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List of rulers of Bohemia: Wikis

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Coat of arms of Bohemia

This is a list of rulers of Bohemia. Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, and Lusatia are territories which are or have been considered Czech lands or Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Czech: země Koruny české; Latin: Corona regni Bohemiae). These lands were ruled by dukes (c. 870–1085, 1092–1158, and 1172–1198) and kings (1085–1092, 1158–1172, and 1198–1918).

Contents

Legendary rulers

Dukes

Dukes of Bohemia
Přemyslid dynasty
Image Name Date Notes
Bořivoj I.jpg
Bořivoj I. c.870–888/9
Spitygniew I.jpg
Spytihněv I. 894–915 Son of Bořivoj I.
KnizeVratislav1.jpg
Vratislav I. (Vratislaus) 915–921 Brother of Spytihněv I.
SvVaclavOcko.jpg
Václav I. Svatý (Wenceslaus) 921–935 Son of Vratislav I; known as St. Wenceslaus ("Good King Wenceslas" for English speaking people), the patron saint of the Czech lands.
Boleslav-I-Bohemian.jpg
Boleslav I. Ukrutný (Boleslaus I the Cruel) 935–972 Brother of Václav I.
Boleslav-II-Bohemian.jpg
Boleslav II. Pobožný (Boleslaus II the Pious) 972–999 Son of Boleslav I.
Bolesław III Rudy.jpg
Boleslav III. Ryšavý (Boleslaus III the Red-haired) 999–1002 Son of Boleslav II.
Vladivoj 1002–1003 Of the Piast dynasty (?). Said to be first cousin of Boleslav III. Polish name Władywoj.
Bolesław III Rudy.jpg
Boleslav III. 1003 Second time
Boleslaus I.jpg
Boleslav Chrabrý (Boleslaus the Brave) 1003–1004 Of the Piast dynasty; brother of Vladivoj (?). Duke – later king – of Poland (as Bolesław I Chrobry). The fourth Bohemian ruler with name Boleslav but noted under his original name (without ordinal number).
Jaroměř-Jaromír.jpg
Jaromír 1004–1012 Brother of Boleslav III.
Oldrzych.jpg
Oldřich 1012–1033 Brother of Jaromír. Also known as Odalrich, Udalrich, Ulrich.
Jaroměř-Jaromír.jpg
Jaromír 1033–1034 Second time
Oldrzych.jpg
Oldřich 1034 Second time
Břetislav I.-Chrudim2.jpg
Břetislav I. (Bretislaus) 1034–1055 Son of Oldřich.
Spytihnev2vesvatovitskeapo.jpg
Spytihněv II. 1055–1061 Son of Břetislav I.
W vratislav ii 198 320.jpeg
Vratislav II. 1061–1092 Brother of Spytihněv II. King 1085–1092 as Vratislav I.
Konrad1.jpg
Konrád I. Brněnský (Conrad of Brno) 1092 Brother of Vratislav II.
Brzetysław II.jpg
Břetislav II. 1092–1100 Nephew of Konrád I, son of Vratislav II.
Borzywój II.jpg
Bořivoj II. 1101–1107 Brother of Břetislav II.
Świętopełk Ołomuniecki.jpg
Svatopluk Olomoucký (Sventopluk of Olomouc) 1107–1109 First cousin of Bořivoj II.
VladislavI.JPG
Vladislav I. (Vladislaus) 1109–1117 Brother of Bořivoj II.
Borzywój II.jpg
Bořivoj II. 1117–1120 Second time
VladislavI.JPG
Vladislav I. 1120–1125 Second time
Sobiesław I.jpg
Soběslav I. (Sobeslaus) 1125–1140 Brother of Vladislav I.
Vladislav II. 1140–1172 Nephew of Soběslav I, son of Duke Vladislav I. King 1158–1172 as Vladislav I.
PecetknizeteBedricha.jpg Bedřich (Frederick) 1172–1173 Son of Vladislav II.
Soběslav II. 1173–1178 First cousin once removed of Bedřich, Son of Soběslav I.
PecetknizeteBedricha.jpg Bedřich 1178–1189 Second time
PecetKonradaIIOty.jpg Konrád II. Ota (Conrad-Otto) 1189–1191 Descendant of Konrád I.
Václav II. 1191–1192 Brother of Soběslav II.
PremyslOtakarI Parleruvnahrobek.jpg Přemysl I. Otakar (Ottokar I) 1192–1193 Son of Vladislav II.
Jindřich Břetislav (Henry Bretislaus) 1193–1197 First cousin of Přemysl I. Otakar.
PecetVladislavaJindricha.jpg Vladislav (III.) Jindřich (Vladislaus III Henry) 1197 Brother of Přemysl I. Otakar.
PremyslOtakarI Parleruvnahrobek.jpg Přemysl I. Otakar 1197–1198 Second time. Became King in 1198, and his descendants retained the title.

Kings

Kings of Bohemia
Přemyslid Dynasty
Image Name Date Notes
PremyslOtakarI Parleruvnahrobek.jpg Přemysl I. Otakar 1198–1230
VaclavGelnhausenovekodexu.jpg Václav I. (Wenceslaus I Premyslid) 1230–1253 Son of Přemysl I. Otakar.
Ottokar II Premysl.jpg Přemysl II. Otakar (Ottokar II) 1253–1278 Son of Václav I. Also Duke of Austria, Duke of Styria, Duke of Carinthia and Duke of Carniola.
Codex Manesse Wenzel II. von Böhmen.jpg Václav II. 1278–1305 Son of Přemysl II Otakar. Also King of Poland (1300-1305).
Wenzel3.jpg Václav III. 1305–1306 Son of Václav II. Non-crowned (as Bohemian king). Also King of Hungary and King of Poland.
Non-dynastic
JindrichKorutansky pecet1303.jpg Jindřich Korutanský
(Henry the Carinthian)
1306 Meinhardinian. Son-in-law of Václav II. Non-crowned.
Rudolf Stepan.jpg Rudolf (I.) Habsburský
(Rudolph of Habsburg)
1306–1307 Habsburg. Second husband of Eliška Rejčka, widow of Václav II. Non-crowned.
JindrichKorutansky pecet1303.jpg Jindřich Korutanský 1307–1310 Second time
Luxemburg Dynasty
John of Luxemburg.PNG
Jan Lucemburský
(John the Blind)
1310–1346 Son-in-law of Václav II.
Karl IV. (HRR).jpg
Karel IV.
(Charles IV.)
1346–1378 Son of Jan. Also Holy Roman Emperor. In fact, the first Bohemian king with this name but traditionally titled identically as in Holy Roman Empire.
Die deutschen Kaiser Wenzel.jpg Václav IV.
(Wenceslaus IV.)
1378–1419 Son of Karel IV. Also King of the Romans until 1400.
Pisanello 024b.jpg Zikmund
(Sigismund)
1419–1437 Brother of Václav IV. Rule only effective 1436–1437. Also Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary.
Habsburg Dynasty
Albrecht II. von Habsburg.jpg
Albrecht Habsburský
(Albert of Habsburg)
1437–1439 Son-in-law of Zikmund. Also King of the Romans (as Albert II) and of Hungary (as Albert).
interregnum 1440–1453 The succession of Albrecht's son was not recognized by the Czech nobility for the most of this era; the land was administered by the landfriedens (provincial & territorial).
Ladislas the Posthumous 001.jpg Ladislav Pohrobek
(Ladislaus the Posthumous)
1453–1457 Son of Albrecht born after his father's death. Also King of Hungary.
Non-dynastic
Georg of Podebrady.jpg Jiří z Poděbrad
(George of Podiebrad)
1457–1471 Elected king from the Czech noble family z Kunštátu. Although he had descendants, devolved succession to the prince from Polish kingdom.
Hunyadi Matyas TK.jpg Matyáš Korvín
(Matthias Corvinus)
1469–1490 King of Hungary as Mátyás I (Hunyadi), was elected by the insurgent Czech Catholic aristocrats as rival "King of Bohemia" (antiking) in 1469, but never crowned. In 1479 he agreed to limit his rule to Moravia, Silesia, and Lusatia, while retaining his title.
Jagiellonian Dynasty
Vladislaus II. of Bohemia and Hungary.gif
Vladislav II. Jagellonský
(Vladislaus II the Jagiellonian)
1471–1516 Nephew of Ladislav Pohrobek; elected on request of his predecessor Jiří z Poděbrad. Also King of Hungary (as Ulászló II) after 1490. Son of the Polish king Kazimierz IV. Called Władysław in Polish.
Louis2.jpg Ludvík (I.) Jagellonský
(Louis the Jagiellonian)
1516–1526 Son of Vladislav II. Also King of Hungary.
Habsburg Dynasty
Ferdinand I HRR MATEO.jpg Ferdinand I. 1526–1564 Brother-in-law of Ludvík; elected king. Also King of Hungary (as Ferdinánd I) and Holy Roman Emperor-Elect from 1558.
Maximilian II HRR MATEO.jpg Maximilián
(Maximilian)
1564–1576 Son of Ferdinand I, grandson of Vladislav II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Joseph Heintz d. Ä. 002.jpg Rudolf II.
(Rudolph II.)
1576–1611 Son of Maximilián I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Lucas van Valckenborch 003.jpg Matyáš
(Matthias)
1611–1619 Brother of Rudolf II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Georg Pachmann 001.jpg Ferdinand II. 1619–1637 Nephew of Matthias. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Frederick V.jpg Fridrich Falcký
(Frederick of the Palatinate)
1619–1620 Of the House of Wittelsbach. Antiking, elected by the Bohemian Estates at the beginning of the Thirty Years' War but quickly overthrown.
Frans Luycx 002.jpg Ferdinand III. 1627–1657 Son of Ferdinand II. Also King of Hungary (as Ferdinánd III) and Holy Roman Emperor.
Jan van den Hoecke 002.jpg
Ferdinand IV. 1646–1654 Son of Ferdinand III. Nominal king during his father's reign. Also King of Hungary (as Ferdinánd IV) and King of the Romans.
Kaiser-Leopold1.jpg Leopold I. 1657–1705 Brother of Ferdinand IV. Also King of Hungary (as Lipót I) and Holy Roman Emperor.
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor.jpg Josef I.
(Joseph I)
1705–1711 Son of Leopold I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Johann Gottfried Auerbach 002.JPG Karel VI.
(Charles VI)
1711–1740 Brother of Josef I. Also King of Hungary (as Károly III) and Holy Roman Emperor. In fact, the second Bohemian king with this name but traditionally titled identically as in Holy Roman Empire.
Charles VII.jpg Karel Albrecht Bavorský
(Charles Albert of Bavaria)
1741–1743 Of the House of Wittelsbach. Son-in-law of Josef I. Antiking to Maria Theresa during the War of the Austrian Succession and therefore traditionally titled without an ordinal number. Also Holy Roman Emperor.
Kaiserin Maria Theresia (HRR).jpg Marie Terezie
(Maria Theresa)
1740–1780 Daughter of Charles VI. Also Queen of Hungary (Mária Terézia). Rival to Charles Albert's claim.
Habsburg-Lorraine Dynasty
Georg Decker 001.jpg Josef II.
(Joseph II)
1780–1790 Son of Marie Terezie. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Leopold II.jpg Leopold II. 1790–1792 Brother of Josef II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Axmann-Kupferstich.jpg František II.
(Francis II)
1792–1835 Son of Leopold II. Also King of Hungary, Holy Roman Emperor to 1806, Austrian Emperor (as Franz I) from 1804.
Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg Ferdinand V.
(Ferdinand I of Austria)
1835–1848 Son of František. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary. Last crowned King of Bohemia. Lost power in the 1848 Revolution.
Franzjosef.jpg František Josef I. (Franz Joseph I of Austria) 1848–1916 Nephew of Ferdinand V. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary. Ceded Austrian dominance in German affairs to Prussia in the 1866 Austro-Prussian War; allied with Prussia-dominated Germany in the First World War.
JCKV Karel I.JPG Karel I. (Charles I of Austria) 1916–1918 Grandnephew of František Josef I. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary. Ruled briefly during First World War and abdicated. In fact, the fourth Bohemian king with this name but traditionally titled identically as in Austro-Hungarian Empire.

See also

External links

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