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Most power stations in South Africa are owned and operated by Eskom and these plants generate around 95% of all the electricity produced in South Africa.[1] Since South Africa has rich coal deposits (concentrated in the north-east of the country), most of the power stations are coal fired. Around 77% of South Africa's energy needs are directly derived from coal.[2] Historically this has given South Africa access to cheap electricity, but it is also one of the leading causes why the country is in the top 20 list of carbon dioxide emitting countries.[3][4][5]

In addition to supplying South Africa with electricity, these power stations also generate around 12,000 gigawatt-hour[6] that South Africa annually export to other Southern African Development Community countries, including Swaziland, Botswana, Mozambique, Lesotho, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[7]South Africa supplement its electricity supply by importing around 9,000 gigawatt-hours per year from the Cahora Bassa Hydroelectric Generation Station in Mozambique via the 1,000MW Cahora Bassa high-voltage direct current transmission system.[8]

The following is a list of electricity generating facilities within South Africa. It contains currently operational facilities as well as notable facilities that are currently under construction or have been decommissioned.

Coal fired

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Arnot Power Station Mpumalanga 1975 2,100 Operational 25°56′38″S 29°47′22″E / 25.94384°S 29.78956°E / -25.94384; 29.78956 (Arnot Power Station) [9]
Athlone Power Station Western Cape 1961 180 Decommissioned (2003) 33°56′54″S 18°30′45″E / 33.94831°S 18.51262°E / -33.94831; 18.51262 (Athlone Power Station) [10]
Bloemfontein Power Station Free State 102 Operational 29°07′27″S 26°13′30″E / 29.12409°S 26.22487°E / -29.12409; 26.22487 (Bloemfontein Power Station) [11]
Camden Power Station Mpumalanga 1967 1,600 Operational 26°37′13″S 30°05′38″E / 26.62034°S 30.09378°E / -26.62034; 30.09378 (Camden Power Station) [12]
Colenso Power Station KwaZulu-Natal 1926 160 Decommissioned (1984) 28°43′51″S 29°49′36″E / 28.730937°S 29.826679°E / -28.730937; 29.826679 (Colenso Power Station)
Duvha Power Station Mpumalanga 1980 3,600 Operational 25°57′50″S 29°20′14″E / 25.96391°S 29.33727°E / -25.96391; 29.33727 (Duvha Power Station) [13][14]
Grootvlei Power Station Mpumalanga 1969 1,200 Operational (2 out of 6 units) 26°46′S 28°30′E / 26.767°S 28.5°E / -26.767; 28.5 (Grootvlei Power Station) [15]
Hendrina Power Station Mpumalanga 1970 2,000 Operational 26°01′59″S 29°36′00″E / 26.033°S 29.6°E / -26.033; 29.6 (Hendrina Power Station) [16]
Kelvin Power Station Gauteng 600 Operational 26°06′58″S 28°11′38″E / 26.11598°S 28.19400°E / -26.11598; 28.19400 (Kelvin Power Station) [17]
Kendal Power Station Mpumalanga 1988 4,116 Operational 26°05′24″S 28°58′17″E / 26.0901°S 28.9713°E / -26.0901; 28.9713 (Kendal Power Station) [18][19]
Komati Power Station Mpumalanga 1961 1,000 Operational 26°05′24″S 29°28′19″E / 26.09°S 29.47194°E / -26.09; 29.47194 (Komati Power Station) [20]
Kriel Power Station Mpumalanga 3,000 Operational 26°15′15″S 29°10′46″E / 26.25409°S 29.17934°E / -26.25409; 29.17934 (Kriel Power Station) [21]
Kusile Power Station Mpumalanga 2013 (projected) 4,800 Under construction [22][23]
Lethabo Power Station Free State 1985 3,708 Operational 26°44′31″S 27°58′39″E / 26.74194°S 27.9775°E / -26.74194; 27.9775 (Lethabo Power Station) [24]
Majuba Power Station Mpumalanga 1996 4,110 Operational 27°06′02″S 29°46′17″E / 27.10047°S 29.77136°E / -27.10047; 29.77136 (Majuba Power Station) [25]
Matimba Power Station Limpopo 3,990 Operational 23°40′06″S 27°36′38″E / 23.66846°S 27.61062°E / -23.66846; 27.61062 (Matimba Power Station) [26]
Matla Power Station Mpumalanga 3,600 Operational 26°16′57″S 29°08′27″E / 26.28249°S 29.14072°E / -26.28249; 29.14072 (Matla Power Station) [27]
Medupi Power Station Under construction
Orlando Power Station Gauteng 1942 300 Decommissioned (1998) 26°15′14″S 27°55′30″E / 26.2540°S 27.9250°E / -26.2540; 27.9250 (Orlando Power Station) [28][29][30]
Pretoria West Power Station Gauteng 1952 180 Operational 25°45′28″S 28°08′49″E / 25.75775°S 28.14692°E / -25.75775; 28.14692 (Pretoria West Power Station) [31][32]
Rooiwal Power Station Gauteng 1963 300 Operational 25°33′21″S 28°14′18″E / 25.55580°S 28.23834°E / -25.55580; 28.23834 (Rooiwal Power Station) [31][32]
Tutuka Power Station Mpumalanga 1985 3,654 Operational 26°46′43″S 29°21′07″E / 26.77860°S 29.35208°E / -26.77860; 29.35208 (Tutuka Power Station) [33]

Gas turbine

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Ankerlig Power Station Western Cape 600 Operational 33°35′32″S 18°27′37″E / 33.5921°S 18.4602°E / -33.5921; 18.4602 (Ankerlig Power Station)
Gourikwa Power Station Western Cape 450 Operational
Port Rex Power Station Eastern Cape 171 Operational 33°01′43″S 27°52′52″E / 33.02860°S 27.88106°E / -33.02860; 27.88106 (Port Rex Power Station) [34]
Acacia Power Station Western Cape 171 Operational 33°53′00″S 18°32′08″E / 33.88328°S 18.53546°E / -33.88328; 18.53546 (Acacia Power Station) [34]

Hydroelectric

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme Free State 1981 1,000 Operational 28°34′23″S 29°05′13″E / 28.573°S 29.087°E / -28.573; 29.087 (Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme) [B][35]
Gariep Dam Free State-Eastern Cape border 1971 (or later) 360 Operational 30°37′25.43″S 25°30′23.81″E / 30.6237306°S 25.5066139°E / -30.6237306; 25.5066139 (Gariep Dam) [36]
Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme KwaZulu-Natal Under Construction 28°16′50″S 29°35′12″E / 28.2805°S 29.5868°E / -28.2805; 29.5868 (Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme) [A][37]
Kouga Dam Eastern Cape 3.6 Mothballed 33°44′26″S 24°35′16″E / 33.7406°S 24.5877°E / -33.7406; 24.5877 (Kouga Dam) [38]
Ncora Dam Eastern Cape 2.1 Operational 31°47′15″S 27°40′1″E / 31.7875°S 27.66694°E / -31.7875; 27.66694 (Ncora Dam) [39]
Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme Western Cape 1988 400 Operational 34°11′52″S 18°58′27″E / 34.19782°S 18.97407°E / -34.19782; 18.97407 (Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme) [C][40][41]
Steenbras Dam Western Cape Operational 34°09′47″S 18°55′12″E / 34.1630°S 18.9200°E / -34.1630; 18.9200 (Steenbras Dam)
Vanderkloof Dam Northern Cape 240 Operational 29°59′32″S 24°43′54″E / 29.99222°S 24.73166°E / -29.99222; 24.73166 (Vanderkloof Dam)

Nuclear

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Koeberg nuclear power station Western Cape 1984 1,800 Operational 33°40′35.2″S 18°25′55.37″E / 33.676444°S 18.4320472°E / -33.676444; 18.4320472 (Koeberg nuclear power station) [42]

Wind power

There are currently no large scale wind farms operational in South Africa, though a number are in the initial planning stages. Most of these are earmarked for locations along the Eastern Cape coastline. [43][44][45] Eskom has constructed one small scale prototype windfarm at Klipheuwel in the Western Cape and another demonstrator site is being constructed near Darling.

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Klipheuwel Wind Farm Western Cape 2002 3.16 Operational (Prototype/Research) 33°41′43″S 18°43′30″E / 33.69539°S 18.72512°E / -33.69539; 18.72512 (Klipheuwel Wind Farm) [46][47][48]
Darling Wind Farm Western Cape 5.2 Under construction 33°19′55″S 18°14′38″E / 33.33195°S 18.24378°E / -33.33195; 18.24378 (Darling Wind Farm) [48]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Eskom uses tight power supply to defend tariff hike". Mail & Guardian. 2009-06-28. http://www.mg.co.za/article/2009-06-08-eskom-uses-tight-power-supply-to-defend-tariff-hike. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  
  2. ^ "Coal". Department of Minerals and Energy (South Africa). http://www.dme.gov.za/energy/coal.stm. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  
  3. ^ Ferreira, Anton (2009-12-05). "SA's hidden carbon headache". The Sunday Times (South Africa). http://www.timeslive.co.za/business/article221325.ece. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  
  4. ^ "South Africa's energy industry". Government of South Africa. http://www.southafrica.info/business/economy/sectors/energy.htm. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  
  5. ^ "South Africa". US Energy Information Administration. http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/South_Africa/Background.html. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  
  6. ^ "Table 9a – Electricity produced and consumed in power stations, purchased and sold outside South Africa and available for distribution in South Africa (monthly figures)". Stats SA. March 2009. http://www.statssa.gov.za/PublicationsHTML/P4141March2009/html/P4141March2009_11.html. Retrieved 12 January 2010.  
  7. ^ Naidu, Edwin (2007-02-04). Cape Argus. http://www.capeargus.co.za/index.php?fArticleId=3662941. Retrieved 12 January 2010.  
  8. ^ "Energy Security Master Plan - Electricity 2007-2025". Department of Minerals and Energy (South Africa). pp. 15. http://www.dme.gov.za/pdfs/energy/electricity/energy_sec_msp_elec.pdf. Retrieved 12 January 2010.  
  9. ^ "Arnot Power Station". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=161. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  10. ^ "Western Cape Branch Engineering Bulletin". The Institution of Certificated Mechanical and Electrical Engineers, South Africa. June 2008. http://www.icmeesa.com/wcb_2008_june.htm. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  11. ^ "Electricity". Motheo District Municipality. http://www.motheo.co.za/why_invest.php. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  12. ^ "Camden Power Station". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=162. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  13. ^ "DUVHA POWER STATION". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=163. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  
  14. ^ "COST COMPARISONS BETWEEN ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS AND PULSE JET FABRIC FILTERS AND INHERENT CHALLENGES OF BOTH TECHNOLOGIES AT ESKOM’S 6 X 600 MW UNITS AT DUVHA POWER STATION". International Society for Electrostatic Precipitation. June 2006. http://www.isesp.org/ICESP%20X%20PAPERS/PDFS/Paper%207C1.pdf. Retrieved 8 January 2010.  
  15. ^ "Grootvlei Power Station". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=168. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  
  16. ^ "HENDRINA POWER STATION". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=169. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  
  17. ^ Swart, Werner (2009-09-01). "Old power station brings new hope". The Sunday Times (South Africa). http://www.timeslive.co.za/sundaytimes/article46521.ece. Retrieved 7 January 2010.  
  18. ^ "World's largest coal-fired power station. (Kendal Power Station in South Africa)". BNET. November 1994. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6677/is_199411/ai_n26461717/. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  19. ^ "KENDAL POWER STATION". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=170. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  20. ^ "The Role of the State in the Energy Sector". Department of Minerals and Energy (South Africa). http://www.dme.gov.za/pdfs/energy/Energy_Summit/Final%20Role%20of%20State%20in%20Energy%2021%20Sept%202007.doc. Retrieved 13 January 2010.  
  21. ^ "KRIEL POWER STATION". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=177. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  22. ^ "Work begins on Kusile power station". Government of South Africa. 2008-08-11. http://www.southafrica.info/business/economy/infrastructure/kusile-110808.htm. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  
  23. ^ "CONSTRUCTION OF KUSILE POWER STATION GETS UNDERWAY". Eskom. 2008-08-05. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=7516. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  
  24. ^ "Lethabo Power Station". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=179. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  
  25. ^ "KAJUBA POWER STATION". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=181. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  
  26. ^ "MATIMBA POWER STATION". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=183. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  27. ^ "MATLA POWER STATION". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=185. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  28. ^ Krige, Sue. "Orlando Power Station - a legacy of POWER". Orlando Towers. http://www.orlandotowers.co.za/facts_power_station.htm. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  29. ^ Fraser, Neil (2008-04-21). "Turbine Square is 'phenomenal'". City of Johannesburg. http://www.joburg.org.za/content/view/2415/291/. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  30. ^ "The Johannesburg Electricity Department operates one of the largest municipally owned undertakings in the world". Johannesburg City Council. 1956. http://www.hdgasa.org.za/Journals/indSearchs/M/Masts,%20Poles.pdf. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  31. ^ a b "DEVELOPMENT OF THE TSHWANE SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGY". City of Tshwane. http://www.tshwane.gov.za/documents/EnergyStrategy2006.pdf. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  32. ^ a b "City of Tshwane Investment Promotion and Development Strategy". City of Tshwane. March 2006. http://www.tshwane.gov.za/documents/econdev/investmentpromotion/3rdDraft.pdf. Retrieved 10 January 2010.  
  33. ^ "Tutuka Power Station". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=188. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  
  34. ^ a b "Port Rex and Acacia Gas Turbine Power Stations". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/content/GS%200001GasTurbStatRev5.doc. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  35. ^ "Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme". Eskom. 2005-10. http://www.eskom.co.za/content/Drakensburg%20FA%20Pg%2001-06.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-09.  
  36. ^ "GARIEP DAM". Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (South Africa). http://www.dwaf.gov.za/orange/Mid_Orange/gariep.htm. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  37. ^ "Ingula Update". Eskom. November 2009. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/monster.php?URL=%2Fcontent%2FIngulaUpdate_Nov09.pdf&Src=Item+2329. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  
  38. ^ "Kouga Dam". Gamtoos Tourism. http://www.baviaans.net/index.php?page=page&menu_id=3&submenu_id=6. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  39. ^ "Annual Report 2006 (Chapter 3)". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/annreport06/tables3.htm. Retrieved 12 January 2010.  
  40. ^ "Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme". International Hydropower Association. http://www.hydropower.org/blue_planet_prize/palmiet_pumped_storage_scheme.html. Retrieved 7 January 2010.  
  41. ^ "Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme". Eskom. October 2005. http://www.eskom.co.za/content/Palmiet%20FA%20Pg%2001-08.pdf. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  
  42. ^ "Koeberg Nuclear Power Station". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=173. Retrieved 2007-05-14.  
  43. ^ "Electrawinds". Coega Development Corporation. http://www.coega.co.za/Content.aspx?objID=39. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  44. ^ Swanepoel, Esmarie (11 September 2009). "Belgium company plans R1,2bn Eastern Cape wind farm". Engineering News (Creamer Media). http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/belgium-company-plans-r12bn-eastern-cape-wind-farm-2009-09-11. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  45. ^ "15-megawatt wind farm planned for Kouga". Cacadu District Municipality. http://www.cacadu.co.za/municipality/article/101/15-megawatt_wind_farm_planned_for_kouga. Retrieved 6 January 2010.  
  46. ^ "KLIPHEUWEL WINDFARM". Eskom. http://www.eskom.co.za/content/RW%200002KliphWindfRev3.doc. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  
  47. ^ "Klipheuwel shows the way in renewable energy". Engineering News (Creamer Media). 2004-04-23. http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/klipheuwel-shows-the-way-in-renewable-energy-2004-04-23. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  
  48. ^ a b "Wind energy". Department of Minerals and Energy (South Africa). http://www.dme.gov.za/energy/renew_wind.stm. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  

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