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List of rulers of Bhutan: Wikis

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Bhutan

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Bhutan



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Bhutan was founded and unified as a country by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in the mid-1600s. After his death the country nominally followed his recommended "dual system of government" which split control between a civil administrative leader (the Druk Desi, or "Deb Raja"; the original title is sde-srid phyag-mdzod), and a religious leader (the Je Khenpo), both under the nominal authority of the Shabdrung, a reincarnation of Ngawang Namgyal. In practice, the Shabdrung was often a child under the control of the Druk Desi, and regional penlops, or governors, often administered their districts in defiance of the power of the Druk Desis, until the rise of the unified monarchy at the beginning of the 20th century.

Contents

Druk Desis (´brug sde-srid; administrative leaders, 1650-1905)

Choley Yeshe Ngodub, 1905
  • Tenzin Drukgye (bstan-'dzin 'brg-rgyas; 1650-1655)
  • Tenzin Drukdra (la-sngon-pa bstan-'dzin 'brug-grags) (1655-1667)
  • Tenzin Rabgye (1638-1696) 1680-1694
  • Gedun Chomphel (-1701) 1695-1701
  • Ngawang Tshering 1701-1704
  • Umze Peljor 1704-1707
  • Druk Rabgye (-1729) 1707-1719
  • Ngawang Gyamtsho (-1729) 1719-1729
  • Mipham Wangpo 1729-1736
  • Khuwo Peljor 1736-1739
  • Ngawang Gyaltshen 1739-1744
  • Sherab Wangchuck 1744-1763
  • Druk Phuntsho 1763-1765
  • Druk Tendzin I 1765-1768
  • Donam Lhundub (-1773) 1768-1773
  • Kunga Rinchen 1773-1776
  • Jigme Singye (1742-1789) 1776-1788
  • Druk Tendzin II 1788-1792
  • Tashi Namgyal 1792-1799
  • Druk Namgyal 1799-1803
  • Tashi Namgyal (2. Mal) 1803-1805
  • Sangye Tendzin 1805-1806
  • Umdze Parpop 1806-1808
  • Bop Choda 1807-1808
  • Tsulthrim Drayga (1790-1820) 1809-1810
  • Jigme Dragpa II 1810-1811
  • Yeshey Gyaltshen (1781-1830) 1811-1815
  • Tshaphu Dorji 1815
  • Sonam Drugyal 1815-1819
  • Tendzin Drugdra 1819-1823
  • Choki Gyaltshen 1823-1831
  • Dorji Namgyal 1831-1832
  • Adap Thrinley 1832-1835
  • Choki Gyaltshen (2. Mal) 1835-1838
  • Dorji Norbu 1838-1847
  • Tashi Dorji 1847-1850
  • Wangchuk Gyalpo 1850
  • Jigme Norbu (in Thimphu) 1850-1852
  • Chagpa Sangye (in Punakha) 1851-1852
  • Damcho Lhundrup 1852-1856
  • Kunga Palden (in [Punakha) 1856-1861
  • Sherab Tharchin (in Thimphu) 1856-1861
  • Phuntsho Namgyal 1861-1864
  • Tshewang Sithub 1864
  • Tsulthrim Yonten 1864
  • Kagyu Wangchuk 1864
  • Tshewang Sithub (2. Mal) 1864-1866
  • Tsondru Pekar 1866-1870
  • Jigme Namgyal (1825-1881) 1870-1873
  • Kitsep Dorji Namgyal 1873-1877
  • Jigme Namgyal (2. Mal) 1877-1878
  • Kitsep Dorji Namgyal (2. Mal) 1878-1879
  • Chogyal Zangpo (-1880) 03.1879-06.1880
  • Jigme Namgyal (3. Mal) 1880-07.1881
  • Lam Tshewang (1836-1883) 1881-05.1883
  • Gawa Zangpo 16.05.1883-23.08.1885
  • Sangye Dorji (-1901) 1885-1901
  • Choley Yeshe Ngodub (1851-1917) 1903-1905

Kings of Bhutan (1907-Present)

Ugyen Wangchuck (early 1920s)

The monarchy was established in 1907, unifying the country under the control of the Wangchuk family, the traditional penlops of Trongsa district. The king of Bhutan is formally known as the Druk Gyalpo, the "Dragon King".

Literature

  • Luciano Petech: "The Rulers of Bhutan c. 1650-1750". Oriens Extremus. Zeitschrift für Sprache, Kunst und Kultur der Länder des Fernen Ostens, vol. 19, Hamburg, 1972, p. 203-213.

See also

External links

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