grizac, Languedoc, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
30 December 1370
– 26 March 1378
(7 years)
PopeGregoryXI.jpg Gregory XI
Papa GREGORIUS Undecimus
Pierre Roger de Beaufort Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon; returns to Rome; last French Pope
8 April 1378
– 15 October 1389
(11 years)
Urbanus VI.jpg Urban VI
Papa URBANUS Sextus
Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism
2 November 1389
– 1 October 1404
(14 years)
IX.Bonifac.jpg Boniface IX
Papa BONIFACIUS Nonus
Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism

15th Century

  • R This pope resigned his office.
  • B The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table.
Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Start/End of Papacy Notes
17 October 1404
– 6 November 1406
(2 years)
Innocent VII.jpg Innocent VII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Septimus
Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Sulmona, Kingdom of Naples 67 / 69 [B] Western Schism
30 November 1406
– 4 July 1415
(8 years)
Gregory XII.jpg Gregory XII
Papa GREGORIUS Duodecimus
Angelo Correr Venice, Republic of Venice 60 / 69 [R][B] Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII.
4 July 1415
– 11 November 1417
(2 years)
Ombrellino-keys.svg Interregnum Two year period without a valid pope elected. Alexander V and John XXIII were both antipopes during this period.
11 November 1417
– 20 February 1431
(13 years)
Martin V.jpg Martin V
Papa MARTINUS Quintus
Oddone Colonna Genazzano, Papal States 48 / 62 [B] Convened the Council of Basel, 1431
3 March 1431
– 23 February 1447
(15 years)
Portrait du pape Eugène IV.jpg Eugene IV, O.S.A.
Papa EUGENIUS Quartus
Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 63 [B] Member of the Augustinian Order. Crowned Sigismund emperor at Rome in 1433. Transferred the Council of Basel to Ferrara. It was later transferred again, to Florence, because of the Bubonic plague.
6 March 1447
– 24 March 1455
(8 years)
Nicholas V.jpg Nicholas V
Papa NICOLAUS Quintus
Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana, Republic of Genoa 49 / 57 Held Jubilee of 1450; crowned Frederick III emperor at Rome in 1452.
8 April 1455
– 6 August 1458
(3 years)
Calixtus III.jpg Callixtus III
Papa CALLISTUS Tertius
Alfonso de Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 76 / 79 First Spanish Pope
19 August 1458
– 15 August 1464
(5 years)
Pintoricchio 012.jpg Pius II
Papa PIUS Secundus
Enea Silvio Piccolomini Corsignano, Republic of Siena 52 / 58  
30 August 1464
– 26 July 1471
(6 years)
Pietrobarbo.jpg Paul II
Papa PAULUS Secundus
Pietro Barbo Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 54 Nephew of Eugene IV
9 August 1471
– 12 August 1484
(13 years)
Sixtus IV.PNG Sixtus IV, O.F.M.
Papa XYSTUS Quartus
Francesco della Rovere Celle Ligure, Republic of Genoa 57 / 70 Member of the Franciscan Order. Commissioned the Sistine Chapel
29 August 1484
– 25 July 1492
(7 years)
Innocent VIII.JPG Innocent VIII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Octavus
Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Republic of Genoa 51 / 59 [B] Appointed Tomás de Torquemada
11 August 1492
– 18 August 1503
(11 years)
Pope Alexander Vi.jpg Alexander VI
Papa ALEXANDER Sextus
Rodrigo de Lanzòl-Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 61 / 72 Nephew of Callixtus III. Father to Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia. Divided the extra-European world between Spain and Portugal in 1493 by the Bull Inter caetera.

16th–20th Centuries

16th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Start/End of Papacy Notes
22 September 1503
– 18 October 1503
(27 days)
Pius III, Nordisk familjebok.png Pius III
Papa PIUS Tertius
Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Republic of Siena 64 / 64 Nephew of Pius II
31 October 1503
– 21 February 1513
(9 years)
09julius.jpg Julius II
Papa IULIUS Secundus
Giuliano della Rovere Albisola, Republic of Genoa 59 / 69 Nephew of Sixtus IV; Convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran, 1512. Took effective control of the whole territory of the Papal States for the first time. Proposed plans for rebuilding of St. Peter's Basilica
9 March 1513
– 1 December 1521
(8 years)
Pope-leo10.jpg Leo X
Papa LEO Decimus
Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 37 / 45 Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent. Excommunicated Martin Luther
9 January 1522
– 14 September 1523
(1 year)
Hadrian VI.jpg Adrian VI
Papa HADRIANUS Sextus
Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens Utrecht, Bishopric of Utrecht, Holy Roman Empire (presently The Netherlands) 62 / 64 The only Dutch Pope. Last non-Italian to be elected pope until John Paul II in 1978. The tutor of Emperor Charles V
26 November 1523
– 25 September 1534
(11 years)
Clement VII. Sebastiano del Piombo. c.1531..jpg Clement VII
Papa CLEMENS Septimus
Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 45 / 56 Cousin of Leo X. Rome plundered by imperial troops ("Sacco di Roma"), 1527. He forbade the divorce of Henry VIII and crowned Charles V Emperor at Bologna in 1530. His niece Catherine de' Medici was married to the future Henry II of France.
13 October 1534
– 10 November 1549
(15 years)
Tizian 083b.jpg Paul III
Papa PAULUS Tertius
Alessandro Farnese Canino, Lazio, Papal States 66 / 81 Opened the Council of Trent in 1545. His illegitimate son became the first Duke of Parma.
7 February 1550
– 29 March 1555
(5 years)
Julius III.jpg Julius III
Papa IULIUS Tertius
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Papal States 62 / 67  
9 April 1555
– 30 April or 1 May 1555
(22/23 days)
Pope Marcellus II.jpg Marcellus II
Papa MARCELLUS Secundus
Marcello Cervini Montefano, Marche, Papal States 53 / 53 Last to use birth name as regnal name
23 May 1555
– 18 August 1559
(4 years)
Pope Paul IV.jpg Paul IV
Papa PAULUS Quartus
Giovanni Pietro Carafa Capriglia Irpina, Campania, Kingdom of Naples 78 / 83  
26 December 1559
– 9 December 1565
(5 years)
Pius iv.jpg Pius IV
Papa PIUS Quartus
Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Duchy of Milan 60 / 66 Reopened the Council of Trent, 1562, it concluded its proceedings in 1563
7 January 1566
– 1 May 1572
(6 years)
El Greco 050.jpg St. Pius V, O.P.
Papa PIUS Quintus
Michele Ghislieri Bosco, Duchy of Milan 61 / 68 Member of the Dominican Order. Excommunicated Elizabeth I of England, 1570. Victory of Lepanto 1571
13 May 1572
– 10 April 1585
(12 years)
Gregory XIII.jpg Gregory XIII
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius Decimus
Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Papal States 70 / 83 Reform of the calendar 1582
24 April 1585
– 27 August 1590
(5 years)
Sixtus5.jpg Sixtus V, O.F.M. Conv.
Papa XYSTUS Quintus
Felice Peretti Grottammare, Marche, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order.
15 September 1590
– 27 September 1590
(13 days)
Urban3355.jpg Urban VII
Papa URBANUS Septimus
Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Papal States 69 / 69 Shortest-reigning Pope; died before consecration.
5 December 1590
– 15/16 October 1591
(315/316 days)
Gregory XIV.PNG Gregory XIV
Papa GREGORIUS Quartus Decimus
Niccolò Sfondrati Somma Lombardo, Duchy of Milan 55 / 56  
29 October 1591
– 30 December 1591
(63 days)
Innocent9.jpg Innocent IX
Papa INNOCENTIUS Nonus
Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Papal States 72 / 72  
30 January 1592
– 3 March 1605
(13 years)
Clem8.jpg Clement VIII
Papa CLEMENS Octavus
Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Papal States 55 / 69  

17th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Start/End of Papacy Notes
1 April 1605
– 27 April 1605
(27 days)
Leo XI 2.jpg Leo XI
Papa LEO Undecimus
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Duchy of Florence 69 / 69  
16 May 1605
– 28 January 1621
(15 years)
Pope Paul V.jpg Paul V
Papa PAULUS Quintus
Camillo Borghese Rome, Papal States 52 / 68 Known for building projects, including the facade of St. Peter's Basilica.
9 February 1621
– 8 July 1623
(2 years)
Gregor XV.jpg Gregory XV
Papa GREGORIUS Quintus Decimus
Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Papal States 67 / 69  
6 August 1623
– 29 July 1644
(20 years)
Bernini-Urban8.jpg Urban VIII
Papa URBANUS Octavus
Maffeo Barberini Florence, Duchy of Florence 55 / 76 Trial against Galileo Galilei
15 September 1644
– 7 January 1655
(10 years)
Innocent-x-velazquez.jpg Innocent X
Papa INNOCENTIUS Decimus
Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Papal States 70 / 80  
7 April 1655
– 22 May 1667
(12 years)
Alexander VII.jpg Alexander VII
Papa ALEXANDER Septimus
Fabio Chigi Siena, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 56 / 68  
20 June 1667
– 9 December 1669
(2 years)
Pope Clement IX.jpg Clement IX
Papa CLEMENS Nonus
Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 67 / 69  
29 April 1670
– 22 July 1676
(6 years)
Clement X.jpg Clement X
Papa CLEMENS Decimus
Emilio Altieri Rome, Papal States 79 / 86  
21 September 1676
– 11/12 August 1689
(12 years)
InnocentXI.jpg Bd. Innocent XI
Papa INNOCENTIUS Undecimus
Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Duchy of Milan 65 / 78  
6 October 1689
– 1 February 1691
(1 year)
Alexander VIII 1.jpg Alexander VIII
Papa ALEXANDER Octavus
Pietro Vito Ottoboni Venice, Republic of Venice 79 / 80  
12 July 1691
– 27 September 1700
(9 years)
Pope Innocent XII.jpg Innocent XII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Duodecimus
Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola, Kingdom of Naples 76 / 85  

18th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Start/End of Papacy Notes
23 November 1700
– 19 March 1721
(20 years)
Clement XI.jpg Clement XI
Papa CLEMENS Undecimus
Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Papal States 51 / 71 Chinese Rites Controversy.
8 May 1721
– 7 March 1724
(2 years)
InnocientXIII.jpg Innocent XIII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Tertius Decimus
Michelangelo de’ Conti Poli, Lazio, Papal States 65 / 68  
29 May 1724
– 21 February 1730
(5 years)
PopebenedictXIII.jpg Benedict XIII, O.P.
Papa BENEDICTUS Tertius Decimus
Pierfrancesco Orsini Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom of Naples 75 / 81 Member of the Dominican Order.
12 July 1730
– 6 February 1740
(9 years)
Pope Clement XII, portrait.jpg Clement XII
Papa CLEMENS Duodecimus
Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 78 / 87  
17 August 1740
– 3 May 1758
(17 years)
Benoit XIV.jpg Benedict XIV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quartus Decimus
Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Papal States 65 / 83  
6 July 1758
– 2 February 1769
(10 years)
Clement xii.jpg Clement XIII
Papa CLEMENS Tertius Decimus
Carlo della Torre Rezzonico Venice, Republic of Venice 65 / 75  
19 May 1769
– 22 September 1774
(5 years)
PopeClement-XIV.JPG Clement XIV, O.F.M. Conv.
Papa CLEMENS Quartus Decimus
Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli Sant' Arcangelo di Romagna, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order. Suppressed the Jesuit Order.
15 February 1775
– 29 August 1799
(24 years)
Popepiusvi.jpg Pius VI
Papa PIUS Sextus
Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi Cesena, Papal States 57 / 81 Condemned the French Revolution and was expelled from the Papal States by French troops from 1798 until his death.

19th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Start/End of Papacy Notes
14 March 1800
– 20 August 1823
(23 years)
Jacques-Louis David 018.jpg Pius VII, O.S.B.
Papa PIUS Septimus
Barnaba Chiaramonti Cesena, Papal States 57 / 81 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Present at Napoleon's coronation as Emperor of the French. Temporarily expelled from the Papal States by the French between 1809 and 1814.
28 September 1823
– 10 February 1829
(5 years)
LeoXII.jpg Leo XII
Papa LEO Duodecimus
Count Annibale Sermattei della Genga Genga or Spoleto, Papal States 63 / 68  
31 March 1829
– 1 December 1830
(1 year)
Popepiusviii.jpg Pius VIII
Papa PIUS Octavus
Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Papal States 67 / 69  
2 February 1831
– 1 June 1846
(15 years)
GREGORYXVI.jpg Gregory XVI, O.S.B. Cam.
Papa GREGORIUS Sextus Decimus
Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari Belluno, Republic of Venice 65 / 80 Member of the Camaldolese Order. The last non-bishop to be elected
16 June 1846
– 7 February 1878
(31 years)
Popepiusix.jpg Bd. Pius IX, O.F.S.
Papa PIUS Nonus
Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti Senigallia, Marche, Papal States 54 / 85 Opened First Vatican Council; lost the Papal States to Italy. Longest serving pope in history (see note on St. Peter.)
20 February 1878
– 20 July 1903
(25 years)
Leo XIII.jpg Leo XIII, O.F.S.
Papa LEO Tertius Decimus
Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci Carpineto Romano, Rome département, French Empire (now Italy) 67 / 93 Laid down the seeds of Catholic Social Teaching through his encyclical, Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labor) and supported Christian Democracy as against communism; he is the third-longest reigning pope after Pius IX (reigned for 31 years) and John Paul II (reigned for 26 years)

20th Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Start/End of Papacy Notes
4 August 1903
– 20 August 1914
(11 years)
Popepiusx.jpg St. Pius X, O.F.S.
Papa PIUS Decimus
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 68 / 79 Encouraged and expanded reception of Holy Communion. Most recent pope to be canonized.
3 September 1914
– 22 January 1922
(7 years)
Benedictus XV.jpg Benedict XV, O.F.S.
Papa BENEDICTUS Quintus Decimus
Giacomo Della Chiesa Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia 59 / 67 Credited for intervening for peace during World War I. He is remembered by Pope Benedict XVI as "prophet of peace".
6 February 1922
– 10 February 1939
(17 years)
Papst Pius XI. 1JS.jpg Pius XI, O.F.S.
Papa PIUS Undecimus
Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 64 / 81 Signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, establishing the Vatican City as a sovereign state.
2 March 1939
– 9 October 1958
(19 years)
Pacelli12.jpg Ven. Pius XII, O.F.S.
Papa PIUS Duodecimus
Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli Rome, Italy 63 / 82 Invoked papal infallibility in encyclical Munificentissimus Deus.
28 October 1958
– 3 June 1963
(4 years)
JeanXXIII fanon.jpg Bd. John XXIII, O.F.S.
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Tertius
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Italy 76 / 81 Opened Second Vatican Council; sometimes called "Good Pope John".
21 June 1963
– 6 August 1978
(15 years)
Pope Paul VI. 1967.jpg Servant of God Paul VI
Papa PAULUS Sextus
Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini Concesio, Brescia, Italy 65 / 80 The last pope to be crowned with the Papal Tiara. First Pope to travel to the United States. Concluded Second Vatican Council.
26 August 1978
– 28 September 1978
(33 days)
Pope-john-paul-i.jpg Servant of God John Paul I
Papa IOANNES PAULUS Primus
Albino Luciani Forno di Canale, Veneto, Italy 65 / 65 First Pope to use 'the First' in regnal name. First pope with two names, for his two immediate predecessors. Died early into a charismatic reign.
16 October 1978
– 2 April 2005
(26 years)
JohannesPaulII.jpg Ven. John Paul II
Papa IOANNES PAULUS Secundus
Karol Józef Wojtyła Wadowice, Poland 58 / 84 First Polish pope and first non-Italian pope in 455 years. Canonized more saints than all predecessors. Traveled extensively. Longest serving Pope since Pius IX (1846–1878) and 2nd longest serving Pope to date (see note on St. Peter. )

21st Century

Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at Start/End of Papacy Notes
19 April 2005
– present
(4 years)
BentoXVI-30-10052007.jpg Benedict XVI
Papa BENEDICTUS Sextus Decimus
Joseph Alois Ratzinger Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany 78 / - First German pope since Stephen IX in 1057. Oldest to become pope since Clement XII in 1730.

Religious Orders

33 popes have been members of religious orders. These have included:

  • 17 Benedictines (Gregory I, Boniface IV, Adeodatus II, Leo IV, John IX, Leo VII, Stephen IX, Gregory VII, Victor III, Urban II, Paschal II, Gelasius II, Celestine V, Clement VI, Urban V, and Pius VII), including 1 Camaldolese (Gregory XVI)
  • 6 Augustinians (Adrian IV and Eugene IV), including 4 Canons Regular (Honorius II, Innocent II, Lucius II, Gregory VIII)
  • 4 Dominicans (Innocent V, Benedict XI, Pius V, and Benedict XIII)
  • 4 Franciscans (Nicholas IV, Sixtus IV), including 2 Conventual Franciscans (Sixtus V and Clement XIV)
  • 2 Cistercians (Eugene III, and Benedict XII)

Notes on numbering of popes

A number of anomalies in the list given above need further explanation:

  • Felix II (356–357), Boniface VII (974, 984–985), John XVI (997–998), Benedict X (1058–1059) and Alexander V (1409–1410) are not listed because they are considered antipopes.[6]
  • The numbering of popes named Felix has been amended to omit antipope Felix II. However, most lists still call the last two Felixes Felix III and Felix IV. Additionally, there was an antipope Felix V.[6]
  • There has never been a pope John XX as a result of confusion of the numbering system in the 11th century.[7]
  • Pope-elect Stephen, who died before being consecrated, has not been on the Vatican's official list of popes since 1961, but appears on lists dating from before 1960.[7] The numbering of following popes called Stephen are nowadays given as Pope Stephen II to Pope Stephen IX, rather than Stephen III to Stephen X.
  • When Simon de Brion became pope in 1281, he chose to be called Martin. At that time, Marinus I and Marinus II were mistakenly considered to be Martin II and Martin III respectively, and so, erroneously, Simon de Brion became Pope Martin IV.[8]
  • Pope Donus II, said to have reigned about 974, never existed. The belief resulted from the confusion of the title dominus (lord) with a proper name. (Pope Joan also probably never existed; however, legends about her may have originated from stories about the pornocracy.)[9]
  • The status of Antipope John XXIII was uncertain for hundreds of years, and was finally settled in 1958 when Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli announced his own name as John XXIII. Baldassare Cossa, who was Antipope John XXIII, served as a Cardinal of the reunited church before his death in 1419 and his remains are found in the Battistero di San Giovanni (Florence).

See also

References

Specific

  1. ^ [1] Pontifex maximus: the Roman high priest.
  2. ^ Gratian (367-83 A.D.) Walter E. Roberts, Emory University
  3. ^ "Corrections Made to Official List of Popes". ZENIT. 2001-06-05. http://www.zenit.org/article-1597?l=english. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  4. ^ The fourth pope Discussed in the article on Clement I
  5. ^ For the dates of death of Clement III and the election of Celestine III see Katrin Baaken: Zu Wahl, Weihe und Krönung Papst Cölestins III. Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters Volume 41 / 1985, pp. 203–211
  6. ^ a b  Paschal Robinson (1913). "Antipope". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Antipope. 
  7. ^ a b  Paschal Robinson (1913). "Chronological Lists of Popes". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Chronological_Lists_of_Popes. 
  8. ^  Paschal Robinson (1913). "Pope Martin IV". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Pope_Martin_IV. 
  9. ^  Paschal Robinson (1913). "Popess Joan". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Popess_Joan. 

General

  • John N.D. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • AA.VV., Enciclopedia dei Papi, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia italiana, 2000.
  • Pontificia Amministrazione della Patriarcale Basilica di San Paolo, I Papi. Venti secoli di storia, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2002.

External links


Simple English

File:Tafel
Popes buried in St. Peter's

This article comprises lists of Popes of the Catholic Church. Pope (Latin: papa "father'") in English usually means the head of the Catholic Church.

All popes are Episcopus Romanus which means Bishop of Rome. The words come after a pope’s official Latin name.

The list sometimes says interregnum. This is Latin for "between reigns". It means there was no pope.

Contents

Chronological list of popes

From 30 to 249

Dates of reign English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
30 to 67 Peter
Saint Peter
Petrus, Head of the Church Simon Peter
שמעון בן יונה
(Shimon ben Yona)

Shimon Kipha
CΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑC
(Simeon Kephas - Simon the Rock)
Bethsaida, Galilea
post42/ante57 to 64/67(?) Petrus,
64/67(?) to 76/79(?) Linus
Saint Linus
Linus, Linus Tuscia (Northern Latium)
76/79(?) to 88 Anacletus
(Cletus)
Saint Anacletus
Anacletus, Anacletus Probably Greece
88/92 to 97/101 Clement I
Saint Clement
Clemens,   Rome
97/99 to 105/107 Evaristus
(Aristus)
Saint Evaristus
Evaristus, Aristus  
105/107 to 115/116 Alexander I
Saint Alexander
Alexander, Alexander
115/116 to 125 Sixtus I
Saint Sixtus
Xystus,   Rome or Greece
125 to 136/138 Telesphorus
Saint Telesphorus
Telesphorus,   Greece
136/138 to 140/142 Hyginus
Saint Hyginus
Hyginus,   Greece
140/142 to 155 Pius I
Saint Pius
  Aquileia, Friuli, Italy
155 to 166 Anicetus
Saint Anicetus
Anicetus,   Emesa, Syria
c.166 to 174/175 Soter
Saint Soter
Soterius,   Fondi, Latium, Italy
174/175 to 189 Eleuterus
Saint Eleutherus
Eleutherius,   Nicopoli, Epyrus
189 to 198/199 Victor I
Saint Victor
Victor,   Northern Africa
199 to 217 Zephyrinus
Saint Zephyrin
Zephyrinus,   Rome
c.217 to 222/223 Callixtus I
Saint Callixtus
Callistus,  
222/223 to 230 Urban I
Saint Urban
Urbanus,   Rome
21 July 230 to 28 September 235 Pontian
Saint Pontian
Pontianus,   Rome
235 to 3 January 236 Anterus
Saint Anterus
Anterus,   Greece
10 January 236 to 20 January 250 Fabian
Saint Fabian
Fabianus,   Rome

From 250 to 499

Dates of reign English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
March/April 251 to June 253 Cornelius
Saint Cornelius
Cornelius,  
25 June 253 to 5 March 254 Lucius I
Saint Lucius
Lucius,   Rome
12 May 254 to 2 August 257 Stephen I
Saint Stephen
Stephanus,   Rome
30/31 August 257 to 6 August 258 Sixtus II
Saint Sixtus II
Xystus Secundus,   Greece
22 July 259 to 26 December 268 Dionysius
Saint Dionysius
Dionysius,   Greece
5 January 269 to 30 December 274 Felix I
Saint Felix
Felix,   Rome
4 January 275 to December 283 Eutychian
Saint Eutychian
Eutychianus,  
17 December 283 to 22 April 296 Caius
Saint Caius
Caius,    
296 to 304 Marcellinus
Saint Marcellinus
Marcellinus,    
308 to 309 Marcellus I
Saint Marcellus
Marcellus,    
c.309 to c.310 Eusebius
Saint Eusebius
Eusebius,    
2 July 311 to 11 January 314 Miltiades
Melchiades
Saint Miltiades
Miltiades,   Africa
31 January 314 to 31 December 335 Sylvester I
Saint Sylvester
Silvester,    
18 January 336 to 7 October 336 Mark
Saint Mark
Marcus,   Rome
6 February 337 to 12 April 352 Julius I
Saint Julius
Iulius,   Rome
17 May 352 to 24 September 366 Liberius Liberius,    
1 October 366 to 11 December 384 Damasus I
Saint Damasus
Damasus,   Idanha-a-Nova, Portugal
11 December 384 to 26 November 399 Siricius
Saint Siricius
Papa Siricius,    
27 November 399 to 19 December 401 Anastasius I
Saint Anastasius
Papa Anastasius,    
22 December 401 to 12 March 417 Innocent I
Saint Innocent
Papa Innocentius,    
18 March 417 to 26 December 418 Zosimus
Saint Zosimus
Papa Zosimus,    
28/29 December 418 to 4 September 422 Boniface I
Saint Boniface
Papa Bonifacius,    
10 September 422 to 27 July 432 Celestine I
Saint Celestine
Papa Coelestinus,    
31 July 432 to March/August 440 Sixtus III
Saint Sixtus
Papa Xystus Tertius,    
29 September 440 to 10 November 461 Leo I
Saint Leo
Leo the Great
Papa Leo Magnus,   Rome
19 November 461 to 29 February 468 Hilarius
Saint Hilarius
Papa Hilarius,    
3 March 468 to 10 March 483 Simplicius
Saint Simplicius
Papa Simplicius,   Tivoli, Italy
13 March 483 to 1 March 492 Felix III
Saint Felix
Papa Felix Tertius,   Rome
1 March 492 to 21 November 496 Gelasius I
Saint Gelasius
Papa Gelasius,   Africa
24 November 496 to 19 November 498 Anastasius II Papa Anastasius Secundus,    
22 November 498 to 19 July 514 Symmachus
Saint Symmachus
Papa Symmachus,   Sardinia

From 500 to 749

Dates of reign English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
20 July 514 to 19 July 523 Hormisdas
Saint Hormisdas
Papa Hormisdus,   Frosinone, Southern Latium, Italy
13 August 523 to 18 May 526 John I
Saint John
Papa Ioannes,   Tuscany
13 July 526 to 22 September 530 Felix IV
Saint Felix
Papa Felix Quartus,   Samnium
22 September 530 to 17 October 532 Boniface II Papa Bonifacius Secundus,   Rome to Ostrogoth parents
2 January 533 to 8 May 535 John II Papa Ioannes Secundus, Mercurius Rome
13 May 535 to 22 April 536 Agapetus I
Agapitus
Saint Agapetus
Papa Agapetus,    
1 June 536 to 11 November 537 Silverius
Saint Silverius
Papa Silverius,    
29 March 537 to 7 June 555 Vigilius Papa Vigilius,   Rome
16 April 556 to 4 March 561 Pelagius I Papa Pelagius,   Rome
17 July 561 to 13 July 574 John III Papa Ioannes Tertius, Catelinus  
2 June 575 to 30 July 579 Benedict I Papa Benedictus,    
26 November 579 to 7 February 590 Pelagius II Papa Pelagius Secundus,   Rome
3 September 590 to 12 March 604 Gregory I, O.S.B.
Saint Gregory
Gregory the Great
Papa Gregorius Magnus,   Rome
13 September 604 to 22 February 606 Sabinian
Saint Sabinian
Papa Sabinianus,   Blera
19 February 607 to 12 November 607 Boniface III Papa Bonifacius Tertius,   Rome
25 August 608 to 8 May 615 Boniface IV, O.S.B.
Saint Boniface
Papa Bonifacius Quartus,   Marsi
19 October 615 to 8 November 618 Adeodatus I Papa Adeodatus,
or Papa Deusdedit
  Rome
23 December 619 to 25 October 625 Boniface V Papa Bonifacius Quintus,   Naples
27 October 625 to 12 October 638 Honorius I Papa Honorius,    
October 638 to 2 August 640 Severinus Papa Severinus,   Rome
24 December 640 to 12 October 642 John IV Papa Ioannes Quartus,   Zadar, Dalmatia, now Croatia
24 November 642 to 14 May 649 Theodore I Papa Theodorus,   Palestine
July 649 to 16 September 655 Martin I
Saint Martin
Papa Martinus,    
10 August 654 to 2 June 657 Eugene I
Saint Eugene
Papa Eugenius,   Rome
30 July 657 to 27 January 672 Vitalian
Saint Vitalian
Papa Vitalianus,    
11 April 672 to 17 June 676 Adeodatus II, O.S.B. Papa Adeodatus Secundus,    
2 November 676 to 11 April 678 Donus Papa Donus,    
27 June 678 to 10 January 681 Agatho
Saint Agatho
Papa Agatho,   Sicily
December 681 to 3 July 683 Leo II
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Secundus,   Sicily
683/26 June 684 to 8 May 685 Benedict II
Saint Benedict
Papa Benedictus Secundus,    
12 July 685 to 2 August 686 John V Papa Ioannes Quintus,   Syria
21 October 686 to 22 September 687 Conon Papa Conon,    
15 December 687 to 8 September 701 Sergius I
Saint Sergius
Papa Sergius,   Sicily
30 October 701 to 11 January 705 John VI Papa Ioannes Sextus,   Greece
1 March 705 to 18 October 707 John VII Papa Ioannes Septumus,   Greece
15 January 708 to 4 February 708 Sisinnius Papa Sisinnius,   Syria
25 March 708 to 9 April 715 Constantine Papa Constantinus,   Syria
19 May 715 to 11 February 731 Gregory II
Saint Gregory
Papa Gregorius Secundus,    
18 March 731 to 28 November 741 Gregory III Papa Gregorius Tertius,   Syria
3 December 741 to 14 March/22 March 752 Zachary
Saint Zachary
Papa Zacharias,   Greece

From 750 to 999

Dates of reign English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
23 March 752 to 25 March 752 Never took office as Pope. (Pope-Elect Stephen) Stephanus    
26 March 752 to 26 April 757 Stephen II Papa Stephanus Secundus,    
29 May 757 to 28 June 767 Paul I
Saint Paul
Papa Paulus,    
1 August 767 to 24 January 772 Stephen III Papa Stephanus Tertius,    
1 February 772 to 26 December 795 Adrian I Papa Hadrianus,   Rome
26 December 795 to 12 June 816 Leo III Papa Leo Tertius,    
12 June 816 to 24 January 817 Stephen IV Papa Stephanus Quartus,    
25 January 817 to 11 February 824 Paschal I
Saint Paschal
Papa Paschalis,   Rome
8 May 824 to August 827 Eugene II Papa Eugenius Secundus,   Rome
August 827 to September 827 Valentine Papa Valentinus,   Rome
827 to January 844 Gregory IV Papa Gregorius Quartus,    
January 844 to 7 January 847 Sergius II Papa Sergius Secundus,   Rome
January 847 to 17 July 855 Leo IV, O.S.B.
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Quartus,   Rome
855 to 7 April 858 Benedict III Papa Benedictus Tertius,    
24 April 858 to 13 November 867 Nicholas I
Saint Nicholas
Nicholas the Great
Papa Nicolaus Magnus    
14 December 867 to 14 December 872 Adrian II Papa Hadrianus Secundus,   Rome
14 December 872 to 16 December 882 John VIII Papa Ioannes Octavus,   Rome
16 December 882 to 15 May 884 Marinus I Papa Marinus,    
17 May 884 to c.September 885 Adrian III
Saint Adrian
Papa Hadrianus Tertius,   Rome
885 to 14 September 891 Stephen V Papa Stephanus Quintus,    
19 September 891 to 4 April 896 Formosus Papa Formosus,   Ostia
4 April 896 to 19 April 896 Boniface VI Papa Bonifacius Sextus,   Rome
22 May 896 to August 897 Stephen VI Papa Stephanus Sextus,    
August 897 to November 897 Romanus Papa Romanus,    
December 897 Theodore II Papa Theodorus Secundus,    
January 898 to January 900 John IX, O.S.B. Papa Ioannes Nonus,    
900 to 903 Benedict IV Papa Benedictus Quartus,   Rome
July 903 to September 903 Leo V Papa Leo Quintus,   Ardea
29 January 904 to 14 April 911 Sergius III Papa Sergius Tertius,   Rome
April 911 to June 913 Anastasius III Papa Anastasius Tertius,   Rome
July/August 913 to February/March 914 Lando Papa Lando,   Sabina, Italy
March 914 to May 928 John X Papa Ioannes Decimus,    
May 928 to December 928 Leo VI Papa Leo Sextus,    
December 928 to February 931 Stephen VII Papa Stephanus Septimus,    
February/March 931 to December 935 John XI Papa Ioannes Undecimus,    
3 January 936 to 13 July 939 Leo VII, O.S.B. Papa Leo Septimus,    
14 July 939 to October 942 Stephen VIII Papa Stephanus Octavus,    
30 October 942 to May 946 Marinus II Papa Marinus Secundus,    
10 May 946 to December 955 Agapetus II Papa Agapetus Secundus,    
16 December 955 to 14 May 964 John XII Papa Ioannes Duodecimus, Octavian  
22 May 964 to 23 June 964 Benedict V Papa Benedictus Quintus,    
July 964 to 1 March 965 Leo VIII Papa Leo Octavus,   Rome
1 October 965 to 6 September 972 John XIII Papa Ioannes Tertius Decimus,    
19 January 973 to June 974 Benedict VI Papa Benedictus Sextus,    
October 974 to 10 July 983 Benedict VII Papa Benedictus Septimus,    
December 983 to 20 August 984 John XIV Papa Ioannes Quartus Decimus, Pietro Campanora Pavia
August 985 to March 996 John XV Papa Ioannes Quintus Decimus,   Rome
3 May 996 to 18 February 999 Gregory V Papa Gregorius Quintus, Bruno of Carinthia  
2 April 999 to 12 May 1003 Sylvester II Papa Silvester Secundus, Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France

From 1000 to 1249

Dates of reign English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
June 1003 to December 1003 John XVII Papa Ioannes Septimus Decimus, Siccone Rome
25 December 1003 to July 1009 John XVIII Papa Ioannes Duodevicesimus, Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rome
31 July 1009 to 12 May 1012 Sergius IV Papa Sergius Quartus, Pietro Boccapecora Rome
18 May 1012 to 9 April 1024 Benedict VIII Papa Benedictus Octavus, Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum Rome
April/May 1024 to 20 October 1032 John XIX Papa Ioannes Undevicesimus, Romanus, Conti di Tusculum Rome
1032 to 1044 Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome
1045 Sylvester III Papa Silvester Tertius, John, Bishop of Sabina Rome
1045 to 1046 Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome
April/May 1045 to 20 December 1046 Gregory VI Papa Gregorius Sextus, Johannes Gratianus  
24 December 1046 to 9 October 1047 Clement II Papa Clemens Secundus, Suidger Saxony
November 1047 to 1048 Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum  
17 July 1048 to 9 August 1048 Damasus II Papa Damasus Secundus, Poppo Tirol
12 February 1049 to 19 April 1054 Leo IX
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Nonus, Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Alsace
13 April 1055 to 28 July 1057 Victor II Papa Victor Secundus, Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg Germany
2 August 1057 to 29 March 1058 Stephen IX, O.S.B. Papa Stephanus Nonus, Frederic de Lorraine; Frederick of Lorraine  
6 December 1058 to 27 July 1061 Nicholas II Papa Nicolaus Secundus, Gérard de Bourgogne; Gerard of Burgundy  
30 September 1061 to 21 April 1073 Alexander II Papa Alexander Secundus, Anselmo da Baggio Baggio, Milan, Italy
22 April 1073 to 25 May 1085 Gregory VII, O.S.B.
Saint Gregory
Papa Gregorius Septimus, Hildebrand Soana, Tuscany, Italy
24 May 1086 to 16 September 1087 Victor III, O.S.B.
Blessed Victor
Papa Victor Tertius, Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius Southern Italy
12 March 1088 to 29 July 1099 Urban II, O.S.B.
Blessed Urban
Papa Urbanus Secundus, Odo of Lagery France
13 August 1099 to 21 January 1118 Paschal II, O.Cist. Papa Paschalis Secundus, Raniero Romagna, Italy
24 January 1118 to 28 January 1119 Gelasius II, O.S.B. Papa Gelasius Secundus, Giovanni Coniulo Gaeta, Latium, Italy
2 February 1119 to 13 December 1124 Callixtus II Papa Callistus Secundus, Guido, Comte de Bourgogne France
15 December 1124 to 13 February 1130 Honorius II Papa Honorius Secundus, Lamberto Scannabecchi Imola, Romagna, Italy
14 February 1130 to 24 September 1143 Innocent II Papa Innocentius Secundus, Gregorio Papareschi Rome, Italy
26 September 1143 to 8 March 1144 Celestine II Papa Coelestinus Secundus, Guido Città di Castello, Umbria, Italy
12 March 1144 to 15 March 1145 Lucius II Papa Lucius Secundus, Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso Bologna, Italy
15 February 1145 to 8 July 1153 Eugene III, O.Cist.
Blessed Eugene
Papa Eugenius Tertius, Bernardo Pignatelli Pisa, Tuscany, Italy
8 July 1153 to 3 December 1154 Anastasius IV Papa Anastasius Quartus, Corrado Rome
4 December 1154 to 1 September 1159 Adrian IV, O.S.A. Papa Hadrianus Quartus, Nicholas Breakspear England
7 September 1159 to 30 August 1181 Alexander III Papa Alexander Tertius, Rolando Bandinelli Siena, Tuscany, Italy
1 September 1181 to 25 November 1185 Lucius III Papa Lucius Tertius, Ubaldo Allucingoli Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
25 November 1185 to 19 October 1187 Urban III Papa Urbanus Tertius, Uberto Crivelli Milan, Italy
21 October 1187 to 17 December 1187 Gregory VIII Papa Gregorius Octavus, Alberto di Morra Benevento, Campania, Italy
19 December 1187 to 27 March 1191 Clement III Papa Clemens Tertius, Paulino Scolari Rome
30 March 1191 to 8 January 1198 Celestine III Papa Coelestinus Tertius, Giacinto Bobone Rome
8 January 1198 to 16 July 1216 Innocent III Papa Innocentius Tertius, Lothario dei Conti di Segni Gavignano, Latium, Italy
18 July 1216 to 18 March 1227 Honorius III Papa Honorius Tertius, Cencio Savelli Rome
19 March 1227 to 22 August 1241 Gregory IX Papa Gregorius Nonus, Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Anagni, Latium, Italy
25 October 1241 to 10 November 1241 Celestine IV, O.S.B. Papa Coelestinus Quartus, Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy
25 June 1243 to 7 December 1254 Innocent IV Papa Innocentius Quartus, Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Italy

From 1254 to 1492

Dates of reign English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
12 December 1254 to 25 May 1261 Alexander IV Papa Alexander Quartus, Rinaldo dei Conti di Segni; Rinaldo Conti Anagni, Italy
29 August 1261 to 2 October 1264 Urban IV Papa Urbanus Quartus, Jacques Pantaléon Troyes, France
5 February 1265 to 29 November 1268 Clement IV Papa Clemens Quartus, Gui Faucoi le Gros (angl: Guy Foulques the Fat) Saint-Gilles, France
29 November 1268 to 1 September 1271   interregnum    
1 September 1271 to 10 January 1276 Gregory X, O.Cist.
Blessed Gregory
Papa Gregorius Decimus, Tebaldo Visconti Piacenza, Italy
21 January 1276 to 22 June 1276 Innocent V, O.P.
Blessed Innocent
Papa Innocentius Quintus, Pierre de Tarentaise Savoy, France
11 July 1276 to 18 August 1276 Adrian V Papa Hadrianus Quintus, Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Italy
8 September 1276 to 20 May 1277 John XXI Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Primus, Pedro Hispano Lisbon, Portugal
25 November 1277 to 22 August 1280 Nicholas III, O.S.B. Papa Nicolaus Tertius, Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Italy
22 February 1281 to 28 March 1285 Martin IV Papa Martinus Quartus, Simon de Brion; Simon de Brie Touraine, France
2 April 1285 to 3 April 1287 Honorius IV Papa Honorius Quartus, Giacomo Savelli Rome, Italy
22 February 1288 to 4 April 1292 Nicholas IV, O.F.M. Papa Nicolaus Quartus, Girolamo Masci Ascoli, Italy
4 April 1292 to 5 July 1294   interregnum    
5 July 1294 to 13 December 1294 Celestine V, O.S.B.
Saint Celestine
Papa Coelestinus Quintus, Pietro da Morrone Moline, Italy
24 December 1294 to 11 October 1303 Boniface VIII Papa Bonifacius Octavus, Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Italy
22 October 1303 to 7 July 1304 Benedict XI, O.P.
Blessed Bendedict
Papa Benedictus Undecimus, Niccolò Boccasini Treviso, Italy
5 June 1305 to 20 April 1314 Clement V Papa Clemens Quintus, Bertrand de Got Bordeaux, France
20 April 1314 to 7 August 1316   interregnum    
7 August 1316 to 4 December 1334 John XXII Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Secundus, Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, France
20 December 1334 to 25 April 1342 Benedict XII, O.Cist. Papa Benedictus Duodecimus, Jacques Fournier Saverdun, France
7 May 1342 to 6 December 1352 Clement VI Papa Clemens Sextus, Pierre Roger Limoges, France
18 December 1352 to 12 September 1362 Innocent VI Papa Innocentius Sextus, Étienne Aubert; Stephen Aubert Beyssac, France
28 September 1362 to 19 December 1370 Urban V, O.S.B.
Blessed Urban
Papa Urbanus Quintus, Episcopus Guillaume Grimoard; Guillaume de Grimoard Languedoc, France
30 December 1370 to 26 March 1378 Gregory XI Papa Gregorius Undecimus, Pierre Roger de Beaufort Limoges, France
8 April 1378 to 15 October 1389 Urban VI Papa Urbanus Sextus, Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Italy
2 November 1389 to 1 October 1404 Boniface IX Papa Bonifacius Nonus, Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Italy
17 October 1404 to 6 November 1406 Innocent VII Papa Innocentius Septimus, Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Abruzzi, Italy
30 November 1406 to 4 July 1415 Gregory XII Papa Gregorius Duodecimus, Angelo Correr Venice, Italy
4 July 1415 to 11 November 1417   interregnum    
11 November 1417 to 20 February 1431 Martin V Papa Martinus Quintus, Oddone Colonna Rome, Italy
3 March 1431 to 23 February 1447 Eugene IV, O.S.A. Papa Eugenius Quartus, Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Italy
6 March 1447 to 24 March 1455 Nicholas V, O.P. Papa Nicolaus Quintus, Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana, Liguria, Italy
8 April 1455 to 6 August 1458 Callixtus III Papa Callistus Tertius, Alfonso de Borgia Xàtiva, València, Spain
19 August 1458 to 15 August 1464 Pius II Papa Pius Secundus, Enea Silvio Piccolomini Siena, Italy
30 August 1464 to 26 July 1471 Paul II Papa Paulus Secundus, Pietro Barbo Venice, Italy
9 August 1471 to 12 August 1484 Sixtus IV, O.F.M. Papa Xystus Quartus, Francesco della Rovere Savona, Italy
29 August 1484 to 25 July 1492 Innocent VIII Papa Innocentius Octavus, Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Italy
11 August 1492 to 18 August 1503 Alexander VI Papa Alexander Sextus, Rodrigo de Lanzòl-Borgia Xàtiva, València, Spain

From 1503 to 1740

Dates of reign Portrait English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
22 September 1503 to 18 October 1503 Pius III Papa Pius Tertius, Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Tuscany, Italy
31 October 1503 to 21 February 1513 [[File:|70px]] Julius II, O.F.M. Papa Iulius Secundus, Giuliano della Rovere Albisola, Savona, Italy
9 March 1513 to 1 December 1521 [[File:|70px]] Leo X Papa Leo Decimus, Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence, Italy
9 January 1522 to 14 September 1523 Adrian VI Papa Hadrianus Sextus, Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens Utrecht, Holy Roman Empire (presently The Netherlands)
26 November 1523 to 25 September 1534 File:Pope Clement Clement VII Papa Clemens Septimus, Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Florence, Italy
13 October 1534 to 10 November 1549 [[File:|70px]] Paul III Papa Paulus Tertius, Alessandro Farnese Canino, Viterbo, Italy
29 November 1549 to 29 March 1555 File:Julius Julius III Papa Iulius Tertius, Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Italy
9 April 1555 to April 30 or 1 May 1555 File:Pope Marcellus Marcellus II Papa Marcellus Secundus, Marcello Cervini Montefano, Macerata, Italy
23 May 1555 to 18 August 1559 File:Pope Paul Paul IV Papa Paulus Quartus, Giovanni Pietro Carafa Capriglia, Campania, Italy
26 December 1559 to 9 December 1565 File:Pius Pius IV Papa Pius Quartus, Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Italy
7 January 1566 to 1 May 1572 File:El Greco Pius V, O.P.
Saint Pius
Papa Pius Quintus, Michele Ghislieri Bosco, Alessandria, Italy
13 May 1572 to 10 April 1585 File:Gregory Gregory XIII Papa Gregorius Tertius Decimus, Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Italy
24 April 1585 to 27 August 1590 [[File:|70px]] Sixtus V, O.F.M. Conv. Papa Xystus Quintus, Felice Peretti Grottammare, Marche, Italy
15 September 1590 to 27 September 1590 Urban VII Papa Urbanus Septimus, Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Italy
5 December 1590 to 15 /16 October 1591 Gregory XIV Papa Gregorius Quartus Decimus, Niccolò Sfondrati Cremona, Lombardy, Italy
29 October 1591 to 30 December 1591 [[File:|70px]] Innocent IX Papa Innocentius Nonus, Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Italy
30 January 1592 to 3 March 1605 [[File:|70px]] Clement VIII Papa Clemens Octavus, Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Italy
1 April 1605 to 27 April 1605 File:B Leo Leo XI Papa Leo Undecimus, Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Italy
16 May 1605 to 28 January 1621 File:Pope Paul Paul V Papa Paulus Quintus, Camillo Borghese Rome, Italy
9 February 1621 to 8 July 1623 [[File:|70px]] Gregory XV Papa Gregorius Quintus Decimus, Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Italy
6 August 1623 to 29 July 1644 [[File:|70px]] Urban VIII Papa Urbanus Octavus, Maffeo Barberini Florence, Italy
15 September 1644 to 7 January 1655 File:Diego Velázquez Innocent X Papa Innocentius Decimus, Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Italy
7 April 1655 to 22 May 1667 File:Alexander Alexander VII Papa Alexander Septimus, Fabio Chigi Siena, Tuscany, Italy
20 June 1667 to 9 December 1669 File:Pope Clement Clement IX Papa Clemens Nonus, Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Tuscany, Italy
29 April 1670 to 22 July 1676 File:Clement Clement X Papa Clemens Decimus, Emilio Altieri Rome, Italy
21 September 1676 to 11/12 August 1689 [[File:|70px]] Innocent XI
Blessed Innocent
Papa Innocentius Undecimus, Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Lombardy, Italy
6 October 1689 to 1 February 1691 File:Alexander VIII Alexander VIII Papa Alexander Octavus, Pietro Vito Ottoboni Padova, Veneto, Italy
12 July 1691 to 27 September 1700 File:Pope Innocent Innocent XII Papa Innocentius Duodecimus, Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola, Puglia, Italy
23 November 1700 to 19 March 1721 File:Clement Clement XI Papa Clemens Undecimus, Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Italy
8 May 1721 to 7 March 1724 [[File:|70px]] Innocent XIII Papa Innocentius Tertius Decimus, Michelangelo de ’Conti; Michael Angelo Conti Poli, Lazio, Italy
29 May 1724 to 21 February 1730 [[File:|70px]] Benedict XIII, O.P. Papa Benedictus Tertius Decimus, Pierfrancesco Orsini Gravina, Puglia, Italy
12 July 1730 to 6 February 1740 File:Pope Clement Clement XII Papa Clemens Duodecimus, Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Italy
17 August 1740 to 3 May 1758 File:Benoit Benedict XIV Papa Benedictus Quartus Decimus, Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Italy

From 1758 to 2005

Dates of reign Portrait English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
6 July 1758 to 2 February 1769 [[File:|70px]] Clement XIII Papa Clemens Tertius Decimus, Carlo della Torre Rezzonico Venice, Veneto, Italy
19 May 1769 to 22 September 1774 [[File:|70px]] Clement XIV, O.F.M. Conv. Papa Clemens Quartus Decimus, Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli Sant'Arcangelo di Romagna, Italy
15 February 1775 to 29 August 1799 [[File:|70px]] Pius VI Papa Pius Sextus, Giovanni Angelo Braschi Cesena, Italy
14 March 1800 to 20 August 1823 [[File:|70px]] Pius VII, O.S.B. Papa Pius Septimus, Barnaba Chiaramonti Cesena, Italy
28 September 1823 to 10 February 1829 File:Leo Leo XII Papa Leo Duodecimus, Annibale Sermattei della Genga Fabriano, Marche, Italy
31 March 1829 to 1 December 1830 [[File:|70px]] Pius VIII Papa Pius Octavus, Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Italy
2 February 1831 to 1 June 1846 [[File:|70px]] Gregory XVI, O.S.B. Cam. Papa Gregorius Sextus Decimus, Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari Belluno, Veneto, Italy
16 June 1846 to 7 February 1878 [[File:|70px]] Pius IX
Blessed Pius IX
Papa Pius Nonus, Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti Senigallia, Marche, Italy
20 February 1878 to 20 July 1903 [[File:|70px]] Leo XIII Papa Leo Tertius Decimus, Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci Carpineto Romano, Latium, Italy
4 August 1903 to 20 August 1914 Pius X
Saint Pius X
Papa Pius Decimus, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Treviso, Veneto, Italy
3 September 1914 to 22 January 1922 File:Benedictus Benedict XV Papa Benedictus Quintus Decimus, Giacomo Della Chiesa Genoa, Italy
6 February 1922 to 10 February 1939 [[File:|70px]] Pius XI Papa Pius Undecimus, Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti Desio, Milan, Italy
2 March 1939 to 9 October 1958 Pius XII
Venerable Pius XII
Papa Pius Duodecimus, Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli Rome, Italy
28 October 1958 to 3 June 1963 John XXIII
Blessed John XXIII
Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Tertius, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Italy
21 June 1963 to 6 August 1978 File:Pope Paul VI. Paul VI
Servant of God Paul VI
Papa Paulus Sextus, Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini Concesio, Brescia, Italy
26 August 1978 to 28 September 1978 John Paul I
Servant of God John Paul I
Papa Ioannes Paulus Primus, Albino Luciani Forno di Canale (now Canale d'Agordo), Veneto, Italy
16 October 1978 to 2 April 2005 [[File:|70px]] John Paul II
Servant of God
Papa Ioannes Paulus Secundus, Karol Józef Wojtyła Wadowice, Poland

From 2005

Dates of reign Portrait English name Official Latin name Personal name Place of birth
19 April 2005 to present [[File:|70px]] Benedict XVI Papa Benedictus Sextus Decimus, Joseph Alois Ratzinger Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany

References

  • John N.D. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • AA.VV., Enciclopedia dei Papi, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia italiana, 2000.
  • Pontificia Amministrazione della Patriarcale Basilica di San Paolo, I Papi. Venti secoli di storia, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2002.

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