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Talk:List of rail accidents/Criteria for inclusion.
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This is a list of rail accidents from 1950 to 1999.

Notable historic train accidents, 1950–1999
1950s: 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
1960s: 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
1970s: 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
1980s: 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
1990s: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
See alsoExternal linksReferences

1950s

1950

  • United States February 17, 1950 – Rockville Centre, New York, United States: The Rockville Centre train station was the site of a major railroad accident that resulted in the deaths of 31 people and injuries for over 100 people.

1951

  • United States February 6, 1951 – Woodbridge, New Jersey, United States: The Broker, a Pennsylvania Railroad passenger train, derails, killing 85 people and injuring over 500.[1]
  • Japan April 24, 1951 – A commuter train catches fire at the pantograph approach at Sakuragichō railroad station, Yokohama, Japan, killing at least 106 people and injuring 93.[2]
  • Brazil June 7, 1951 – A commuter train collides with a truck carrying gasoline at a level crossing at Nova Iguacu, northwestern Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, killing at least 54.[3]
  • Czech Republic July 22, 1951 – Tatranská Lomnica, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia): In the Slovakian Tatra Mountains (Vysoké Tatry), two ČSD passengers cars collide. 19 are killed. A similar crash had occurred 1895 in the same place.[4]
  • Hungary August 18, 1951 – Székesfehérvár, Hungary: A fast train ran into the end of a local commuter train. 6 people died in the accident (also a conductor), and 3 more after transfer to hospital. 28 passengers injured.
  • Hungary August 18, 1951 – Debrecen, Hungary: A passenger train heading for Tiszalök collided with a shunting DMU. 11 passengers died because of the wooden-frame coaches.

1952

1953

  • United States January 15, 1953 – Washington, D.C., United States: Approaching Union Station, the brakes partially fail on the Pennsylvania Railroad Federal Express overnight train from Boston. Unable to stop, the 16 car train careened through the interlocking, barreled into sixteen track, a stub track, plowed through the bumper and smashed its way into the station, destroying the main newsstand and the stationmaster's office. The massive GG-1 electric locomotive pulling the train collapsed the concourse floor and fell into the basement. Amazingly, nobody was killed in the accident. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower's inauguration was scheduled the following week, leaving insufficient time to extricate the locomotive, so the basement was planked over for the celebration week. After the inaugural festivities had concluded, the unit was cut up into three pieces, hauled to Altoona, Pennsylvania where it had been built, reassembled and returned to revenue service for another three decades. GG-1 No. 4876 is in the collection of the B&O Railroad Museum in Baltimore, Maryland.[8]
  • United States March 27, 1953 – Conneaut, Ohio, United States: Three New York Central trains tangle near Conneaut on the four-track mainline on the night of March 27. Twenty-one passengers die. Cause is found to be an improperly secured gondola load - a section of 13-inch (330 mm) pipe fell from a freight car onto the adjacent track, getting struck by a passenger train.
  • Vietnam June 24, 1953; "About 100 or more" are killed when a passenger train plunges 50 feet through a sabotaged viaduct in East Indochina (Vietnam). Two locomotives and 18 cars crashed down in a ravine at the Col des Nuages (Pass of the Clouds), a mountain pass on the route between the ancient Vietnamese capital of Huế and the port of Tourane (Da Nang). The pass had frequently been the scene of attacks by the Communist-led Viet Minh rebels. Officials said that a strong explosive charge went off just as the train arrived at the viaduct, tumbling a 25-foot span into the ravine.[9]
  • Australia December 19, 1953 – Sydenham Rail Disaster, Australia: a passenger train of the New South Wales Railways runs into the rear of another train. Five people are killed and 748 injured.
  • Czech Republic December 24, 1953 – Šakvice train disaster, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): Express train whose crew fell asleep after several bottles of wine hits commuter train at a station, killing 106.
  • New Zealand December 24, 1953 – Tangiwai disaster, New Zealand: an overnight Wellington to Auckland express train fell into the Whangaehu River, after the rail bridge was destroyed by a lahar from Mount Ruapehu's crater lake just minutes earlier. 151 people were killed.

1955

  • United Kingdom January 23, 1955 – Sutton Coldfield train disaster, England: a passenger train rounds a sharp curve too fast and derails at Sutton Coldfield station; 17 people die as a result.
  • Mexico April 3, 1955 – Guadalajara, Mexico: a train falls into a canyon. 300 killed.
  • United States August 22, 1955 – Spring City Train Disaster, Spring City, Tennessee, United States: School bus disregards crossing signal and is struck by freight train. 11 dead, 39 hurt; all the dead are school children.
  • Mexico September 23, 1955 – Torreón, Mexico: A mixed passenger/freight train collides with one of two trucks carrying explosives, whose drivers were racing each other. Both trucks explode. At least 65 killed, 100 injured.[10][11]
  • United Kingdom November 20, 1955 – Milton rail crash: a passenger train takes a crossover too fast and derails at Milton, near Didcot, England. 11 killed, 157 injured.
  • United Kingdom December 2, 1955 – Barnes rail crash, Barnes, South London, England: collision due to signal error and consequent fire. 13 killed, 35 injured.
  • Republic of Ireland December 21, 1955 - A runaway freight train crashes through a bridge in Cahir Co Tipperary killing 2 people.[citation needed]

1956

  • United States September 5, 1956 – near Robinson, New Mexico, United States: Two Santa Fe express passenger trains collide when a railroad worker prematurely throws a switch directly in front of one of the trains. 20 railroad employees, mostly dining car personnel, are killed.
  • Japan October 15, 1956 - Mikumo (present day Matsusaka), Mie, Japan: A Nagoya-Toba express passenger train collides head-on with another express train, and then a passenger train derailed on a safety catch point, crushing four passenger cars in Rokken Station, killing 44 people and injuring 94.[citation needed]
  • India November 23, 1956 – A Madras-Tuticorin Express derailed at Maradaiyar River bridge at Ariyalur, Tamil-Nadu, India, killing at least 154 people.

1957

  • Finland March 15, 1957 – near Kuurila, Finland: The southbound night express train P64 Tornio–Helsinki hauled by Hr1 Pacific 1005 (Lokomo 132 / 1940) with 48 axles (12 coaches) collides head-on with Motor Express train MP41 Helsinki - Pori 16 axles (three coaches) hauled by rail motor coach Dm4 1607. 26 were killed and 60 injured in Finland's worst peace-time train crash. The accident was a result of human mistake made at Kuurila station where permission was given to P64 (where it was stopped to let the northbound motor express train MP41, which was running late, to pass) on (then) single line between Toijala and Hämeenlinna on the TampereHelsinki main line, to departure when the station personnel thought that MP41 had been stopped at Iittala to give free line for P64. At the moment the crash happened between Kuurila (km 136.3) and Iittala (km 129.3), in a curve, the speedometer of Hr1 1005 had stopped to 68 km/h. This was lucky in this accident that Pacific hauled night express was not using its scheduled speed 110 km/h over this section. As a result of this accident Dm4 1607 went to the pieces and was abandoned. But Hr1 1005 suffered only light damages when it broke through the multiple unit and halfway in next coach after Dm4 1607, before it collapsed to her right hand side. Most of the victims were in MP41. The driver of the Pacific died but the fireman survived. Both the driver and engine assistant on Dm4 1607 died. On the P64 only the sleeping car just behind the locomotive was badly damaged and had to be scrapped. Hr1 1005 was repaired (L4) back to working order at Hyvinkää Works and entered back to revenue-earning service on May 15, 1957.
  • Czechoslovakia April 27, 1957 – Bylnice, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): A carriage packed with wood ran away during shunting from Brumov station and collided with a passenger train carrying 20 people. 10 killed, 4 injured, 6 left unharmed.
  •  Jamaica September 1, 1957 – Manchester, Jamaica, British West Indies: Chartered train returning to Kingston from Montego Bay derails, killing 197 and injuring more than 700.[12]
  • Pakistan September 29, 1957 – Montgomery, Pakistan: An express train crashes into an oil train. 250 killed.
  • Turkey October 20, 1957 – Two Passenger trains, include Simplon Orient Express collided head-on at Sirkeci, outskirt of Istanbul, Turkey, Killing at least 95 people, injuring another 150.
  • United Kingdom December 4, 1957 – Lewisham rail crash, England: A steam train passes a red signal in the fog and ploughs into the back of an electric train. The crash also destroys a support column of a railway bridge, causing parts of the bridge to collapse onto the wreck. 90 people are killed.

1958

  • India January 1, 1958 – an Ambala-Delhi local train collided with standing Delhi-Pathankot express at Mohri station, Ambala, Haryana, India, killing at least 32, another 85 are injured.
  • United Kingdom January 30, 1958 – Dagenham East rail crash, Dagenham, United Kingdom: A commuter train passes a danger signal and rear-ends the stopped train in front of it, killing 10 and injuring 89.
  • Brazil May 8, 1958 – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: a commuter express train rams and crashes into another commuter train. Wreckage of cars is piled along embankments under a highway overpass near Manguelira station, in the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The accident kills 140 and injures another 300.
  • Germany September 14, 1958 – Drachenfels Railway, Königswinter, Germany: A rack railway train derails, killing 17.
  • United States September 15, 1958 – Newark Bay, New Jersey rail crash, United States: A Central Railroad of New Jersey morning commuter train blows through stop signals, derails, then slides off of the open liftspan. Both diesels and first two coaches plunge into Newark Bay and sink immediately, 48 drown. A third coach hangs precariously out the drawbridge for two hours, snagged by its rear truck before it, too, topples into the water. All passengers on the third coach escape. As the whole operating crew was killed, no absolute determination for the accident was reached, but a medical emergency in the cab was theorized.

1959

  • United States March 18, 1959 – Beavercreek, Ohio A car with 8 Girlscouts and 2 troopleaders of the Beavercreek Girlscouts get struck by a freighttrain at the Factory Road crossing at Beavercreek, Ohio, killing all occupants. In memory of the victims of this tragedy a monument called Angels Pass Memorial was placed at the Beavercreek Community Park.[13]
  • Indonesia May 28, 1959 – A Gambir of Jakarta-Parahyangan of Bandung express derailed with plunge into a ravine at outskirt of Tjipeundeuj, West Java, Indonesia, killing 92, another 40 are injured.
  • Brazil June 5, 1959 – São Paulo, Brazil: Two commuter trains entered same track and head-on collided in Engenheiro Goulart railroad station, at least 56 killed and 100 injured.[citation needed]
  • United States June 28, 1959 – Meldrim, Georgia trestle disaster, United States: Tank cars carrying butane derail atop a wooden trestle owned by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad. The resulting explosion and fire kills 23 persons.[14]
  • Poland October 2, 1959 – near Dabrowa Bydgoska (near Bydgoszcz): A passenger train collided with postal bus, killed 23 people ans injured several.

1960

1961

  • Czechoslovakia August 27, 1961 – Vrbno pod Pradědem, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): Three freight carriages which ran away during shunting collided with a passenger train. 19 killed, 17 injured.
  • Japan October 26, 1961 – Two cars of a commuter train run by Oita Traffic Company (Oita Kotsu) are hit by a mudslide after heavy rain at Ōita, eastern Kyūshū, Japan, killing 31 people and injuring another 36. Most of the passengers are senior high school students.
  • United States December 14, 1961 – Auburn, Colorado, United States: The Union Pacific passenger train "City of Denver" en route to Denver collides with a school bus carrying 36 children bound for Delta and Arlington elementary schools, Meeker Junior High, and Greeley High. 20 of the children were killed, 16 children and the driver survived.[16]
  • Italy December 23, 1961 – A Cosenza-Catanzaro train derails on a bridge near Catanzaro, Italy. 70 people die and 27 are injured.[17]

1962

  • Netherlands January 8, 1962 – Harmelen, The Netherlands: The Harmelen train disaster, the worst railway accident in the history of The Netherlands, occurs when Utrecht - Rotterdam express train driver misses a warning signal in fog and passes a red signal to collide nearly head-on with another passenger train from Rotterdam to Amsterdam. 91 people (including both drivers) die, 54 are injured of which 2 lost their lives while in hospital.[18]
  • Italy March 3, 1962 – The Bari-Milan train derails while entering the station of Castel Bolognese, Ravenna, killing 13 and injuring 80.[17]
  • Japan May 3, 1962 – a 6-car commuter train bound for Toride collides with a derailed freight train, and is then hit head on by another train bound for Ueno at Mikawashiima station, Jōban Line, downtown Tokyo, Japan, killing at least 160 people and injuring another 290.
  • Italy May 31, 1962 – A freight train collides with a passenger train in Voghera, Pavia, Italy, killing 63 and injuring 40.[17]
  • France July 23, 1962 – Velars-sur-Ouche, Bourgogne, France: A Paris-Marseille express train derailed, killing at least 39 people and injuring another 49.[19]
  • Hungary August 17, 1962 – Tiszatenyő, Hungary: Fast train no. 6601 derails at the tight curve after the station owing to speeding, the loco falls down from the embankment, killing the two firemen.
  • Poland October 9, 1962 – Moszczenica (near Piotrkow Trybunalski): express Warsaw-Budapest slams into derailed cars of regional express Gliwice-Warsaw. Official death toll is 34 killed and 67 injured, but the real toll is probably far higher.[20]

1963

  • India January 4, 1963 – An express train rammed into rear of standing passenger train, and crashing eight passenger cars with explode and caught fire at Meghnagar, Madhya Pradesh, India, at least 38 confirmed dead and injuring 90.[citation needed]
  • Mexico February 1, 1963 – Two locomotive engine train rammed into a passenger train, and exploded with caught fire at Nogales, Veracruz, Mexico, killing 17 and injuring 63.[citation needed]
  • Indonesia July 13, 1963, A Surabaya-Kertosono passenger train derailed by switching of rail at Surabaya, Java, Indonesia, killing at least 24 and injuring 40.[citation needed]
  • Uruguay August 2, 1963 – A suburb train derailed on safety catch point at Piedras, Canelones, Uruguay, killing 40 and injuring 70.[citation needed]
  • Japan November 9, 1963 – Yokohama rail crash : a twelve car of Yokosuka-Tokyo commuter train collides with derailed three cars of freight train, and hit head on the Tokyo-Zushi commuter train during slow speed, and crushing both four passenger cars at Tsurumi-Shinkoyasu, Yokosuka and Tokaido Line, Yokohama, Japan, killing at least 161, another 120 are injured.
  • Hungary December 24, 1963 – Paládicspuszta, Szolnok, Hungary: A passenger train hits a freight train. 45 killed, 34 injured.

1964

  • Serbia January 4, 1964 – A commuter train collided with standing passenger train at Jajinci, Voždovac, Serbia, killing at least 66, another injured at least 200.
  • Sri Lanka March 18, 1964 – Mirigama train crash, Sri Lanka: A Sri Lankan commuter train derails at high speed, killing over 60 people.
  • Portugal July 21, 1964 – Passenger train derailed at Custoias, Portugal, killing 94 people.
  • Sweden September 5, 1964 – According to TT news agency report, an eight cars of North Arrow Express derailed at Alby station, near Ånge Sweden, killing 10 and injuring 40.
  • East Germany November 1, 1964 - At Langhagen, East Germany, a steam locomotive with a gravel car ignored a red signal and crashed into a buffer-stop. The first car behind the locomotive, with a weight of 90 tons, was pressed up almost perpendicularly by the force of the impact. At the same time the express train Berlin-Rostock, just having left Langhagen station, passed by, when unfortunately the perpendicularly standing gravel car tilted and bored itself into the fourth car of the express train, killing 44 and injuring 70.

1965

  • Sudan February 26, 1965 – A 500-ton freight train head-on collided with a KhartoumPort Sudan passenger train at Miseiktab, River Nile, Sudan, at least 100 killed and injuring 29.[citation needed]
  • Brazil April 3, 1965 – State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: A local passenger train head-on collided with a freight train between in Tres Rio-Barra do Pirai and killing at least 40 people.[citation needed]
  • France August 28, 1965, – Pont D'hery, Franche-Comté, France: A Milan-Paris nightly Lombardy Express head-on collided with another passenger train, killing 12 and injuring 28.[citation needed]
  • Czechoslovakia September 21, 1965 – Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): A passenger train collided with a freight train at Hloubětín station. 14 killed, 70 injured.
  • South Africa October 4, 1965 – A commuter local train carrying 850 passenger is derailed at outskirt of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, killing at least 150, another 700 are injured.
  • Myanmar December 8, 1965 – A Yangon-Mandalay nightly express train plowed into a standing passenger train, with killing 80 and injuring 100 in Toungoo, Bago Division, Burma.[21]
  • Spain December 18, 1965 – Aldehuela de la Bóveda, Spain: An international passenger train collided with a local passenger train at Villar de los Álamos station. Over 30 killed, over 60 severely injured.

1966

  • Croatia February 16, 1966 – Passenger train and a train carrying coal collided near Split, Croatia (at the time part of Yugoslavia) and burst into flames killing 33.
  • Czechoslovakia May 2, 1966 – Deštnice, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): A train collided with a lorry. 10 killed, 37 injured.
  • United Kingdom July 15, 1966, Kingham, Oxfordshire. A train derailed due to the movement of a switch blade on a set of points. The switch blade was able to move because bolts had been removed and the blade had not been clamped.[22]
  • Canada October 1966 – The Dorion level crossing accident: A merchant CN Rail train traveling at an excessive speed collides with a school bus at a level-crossing in Dorion, Quebec, Canada, killing 19 of 40 teenage students and the bus driver.

1968

1969

  • United Kingdom January 4, 1969 – Marden rail crash, a passenger train runs into the back of a parcels train after passing a signal at danger. Four killed, eleven injured.
  • South Korea January 31, 1969 – Cheonan, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea: An express train rammed into a rear of another passenger train and killing 41.[citation needed]
  • Australia February 7, 1969 – Violet Town railway disaster, Australia: a head-on collision on a single line, no ATP; 9 killed
  • Hungary January 31, 1969 – Herend, Hungary: a passenger express train crashed into a military train. Eleven people are killed and 39 injured.
  • Brazil March 21, 1969 – Caveiras, Santa Catarina, Brazil: An overcrowded passenger train crashed and broke down and killing fifteen, another injuring 200.[citation needed]
  • Bulgaria May 1, 1969 – Chomakovtsi, Bulgaria: About 3 AM the rear car of overcrowded narrow-gauge night passenger train from Cherven bryag to Oryahovo derails and turns over near Chomakovtsi. The car remains coupled to the train and has been dragged along the track lying on its right side. The passengers fall from the windows and are literally minced between the track and car body. More than hundred meters of the track were covered with blood and parts of human bodies. 29 passengers were killed, 38 severely injured, most of them died afterwards, others remained disabled for life. This is the worst railway accident in the history of Railways.
  • India June 21, 1969 – A six passenger cars of express crashed by left a tracks and roared into Magari River and killing 70 and injuring 130 in Muhammadabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.[citation needed]
  • Czechoslovakia July 28, 1969 – Bezděčín, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): A passenger train collided with a bus at level crossing, killing 23 and injuring 29.

1970s

1970

  • Argentina February 1, 1970 – A Tucuman-Buenos Aires express train collides with standing local train at Benavide railroad station, outskirt of Buenos Aires, Argentina,on both trains were 1,100 passengers on-board. In an incident of express train is mechanical failures. According official of Argentine estimate report, 236 killed, another 360 injured.
  • Nigeria February 18, 1970 – A passenger train derail with fall canyon at Langa Langa, Benue, Nigeria, killing at least 81 people
  • Czechoslovakia February 23, 1970 – Valašské MeziříčíPúchov railway line, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): A passenger train collided with a single locomotive. 11 killed, 14 injured.
  • Norway June 1970 – Oslo, Norway: A train from Skien collides with a shunting locomotive at Lysaker. 30 injured.
  • United States May 20, 1970 - New York City, NY A rerouted Brooklyn-bound GG train on the express track crosses over a switch near Roosevelt Avenue–Jackson Heights station, slammed into another train on the local track, which was taken out of service for a brake problem earlier. The out of service train on the local track was being operated from the third car while the conductor was in the first car, relaying instructions to the motorman via. a flashlight. 2 killed, 77 injured
  • United States June 21, 1970 – Crescent City, Illinois, United States: Toledo, Peoria and Western Railroad Company's Train No. 20 derails in downtown Crescent City; propane tank car ruptures and explosions cause fires that destroy the city center. No fatalities.
  • Spain August 9, 1970 – Plentzia, Basque Country, Spain: Two EuskoTren trains crash in each other on the Bilbao-Plentzia line killing 33. In 1995 this line was transferred to Metro Bilbao.
  • Czechoslovakia Poland December 11, 1970 – Řikonín, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): An express train named "Pannonia" (Bucarest-Praha) crashed into a freight train which had derailed after collision with a locomotive. Two carriages of the express train then fell down from a bridge. 31 killed (including 30 Poles - railway workers and their families), 130 injured.
  • Iran December 31, 1970 – A passenger train carrying railroad workers collid with standing freight train at Saghzi-Nibod, Ostan-e Estafan, Iran, killing 70, another 140 are injured.[citation needed]

1971

  • Germany February 9, 1971 – Aitrang, Germany: The TEE 56 »Bavaria«, a SBB RAm TEE DMU, heading from Munich to Zürich, derails while passing a curve shortly after Aitrang station. The maximum speed in the curve is 80 km/h, however the train passes the curve at 130 km/h because of frozen water in the air brake. Shortly after the TEE has derailed, a railbus hits the wreckage, coming from the opposite direction. 28 die, 42 are injured.[24]
  • Yugoslavia February 15, 1971 – According to former Yugoslav Tanjug news agency report, a diesel locomotive passenger train caught fire inside tunnel at outskirt of Zenica, Bosnia, killing 34, another 60 are injured.
  • Japan March 4, 1971 – A local train collides with a small truck that enters the crossing on the Fujikyu line, Fujiyoshida, Yamanashi, Japan, killing at least 17 people and injuring 69.
  • Germany May 27, 1971 – Radevormwald, Germany: Dahlerau train disaster - a railbus and a freight train collide on the single track line WuppertalRadevormwald near the station Dahlerau. The railbus was a special service carrying schoolchildren of a Radevormwald school. The local dispatcher claims to have signalled a red light to the freight train, whilst the freight train engineer claims to have seen a green one. Ultimately, the case cannot be resolved as the dispatcher is killed in a car accident before the legal hearings start. 41 die, 25 are injured. Worst rail accident in West Germany during Deutsche Bundesbahn times. The accident leads to the phasing out of the Nachtbefehlsstab, and presses the DB to introduce radio communications on branch lines.[24]
  • Germany July 21, 1971 – Rheinweiler, Germany: D 370 from Basel to Copenhagen passes a 75 km/h curve at about 140 km/h and derails, destroying a detached house; 23 die, 121 are injured. The suspected reason for the accident was a technical failure in the Class 103 engine's automatic cruise control mechanism, leading to the engine gaining too much speed. The cruise control was consequently disabled after the accident and restricted speed zones were equipped with PZB.[24][25]
  • Japan October 25, 1971 – Two limited express trains collide head-on in the Kintetsu Osaka Line tunnel at Hakusan (present-day Tsu), Mie, Japan, killing at least 25 people and injuring 236.
  • United States December 8, 1971 - St. Cloud, Minnesota, USA: The first train accident with fatalities in Amtrak history claims the lives of four teenagers from South St. Paul, Minnesota, USA, in a car struck by an Amtrak train at a railroad crossing in St. Cloud, Minnesota, USA. A wooden carving 'photograph' memorial hangs in the commons area of the South St. Paul Senior High School.

1972

  • Greece January 16, 1972 – A Munich-Athens Acropolis Express collided head-on with a local passenger train, with five passenger cars crushed at outskirt of Doxaras, Larisa, Greece, killing 15, another 50 are injured.[citation needed]
  • South Africa March 30, 1972 – Potgietersrus (present day of Mokopane), Limpopo, South Africa: Eight cars of passenger train derailed, with 32 killed and 135 injured.[citation needed]
  • Poland June 3, 1972 – near Ślesin, (near Bydgoszcz), Poland: About 12.20 p.m. a train Kolobrzeg-Warsaw derailed on fatigue rail - 12 killed, 26 injured[26]
  • Bangladesh June 4, 1972 – A Kolkatta-Khulna passenger train head-on collided with standing freight train, with crushing 10 passenger cars at Jessore station, Khulna, Bangladesh, killing 76, another 500 are injured.[citation needed]
  • United Kingdom June 11, 1972 – The Eltham Well Hall rail crash. An excursion train took a bend at excessive speed and derailed, at Eltham, London. The driver and five passengers were killed, and 126 people injured. The subsequent investigation established that the driver had been drinking.
  • France June 16, 1972 – A tunnel collapsed by huge rock fall, with two passenger train derailed, at Vierzy tunnel, Aisne, France, killing at least 107, injuring another 111.
  • Spain July 21, 1972 – A Madrid-Cádiz nightly express head-on collided with standing local train at El Cuervo, outskirt of Seville, Spain, killing at least 76, another 103 are injured.
  • Pakistan August 6, 1972 – A Bahawalpor-Karachi Tezro express rammed into standing freight train at Liaqatpur station, Punjab of Pakistan, killing 50, another 150 are injured.[citation needed]
  • South Africa September 29, 1972 – Rust, Western Cape, South Africa: A seven passenger cars and a diesel locomotive engine careened off a bend and plunged down, with 31 killed and 71 injured.[citation needed]
  • Mexico October 6, 1972 – A 22-car express train carrying 2,200 pilgrims returning from a Roman Catholic religious festival derailed, overturned and caught fire at Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico. The incident was caused by the train's excessive speed when approaching a curve. Mexican officials confirmed 208 killed and at least 1,000 injured.[citation needed]
  • United States October 30, 1972 – Chicago, Illinois, United States: Illinois Central Gulf commuter rail crash, 45 are killed and over 300 injured.
  • East Germany October 30, 1972 – Schweinsburg-Culten, East Germany: The driver of Ext 346 (LeipzigKarlovy Vary) does not notice a stop signal on a single-track stretch of line because of heavy fog and collides with D 273 heading toward Berlin. 22 die, 70 are injured.[15]
  • Turkey October 31, 1972 – A Konya-Istanbul passenger train derailed and move onto the main track in a signal mixup, and some passenger cars burst into flames at Eskisehir, Turkey, killing at least 30.[citation needed]
  • Japan November 6, 1972 – An express train bound for Aomori with 761 passengers on board is going through the Hokuriku railroad tunnel, Tsuruga, Japan, when a fire starts in the dining car, killing at least 31 people and injuring 637.

1973

  • Hungary January 30, 1973 – Helvécia, Hungary: A regular local bus disregards crossing signals and booms and is crushed by local train. 37 people killed, 18 injured.
  • United States March 18, 1973 – East Palestine. Ohio: Amtrak's westbound Broadway Limited derails last five cars in heavy snowstorm, killing one Penn Central employee riding on a pass, and injuring 19 of 167 passengers on board. A spokesman said recent heavy rains may have weakened the roadbed.[27]
  • East Germany July 10, 1973 – Leipzig, East Germany: The driver of a commuter train fails to notice a diversion, causing the train to derail and hit the signal box of Leipzig-Leutzsch railway station. Four are killed, 25 injured.[15]
  • Poland 27 August 1973 – near Radkowice, (near Kielce), Poland: At 2.42 a.m., a passenger train Zakopane-Warsaw slams into twenty freight cars which break away from freight train - 16 killed, 24 injured[28]
  • United Kingdom August, 1973 – Glasgow, Scotland: Electric train hits a diesel train near Glasgow Central Station. 5 die, 50 are injured.
  • Denmark September 7, 1973 – Copenhagen, Denmark: 2 people killed and 23 injured as an S-train collides with another stationary S-train in a tunnel close to Østerport station.
  • United Kingdom December, 1973 – Ealing rail crash, London: Train derails, killing 10 and injuring 94.
  • Brazil December 17, 1973 – According to Brazilian Rede Globo television report, an express passenger train head-on collided with freight train at outskirt of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, killing 18, another 40 are injured.[29]

1974

  • Egypt June 17, 1974 – According to Mena report, a Cairo-Alexandria express train collided with Egyptian military truck at level crossing of Benha, Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt, killing 16, another injuring are 90.
  • Italy August 4, 1974 – A bomb explodes in car 5 of the Italicus Express running from Rome to Brennero on the night of the 4 August. Twelve passengers were killed and 44 were wounded. About ten years later in the same place, another terrorist attack against another train killed 17 and wounded 265.
  • Croatia August 30, 1974 – Zagreb (then Croatia, Yugoslavia): An express train from Athens to Dortmund derails at Zagreb train station because of excessive speed. 152 passengers killed and 90 injured. (see 1974 Zagreb train disaster)
  • Republic of Ireland October 21, 1974, Gormanstown Co Meath A rear-end collision results in the deaths of 2 passengers.[30]

1975

  • Egypt January 18, 1975 – According to Egyptian newspaper al-Ahram report, a Damietta-Cairo express train derailed and crushing six passenger cars, where a man riding on locomotive engine, which overturned twice at Kalyub, Nile Delta, Egypt, killing 27, another injuring are 52.
  • Norway February 22, 1975 – Tretten, Norway: The Tretten train disaster. A passenger train from Oslo collides with an express train from Trondheim. 27 killed.
  • United Kingdom February 28, 1975 - Moorgate tube crash, England: A London Underground train fails to stop at a cul-de-sac tunnel at Moorgate station, 43 people are killed.
  • Sweden March 31, 1975 – According to Swedish Sveriges Television report, a 13 cars Stockholm-Malmö Oeresund Arrow express, carrying 300 passengers on board has derailed at Mjoelby, Ostergotland, Sweden, killing 14, another injuring 39.
  • Soviet Union April 4, 1975 - Passenger train collided with freight train at Žąsliai in Vilnius - Kaunas line. 17 people were killed.
  • United Kingdom June 6, 1975 – Nuneaton rail crash, Warwickshire, England: Collision between two trains at Nuneaton Station, including the London Euston to Glasgow sleeper service. 6 killed 38 injured.
  • Germany June 8, 1975 – Warngau, Germany: Two trains collide on a single-rail stretch of track between Lenggries and Munich because of a dispatcher error. 41 dead, 122 injured.
  • Brazil July 17, 1975 – According to SBT television of Brazil report, a six car of commuter train with 1,000 passengers on board plunged rail track, and crushing two passenger cars at Madareira, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, killing 14 and 340 injured.
  • Hungary October 14, 1975 – Hajdúsámson, Hungary: Local bus struck by local train. 12 people killed, 8 injured.
  • Portugal December 14, 1975 – According to Lusa News Agency report, a Lisbon-Paris express head-on collided another local train at Fornos de Algodres, Viseu, Portugal, killing 16, another injuring are 60.
  • Republic of Ireland December 31, 1975. Gorey Co Wexford, Republic of Ireland. A Passenger train derails on a bridge near Gorey Co Wexford which was damaged after a vehicle crashed into it killing Five and injuring 30.

1976

  • Republic of China April 21, 1976 – at Changhua, Taiwan: A bus carrying students collides with a train, killing 40 and injuring 42.
  • Netherlands May 4, 1976 – near Schiedam, the Netherlands: An international train collides with a local train, killing 24 and injuring 11.
  • Mexico September 11, 1976 – A two-car Chihuahua-Los Mochis passenger train collides head-on with a standing freight train, and plunged to the bottom of 60-feet embankment, near Barranca del Cobre, Chihuahua, Mexico, some of passenger riding on roof vehicle, killing 24 and injuring 60.[31]
  • Poland November 3, 1976 – About 2.05 a.m., a Lublin-Wrocław express rammed another standing passenger train at Julianka railroad station, Kielce, Swietokrzyskie, Poland, killing 25 people and injuring 79. Cause of the crash was fell asleep by crew of train to Wroclaw[32]
  • Kenya November 29, 1976 – An overnight Mombasa-Nairobi express carrying 600 passengers on board, plunged into flood-waters by thunderstorm at Kathekani, Voi, Kenya, killing twelve and injuring 70.[33]

1977

  • Australia January 18, 1977 – Granville railway disaster, Australia: 83 die when a train derails and hits a bridge support. The Bridge then fell, crushing part of the train.
  • United States February 4, 1977 – Chicago Loop derailment Chicago, Illinois, United States: In the worst accident in the system's history, a Chicago Transit Authority elevated train motorman disregards cab signals and rear ends another train on the Loop curve at Wabash and Lake Streets during the evening rush hour. Eleven people are killed and over 180 injured as four cars of the rear train derail and fall to the street below. The motorman was discovered to have marijuana in his possession, although it was never determined if he was impaired in any way.[34]
  • Spain February 28, 1977 – According to Televisio de Catalunya report, a Martorell-Plaza de Espana of Barcelona and Plaza de Espana-Igualada commuter locomotive cars train head-on collided near San Andres de Barca station, Barcelona, Spain, killing 22 and injuring 97.
  • East Germany June 27, 1977 – Lebus, East Germany: Because of a dispatcher operating under the influence of medication at Boosen, a holiday train from Zittau to Stralsund is diverted onto the branch line to Kietz, where it crashes with a freight train. 28 die in the accident, including the train crew of the holiday train; the dispatcher is jailed for five years.[15]
  • Poland July 9, 1977 – Psie Pole, near Wroclaw, Poland: About 8.00 a.m. express "German-Russian Firendship" Berlin-Moscow collided with locomotive which passed signal at danger: 11 killed (maybe: 32), 15 injured (maybe: 40)[35]
  • United States November 9, 1977 – Pensacola, Florida, United States: A Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company freight train derails near Escambia Bay, and a punctured tank car of anhydrous ammonia kills two local residents as they try to flee the toxic gas cloud. Another 46 are injured.
  • South Korea November 11, 1977 – Freight train with dynamite explode at Iri railroad station, Iksan, Jeollabukdo, South Korea, killing at least 57 people.
  • East Germany November 27, 1977 – Bitterfeld, East Germany: The boiler of a Class 01 steam engine explodes for lack of water, killing 9 and injuring 45.[15][36]

1978

  • United States February 22, 1978 – Waverly tank car explosion, Waverly, Tennessee, United States: A Louisville and Nashville Railroad freight train derails; one tank car containing liquefied petroleum gas explodes two days later, killing 16 and injuring 43. Numerous buildings in downtown Waverly are destroyed or damaged by force of the blast and resulting fires.
  • Argentina February 25, According to Argentine television network Artear report, a 18 car of Tucuman-Buenos Aires express train carrying 2,130 passengers returning from sea side resort site has slammed into a heavy weight track and skidding along the embankment move 900-feet at Saa Pereya, Santa Fe, Argentina, with crushing 11 passenger cars derailed, killing 50, another 120 are injured.
  • United States February 26, 1978 – Youngstown, Florida, United States: Atlanta & St. Andrews Bay Railroad freight train derails, a chlorine gas cloud, released from a punctured tank car, kills eight and injures 138. This was the first recorded major liquified chlorine gas disaster and the cloud was some 5 km (3.1 mi) long.
  • Hungary April 13, 1978 – Budapest, Hungary: commuter train overruns a buffer stop owing to brake failure and crashes into the station building. 13 killed, 25 injured.
  • Italy April 15, 1978 – Due to a landslide, the locomotive of a LecceMilan train collides with a Bolzano-Rome train in Murazze di Vado, Bologna, making it derail. 48 die and 76 are injured.[17]
  • United Kingdom July 6, 1978 – Taunton train fire, Taunton, England: A fire aboard a British Rail sleeping car travelling from Penzance to Paddington station in London kills 12. Investigation shows that the fire was caused by the careless placement of a plastic bag of linens against a heater in the car's vestibule.
  • United Kingdom October 12, 1978 – an IRA bomb exploded on a train near Belfast Central station before it was fully evacuated, killing a woman.[37]
  • United States December 3, 1978 – Shipman, Virginia, United States: Southern Railway's Southern Crescent enters a curve at excess speed; all of the consist but the lead engine and last car derail and slide down a ravine. Six die, including Gov. Jimmy Carter's former chef, Louis Price, killed in the galley. Sixty others are injured, most trapped in the wreckage.
  • Spain December 15, 1978 – According to Telemadrid Television of Spain report, a Madrid-Cádiz Talgo Express with 300 passengers rammed into freight train at Manzanares railroad station, Ciudad Real, Spain, at least 12 dead and injuring 60.
  • People's Republic of China December 16, 1978 – According to China Central Television report, No.87 express Nanjing-Xuzhou head-on collided with standing No.368 Xian-Xuzhou passenger train at Yangzhuang railroad station, Lujiang, Anhui, China, killing 106, another 218 are injured.

1979

  • Turkey January 4, 1979 – Two Ankara-Istanbul express head collided in blizzard condition, and both passenger cars crushed at Esenkoy, Cinacik, Yalova, Turkey, both train carrying 1,300 passengers, at least 32 killed and injuring 216.[citation needed]
  • Turkey January 9, 1979 – A local commuter train rammed into standing another suburban rapid express on a blocked same track at Behichey railroad station, Ankara, Turkey, killing 30 and injuring 95.[citation needed]
  • Spain January 18, 1979 – A twenty-three cars of freight train and a five cars of Valencia bound local train head on collide at Sueca, Valencia, Spain, at least five killed.[citation needed]
  • Bangladesh January 26, 1979 – A passenger train with disel locomotive derailed with overturned at Chuadunga station, Khuina, Bangladesh, killing 70 and injuring 200.[citation needed]
  • People's Republic of China February 11, 1979 – A passenger train halted in a station that hit from another train at Heilongjiang, China, in an incident caused by another train driver has exceed speed, at least 100 dead.[citation needed]
  • United States April 8, 1979 – Louisville and Nashville Railroad freight derails at Crestview, Florida, United States and punctured tank car leaks anhydrous ammonia, injuring 14.[citation needed]
  • Italy July 10, 1979 – A Pompeii-Naples and Naples-Herculaneum commuter train crashed violent head-on collision under shadow of Under Vesuvius Line, in Cercola near Mount Vesuvius, Naples, Italy, killing 14 and injuring 70.[17]
  • Thailand 21 August 1979 – Taling Chan, Thailand: 54 people are killed in the worst accident in Thai railway history when a Thonburi - Nakhon Pathom commuter train collides with a Bangsue - Padang Besar freight train at Taling Chan, as a result of errors on the part of the fatigued freight train engineer.[citation needed]
  • Yugoslavia September 13, 1979 – A freight train rammed a Belgrade-Skopie express train at Stalac, Serbia, with two freight cars and four passengers car are crashed, killing 61, another 96 are injured.[citation needed]
  • Egypt October 20, 1979 – A commuter train smashed into a local bus at crossing level of outskirt of Cairo, Egypt, killing 28 and 36 are injured.
  • United Kingdom October 22, 1979 – Invergowrie rail crash, Scotland: starting signal failed to return completely to stop, giving the following train a false clear indication. 5 killed.[citation needed]
  • Djibouti October 31, 1979 – Holhol, Alisabieh, Djibouti: An express train crashed and hurling down a hillside and at least 60 killed with 80 injured.[citation needed]
  • Canada November 10, 1979 – Mississauga train derailment in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada: tank cars containing propane and chlorine derail, causing a fire which lofts deadly contamination high into the air. No fatalities or serious injuries, but more than 250,000 residents are evacuated from the city: the largest peacetime emergency evacuation in North American history until 2005 when New Orleans was evacuated because of Hurricane Katrina.[citation needed]
  • India November 14, 1979 – [[1979 Matunga train . one local train rammed into the next local train at Sion Mumbai since the train driver may have died and the train did not stop.Train no T81 and C35. 5 peoples died, 21 injured. The accident was classified under category of "ACT OF GOD" to prevent improvement in the safety system by Railway Admin. Indian Railways. the Officers are playing havoc. info obtained under RTI[citation needed]

1980s

1980

1981

  • Spain January 5, 1981 – According to Spanish EFE news agency report, a Burgos-Madrid passenger train ignored by a red traffic signal, and slammed head-on into a diesel locomotive car at Miraflores railroad station, Zaragoza, Spain, five railroad workers and one passenger killed.
  • Argentina March 8, 1981 – A train traveling from Mar del Plata, Argentina to Buenos Aires smashes into a pair of derailed freight cars at Brandsen Partido, states of Buenos Aires, 60 miles (97 km) south of the capital, killing 45 and injuring 120.
  • Republic of China March 8, 1981 – A truck collides with a passenger train at a level crossing, sending five of the ten coaches over a bridge into a dry river bed in Hsinchu, Taiwan. Thirty are killed and 131 injured in what was the worst rail crash in Taiwan up to that point.
  • Peru March 16, 1981 – A freight train rammed into back of passenger train halted by thick hock at approaching to Imata railroad station, Chivay, Arequipa Region, Peru. according to Peruvian railroad official confirmed, killing at least 30 and injuring at least 90.
  • South Korea May 14, 1981 – Two express trains collide about 100 miles (160 km) south of Seoul, killing 54 people.
  • Poland June 4, 1981 – near Osieck, Poland: About 3.45 p.m. there was a head-on collision between PKP class EN57 and freight train with two heavy locomotives: 25 killed (mostly railroad workers who come back to home from work), 8 survived; crew of freight train, which passed signal at danger - survived too[40]
  • India June 6, 1981 – Bihar train disaster, India: Hundreds are killed (300-800) when a train falls into a river.[41]
  • People's Republic of China July 9, 1981 – Liziyida train disaster, China: A bridge was destroyed by mud-rock flow, while a passenger train was running towards it. Two locomotives, a mail carriage and a passenger carriage were flushed into the Dadu River by the flow, and other two passenger carriages derailed, 275 people killed or lost.
  • India July 17, 1981 – A freight train slams into the back of a passenger train in Madhya Pradesh, India, killing 39 people and injuring 43.
  • India July 19, 1981 – In an incident blamed on sabotage, a train traveling to Ahmedabad from New Delhi, India, derailed in Gujarat, killing 30 people and injuring 70.
  • Pakistan July 31, 1981 – According to Associated Press of Pakistan report, an Islamabad-Karachi nightly express with 1,700 passengers on board derailed and 500-yard of the rail track has damaged, between Samarsatta-Bahawalpur, Punjab of Pakistan, killing 43 and injuring 50.
  • New Zealand August 18, 1981 – A Silver Fern diesel-electric railcar left the tracks on a sharp bend, and plunged down 26 feet between Tangiwai and Waiouru, New Zealand, killing four, another 13 are injured.
  • Hungary November 30, 1981 – Mohora, Hungary: Departmental train strikes a bus. 17 killed, 29 injured.

1982

  • United States January 13, 1982 – Washington, D.C.: An Orange line train derails on the Washington Metro between the Smithsonian and Federal Triangle stations. While the train was being backed up, the derailed truck drives the aluminium car into a tunnel support, killing three people. By coincidence this happened at the same time Air Florida Flight 90 crashed into the 14th Street Bridge.
  • Algeria January 27, 1982 – A passenger train travelling from Oran to Algiers derailed 50 miles (80 km) west of the Algerian capital, killing at least 130 and injuring 146, in Algeria's worst train crash in 20 years.
  • India January 27, 1982 – A freight train and an express passenger train collide head-on in heavy fog near Agra, India, killing 50 and injuring 50.
  • India March 20, 1982 – A Mangalore-to-New Delhi train slams into a tourist bus at a level crossing in Andhra Pradesh, snapping the bus in two, killing at least 59 people on the bus and injuring 25 others.
  • United States July 7, 1982 – Fair Lawn, New Jersey: Teenagers throw a switch and send a commuter train into a pasta factory resulting in the death of the engineer. Four teens are eventually charged with various crimes relating to the wreck.[42]
  • Mexico July 12, 1982 – An express train travelling from Mexicali to Guadalajara, Mexico, derails into a ravine near Tepic, killing 34 and injuring 136.
  • Germany August 2, 1982 – Ostercappeln, Germany: Two drunk British Army soldiers steal a tank at the Osnabrück barracks and crash into the oncoming D 15233 after the tank has been driven on the Rollbahn railway tracks. Both engines of the train and five cars derail, the tank is completely destroyed. 23 are injured, the two soldiers are instantly killed.[15][43]
  • Hungary September 9, 1982 – According to Hungarian Railroad Authority and Magyar Televiso Report, an express train collided with a bus at outskirt of Szekestehervar, Fejer, Hungary, at least sixteen passengers, mainly carrying bus has dead.
  • Italy November 27, 1982 – According to Italian Railroad Authority and ANSA news agency report, an eighteen cars train crashed by failed switch to a parallel line and ran into a section at San Benedetto del Tronto, Marche, Italy, killing at least four passengers and 100 injured.

1983

  • Egypt February 1, 1983 – According to Egyptian Mena report, a Cairo-Alexandria express slammed into a local train, which ran a stop signal and crashed into the rear of the train and killing nineteen and injuring 77 at Qallama, Egypt.
  • Mexico February 20, 1983 – A train traveling from Nogales, Sonora, Mexico to Guadalajara is rammed in the rear by a freight train near Guaymas,exploded and killed at least 56 and injuring 78.
  • Germany May 27, 1983 – Frechen, Germany: The Oostende-Wien-Express night train derails owing to trackbed damage. The engine hits a bridge and the first car jackknifes into the wreckage. Seven are killed, 23 injured.
  • Egypt June 10, 1983 – According to Egyptian Al Gomhouria newspaper report, a Cairo-Luxor express train slammed into rear of another passenger train on same trsck at Al-Ayat, Giza, Egypt, killing 24, another 50 are injured.
  • Republic of Ireland August 21, 1983 – Cherryville Junction, County Kildare, Ireland: crash occurred when a train, which had run out of fuel and stopped on the tracks at Cherryville junction in Co. Kildare, was hit by a second train from the rear. 7 people were killed and 55 were injured. The official investigation found several organisational factors to have been substantial causes of the crash. These included: CIE rules that allowed drivers to proceed past red signals in certain circumstances; ambiguity of responsibility between the driver and the guard; and inadequate re-fuelling procedures.[44]

1984

  • United States June 14, 1984 – Motley, Minnesota, United States: Two Burlington Northern Railroad trains collide head-on.
  • United States July 7, 1984 – Williston, Vermont, United States: The Amtrak Montrealer derailed following a railbed washout, killing five and injuring nearly 140.[45]
  • Slovenia July 14, 1984 – Divača, Slovenia (former Yugoslavia): A freight train plows into the rear of a crowded passenger train, killing 31 and injuring 33.
  • India August 16, 1984 – According to Indian State railroad confirmed report, a passenger train hit a bridge washaway and plunged into flooded ravine at near Chargoon railroad station, Madhya Pradesh, India, killing 56, another 120 are injured.
  • Argentina October 31, 1984 – According to Argentine television network Telefe report, a commuter train rammed into the bus and shoved 600-feet down a rail tracks, where scattering wreckage and bodies along the way at San Justo, suburb of Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 43, another ten are injured.
  • Hong Kong November 25, 1984 – Hong Kong: A train derailed between Sheung Shui and Fanling station on the KCR East Rail. The incident occurred when the driver, preparing to back the train up to Sheung Shui station, failed to follow a speed/stop signal while the train was exceeding the speed limit. The train crashed into a boulder/buffer with the first 2 cars piling on top of each other. The degree of which they were damaged was so extensive that the cars never returned to service. Luckily, the passengers were unloaded before the crash while the driver sustained only minor injuries. However, the accident caused train services to suspend for the rest of the day and the incident spurred a series of public outcries concerning railway safety.
  • United Kingdom December 11, 1984 – Wembley, London: A passenger train collided with a freight train at Wembley Central, killing 3 injuring 60.
  • Italy December 23, 1984 – Italy: The Rapido 904 from Naples to Milan, aka the "Christmas train", explodes in the longest Italian railway tunnel, near San Benedetto Val di Sambro. 15 people died in the blast and 267 were injured (2 of them died in hospital). A bomb had been placed on the train by a mobster, acting as part of a large plot involving mobsters from Sicily, Neaples and Rome, neo-fascist terrorists, and the covert masonic lodge P2. Later a former right-wing MP was sentenced for giving explosives to a mobster who was involved in the plot.

1985

  • Ethiopia January 13, 1985 – A derailment hurled a train into a ravine at Imperial Railway Company of Ethiopia, Awash, Afar, Ethiopia, killing at least 428 people. This accident is the worst railroad disaster in Africa.
  • United States January 21, 1985 – Gary, Indiana, United States: Two South Shore Line trains collide head-on, 85 injured.
  • India February 23, 1985 – Rajnandgaon train fire, Madhya Pradesh, India: Over 50 people are killed when an express train catches fire.[41]
  • Bulgaria March 9, 1985 – Bunovo, Bulgaria: 7 people killed in a terrorist attack in the mothers with children car on the Sofia - Burgas route.
  • Germany March 20, 1985 – Ronnenberg, Germany: Two freight trains, one consisting of 20 tank cars filled with petrol, the other consisting of 19 cars loaded with coal, collide in the densely populated suburb of Empelde, close to Hanover and ignite, the fire burning almost a day.
  • Israel June 11, 1985 – HaBonim disaster, HaBonim, Israel: 21 people killed, including 19 school children in a collision between a bus on a school field trip and a train going from Haifa to Tel Aviv near HaBonim. http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%90%D7%A1%D7%95%D7%9F_%D7%94%D7%91%D7%95%D7%A0%D7%99%D7%9D
  • India June 13, 1985 – Aggra rail disaster, Aggra, India: 38 people are killed in a collision.[41]
  • Egypt June 17, 1985 – A Cairo-Aswan express and freight train collided, and passenger train entered safety catch point and ten passenger cars with a locomotive engine are crushed, six car are caught fire at Qena, Egypt, killing ten, and 14 are injured.[citation needed]
  • Japan July 11, 1985 – A four cars of express train from Kanazawa are derailed at Noto railroad Line, Anamizu, Ishikawa, Japan, killing 7 people, another 26 are injured. In an incident cause of heavy rain with landslide.
  • France August 3, 1985 – A limited express southbound Capdenac from Paris where head-on collide with two-car local train are go-ahead on same track, at Assier station, Flaujac-Gare, Cahors, France, killing at least 34, injuring at least 150.
  • France August 31, 1985 – A Paris-Portbou express derailed and head-on collided with postal train at Argenton-sur-Creuse, France, killing 43, another 37 are injured. In an incident cause by express driver are exceed speed.
  • Portugal September 11, 1985 – The Sud Express linking Lisbon-Paris head-on collides with a regional train between Nelas-Mangualde, Viseu, Portugal. Portuguese official estimated killing 118, but Portuguese media claimed at least 150 killed.
  • Switzerland September 14, 1985 – A Lausanne-Morges passenger train head-on collided with two electric locomotives at Denges, Morges, Switzerland, in an incident caused by railroad worker missed switching point at safety catch point, killing five and injuring 50.[46]
  • Italy December 22, 1985 – An electric locomotive collides with a freight train in Coronella, Ferrara, Italy, killing 10 and injuring 11.[17]
  • Argentina December 27, 1985 – A Buenos Aires-Concordia passenger train head-on collision a freight train at Zarate, state of Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing five and injuring eight.[citation needed]

1986

  • People's Republic of China January 15, 1986 – A Wuhan-Guangzhou express train explosion at Shaoguan, Guangdong, China, in an incident blamed on sabotage, killing seven and injuring 38.[citation needed]
  • Canada February 8, 1986 – Hinton train collision, Dalehurst, Alberta, Canada: 23 lives lost when VIA Rail passenger train and CN freight train collide head-on. This led to the adoption of stricter crew scheduling practice and a complete rewrite of the operating rules.
  • Chile February 17, 1986 – Queronque rail disaster, a Valparaiso-Santiago express train head-on collided with local train, which carrying more 550 passengers on-board at Queronque bridge, outskirt of Limache, Quillota, Chile, in an incident caused by express train driver has exceeded speed on a sharp curved stretch. Chilean official confirmed, killing 62, another injured are 464.[citation needed]
  • India February 28, 1986 – An express train ran over and derailed, when passenger and driver watching cerebrating local festival at Telicherry railroad station, Thalassery, Kerela, India, killing 31 and injuring 100.[citation needed]
  • India March 10, 1986 – Khagaria rail disaster, over 50 people are killed in a collision in Bihar.[41]
  • South Africa March 28, 1986 – An extra three locomotive with five passenger car Johannesburg-Pietersburg express train derail at track, Pylpunt, Gauteng, South Africa, killing at least sixteen.[citation needed]
  • Portugal May 5, 1986 – A Lisbon-Covilha express train smashed standing commuter train at Povoa de Santa Iria station, Lisbon, Portugal, in an incident caused by an express train driver has exceed speed, killing 14, another injuring are 18.[citation needed]
  • Soviet Union June 28, 1986 – An express train head-on collide with local train at Black Sea coastal resort town of Gagry, Georgia, killing at least 70 people, injuring another 140.
  • Thailand November 8, 1986 – Bangkok, Thailand: 5 people die and 7 are injured when an unmanned train runaway from the maintenance depot for 15 kilometer at a speed of 50 km/h toward Hua Lamphong station and hit the buffer stop.
  • Japan December 28, 1986 – An out of service train fell onto a fish processing factory, caused by strong wind at Amarube railroad bridge, Kasumi, Hyogo, Japan, one train conductor and five factory workers are killed.[citation needed]

1987

  • United States January 4, 1987 – 1987 Maryland train collision, Chase, Maryland, United States: The Amtrak Colonial express train, highballing at 130 miles per hour (210 km/h), slammed into a consist of Conrail freight locomotives whose engineer had ignored a stop signal and had fouled the Northeast Corridor mainline at Gunpow Interlocking. The force of the impact completely destroyed the lead Amtrak locomotive and derailed the rest of the train, killing the Amtrak engineer, a lounge car attendant and 14 passengers. The subsequent investigation revealed that the in-cab signaling system of the Conrail lead locomotive was inoperative and that the Conrail crew had been smoking marijuana. This notorious accident, Amtrak's most deadly at the time, caused the US railroad industry to tighten up drug use detection among operational personnel and subsequently led to the federal certification of locomotive engineers.
  • Chile March 8, 1987 – According to Television Nacional de Chile report, a freight train hit standing passenger train at Pelequen, O'Higgins, Chile, killing twelve and injuring 35.
  • United States April 4, 1987 – Burnham, Illinois, United States: A South Shore Line (NICTD) commuter train collided with a freight car, which had rolled from a siding onto the mainline. The train's engineer was killed, several more injured. It was later determined that a rusted rail prevented the freight car from activating the railroad's signal system.
  • India July 8, 1987 - According to United News of India report, a Deccan of Hyderabad-Hazrat Nizamuddin of Delhi Dakshin Express derailed at Macherial, Andhra Pradesh, killing 53.[41]
  • Syria July 28, 1987 - Three cars of passenger train from Aleppo, that exploded at Al-Jazira, northern Syria, killing at least 50.
  • Soviet Union August 7, 1987 - A freight train collided with standing passenger train in Kamensk rail road station, Kamensk-Shakhtinsky, Rostov Oblast, killing at least 106.
  • Indonesia October 19, 1987 - A commuter train from Rankasbitung with 600 passenger on-board collide head-on with another commuter train with 300 passengers bound for Marak, where occurred at Bintaro Jaya, south of Jakarta, Indonesia, killing at least 102, injuring at least 300.
  • Sweden November 16, 1987 – Lerum, near Gothenburg, Sweden: two passenger trains collide at a station, killing 9 and injuring 140.

1988

  • United States January 14, 1988 – Thompsontown, Pennsylvania: Two Conrail freight trains collide head-on after one train ignored a signal. The engineers and brakemen on both trains were killed, and damages totaled $6 million. The crash was attributed to crew fatigue.[47][48]
  • East Germany January 19, 1988 – Forst-Zinna, East Germany: A Soviet tank gets stuck on a level crossing and gets hit by an express train. 6 die, 33 are injured.[15]
  • People's Republic of China January 24, 1988 – No.80 express train Kunming-Shanghai derailed and overturned between Qiewu and Dengjiacun, Yunnan, China, killing at least 90 people, injuring another 67 people.
  • Spain March 23, 1988 - Juneda, Catalonia. 10 children and 5 adults died when a train slammed into a bus that ignored an unbarriered level crossing.[49]
  • People's Republic of China March 24, 1988 - No.311 Nanjing-Hangzhou express train Head-on collided with No.208 Changsha-Shanghai express train in Nanxiang, Jiading, Shanghai, China, killing 29 and injuring 100.[citation needed]
  • Poland April 19, 1988 – Pila, Poland: At 7.32a.m., 10 soldiers killed when faulty train moved switch and run into closed track and collided with a goods train; 28 injured.
A picture of a green preserved and a blue and white BR regional railways Mk1 carriages in Crewe during 2000.
  • Denmark April 25, 1988 Sorø train accident, Denmark: 8 people die and 72 are injured as an intercity train derails in a switch in Sorø owing to excessive speed.
  • Poland June 4, 1988 – Drogomil, near Bytom Odrzanski, Poland: 10 soldiers die in collision between "their" truck and passenger train from Zielona Gora; truck exploded after collision because of eight jerrycans of petrol; 3 soldiers survived.
  • Soviet Union June 4, 1988 – a 120-ton freight train explodes damaging 150 nearby buildings at Arzamas railroad station, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, killing at least 73 people.
  • France June 27, 1988 – Gare de Lyon train accident, Gare de Lyon, Paris, France: After brake failure, runaway train hits stationary rush-hour train in station, 56 killed, over 50 injured.
  • India July 8, 1988 - Peruman railway accident - According to Press Trust of India report, a Bangalore-Trivandrum Island Express derailed and plunged into Ashtamudi Lake on the outskirts of Kollam, Kerala, India, 107 people drowned.[41]
  • Soviet Union August 16, 1988 - A high-speed train traveling from Leningrad to Moscow derails near Bologoye, killing 30 people and injuring about 180.[50]
  • United Kingdom December 12, 1988 – Clapham Junction rail crash, London, England: wrong side failure from electrical short circuit caused by faulty signal maintenance, 35 dead, more than 100 injured. The aging Mark 1 carriages were to be largely phased out by the time of privatisation due to safety concerns and there poor crash worthiness, as demonstrated at Clapham.

1989

  • Bangladesh January 15, 1989 – A Chittagong bound express train and Dhaka bound mail train, both trains carrying Muslim pigrims crashed head-on collided at Tongi railroad station, Maizdi Khan, near Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing at least 135, injuring at least 1,000. Many people were riding on the roof of trains and between passenger cars.
  • People's Republic of China January 18, 1989 – A passenger train plowed into a bus on an unattended crossing in Huinan, Tonghua, Jilin, China, a bus carrying local newly-weds and families, killing at least 32, another 41 injured.
  • United Kingdom March 4, 1989 – Purley Station rail crash, London, England: As one train crosses over from one track to another, a second train runs a red signal and collides with the first train; the accident leaves six people dead and 94 injured.
  • Egypt April 2, 1989 – According MENA of Egypt report, a passenger train and freight train head-on collided, with four passenger cars caught fire and derailed, including a passenger car plunged at Damanhour, Nile Delta, Egypt, killing six and injuring 102.
  • Italy April 3, 1989 – Two cars of the train from Bari derailed and slammed against the rail at San Severo, Foggia, Italy, killing eight and injuring 20.[17]
  • India April 16, 1989 – Karnataka express train derailed at Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, killing 75 people.[41]
  • Mexico May 4, 1989 – Tepic, Mexico: 20-52 (depending on reports) are killed after train brakes fail while descending a mountain side; the locomotive and three passenger cars flip on a curve and plunge down the ravine.
  • United States May 12, 1989 – San Bernardino train disaster, San Bernardino, California: A Southern Pacific Railroad freight train derails on Duffy Street after descending the very steep Cajon Pass, killing two crew members and two children, ages 7 and 9. Eleven homes were severely damaged or completely destroyed in the accident. Thirteen days later fuel leaking from a pipe line damaged in the accident ignites, killing 2 people and causing further damage to homes.
  • Soviet Union June 4, 1989 – Ufa train disaster, Soviet Union: 575 are killed and over 600 wounded when two trains pass near a leaking natural gas line which explodes.
  • Republic of Ireland September 24, 1989 - An express train derails near Claremorris in County Mayo injuring 70 people.
  • United States September 28, 1989 – Amtrak's Crescent, bound from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans, Louisiana, hits a fire truck on an unguarded private grade crossing about 40 miles (64 km) south of Washington. Two firefighters are killed, and the other three seriously injured.
  • India November 1, 1989 – Udyan Abha Toofan express train derailed at Sakaldiha, Bihar, India, killing at least 48.[41]
  • Italy November 16, 1989 – In Crotone, Italy, two passenger trains collided on the CrotoneCatanzaro line, killing 12 and injuring 32.[17]

1990s

1990

  • Pakistan January 4, 1990 – A Multan-Karachi Bahauddin Express collided head-on with standing 67 cars of freight train at Sangi station, Sukkur, Sindh, Pakistan. In an incident caused by railroad workers error of switched onto track line. Pakistani official estimated killing 307, and another 500 more injured.
  • Germany February 2, 1990 – Rüsselsheim, Germany: Two S-Bahn commuter trains collide, killing 17 and injuring 80.
  • Norway April 16, 1990 – Lysaker, Oslo, Norway: Two local passenger trains collide, 5 killed.
  • India April 16, 1990 – Patna rail disaster, India: 70 killed as shuttle train is gutted by fire.
  • United States March 7, 1990 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States: A bolt securing a traction motor on a SEPTA subway-elevated train fails, causing the train to derail. Three are killed and 150 injured.[51]
  • Poland August 20, 1990 – Ursus, near Warsaw, Poland. At 6.20 a.m., a passenger train called "Silesia" - from Praha to Warsaw (Warszawa Wschodnia) - telescoped last car of passenger train from Szklarska Poręba to Warsaw, killed 16, injured 43. Cause of crash is unknown (probably - fault of signalling)[52]
  • Czechoslovakia August 25, 1990 – near Spálov, Liberecký kraj, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic): At the railway line TanvaldŽelezný Brod, between the Jesenný and Spálov railway stations, a freight train collided with a passenger train which then caught fire. 14 killed, 32 injured.
  • United States December 12, 1990 – An Amtrak North East Corridor regional train crashes into a MBTA commuter train at the Back Bay station in Boston, Massachusetts. This accident is the worst in the history of the MBTA. This accident injured over 500 people and was so severe that the locomotives of both trains along with several coaches had to be scrapped on site.[53]
  • Republic of China December 20, 1990 – A Kaohsiung-Taipei express train hit and collide with a bus carrying 51 farmers returning from travelling at level crossing at Lu Chu, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, a bus also burst into flames, killing 25, another 32 are injured.[54]

1991

A Virgin trains Mk2 coach at Banbury in 2001. All slam door stock was phased out by about 2003-2004, due to passenger safety concerns relating to such rolling stock. The stock was involved in 'The Tamworth Triangle incidents' of 1991. Automatic door-bolts are now used to secure most slam doors once the train is moving.
  • United Kingdom May 11 / August 7, 1991 – The Tamworth Triangle incidents. Three teenagers fell out of unlocked doors on some of the older types of express trains and later died from their injuries. The first two deaths occurred near Tamworth, Staffordshire, the third near Nuneaton, Warwickshire a few days later. Several other people had also encountered serious faults with the unlocking of doors during the same period both in Alrewas, Staffordshire and Stafford, but no more serious injuries resulted. A similar incident had also occurred in Cardiff, Wales a few months earlier. These incidents lead to the Health and Safety Executive condemning 'slam door' trains. The former director of British rail, Sir Bob Reid referred back to it in his retirement speech in 1997 and later in 2002. The construction magazine CNpluss later published a report in to it, in part of an article called "Two into four will go" on 11 August 2005, which concluded that trying to move about a crowded buffet-car was so difficult that some people were knocked out of the carriage door or mistook it for an interior door.[56]
  • Japan May 14, 1991 – Shigaraki train disaster, Shigaraki, Shiga, Japan: 42 people were killed.[57]
  • United States July 15, 1991 – Dunsmuir, California: A 20,000-gallon tank railroad car containing the herbicide metam sodium derailed from a northbound Southern Pacific freight train, tumbling off of the bridge over the Sacramento river at the Cantara Loop and rupturing on the rocks below. The car's entire load spilled into the river. Virtually every aquatic organism on a 40-mile stretch of river was killed.[58]
  • United Kingdom July 21, 1991 – Glasgow, Scotland: Newton Rail Accident kills 4 and injures 22. Junction layout cited as a contributing factor.
  • United States July 31, 1991 – Lugoff, South Carolina, United States: The Amtrak Silver Star derails the rear portion of its consist on the former Seaboard Air Line of the CSXT Railroad when a faulty switch split (moved out of position) as the train passes over it, directing a coach into a hopper car standing on a siding, and derailing the following equipment. Eight passengers die and 76 are injured.[59]
  • United States August 26, 1991 – Downers Grove, Illinois: Mary T. Wojtyla, 41, of Chicago died when she stepped in front of a westbound Metra EMD E9 pulling a "Racetrack" express train, estimated to be traveling at 60 miles per hour. The accident occurred at the Fairview Avenue grade crossing/Fairview Station. Apparently distracted by ongoing divorce proceedings, she crossed the center track and was struck and killed instantly. Her lawyer saw the oncoming train and was not struck.
  • United States August 28, 1991 – New York, New York: Five people are killed and more than 200 injured when a #4 Lexington Avenue express train derails going over a switch just north of Union Square. Two subway cars break open as they strike the steel tunnel support beams. The uninjured motorman, whom passengers report had been handling the train erratically, flees the scene and is arrested later, testing out as legally drunk. This accident, coupled with the Amtrak Colonial wreck at Chase, Maryland on January 4, 1987, is instrumental in driving new federal rules for engineer certification and toxicology testing.[60]
  • Republic of the Congo September 6, 1991 – More than 100 people are killed after a passenger train from Pointe Noire collided head on with a goods train carrying timber from Brazzaville.[61]
  • Republic of Ireland September 30, 1991 – Ballycumber, Republic of Ireland. A passenger train derails in Ballycumber Co Offally killing 1 and injuring a number of others.
  • France October 16, 1991 – Melun, France. A freight train overruns a closed signal, and fouls the path of the Nice-Paris night train. 16 people are killed. The accident was caused by a heart attack suffered by the freight train engineer. The deadman mechanism worked perfectly, but it was too late to stop the train in time. This led to the adoption of the KVB automatic train control system which will detect improper train handling.[62]
  • Republic of China November 15, 1991 – Miaoli, Taiwan. One south bound train and one north bound train collided into each other when the signals were broken, 30 died and 112 injured.[63]
  • United Kingdom 7 December 1991 – Severn Tunnel rail accident - faulty manipulation of the axle counters is suspected.[64]

1992

  • India January 29, 1992 –

Jhansi, India : The Bhopal Junction bound 2184 Lucknow Bhopal Superfast Express train was fired by some Hindu extremists due to the riots on Babri Masjid demolition. The AC-I TIER and 3 Sleeper coaches were fully burnt, but no death report have been resulted.

  • Sweden March 12, 1992 – Gothenburg, Sweden: A tram rolls backwards down a hill without control and derails near the bottom. There it glides sideways in a high speed into a tram stop where people are waiting. 13 killed, many injured.
  • Russia April 3, 1992 – According to Russian Interfax news agency report, a Riga-Moscow passenger train slammed into freight train at Nelidovo, Tver, Russia, killing 40 and injuring 50.
  • India April 5, 1992 – According to Times of India report, a passenger train rammed into the rear of a stationary freight train at Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India, at least 24 killed and injuring 15.
  • Iran May 23, 1992 – According to Iranian IRIB television report, a passenger train and freight train head-on collided at Teheran-Ahvaz Line, outskirt of Dorud, Lorestan, Iran, killing 26 and injuring 28.
  • United States June 30, 1992 – near Superior, Wisconsin, United States: A Burlington Northern freight train transporting benzene encounters fatigued tracks and derails, plunging 3 tank cars off a trestle and into the Nemadji River. One of the cars ruptures, spilling 79 500 L (21,000 US gallons) of chemicals into the river, which are then carried into Lake Superior, forming a toxic cloud over Superior and Duluth, Minnesota. 40,000 area residents are evacuated; many suffer long-term health problems, and the damage to the surrounding environment is considerable.
  • United States August 12, 1992 – just outside Newport News, Virginia, United States: Amtrak's Colonial passenger train, traveling at nearly 80 mph (130 km/h), enters a switch that had just moments before been opened by a pair of teenaged saboteurs. Though there are no fatalities, dozens are injured. 60 of the passengers subsequently sue Amtrak and CSX (who owned the right-of-way) for negligence, but the case is decided in favor of the railroad companies as it was determined that there was no way for the train crew to prevent the incident. The two teens are sentenced to federal prison terms for the crime.
  • Netherlands November, 1992 – Hoofddorp, Netherlands: An Intercity train, travelling from Amsterdam to Vlissingen derailed near Hoofddorp. Five people died, 33 were injured.
  • Germany November 15, 1992 – 11 people die and 52 are injured when the wreckage of a derailed freight train is hit by an express train near Northeim, Germany.[65]

1993

  • United States January 18, 1993 – Gary, Indiana, United States: The eastbound Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District train number 7 runs a red signal and is hit by westbound train number 12; 7 passengers die, scores are injured in the accident.
  • Kenya January 30, 1993 – Ngai Ndethya, Kenya: 65 killed in a Mombasa-bound passenger train carrying 600 passengers which plunged into a river a bridge washaway.
  • People's Republic of China January 31, 1993 – According to Chinese Xinhua News Agency and Railroad Ministry report, No.77 express Chifeng-Dalian rammed an overloaded bus at an unmanned level crossing at Liaoning, China, killing 66 and injuring 28.
  • United States March 17, 1993 – near Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States: An Amtrak passenger train strikes a gasoline tanker truck that has stopped on a grade crossing, causing the tanker to explode. Six people (including the truck driver) are killed and 12 injured. The dining car stops in the center of the fire and is totalled.
  • South Korea March 28, 1993 – According to South Korean Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation television report, a Seoul-Busan express train derailed, when an express train was moving at normal speed approaching Busan station, suddenly 33 yards of rail track collapsed, and eight passenger cars plunged, where caused by 13-feet from caved in tracks at near Busan, South Korea, killing 79 people.
  • Thailand April 30, 1993 – According to BBTV Channel Seven of Thailand report, a passenger train hit a bus carrying children of Shergli Primary schools at unguarded railroad crossing at Phutthamonthon, Nakorn Pathom, Thailand, killing 36 including 28 children.
  • India May 3, 1993 – Chhabra rail disaster, 71 people die in a collision between two trains at Chhabra in Rajasthan.
  • Armenia May 28, 1993 – According to Armenpress report, a passenger train loaded with concrete blocks, and slammed into another passenger train at Gyumri, Shirak, Armenia, killing 43 people.
  • Indonesia July 24, 1993 – According to Indonesian RCTI report, a Surabaya-Pandanwangi passenger train rammed into an intercity bus at an unguarded railroad crossing, and a bus dragged for 80 yards before the train halted at Jombang, West Java, Indonesia, killing 15 and injuring 20.
  • Spain August 2, 1993 – Vega de Anzo, Spain a crash in a tunnel at kills 12.
  • New Zealand August 25, 1993 – Rolleston, Canterbury, New Zealand: A down Southener train collides with a cement truck on a level crossing, resulting in the mixer's bowl bouncing off the carriages, ripping two open and killing three people. As one of the people killed was the sister of New Zealand international cricketer Chris Cairns, the accident is often referred to for level crossing safety activism in New Zealand.
  • United States September 22, 1993 – 1993 Big Bayou Canot train wreck, near Mobile, Alabama, United States: Barges being pushed by an off-course towboat collide with a bridge piling; the bridge shifts out of alignment, creating a kink in the rails on the CSXT's former Louisville & Nashville Gulfcoast line. Minutes later, Amtrak's Sunset Limited derails at high speed on the misaligned track and plunges into the water, causing a massive fuel spill and fire. 47 people are killed in Amtrak's deadliest accident.
  • Norway October 3, 1993 – Nordstrand, Oslo, Norway: A local train collides with a shunting (switch) locomotive. 5 killed.

1994

  • Uganda January 2, 1994 – According to Ugandan official report, a three car of passenger train with nine car of freight wagons derailed at Tororo-Pakwach railroad line, outskirt of Mbale, Uganda, killing 30, another 44 are injured.
  • South Africa March 9, 1994 – A commuter train with eight-cars carrying 800 passengers is derailed in a suburb of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, killing at least 63, injuring another 370.
  • United Kingdom June 25, 1994 – Greenock rail crash, Scotland: Two people are killed when a train strikes concrete blocks that were placed on the track by vandals. Vandalism starts to be noticed as a UK wide criminal phenomenon from the mid-1990s onwards.
  • United States August 4, 1994 – Batavia, New York, United States: Amtrak's Lake Shore Limited passenger train derails while traveling at 75 mph (120 km/h), injuring 125 passengers and crew members.
  • Angola September 22, 1994 – Damaged brakes make a train crash into a canyon in Tolunda, Angola. 300 killed.
  • Germany September 29, 1994 – Two passenger trains collide head-on near Bad Bramstedt, Germany, resulting in the death of six people and injuring 67.[65]
  • United Kingdom October 15, 1994 - Two trains collide head on in Cowden, Kent, after a driver runs through a red signal, 5 killed, 12 injured
  • Hungary December 2, 1994 – Szajol, Hungary: InterCity train traveling at 65 mph (105 km/h) derails and crashes into the railway station's building, killing 31 passengers and injuring many people.
  • Myanmar December 30, 1994 – According to Myanmarese MRTV and Kyehmon newspaper report, a Mandalay-Myitkyina passenger train derailed and plummeted into a ravine at the outskirts of Wuntho, central Myanmar, killing 102.

1995

  • United Kingdom January 31, 1995 - Aisgill, Settle-Carlisle Railway, England: A British Rail Class 156 Super Sprinter Diesel Multiple Unit derails because of a landslide and is hit by another Sprinter coming in the opposite direction in darkness and heavy rain. The conductor of the Sprinter that derailed because of the landslide is killed. Several people are seriously hurt, and the driver of one of the Sprinters has to be cut out by the fire brigade.
  • Spain February 27, 1995 – Eibar, Basque Country, Spain: A train derails killing five and injuring 33.
  • India May 3, 1995 – Nalgonda rail disaster, 35 people are killed in a collision with a tractor in Nalgonda district in Andhra Pradesh.
  • India May 14, 1995 – Salem rail disaster, over 50 people are killed in a collision at Salem on the Madras route.
  • United States June 5, 1995 – Brooklyn, NY, A Manhattan bound J train rear ends an M train on the Brooklyn side of the Williamsburg Bridge, killing the motorman on the J train and injuring 55 people. The National Transportation Safety Board investigating into the accident, concluded that train operator fatigue, and poor spacing of the signal system (the signals were too close together) were the main causes to this crash.[66]
  • United States June 16, 1995 – Gettysburg Railroad Boiler Explosion, Gardners, Pennsylvania. A Gettysburg Railroad steam locomotive suffers a catastrophic boiler explosion due to low water. Three crew are seriously injured. The National Transportation Safety Board investigated, finding poor training, complacency and a general loss of the craft skills needed to operate and maintain steam. They also found an unusual boiler design feature had prevented a much more serious explosion. Major new regulation of steam locomotives followed.[67]
  • Czech Republic June 24, 1995 – Krouna, Czech Republic: Four runaway carriages smashed into a passenger train carrying 23 people. 19 killed, only 4 passengers survived.
  • Canada August 11, 1995 – Russell Hill Subway accident, Toronto, Ontario: A subway collides with a stationary train when a driver misinterprets a signal. 3 are killed, and 30 injured.
  • India August 20, 1995 – Firozabad rail disaster, India. A passenger train collides with another train that had stopped after it had run over a cow in Firozabad, India. 358 people are killed.
  • South Korea August 26, 1995 – According to Yonhap report, Seoul-Busan nightly express train carrying 440 passengers on board plunged and derailed at Goisan, Chungju, South Korea, with crushing six passenger cars, killing one, another 120 are injured.
  • United States October 9, 1995 – Palo Verde derailment, Arizona, United States: One crewman is killed and 78 passengers are injured when an Amtrak passenger train en route to Los Angeles is derailed by saboteurs. To date, the person(s) responsible for the derailment have not been found.
The destroyed school bus in the Fox River Grove level crossing accident.
  • Indonesia October 23, 1995 – According to Indonesian SCTV television report, a nightly passenger train derailed and crushing eight passenger cars and two locomotives at the outskirts of Tasikmalaya, West Java, Indonesia, killing 17, another 100 are injured.
  • United States October 25, 1995 – Fox River Grove level crossing accident, Illinois, United States: A school bus caught between a railroad crossing and a red traffic light is hit by a Metra commuter train, killing seven students.
  • Azerbaijan October 28, 1995 - Baku, Azerbaijan – World's deadliest metro disaster. In Baku, an underground metro train catches fire during Saturday evening rush hour. 337 people are killed.[68]
  • Germany December 12, 1995 - Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany – The last of the DRG Class ET 91, a German class of electric multiple units from the 1930s, crashes with the ÖBB 1044 235 electric locomotive in the station of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, resulting in one fatal casualty and 46 injured.
  • Egypt December 21, 1995 - South of Cairo, Egypt: A Cairo-Beni Sueif passenger train and Cairo-Aswan passenger train collision by dense fog and two trains running same track, crashing many passenger cars and a locomotive in Badrasheen railroad station, killing 75 and injuring 150.[69]
  • Spain December 25, 1995 – According to Spanish Telemadrid television report, a Barcelona-Málaga-Madrid locomotive express train, carrying 200 passengers on-board is derailed and first car plunged down a ravine at mountain pass near Despenaperros Natural Park, Andalucia, Spain, killing two train workers.[70]

1996

  • United States February 9, 1996 – Secaucus, New Jersey, United States: New Jersey Transit Train 1254 traveling to Hoboken Terminal via the Bergen County Line runs a red signal a few hundred yards east of where the Secaucus Junction Station is currently located and slams into NJT Train 1107 traveling to Suffern, New York via the NJT Main Line. Both engineers and a passenger on Train 1254 are killed.
  • United States February 16, 1996 – Silver Spring, Maryland, United States: The engineer of a MARC commuter train bound for Washington Union Station, either misses or ignores a stop signal and collides with outbound Amtrak train no. 29, the westbound Capitol Limited. The crash left 3 crew and 8 passengers dead aboard the MARC train.[71] Three die of injuries suffered in the impact; but the rest are killed by smoke and flames, the fire which may have been ignited by oil pot switch heaters. This accident lead to the FRA instituting the Delay in Block Rule, and also was a major impetus for the Passenger Equipment Safety Standards regulation (49 CFR Part 238).
Weyauwega derailment aftermath, March 5, 1996.
  • Hungary February 26, 1996 – Kutas, Hungary: Local train hits a bus. The crash ignites the fuel in the bus fuel tank and causes fire. 12 people killed.
  • United States March 4, 1996 – Weyauwega derailment, Wisconsin, United States: A broken switch derails a Wisconsin Central train carrying liquefied petroleum gas and propane. The town of Weyauwega, Wisconsin, is evacuated as the fire burns for most of the 18-day evacuation.
  • India April 18, 1996 – Gorakhpur-Gonda passenger train into s stationary freight train at Domingarh station, outskirt of Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, killing at least 60.[41]
  • Finland April 21, 1996 – Jokela rail crash: passenger train operating in heavy fog derails at Jokela, Finland because of overspeeding through a slow-speed turnout. The locomotive driver and three passengers were killed, and 75 were injured.
  • India May 14, 1996 – Alappuzha level crossing crash, 35 wedding guests are killed when their bus is run down by a train in Kerala.[72]
  • India May 25, 1996 – Varanasi level crossing crash, 25 people die in a collision with a tractor at Varanasi.
  • Ukraine July 4, 1996 – A failed-brake tram derailed on the down-hill track, and slammed into a concrete structure at downtown Dniprodzerzhynsk, Ukraine, killing 32 and injuring 75.
  • Russia September 26, 1996 – level crossing collision of a diesel locomotive into a school bus between Bataysk and Salsk in Rostov Oblast. 19 killed, including 18 children. September 28 was declared national day of mourning.[73]
  • India December 30, 1996 &– Brahmaputra Mail train bombing, 33 people are killed in deliberate explosion on a train in Assam.
  • Italy December 30, 1996 – Cazzago San Martino, Province of Brescia: At Bornato station Brescia-Iseo-Edolo Railway, LeNord train n°4 departed on the single rail track without waiting for the incoming train n°255. 3 people were killed and 45 were injured.[74]

1997

  • Italy January 12, 1997 – A Pendolino train derails just before a train station at Piacenza, Italy, killing 8 and injuring 29 others.[17][75]
  • Pakistan March 3, 1997 – According to Associated Press of Pakistan report, a Lahore-Karachi Zulfikar Express head-on collided with another passenger train, where hit buffers at end of the spur line and crushing a locomotive engine with five passenger cars at Mirshah, Khanewal, Panjab of Pakistan, Pakistani official announced at least 126 dead with 81 injured.
  • South Korea March 24, 1997 – According to South Korean Seoul Broadcasting System television report, a Seoul bound passenger train smashed into packed local bus, where flipped a vehicle onto railroad side at Namwon, North Jeolla, South Korea, killing 14 and injuring 20.
  • Spain March 31, 1997 – a RENFE intercity train derails at Uharte Arakil station at 130 km/h killing 18 and injuring 100.
  • India April 18, 1997 – Gorakhpur rail disaster, Over 60 people are killed in a collision at Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh.
  • People's Republic of China April 29, 1997 – No.324 express train Kunming-Zhengzhou collided with No.818 passenger train Changsha-Chaling to the end at the speed 110 km/h, with 13 cars derailed at Rongjiawan station, Yueyang, Hunan, China, killing 126, injuring more than 200.
  • Poland May 5, 1997 – Reptowo, Poland. At 12.25 p.m., the switch under a passenger train moved autonomous and several cars run into parallel track and its restaurant car ("WARS") collided with a goods train - 12 killed, 36 injured.
  • United States June 22, 1997 – Devine, Texas, United States: Two freight trains collided on a highway overpass, resulting in 4 deaths and an estimated 250-750 gallons of diesel fuel spilling out. A portion of the fuel burned off, while the rest mixed with leaking engine oil. The fuel and oil mixture leaked into two storm drains below, which was then carried by heavy rains southward to a spillway, and into a freshwater creek. Nearby residences were evacuated, and an extensive clean-up was promptly carried out.
  • India July 8, 1997 – Lehra Khanna Station bombing, 33 people are killed by a terrorist bomb left on a station at Lehra Khanna in the Punjab.
  • India July 28, 1997 – Faridabad train crash, 12 people die in a collision at Faridabad in the Delhi suburbs.[76]
  • India September 14, 1997 – Bilaspur rail disaster, 120 people are killed in a derailment on a bridge in Bilaspur province in Chhattisgarh.
  • United Kingdom September 19, 1997 – Southall rail crash, London, England. A passenger train collides with a freight train, killing 6.
  • Australia October 23, 1997 – Beresfield rail disaster, Australia: coal train collides with the rear of an earlier coal train and blocks all tracks causing collisions with other trains - SPAD.
  • Germany December 9, 1997 – Hanover, Germany: A regional train carrying more than 300 passengers collides with a freight train consisting of 20 tanker cars filled with petrol. Five of the wrecked tankers ignite and explode. More than 90 injured.[77]
  • Pakistan December 25, 1997 – According to Pakistan Television report, a Karachi-Islamabad Rohi Express slammed into standing passenger train at Rostam Sargana, Jhang, Pakistan, killing 32, another injuring are 40.
  • Portugal December 29, 1997 - Some kilometers from Belver station, by the TEJO river, the morning Intercidades ran into a landslide (rocks mainly), derailing the locomotive (CP Alsthom #1947) and two stainless steel Sorefame cars. Only some persons were injured, none were killed.

1998

Destroyed cars from the Eschede train disaster
  • Cameroon February 15, 1998 – Yaounde train explosion, Cameroon, Spilt fuel oil from a tanker train crash ignited and exploded, killing over 100 people.
  • Azerbaijan February 21, 1998 – South east Baku crash, Azerbaijan. A Russian freight train had hit a farm truck on a level crossing, near Baku, at high speed. It was reported that only the 2 farmers were badly hurt and the train driver luckily got off with only minor injuries after the crash. The freighter was carrying 2 parcel wagons, an empty flat-car and 5 atomic waste flasks.
  • Finland March 6, 1998 – Jyväskylä rail crash: express passenger train derails at Jyväskylä, Finland, as a result of over-speeding while passing over a slow-speed turnout. The locomotive driver and nine passengers were killed, 94 were injured.
  • India April 4, 1998 – Fatuha train crash, At least 11 people die in derailment near Patna(near Fatuha station) on the Howrah-Delhi main line as Howrah-Danapur Express derails between Fatuha and Bankaghat stations.
  • India April 24, 1998 – 15 car of freight train collide with Manmad-Kacheguda express at Parli Vaijanath station, Madhya Pradesh, India, killing 24, another 32 are injured.
  • Germany June 3, 1998 – Eschede train disaster, Eschede, Germany: Part of a high-speed ICE train derails because of a faulty wheel rim and strikes a bridge. The bridge collapses as the third car hits its pylons, the remaining cars and the rear power unit jackknife into the pile. The first three carriages are separated from each other and come to a halt at Eschede railway station whilst the undamaged power car continues for another two kilometres until its brakes are automatically applied. 101 are killed.
  • United States June 18, 1998 – Burns Harbor, Indiana, United States: The westbound Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District train number 102 strikes a semi-truck that was stopped on a grade crossing. 3 passengers are killed when the truck's steel cargo smashed through the front of the train.
  • India August 13, 1998 – Chennai-Madurai express collide with a bus at an unmanned crossing on the Karur-Salem bypass route, Tamil Nadu, India, killing 19, another 37 are injured.
  • Egypt October 18, 1998 – According to Egyptian Nile TV report, an Alexandria-Cairo passenger train riding and pull into at Kafr el-Dawar station, Nile Delta, Egypt, in an incident caused by train driver has exceed speed, killing 47, another 104 are injured.[78]
  • India November 26, 1998 – Sealdah express rams into three car of derailed carriages of Golden Temple mail bound for Amrisar at Khanna station, outskirts of Ludhiana, Punjab, India, according to official confirmed, at least 212 people are killed.[79]

1999

  • India

January 10, 1999 - Madhya Pradesh : The immediate firing of Malwa Express along way of Indore Junction BG - Indore Junction MG Killed about 73 People. Protests were held at Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur and Raipur

  • United States March 15, 1999 – Bourbonnais train accident, Bourbonnais, Illinois, United States: The southbound Amtrak City of New Orleans, traveling at approximately 80 miles per hour (130 km/h), slams into a semi-trailer truck loaded with steel concrete reinforcing bar (rebar) at a grade crossing and derails. An ensuing fire sets one Superliner sleeper car ablaze. Eleven were killed and over 100 were injured. It was subsequently determined that the truck driver had ignored the grade crossing signals and drove around the lowered gates.
  • Kenya March 24, 1999 – Tsavo National Park, Kenya: 32 die at Tsavo National Park when the brakes on a passenger train fail, causing it to derail.
  • Serbia and Montenegro April 12, 1999 – Grdelica train bombing, Serbia: NATO warplanes fire on a civilian train killing 14 people.
  • India June 4, 1999 – Andhra Pradesh, India: twelve are killed in a derailment at Kazipet.
  • India July 16, 1999 – Grand Trunk Express bound for Delhi, collide with freight train near Mathura, Vrindavan, India, killing at least 17, another 200 are injured.
  • India August 2, 1999 – Gauhati rail disaster, Gauhati, India: Two express trains collide head-on. Over 285 people are killed.
  • Pakistan September 18, 1999 – A Karachi-Peshawar express with six passenger cars was slammed into a ranway engine at Wah Cantonment, Panjab of Pakistan, according Pakistani official cofirmed killing 20, another 70 are injured.
  • United Kingdom October 5, 1999 – Ladbroke Grove rail crash, England: Two trains collide head-on because of a signal passed at danger and smashed fuel tanks catch fire, killing 31 and injuring 400.[80][81]
  • United States October 16, 1999 - Near Ludlow, California: Amtrak’s westbound Southwest Chief passenger train, en route from Chicago to Los Angeles, was derailed while crossing the Mojave Desert 126 miles northeast of Los Angeles when the train reached a section of track that had been damaged by the 7.1-magnitude Hector Mine earthquake, which had occurred 24 minutes prior to the derailment. Four of the 155 passengers on the train suffered minor injuries in the incident.
  • Greece November 17, 1999 – Athens, Greece: 3 workmen using a pneumatic drill in Athens station are killed when they could not hear an approaching train from Halkida as it entered the station. 2 others later died of their wounds. They also apparently ignored the obvious timing factors relating to when trains would be actually scheduled to use the platform in the first place. The deaths are put down as being caused by the use of sloppy work routines.
  • Australia December 3, 1999 – Glenbrook train disaster, New South Wales, Australia: Stop and Proceed rule at red signal applied with insufficient care (too much speed), killing 7.
  • Canada December 30, 1999 – Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada: Several tank cars filled with gasoline and heating oil from the CN freight train 703 travelling westward derailed as it was passing the CN freight train 306 train, travelling in the opposite direction on a parallel track. Train 306 hit the derailed wagons, which explode on impact, killing the engineer and the conductor of the 306 and starting a fire which was to burn 2.7 million litres of oil and force evacuation of 350 families within a 2 kilometres radius over the next four days.[82]

See also

Three rail tracks 350.jpg
Rail transport
Operations
Track
Maintenance
High-speed
Gauge
Stations
Trains
Locomotives
Rolling stock
Railways
History
History by country
Terminology
By country
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External links

References

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  2. ^ Haine, 1993, p. 172.
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