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This is a list of the Premiers of China since 1911.

The first recorded instance of a monarch of China appointing a chief minister was in around 1130 BC, by King Tang of the Shang Dynasty. Since then, almost every monarch in China appointed a chief minister to help him or her to run the administration. This role has been known by several different names, most commonly Chancellor. With the unification of China under the Qin Emperor in 221 BC, the power in the premiers' hands was reduced because of the Emperors' intentions of setting up an absolute monarchy. In 1380, Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty ordered the death of his Chancellor, and did not appoint another in his lifetime. From then until 1911, a number of people formally shared the responsibility of chief minister to the Emperor. Even when one of them dominated government, such as in the case of Li Hongzhang, they were nevertheless formally just one of several ministers of equal status. During much of the Qing Dynasty, for example, the traditional role of the Chancellor was performed collectively by the Grand Council.

In mid 1911, the modern position of Premier was created, when the Qing Imperial Government created the "Imperial Family Cabinet" as a reform of Chinese politics, shortly before it was overthrown. When Yuan Shikai took over the premiership, the premiers of China played an influential role in Chinese politics.

The list below shows premiers of China since 1911. Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed. The first column shows the consecutively numbered term of the premier, while the second column shows his or her chronological position amongst individual premiers.

For the modern-day positions referred to as Premiers of China, see:

Premiers also known as Presidents of Executive Yuan are appointed by Presidents in the Republic of China, but some premiers were even more powerful than the presidents, during the early age of the Republic of China. Some presidents were even expelled by the premiers they appointed. The title of premier in China had been changed several times, so this list is divided into several sections.

While in the People's Republic of China premiers elected by delegation of the National People's Congress every five years also are limited to two terms since the death of Zhou Enlai.

Contents

Prime Ministers of Qing Imperial Government (1911-1912)

The Qing Imperial Government created the "Imperial Family Cabinet" in May 1911, in order to appease popular anger and calls for reform. But the formation of Cabinet brought even more disaffection. Soon the Wuchang Uprising forced the Qing government to abolish the cabinet, and instead summon Yuan Shikai to head the government. The imperial government collapsed soon after.

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Yikuang, Prince Qing 慶親王·奕劻 /
庆亲王·奕劻
Pmyikuang.jpg 8 May 1911 1 November 1911 Qing Dynasty
(The Imperial Family)
2 2 Yuan Shikai 袁世凱 / 袁世凯 YuanShika Colour.jpg 2 November 1911 10 March 1912 Beiyang clique

Premiers of Cabinet of the Republic of China (1912-1914)

According to the Provisional Constitution of Republic of China, which passed in 1912, the leader of the majority party or the majority coalition should be appointed premier by the president.

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Tang Shaoyi 唐紹儀 / 唐绍仪 Tang Shaoyi.jpg 13 March 1912 27 June 1912 Beiyang clique
2 2 Lou Tseng-Tsiang 陸徵祥 / 陸征祥 Lou Tseng-Tsiang 01.jpg 29 June 1912 22 September 1912 Beiyang clique
3 3 Zhao Bingjun 趙秉鈞 / 赵秉钧 赵秉钧.jpg 25 September 1912 1 May 1913 Beiyang clique
- - Duan Qirui
(acting)
段祺瑞 Tuan Chi-jui.jpg 1 May 1913 31 July 1913 Beiyang clique
4 4 Xiong Xiling 熊希龄 Xiong Xiling.jpg 31 July 1913 12 February 1914 Beiyang clique
- - Sun Baoqi
(acting)
孫寶琦 / 孙宝琦 Sun Baoqi.jpg 12 February 1914 1 May 1914 Beiyang clique

Secretaries of State of the Republic of China (1914-1916)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Xu Shichang 徐世昌 Xu shichang Colour.jpg 1 May 1914 22 December 1915 Beiyang clique
- - Lou Tseng-Tsiang
(acting)
陸徵祥 / 陸征祥 Lou Tseng-Tsiang 01.jpg 22 December 1915 22 March 1916 Hongxian Government
2 2 Xu Shichang
(2nd term)
徐世昌 Xu shichang Colour.jpg 22 March 1916 23 April 1916 Beiyang clique
3 3 Duan Qirui 段祺瑞 Tuan Chi-jui.jpg 23 April 1916 29 June 1916 Beiyang clique

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China (1916-1917)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Duan Qirui 段祺瑞 Tuan Chi-jui.jpg 29 June 1916 23 May 1917 Progressive
- - Wu Tingfang
(acting)
伍廷芳 Wu Tingfang2.jpg 23 May 1917 12 June 1917 Progressive
2 2 Li Jingxi 李經羲 / 李经羲 李經羲.jpg 28 May 1917 2 July 1917 Progressive

Prime Minister of Restored Qing Imperial Government (1917)

A coup d'état in order to restore the Qing monarchy occurred on 1 July 1917. The leader of the coup, Zhang Xun, was immediately rewarded the premiership by Emperor Puyi. But Chang was defeated by Duan Qirui on 12 July and the Republic of China restored.

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Zhang Xun 張勳 / 张勋 Zhang Xun Minguo.jpg 1 July 1917 12 July 1917 None

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China (1917-1925)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
4 - Duan Qirui
(2nd term)
段祺瑞 Tuan Chi-jui.jpg 14 July 1917 22 November 1917 Zhili clique
- - Wang Daxie
(acting)
汪大燮 汪大燮.jpg 22 November 1917 30 November 1917 Zhili clique
- - Wang Shizhen
(acting)
王士珍 Wang Shizhen.jpg 30 November 1917 20 February 1918 Zhili clique
- - Qian Nengxun
(acting)
錢能訓 / 钱能训 Qian Nengxun.jpg 20 February 1918 23 March 1918 Zhili clique
5 - Duan Qirui
(3rd term)
段祺瑞 Tuan Chi-jui.jpg 23 March 1918 10 October 1918 Zhili clique
- - Qian Nengxun
(acting)
錢能訓 / 钱能训 Qian Nengxun.jpg 10 October 1918 13 June 1919 Zhili clique
- - Gong Xinzhan
(acting)
龔心湛 / 龚心湛 Gong Xinzhan.jpg 13 June 1919 24 September 1919 Anfu Club
- - Jin Yunpeng
(acting)
靳雲鵬 / 靳云鹏 Jin Yunpeng.jpg 24 September 1919 5 November 1919 Anfu Club
6 3 Jin Yunpeng 靳雲鵬 / 靳云鹏 Jin Yunpeng.jpg 5 November 1919 14 May 1920 Anfu Club
7 4 Sa Zhenbing 薩鎮冰 / 萨镇冰 Sak Deng-bing2.jpg 14 May 1920 9 August 1920 Anfu Club
8 - Jin Yunpeng 靳雲鵬 / 靳云鹏 Jin Yunpeng.jpg 9 August 1920 18 December 1921 Anfu Club
- - Yan Huiqing
(acting)
顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 Yan Huiqing.jpg 18 December 1921 24 December 1921 Anfu Club
9 5 Liang Shiyi 梁士詒 / 梁士诒 Liang Shiyi.jpg 24 December 1921 25 January 1922 Communications Clique
- - Yan Huiqing
(acting)
顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 Yan Huiqing.jpg 25 January 1922 8 April 1922 Anfu Club
- - Zhou Ziqi
(acting)
周自齊 / 周自齐 Zhou Ziqi.jpg 8 April 1922 11 June 1922 Anfu Club
10 6 Yan Huiqing 顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 Yan Huiqing.jpg 11 June 1922 5 August 1922 Anfu Club
- - Wang Chonghui
(acting)
王寵惠 / 王宠惠 Wang Chonghui.jpg 5 August 1922 29 November 1922 None
- - Wang Daxie
(acting)
汪大燮 汪大燮.jpg 29 November 1922 11 December 1922 Zhili clique
- - Wang Zhengting
(acting)
王正廷 Wang Zhengting.jpg 11 December 1922 4 January 1923 None
11 7 Zhang Shaozeng 張紹曾 / 张绍曾 Zhang Shaozeng.jpg 4 January 1923 9 September 1923 Beiyang clique
12 8 Gao Lingwei 高凌霨 Kao Lin-wei Colour.jpg 9 September 1923 12 January 1924 None
13 9 Sun Baoqi 孫寶琦 / 孙宝琦 Sun Baoqi.jpg 12 January 1924 2 July 1924 Beiyang clique
- - Wellington Gu Weijun
(acting)
顧維鈞 / 顾维钧 Wellington-Koo-Colour.jpg 2 July 1924 14 September 1924 None
14 10 Yan Huiqing 顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 Yan Huiqing.jpg 14 September 1924 31 October 1924 Anfu Club
- - Huang Fu 黃郛 Huang Fu Colour.jpg 31 October 1924 24 November 1924 None

Note: The Premiership was abolished from 25 November 1924 to 26 December 1925. The head of the cabinet during this period was Duan Qirui, Provisional Chief Executive of the Republic of China.

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China (1925-1928)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
15 11 Xu Shiying 許世英 / 许世英 Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12299, Hsu Shih-Ying.jpg 26 December 1925 4 March 1926 None
- - Jia Deyao
(acting)
賈德耀 / 贾德耀 Jia Deyao.jpg 4 March 1926 20 April 1926 None
- - Hu Weide
(acting)
胡惟德 Hu Weide.jpg 20 April 1926 13 May 1926 None
16 - Yan Huiqing
(2nd term)
顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 Yan Huiqing.jpg 13 May 1926 22 June 1926 None
- - Du Xigui
(acting)
杜錫珪 / 杜锡珪 Du Xigui.jpg 22 June 1926 1 October 1926 None
- - Wellington Gu Weijun
(acting)
顧維鈞 / 顾维钧 Wellington-Koo-Colour.jpg 1 October 1926 18 June 1927 None
Pan Fu
(acting)
潘復 / 潘复 Pan Fu.jpg 18 June 1927 2 June 1928 None

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (1928-1948)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Tan Yankai 譚延闓 / 谭延闿 Tan Yankai.jpg 25 October 1928 22 September 1930 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
2 2 T. V. Soong 宋子文 Tse-ven Soong.JPG 25 September 1930 4 December 1930 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
3 3 Chiang Kai-shek 蔣介石 / 蒋介石 Chiang Kai-shek enhanced.jpg 4 December 1930 15 December 1931 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
4 4 Chen Mingshu 陳銘樞 / 陈铭枢 Chen Mingxu.jpg 15 December 1931 1 January 1932 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
5 5 Sun Fo 孫科 / 孙科 Sun Fo.jpg 1 January 1932 28 January 1932 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
6 6 Wang Jingwei 汪兆銘 / 汪兆铭 Wang Jingwei.png 28 January 1932 1 December 1935 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
7 - Chiang Kai-shek
(2nd term)
蔣介石 / 蒋介石 Chiang Kai-shek.jpg 7 December 1935 1 January 1938 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
8 7 H. H. Kung 孔祥熙 HHKung.jpg 1 January 1938 11 December 1939 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
9 - Chiang Kai-shek
(3rd term)
蔣介石 / 蒋介石 Chiang Kai-shek.jpg 11 December 1939 31 May 1945 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
10 (2) T. V. Soong
(2nd term)
宋子文 Tse-ven Soong.JPG 31 May 1945 1 March 1947 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
11 - Chiang Kai-shek
(4th term)
蔣介石 / 蒋介石 Chiang Kai-shek.jpg 1 March 1947 18 April 1947 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
12 8 Chang Chun 張群 / 张群 Zhang Qun.jpg 18 April 1947 24 May 1948 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (1948-present)

When Chiang Kai-shek established the Nanking Nationalist Government in 1928, he created a presidency for Executive Yuan instead of a premiership, in order to show the difference between his government and the previous one in Beijing (then renamed Beiping). This government moved to Chongqing during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and during the Chinese Civil War relocated to Taipei where it exists today.

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
13 9 Wong Wen-hao 翁文灝 / 翁文灏 Weng Wenhao.jpg 24 May 1948 26 November 1948 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
14 - Sun Fo
(2nd term)
孫科 / 孙科 Sun Fo.jpg 26 November 1948 12 March 1949 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
15 10 Ho Ying-chin 何應欽 / 何应钦 He Yingqin.jpg 12 March 1949 3 June 1949 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
16 11 Yen Hsi-shan 閻錫山 / 阎锡山 Yan Xishan.png 3 June 1949 7 March 1950 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
17 12 Chen Cheng 陳誠 / 陈诚 Chen Cheng2.jpg 7 March 1950 7 June 1954 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
18 13 Yü Hung-chün 俞鴻鈞 / 俞鸿钧 Yu Hung-Chun.jpg 7 June 1954 30 June 1958 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
19 - Chen Cheng
(2nd term)
陳誠 / 陈诚 Chen Cheng2.jpg 30 June 1958 15 December 1963 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
20 14 Yen Chia-kan 嚴家淦 / 严家淦 Yen Chia-kan.jpg 15 December 1963 29 May 1972 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
21 15 Chiang Ching-kuo 蔣經國 / 蒋经国 Chiang Ching kuo.jpg 29 May 1972 28 May 1978 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
22 16 Sun Yun-suan 孫運璿 / 孙运璇 Sun Yun-suan.jpg 30 May 1978 20 May 1984 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
23 17 Yu Kuo-hwa 俞國華 / 俞国华 Replace this image male.svg 20 May 1984 21 May 1989 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
24 18 Lee Huan 李煥 / 李焕 Replace this image male.svg 21 May 1989 30 May 1990 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
25 19 Hau Pei-tsun 郝柏村 Replace this image male.svg 30 May 1990 10 February 1993 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
26 20 Lien Chan 連戰 / 连战 2005KMT NanjingTour LienChan.jpg 10 February 1993 1 September 1997 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
27 21 Vincent Siew Wan-chang 蕭萬長 / 萧万长 2007TaipeiAudioVideoFair VincentSiew.jpg 1 September 1997 20 May 2000 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
28 22 Tang Fei 唐飛 / 唐飞 Replace this image male.svg 20 May 2000 6 October 2000 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
29 23 Chang Chun-hsiung 張俊雄 / 张俊雄 2007TaipeiITF Opening Chun-hsiung Chang.jpg 6 October 2000 1 February 2002 Democratic Progressive
30 24 Yu Shyi-kun 游錫堃 / 游锡堃 DPP LongForever2007 SKYu.jpg 1 February 2002 1 February 2005 Democratic Progressive
31 25 Frank Hsieh Chang-ting 謝長廷 / 谢长廷 2007NewYearHopeWalking-FrankCTHsieh.jpg 1 February 2005 25 January 2006 Democratic Progressive
32 26 Su Tseng-chang 蘇貞昌 / 苏贞昌 TIBE2007Opening TCSu.jpg 25 January 2006 21 May 2007 Democratic Progressive
33 - Chang Chun-hsiung
(2nd term)
張俊雄 / 张俊雄 2007TaipeiITF Opening Chun-hsiung Chang.jpg 21 May 2007 20 May 2008 Democratic Progressive
34 27 Liu Chao-shiuan 劉兆玄 / 刘兆玄 2007SCUltraMarathon Day1 Chao-hsuian Liu.jpg 20 May 2008 10 September 2009 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
35 28 Wu Den-yih 吳敦義 / 吴敦义 Wu Den-yih VOA.jpg 10 September 2009 Present Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)

Premiers of State Council of the People's Republic of China (1949-present)

The Premiership of PRC was created since the establishment of the People's Republic of China on 1 October 1949.

      First generation       Second generation       Third generation       Fourth generation

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Zhou Enlai 周恩來 / 周恩来 Cropped ZhouAndDeng.png 1 October 1949
(acting)
September 1954 Communist Party of China
September 1954
(1st term)
April 1959
2 April 1959
(2nd term)
21 December 1964
3 21 December 1964
(3rd term)
4 January 1975
4 4 January 1975
(4th term)
8 January 1976
2 Hua Guofeng 華國鋒 / 华国锋 Mrpfpfeng.jpg 4 February 1976
(acting)
7 April 1976 Communist Party of China
7 April 1976 February, 1978
5 February, 1978 10 September 1980
3 Zhao Ziyang 趙紫陽 / 赵紫阳 Zhao Ziyang Reagan cropped.jpg 10 September 1980
(acting)
1983 Communist Party of China
6 1983 24 November 1987
4 Li Peng 李鵬 / 李鹏 Li Peng.png 24 November 1987
(acting)
25 March 1988 Communist Party of China
7 25 March 1988
(1st term)
1993
8 1993
(2nd term)
17 March 1998
9 5 Zhu Rongji 朱鎔基 / 朱镕基 Cropped Rubin-greenspan-rongji.jpg 17 March 1998 16 March 2003 Communist Party of China
10 6 Wen Jiabao 溫家寶 / 温家宝 Wen Jiabao 2008.jpg 16 March 2003
(1st term)
5 March 2008 Communist Party of China
11 5 March 2008
(2nd term)
Incumbent
(term expires 2013)

See also

References

  • China Online Encyclopedia
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This is a list of the Premiers of China since 1911.

The first recorded instance of a monarch of China appointing a chief minister was in around 1130 BC, by King Tang of the Shang Dynasty. Since then, almost every monarch in China appointed a chief minister to help him or her to run the administration. This role has been known by several different names, most commonly Chancellor. With the unification of China under the Qin Emperor in 221 BC, the power in the premiers' hands was reduced because of the Emperors' intentions of setting up an absolute monarchy. In 1380, Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty ordered the death of his Chancellor, and did not appoint another in his lifetime. From then until 1911, a number of people formally shared the responsibility of chief minister to the Emperor. Even when one of them dominated government, such as in the case of Li Hongzhang, they were nevertheless formally just one of several ministers of equal status. During much of the Qing Dynasty, for example, the traditional role of the Chancellor was performed collectively by the Grand Council.

In mid 1911, the modern position of Premier was created, when the Qing Imperial Government created the "Imperial Family Cabinet" as a reform of Chinese politics, shortly before it was overthrown. When Yuan Shikai took over the premiership, the premiers of China played an influential role in Chinese politics.

The list below shows premiers of China since 1911. Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed. The first column shows the consecutively numbered term of the premier, while the second column shows his or her chronological position amongst individual premiers.

For the modern-day positions referred to as Premiers of China, see:

Premiers also known as Presidents of Executive Yuan are appointed by Presidents in the Republic of China, but some premiers were even more powerful than the presidents, during the early age of the Republic of China. Some presidents were even expelled by the premiers they appointed. The title of premier in China had been changed several times, so this list is divided into several sections.

While in the People's Republic of China premiers elected by delegation of the National People's Congress every five years also are limited to two terms since the death of Zhou Enlai.

Contents

Prime Ministers of Qing Imperial Government (1911-1912)

The Qing Imperial Government created the "Imperial Family Cabinet" in May 1911, in order to appease popular anger and calls for reform. But the formation of Cabinet brought even more disaffection. Soon the Wuchang Uprising forced the Qing government to abolish the cabinet, and instead summon Yuan Shikai to head the government. The imperial government collapsed soon after.

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Yikuang, Prince Qing 慶親王奕劻 /
庆亲王奕劻
8 May 1911 1 November 1911 Qing Dynasty
(The Imperial Family)
2 2 Yuan Shikai 袁世凱 / 袁世凯 2 November 1911 10 March 1912 Beiyang clique

Premiers of Cabinet of the Republic of China (1912-1914)

According to the Provisional Constitution of Republic of China, which passed in 1912, the leader of the majority party or the majority coalition should be appointed premier by the president.

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Tang Shaoyi 唐紹儀 / 唐绍仪 13 March 1912 27 June 1912 Beiyang clique
2 2 Lou Tseng-Tsiang 陸徵祥 / 陸征祥 File:Lou Tseng-Tsiang 29 June 1912 22 September 1912 Beiyang clique
3 3 Zhao Bingjun 趙秉鈞 / 赵秉钧 25 September 1912 1 May 1913 Beiyang clique
- - Duan Qirui
(acting)
段祺瑞 1 May 1913 31 July 1913 Beiyang clique
4 4 Xiong Xiling 熊希龄 31 July 1913 12 February 1914 Beiyang clique
- - Sun Baoqi
(acting)
孫寶琦 / 孙宝琦 12 February 1914 1 May 1914 Beiyang clique

Secretaries of State of the Republic of China (1914-1916)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Xu Shichang 徐世昌 1 May 1914 22 December 1915 Beiyang clique
- - Lou Tseng-Tsiang
(acting)
陸徵祥 / 陸征祥 File:Lou Tseng-Tsiang 22 December 1915 22 March 1916 Hongxian Government
2 2 Xu Shichang
(2nd term)
徐世昌 22 March 1916 23 April 1916 Beiyang clique
3 3 Duan Qirui 段祺瑞 23 April 1916 29 June 1916 Beiyang clique

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China (1916-1917)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Duan Qirui 段祺瑞 29 June 1916 23 May 1917 Progressive
- - Wu Tingfang
(acting)
伍廷芳 23 May 1917 28 May 1917 Progressive
2 2 Li Jingxi 李經羲 / 李经羲 28 May 1917 1 July 1917 Progressive

Prime Minister of Restored Qing Imperial Government (1917)

A coup d'état in order to restore the Qing monarchy occurred on 1 July 1917. The leader of the coup, Zhang Xun, was immediately rewarded the premiership by Emperor Puyi. But Chang was defeated by Duan Qirui on 12 July and the Republic of China restored.

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Zhang Xun 張勳 / 张勋 File:Zhang 1 July 1917 12 July 1917 None

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China (1917-1925)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
4 - Duan Qirui
(2nd term)
段祺瑞 14 July 1917 22 November 1917 Zhili clique
- - Wang Daxie
(acting)
汪大燮 22 November 1917 30 November 1917 Zhili clique
- - Wang Shizhen
(acting)
王士珍 30 November 1917 20 February 1918 Zhili clique
- - Qian Nengxun
(acting)
錢能訓 / 钱能训 20 February 1918 23 March 1918 Zhili clique
5 - Duan Qirui
(3rd term)
段祺瑞 23 March 1918 10 October 1918 Zhili clique
- - Qian Nengxun
(acting)
錢能訓 / 钱能训 10 October 1918 13 June 1919 Zhili clique
- - Gong Xinzhan
(acting)
龔心湛 / 龚心湛 13 June 1919 24 September 1919 Anfu Club
- - Jin Yunpeng
(acting)
靳雲鵬 / 靳云鹏 24 September 1919 5 November 1919 Anfu Club
6 3 Jin Yunpeng 靳雲鵬 / 靳云鹏 5 November 1919 14 May 1920 Anfu Club
7 4 Sa Zhenbing 薩鎮冰 / 萨镇冰 14 May 1920 9 August 1920 Anfu Club
8 - Jin Yunpeng 靳雲鵬 / 靳云鹏 9 August 1920 18 December 1921 Anfu Club
- - Yan Huiqing
(acting)
顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 18 December 1921 24 December 1921 Anfu Club
9 5 Liang Shiyi 梁士詒 / 梁士诒 File:Liang 24 December 1921 25 January 1922 Communications Clique
- - Yan Huiqing
(acting)
顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 25 January 1922 8 April 1922 Anfu Club
- - Zhou Ziqi
(acting)
周自齊 / 周自齐 8 April 1922 11 June 1922 Anfu Club
10 6 Yan Huiqing 顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 11 June 1922 5 August 1922 Anfu Club
- - Wang Chonghui
(acting)
王寵惠 / 王宠惠 5 August 1922 29 November 1922 None
- - Wang Daxie
(acting)
汪大燮 29 November 1922 11 December 1922 Zhili clique
- - Wang Zhengting
(acting)
王正廷 11 December 1922 4 January 1923 None
11 7 Zhang Shaozeng 張紹曾 / 张绍曾 4 January 1923 9 September 1923 Beiyang clique
12 8 Gao Lingwei 高凌霨 9 September 1923 12 January 1924 None
13 9 Sun Baoqi 孫寶琦 / 孙宝琦 12 January 1924 2 July 1924 Beiyang clique
- - Wellington Gu Weijun
(acting)
顧維鈞 / 顾维钧 2 July 1924 14 September 1924 None
14 10 Yan Huiqing 顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 14 September 1924 31 October 1924 Anfu Club
- - Huang Fu 黃郛 31 October 1924 24 November 1924 None

Note: The Premiership was abolished from 25 November 1924 to 26 December 1925. The head of the cabinet during this period was Duan Qirui, Provisional Chief Executive of the Republic of China.

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China (1925-1928)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
15 11 Xu Shiying 許世英 / 许世英 File:Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12299, Hsu 26 December 1925 4 March 1926 None
- - Jia Deyao
(acting)
賈德耀 / 贾德耀 4 March 1926 20 April 1926 None
- - Hu Weide
(acting)
胡惟德 20 April 1926 13 May 1926 None
16 - Yan Huiqing
(2nd term)
顏惠慶 / 颜惠庆 13 May 1926 22 June 1926 None
- - Du Xigui
(acting)
杜錫珪 / 杜锡珪 22 June 1926 1 October 1926 None
- - V.K. Wellington Koo
(acting)
顧維鈞 / 顾维钧 1 October 1926 18 June 1927 None
Pan Fu
(acting)
潘復 / 潘复 18 June 1927 2 June 1928 None

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (1928-1948)

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Tan Yankai 譚延闓 / 谭延闿 25 October 1928 22 September 1930 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
2 2 T. V. Soong 宋子文 25 September 1930 4 December 1930 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
3 3 Chiang Kai-shek 蔣介石 / 蒋介石 4 December 1930 15 December 1931 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
4 4 Chen Mingshu 陳銘樞 / 陈铭枢 15 December 1931 1 January 1932 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
5 5 Sun Fo 孫科 / 孙科 1 January 1932 28 January 1932 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
6 6 Wang Jingwei 汪兆銘 / 汪兆铭 28 January 1932 1 December 1935 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
7 - Chiang Kai-shek
(2nd term)
蔣介石 / 蒋介石 7 December 1935 1 January 1938 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
8 7 H. H. Kung 孔祥熙 1 January 1938 11 December 1939 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
9 - Chiang Kai-shek
(3rd term)
蔣介石 / 蒋介石 11 December 1939 31 May 1945 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
10 (2) T. V. Soong
(2nd term)
宋子文 31 May 1945 1 March 1947 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
11 - Chiang Kai-shek
(4th term)
蔣介石 / 蒋介石 1 March 1947 18 April 1947 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
12 8 Chang Chun 張群 / 张群 18 April 1947 24 May 1948 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (1948-present)

When Chiang Kai-shek established the Nanking Nationalist Government in 1928, he created a presidency for Executive Yuan instead of a premiership, in order to show the difference between his government and the previous one in Beijing (then renamed Beiping). This government moved to Chongqing during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and during the Chinese Civil War relocated to Taipei where it exists today.

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
13 9 Weng Wenhao 翁文灝 / 翁文灏 File:Weng 24 May 1948 26 November 1948 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
14 - Sun Fo
(2nd term)
孫科 / 孙科 26 November 1948 12 March 1949 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
15 10 He Yingqin 何應欽 / 何应钦 File:He 12 March 1949 3 June 1949 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
16 11 Yan Xishan 閻錫山 / 阎锡山 File:Yan 3 June 1949 7 March 1950 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
17 12 Chen Cheng 陳誠 / 陈诚 7 March 1950 7 June 1954 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
18 13 Yu Hung-Chun 俞鴻鈞 / 俞鸿钧 7 June 1954 30 June 1958 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
19 - Chen Cheng
(2nd term)
陳誠 / 陈诚 30 June 1958 15 December 1963 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
20 14 Yen Chia-kan 嚴家淦 / 严家淦 15 December 1963 29 May 1972 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
21 15 Chiang Ching-kuo 蔣經國 / 蒋经国 File:Chiang Ching 29 May 1972 28 May 1978 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
22 16 Sun Yun-suan 孫運璿 / 孙运璇 File:Sun 30 May 1978 20 May 1984 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
23 17 Yu Kuo-hwa 俞國華 / 俞国华 20 May 1984 21 May 1989 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
24 18 Lee Huan 李煥 / 李焕 21 May 1989 30 May 1990 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
25 19 Hau Pei-tsun 郝柏村 30 May 1990 10 February 1993 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
26 20 Lien Chan 連戰 / 连战 10 February 1993 1 September 1997 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
27 21 Vincent Siew 蕭萬長 / 萧万长 1 September 1997 20 May 2000 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
28 22 Tang Fei 唐飛 / 唐飞 20 May 2000 6 October 2000 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
29 23 Chang Chun-hsiung 張俊雄 / 张俊雄 6 October 2000 1 February 2002 Democratic Progressive
30 24 Yu Shyi-kun 游錫堃 / 游锡堃 1 February 2002 1 February 2005 Democratic Progressive
31 25 Frank Hsieh Chang-ting 謝長廷 / 谢长廷 1 February 2005 25 January 2006 Democratic Progressive
32 26 Su Tseng-chang 蘇貞昌 / 苏贞昌 25 January 2006 21 May 2007 Democratic Progressive
33 - Chang Chun-hsiung
(2nd term)
張俊雄 / 张俊雄 21 May 2007 20 May 2008 Democratic Progressive
34 27 Liu Chao-shiuan 劉兆玄 / 刘兆玄 20 May 2008 10 September 2009 Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)
35 28 Wu Den-yih 吳敦義 / 吴敦义 10 September 2009 Present Kuomintang
(Chinese Nationalist Party)

Premiers of State Council of the People's Republic of China (1949-present)

The Premiership of PRC was created since the establishment of the People's Republic of China on 1 October 1949.

      First generation       Second generation       Third generation       Fourth generation

T# I# Name Portrait Took office Left office Party
Romanized Hanzi
1 1 Zhou Enlai 周恩來 / 周恩来 1 October 1949
(acting)
September 1954 Communist Party of China
September 1954
(1st term)
April 1959
2 April 1959
(2nd term)
21 December 1964
3 21 December 1964
(3rd term)
4 January 1975
4 4 January 1975
(4th term)
8 January 1976
2 Hua Guofeng 華國鋒 / 华国锋 [[File:|80px]] 4 February 1976
(acting)
7 April 1976 Communist Party of China
7 April 1976 February, 1978
5 February, 1978 10 September 1980
3 Zhao Ziyang 趙紫陽 / 赵紫阳 10 September 1980
(acting)
1983 Communist Party of China
6 1983 24 November 1987
4 Li Peng 李鵬 / 李鹏 24 November 1987
(acting)
25 March 1988 Communist Party of China
7 25 March 1988
(1st term)
1993
8 1993
(2nd term)
17 March 1998
9 5 Zhu Rongji 朱鎔基 / 朱镕基 17 March 1998 16 March 2003 Communist Party of China
10 6 Wen Jiabao 溫家寶 / 温家宝 File:Wen Jiabao 16 March 2003
(1st term)
5 March 2008 Communist Party of China
11 5 March 2008
(2nd term)
Incumbent
(term expires 2013)

See also

References

  • China Online Encyclopedia



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