The Full Wiki

List of radio telescopes: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of radio telescopes that are or have been used for radio astronomy. It includes both single dishes and interferometric arrays. They are listed by region, then by name; unnamed telescopes are in reverse size order at the end of the lists.

Contents

Africa

Name Location Remarks
HartRAO Radio Telescope Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory, Johannesburg, South Africa 26 m dish.[1] Also site for first 15 m prototype Telescope for KAT (SKA 1%).[citation needed]
[ Karoo Array Telescope (KAT) http://www.ska.ac.za ] Carnarvon, South Africa Twenty 15 m telescopes planned for 2009 as a 1% pathfinder for the Square Kilometre Array.[2]

Antarctica

Name Location Remarks
Degree Angular Scale Interferometer (DASI) Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station 13-element interferometer measuring anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background[3].
South Pole Telescope (SPT) Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station 10-m microwave telescope making observations of clusters using the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect.[4]

Asia

Name Location Remarks
Delingha 13.7 m Delingha, Qinghai, China Dish diameter: 13.7 m. Frequency range: 85—115 GHz. Site altitude: 3200 m. Operated by Purple Mountain Observatory.
Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) Pune, India Thirty 45 m wire dishes;[5] largest telescope at meter wavelengths. Operated by the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics.[6]
Nobeyama radio observatory Nagano Prefecture, Japan A 45m single-dish short-millimetre telescope, and six 10m telescopes of the Nobeyama Millimetre Array (NMA), both operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ)
Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT) Ooty, India approximately 530 m long and 30 m wide operates at 326.5 MHz
Sheshan Shanghai, China 25m. Operated by SHAO (Shanghai Astronomical Observatory)
Gauribidanur Radio Observatory, Gauribidanur, India Operated by (Indian Institute of Astrophysics),A Radioheliograph operates at the range 40-150 MHz.
Galenki RT-70 radio telescope Galenki (Ussuriysk), Russia RT-70, 70 m telescope, operating range 5–300 GHz
Suffa RT-70 radio telescope Suffa plateau, Uzbekistan RT-70, operating range 5–300 GHz

Australia

Name Location Remarks
Australia Telescope Compact Array Narrabri, New South Wales 6x22m dish aperture synthesis array, operated by ATNF (Australia Telescope National Facility). [7]
Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope (MOST) Molonglo (near Canberra, ACT) Operated by the School of Physics at the University of Sydney. East-west arm of the former Molonglo Cross Telescope, approximately 800 m in length. Operates at 843 MHz.
Mopra Radio Telescope Mopra Observatory, near Coonabarabran, New South Wales 22 m dish, operated by ATNF (Australia Telescope National Facility)[8]
Parkes Radio Telescope Parkes Observatory, Parkes, New South Wales 64 m telescope (2nd largest movable dish in the Southern Hemisphere), operated by ATNF (Australia Telescope National Facility)[9]
Mount Pleasant Radio Observatory Hobart, Tasmania 26 m telescope, operated by the University of Tasmania
Ceduna Radio Observatory Ceduna, South Australia 30 m telescope, operated by the University of Tasmania
ASKAP Mid-west region of Western Australia ASKAP, the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder. 30-40 antennas, each 12 m with ~ 30 sq degrees FoV at 1.4 GHz. Operated by ATNF (Australia Telescope National Facility)

Europe

European VLBI Network(EVN)

Name Location Remarks
Effelsberg Bad Münstereifel-Effelsberg near Bonn, Germany 100 m dish operated by Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie
RATAN-600 Bolshoi Zelenchuk, Russia 600 m dish, operates at 610 MHz to 30 GHz, world's largest diameter individual radio telescope
Ukrainian T-shaped Radio telescope, second modification (UTR-2) Grakovo, Kharkiv, Ukraine World's largest radio telescope at decametre wavelengths (max. collective area 150 000 m²).
Lovell Telescope Jodrell Bank Observatory, Cheshire, England 76 m dish
Evpatoria RT-70 radio telescope Center for deep space communications, Evpatoria, Crimea, Ukraine RT-70, 70 m telescope, operating range 5–300 GHz
TNA 1500 Kalyasin, Russia [1] 64 m fully steerable dish, up to 5.86 GHz
TNA 1500 Medvezhji Ozera(Bear Lakes), Russia [2] 64 m fully steerable dish, up to 5.86 GHz
Yebes RT 40 m Observatorio Astronómico Nacional, Yebes, Guadalajara, Spain [3] 40 m parabolic steerable telescope for mm and cm wavelenghts
“Herouni Mirror Radio telescope” - Radio-Optical Telescope (ROT-54/2.6) Orgov village, Republic of Armenia diameter - 54 m (useful - 32) Radio Phisical Research Institute
Toruń RT4 32 m Toruń Centre for Astronomy, Toruń, Poland RT4 (32 m) parabolic antenna
32 m Ventspils International Radio Astronomy Center, Irbene, Latvia 32-meter fully steerable parabolic, centimetre-wave range antenna RT-32 [4]
32 m VLBI dish Medicina Radio Observatory, Medicina, Bologna, Italy [5] 32 m, fully steerable dish, 1400 MHz...43 GHz
32 m VLBI dish Noto Radio Observatory, Noto, Italy, [6] 32 m, fully steerable dish, 300 MHz-86 GHz. Operates both as part of astronomical and geodetic VLBI network and as a single dish.
MERLIN (Multi-Element Radio Linked Interferometer Network) United Kingdom Consists of the Cambridge 32 m at Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory, Darnhall, Defford, Tabley (also known as Pickmere) and Knockin. Also includes the Lovell and Mark II telescopes at Jodrell Bank.
TNA-400 Center for deep space communications, Simferopol, Crimea, Ukraine TNA-400, 32 m telescope
IRAM - 30m Pico Veleta, in Granada, Spain 30m dish operated by the Institute for Millimetric Radio Astronomy (Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimétrique, IRAM); works in the millimeter range (1mm to 3mm) both with superheterodyne and bolometric detectors.
Mark II Jodrell Bank Observatory, Cheshire, England 25 m dish
Stockert Bad Münstereifel-Effelsberg near Bonn, Germany 25 m dish operated by University of Bonn and Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie, closed in 1993
Toruń RT3 15 m Toruń Centre for Astronomy, Toruń, Poland RT3 (15 m) antenna.
Very Small Array (VSA) Observatorio del Teide, Canary Islands, Spain Array of 14 dishes, with two larger source-subtraction dishes. Controlled remotely from UK.
Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) Westerbork, Netherlands Array of 14 25-meter dishes [7]
25 m telescope Onsala Space Observatory, Onsala, Sweden 25 m telescope
Dwingeloo (CAMRAS) Dwingeloo, Netherlands 25 m steerable dish, formerly operated by ASTRON, now in restoration by CAMRAS [8]
22 m telescope Simeiz Observatory, Simeiz, Crimea, Ukraine 22-m radio telescope for mm and cm radio waves. Located at the foot of mount Koshka (Cat) in Katsiveli (near Simeiz). Belongs to the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, the Department of Radioastronomy.
20 m telescope Onsala Space Observatory, Onsala, Sweden 20 m telescope
Pluton (complex) Center for deep space communications, Evpatoria, Crimea, Ukraine 8 mirrors with diameter of 16 meters. Square is 1000 sq. meters.
16 m Ventspils International Radio Astronomy Center, Irbene, Latvia 16-meter diameter antenna RT-16 http://www.virac.lv/
Metsähovi Radio Observatory Kylmälä, Kirkkonummi, Finland 13.7 m dish, operates at 2 to 150 GHz, surface accuracy 0.1 mm (rms).
Ryle Telescope Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory, Cambridge, England Eight 13 m dishes, and is currently used as one part of the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager.
RT-7.5 (Bauman's radio telescope) Moscow Oblast, Russia Two 7.75-meter diameter antennas (only one is working at the moment) Remote access computer-aided laboratory
Distributed across Europe with members located in China, South Africa and the USA VLBI array operated by the European Consortium for VLBI
Plateau de Bure Interferometer Plateau de Bure, Grenoble, France Originally an array of 3 antennas, since 2005 has 6 antennas, operating at millimeter wavelengths.
Nançay Radio Telescope (NRT) Nançay, France  
Northern Cross Medicina Radio Observatory, Medicina, Bologna, Italy [9] 32000 m² interferometer, cylindrical-paraboloid steerable over NS., 408 MHz, Beam=3'
ALLBIN (Amateur Linked Long Baseline Interferometer Network) Germany A Small Network of Radio Telescopes and Radio Spectrographs doing Amateur Radio Astronomy at a Very High standard coordinated by the European Radio Astronomy Club www.eracnet.org Research and Developement Telescope in Mannheim Germany.
LOFAR (LOw Frequency ARray) Netherlands, Germany; in the future, Great Britain, France, Poland Low frequency array of dipole antennas at 1.3 to 30m wavelengths, with a strongly distributed signal processing system. The telescope beam is constructed in software from combinations of antenna signals.
Arcminute Microkelvin Imager Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory, Cambridge, England Small Array consists of 10 3.7-m parabolic antennas

North America

Name Location Remarks
Algonquin Radio Telescope Algonquin Radio Observatory, Algonquin Park, Ontario, Canada 46 metre fully steerable dish operated by Thoth Technology[10], Canada's largest radio telescope.
Allen Telescope Array Hat Creek Radio Observatory, Hat Creek, California, USA 42 6-m gregorian offset dishes using log periodic cooled feed covering .5GHz - 11.5GHz. Operated by joint agreement between Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, and the SETI Institute
Arecibo Observatory Arecibo, Puerto Rico 305 m (1,001 ft), The world's largest single-dish radio telescope.
ARO 12m Radio Telescope Kitt Peak National Observatory, Tucson, Arizona, USA Previously operated by the NRAO, this telescope is currently operated by the University of Arizona's Arizona Radio Observatory, part of Steward Observatory.
Caltech Submillimeter Observatory Mauna Kea Observatory, Hawaii, USA 10.4 m (34 ft) diameter submillimeter wavelength telescope
Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) Owens Valley Radio Observatory, Big Pine, California, USA Heterogeneous interferometer array composed of 6 10-m elements, 9 6-m elements, covering frequencies ranging from 75-115GHz, ~230, and ~345GHz. Operated by joint agreements between Radio Astronomy Laboratory University of California, Berkeley, Caltech, University of Maryland, College Park, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
DRAO 26-m dish Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, Penticton, British Columbia, Canada Formerly a BMEWS AN/FPS-92 antenna, likely re-located from Fort Churchill.
Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory (FCRAO) Amherst, Massachusetts, USA Operated by UMass Amherst
Green Bank Interferometer (GBI) Green Bank, West Virginia, USA Three 26 meter (85 ft) radio telescopes operated by NRAO
Green Bank Telescope (GBT) Green Bank, West Virginia, USA World's largest fully mobile single-dish radio telescope
Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope (SMT) Mount Graham, Arizona, USA 10-meter radio telescope operated by the University of Arizona's Arizona Radio Observatory, part of Steward Observatory.
James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Mauna Kea Observatory, Hawaii, USA 15-metre submillimetre-wavelength telescope operated by the Joint Astronomy Centre
Large Millimeter Telescope (LMT) Sierra Negra, Puebla, Mexico A 50 m. telescope in millimetric wavelengths, the largest single dish instrument operating at this frequencies.
Morehead State University 21m. Morehead, Kentucky, USA A 21 m. telescope used for academic research and satellite data retrieval and control.
OVRO 40 meter Telescope Owens Valley Radio Observatory, Big Pine, California, USA This cm wavelength telescope operated by Caltech, is currently being used on a blazar monitoring program at 15 GHz.
Solar monitor, two 1.8 m dishes Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, Penticton, British Columbia, Canada The first dish here was originally a backup for the Algonquin site, but when the AGO site was later closed its instrument moved to DRAO and became its backup.
SRI International Antenna Facility Palo Alto, California, USA 45.7 m parabolic reflector. Owned by the U.S. Government and constructed by SRI on land leased from Stanford University, the Antenna Facility is known locally as "the Dish."
Submillimeter Array (SMA) Mauna Kea Observatory, Hawaii, USA Operated jointly by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics of Taiwan.
Synthesis Telescope, seven-element interferometer Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, Penticton, British Columbia, Canada  
Very Large Array (VLA) Socorro, New Mexico, USA Array of 27 dishes. Part of NRAO.
Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) Socorro, New Mexico USA
(operations center)
Array system of 10 radio telescopes; dishes are located at Mauna Kea, Hawaii, Owens Valley, California, Brewster, Washington, Kitt Peak, Arizona, Pie Town, New Mexico, Los Alamos, New Mexico, Fort Davis, Texas, North Liberty, Iowa, Hancock, New Hampshire, and St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.
Two 26 m dishes Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI), Rosman, North Carolina, USA  

South America

Name Location Remarks
Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) Llano de Chajnantor Observatory, Atacama Desert, Chile 6 m telescope located on Cerro Toco.
Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Llano de Chajnantor Observatory, Atacama Desert, Chile 54 dishes with 12-m diameter and 12 dishes with 7-m diameter, sensitive to wavelengths between radio and infrared (submillimetre astronomy). Largest and most expensive ground-based telescope in the world until LOFAR is commenced.
Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX) Llano de Chajnantor Observatory, Atacama Desert, Chile 12 m telescope located at the Chajnantor plateau.
Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE) Llano de Chajnantor Observatory, Atacama Desert, Chile 10 m telescope located at Pampa La Bola.
Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) Llano de Chajnantor Observatory, Atacama Desert, Chile 13 dishes with 1m diameter located at the Chajnantor plateau. Decommissioned in 2008.
NANTEN2_Observatory (NANTEN2) Llano de Chajnantor Observatory, Atacama Desert, Chile 4m telescope located at Pampa La Bola.
QU Imaging Experiment (QUIET) Llano de Chajnantor Observatory, Atacama Desert, Chile Located at the Chajnantor plateau.
Northeastern Space Radio Observatory Eusébio, Brazil 14,2 m telescope
Itapetinga Radio Observatory Atibaia, Sao Paulo, Brazil 13,7 m telescope, operates in the K and Q bands, with criogenic receivers [11]
Brazilian Decimetric Array (BDA) Cachoeira Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil 38-element radio telescope interferometer working in the frequency range of 1.2-6.0 GHz. The final baseline will be 2.27 km in the East-West and 1.17 km in the South directions, respectively. This instrument will obtain radio images from the sun with a spatial resolution ~4x6 arc seconds. Located in Cachoeira Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil (Latitude 45o 00' 20" West and Longitude 22o 41' 19" South) [12]
Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope (SEST) ESO in La Silla, Chile 15 m telescope. Decommissioned in 2003[13]

Space-based

Name Location Remarks
HALCA (Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communications and Astronomy) Earth orbit with an apogee altitude of 21,400 km and a perigee altitude of 560 km.  
Zond 3 Russian spacecraft carrying a radio telescope  

See also

References

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message