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List of rulers of Elam: Wikis

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This is a List of rulers of Elam from earliest times to the Persian Empire. All dates are middle chronology.

Contents

Old Period

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Early Elamite Kings (c. 2700- c. 2600 BC)

  • The unnamed King of Elam (fl. c. 2700 BC contemporary with the first dynasty of Uruk & the first dynasty of Kish)
  • Humban-Hapua I (or Humbaba) (fl. c. 2680 BC contemporary with Gilgamesh king of Uruk)
  • Humban-Shutur (precise dates unknown)
  • Kutir-Lakamar (precise dates unknown) defeated & plundered mesopotamians

Awan Dynasty[1] (c. 2600-2078 BC)

  • The unnamed King of Awan (fl. c. 2580 BC contemporary with the last king of the first dynasty of Uruk)
  • ...Lu (precise dates unknown)
  • Kur-Ishshak (36 years fl. c. 2550 BC contemporary with Lugal-Anne-Mundu king of Adab & Ur-Nanshe king of Lagash)
  • Peli (fl. c. 2500 BC)
  • Tata I (precise dates unknown)
  • Ukku-Tanhish (precise dates unknown)
  • Hishutash (precise dates unknown)
  • Shushun-Tarana (precise dates unknown)
  • Napi-Ilhush (precise dates unknown)
  • Autalummash (?) (fl. before 2350 BC)
  • Kikku-Siwe-Temti (precise dates unknown)
  • Hishep-Ratep I (precise dates unknown)
  • Luh-Ishshan (until 2325 BC) son of Hishep-Ratep I
  • Hishep-Ratep II (2325-after 2311 BC) son of Luh-Ishshan
  • Helu (fl. c. 24th century)
  • Hita (cont. Naram-Sin king of Akkad)
  • Shinpi-hish-huk (precise dates unknown)
  • Kutik-Inshushinak (cont. Ur-Nammu king of Ur) son of Shinpi-hish-huk
  • The unnamed King of Awan (?) (until 2078 BC that Susa conquered by Ur troops)

Hamazi Dynasty (c. 2530- c. 2030 BC)

  • Hatanish (7 years fl. c. 2530 BC) [2]
  • Zizi (precise dates unknown)
  • Ur-Adad (precise dates unknown)
  • Ur-Ishkur (before 2041- after 2037 BC)
  • Warad-Nannar (after 2037 BC)

Simashki Dynasty (c. 2100- c. 1928 BC)

  • The unnamed king of Simashki (cont. Kutik-Inshushinak king of Awan)
  • Gir-Namme I (precise dates unknown) [3]
  • Tazitta I (precise dates unknown)
  • Eparti I (precise dates unknown)
  • Tazitta II (precise dates unknown)
  • Gir-Namme II (fl. c. 2033)
  • Lurak-Luhhan (before 2028 until 2022)
  • Tan-Ruhuratir I (precise dates unknown)
  • Kindattu (precise dates unknown) son of Tan-Ruhuratir I
  • Hutran-Temti (fl. c. 2006) conqueror of Ur
  • Pepi (precise dates unknown)
  • Indattu-Inshushinak I (cont. Shu-ilishu king of Isin & Bilalama king of Eshnunna) son of Pepi
  • Tan-Ruhuratir II (cont. Iddin-Dagan king of Isin) son of Indattu-Inshushinnak I
  • Indattu-Inshushinak II (more than 3 years. precise dates unknown) son of Tan-Ruhuratir II
  • Indattu-Napir (precise dates unknown)
  • Indattu-Temti (until 1928? BC)

Anshan Dynasty (c. 2350- c. 1970 BC)

  • The unnamed king of Anshan (until 2305 BC) king of Sherihum & Anshan. Defeated & sent to Akkad.
  • Shalabum (before 2068 until 2064 BC) married with a daughter of Shulgi king of Ur
  • Libum (from 2064 BC) made some wars against Ur
  • The unnamed king of Anshan (c. 2041-2037 BC) married with a daughter of Shu-Sin king of Ur
  • The unnamed king of Anshan (until 2017 BC) married with a daughter of Ibbi-Sin king of Ur
  • Kutir-Nahhunte I (fl. c. 2006 BC) conqueror of Ur in union with Hutran-Temti king of Simashki. He took statue of Nannar from Ur to Anshan.
  • The unnamed king of Anshan (cont. Shu-ilishu king of Isin) restored statue of Nannar to Isin
  • Eparti II (cont. Iddin-Dagan king of Isin) (Sukkalmah & king of Anshan & Susa). Married with a daughter of Iddin-Dagan king of Isin in 1973 BC.

Eparti[4] Dynasty (c. 1970- c. 1500 BC)

  • Eparti II (cont. Iddin-Dagan king of Isin) (Sukkalmah & king of Anshan & Susa). Married with a daughter of Iddin-Dagan king of Isin in 1973 BC.
  • Shilhaha (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah) son of Eparti II
  • Palar-Ishshan (until 1928? BC) (Sukkalmah) (precise dates unknown) son (ruhushak)[5] of Shilhaha
  • Kuk-Sanit
  • Atta-hushu (?1928- after 1894 BC) (Shepherd of the people of Susa) son of Shilhaha
  • Tetep-Mada (after c. 1890 BC) (Shepherd of the people of Susa)
  • Kuk-Kirwash (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah, Sukkal of Elam, Sukkal of Simashki, Sukkal of Susa) son of Lan-Kuku & nephew of Palar-Ishshan
  • Tem-Sanit (precise dates unknown) son of Kuk-Kirwash
  • Kuk-Nahhunte (precise dates unknown) son of Kuk-Kirwash
  • Kuk-Nashur I (precise dates unknown)
  • Shirukduh (cont. Shamshi-Adad I king of Assyria) (Sukkalmah) son of Kuk-Nashur I
  • Shimut-Wartash I (precise dates unknown)
  • Siwe-Palar-Hupak (fl. c. 1765 BC) (Sukkalmah) son of Shirukduh
  • Kuduzulush I (precise dates unknown) son of Shirukduh
  • Kutir-Nahhunte II (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah) son of Kuduzulush I
  • Atta-Merra-Halki (precise dates unknown)
  • Tata II (precise dates unknown) brother of Atta-Merra-Halki
  • Lila-Irtash (precise dates unknown) son of Kuduzulush I
  • Temti-Agun (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah) son of Kutir-Nahhunte II
  • Kutir-Shilhaha (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah) son of Temti-Agun
  • Kuk-Nashur II (fl. c. 1646 BC) (Sukkalmah & Sukkal of Simashki & Susa) son of Kutir-Shilhaha
  • Temti-Raptash (precise dates unknown) son of Kutir-Shilhaha
  • Shimut-Wartash II (precise dates unknown) son of Kutir-Shilhaha
  • Shirtuh (precise dates unknown) son of Kuk-Nashur II
  • Kuduzulush II (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah) son of Shimut-Wartash II
  • Tan-Uli (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah)
  • Temti-Halki (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah of Elam & Simashki) son of Tan-Uli
  • Kuk-Nashur III (precise dates unknown) (Sukkalmah) son of Tan-Uli
  • Kutik-Matlat (c. 1500 BC) son of Tan-Uli

Middle Elamite period

Kidinuid Dynasty (c. 1500- c. 1400 BC)

Igehalkid[6] Dynasty (c. 1400 – c. 1210 BC)

  • Ata-Halki (precise dates unknown)
  • Attar-Kittah I (precise dates unknown) son of Ata-Halki
  • Ige-Halki (precise dates unknown)
  • Pahir-Ishshan I (cont. Kurigalzu I Kassite king of Babylon) son of Ige-Halki
  • Kidin-Hutran I (precise dates unknown) son of Pahir-Ishshan I
  • Attar-Kittah II (precise dates unknown) son of Ige-Halki
  • Humban-Numena I (cont. Burna-Buriash II Kassite king of Babylon) son of Attar-Kittah II
  • Untash-Napirisha (precise dates unknown) or Untash-Humban son of Humban-Numena
  • Kidin-Hutran II (precise dates unknown) son of Untash-Naprisha
  • Napirisha-Untash (precise dates unknown) or Humban-Untash son of Kidin-Hutran II
  • Pahir-Ishshan II (precise dates unknown)
  • Unpatar-Napirisha (precise dates unknown) or Unpatar-Humban son of Pahir-Ishshan II
  • Kidin-Hutran III (cont. Enlil-nadin-shumi & Adad-shuma-iddina Kassite kings of Babylon) son of Pahir-Ishshan II

Shutrukid Dynasty (c. 1210 – c. 970 BC)

  • Hallutush-Inshushinak (from c. 1210)
  • Shutruk-Nahhunte I (fl. c. 1158)
  • Kutir-Nahhunte III (fl. c. 1155)
  • Shilhak-Inshushinak I (precise dates unknown)
  • Hutelutush-Inshushinak (fl. c. 1110)
  • Shilhina-Hamru-Lakamar (after 1110 BC)
  • Humban-Nimena II (early 11th century BC)
  • Shutruk-Nahhunte II (early 11th century BC)
  • Akshir-Shimut (precise dates unknown)
  • Akshir-Nahhunte (precise dates unknown)
  • Kara-Indash (precise dates unknown)
  • Mar-biti-apla-usur (before 983- after 978 BC) [7]

Neo-Elamite Dynasty

Humban-Tahrid (Neo-Elamite)[8] Dynasty (c. 830–521 BC)

  • The unnamed king of Elam (c. 821 BC cont. Shamshi-Adad V king of Assyria)
  • Hallushu-Inshushinak I (more than 15 years. precise dates unknown)
  • Humban-Tahrah I (until 742 BC)
  • Humban-Nikash I (742–717) son of Humban-Tahrah I
  • Shutur-Nahhunte I (717–699) son (Ruhushak) of Humban-Nikash I
  • Hallushu-Inshushinak II (699–oct. 693) brother of Shutur-Nahhunte I
  • Kutir-Nahhunte IV (oct. 693–july 692) son of Hallushu-Inshushinak II
  • Humban-Nimena III (july 692–feb. 688) son of Hallushu-Inshushinak II
  • Shutur-Nahhunte II ? (from feb. 688) son of Humban-Nimena III
  • Humban-Haltash I (until oct. 681)
  • Humban-Haltash II (oct. 681–sept. 675) son of Humban-Haltash I
  • Urtak-Inshushinak (sept. 675- 663) brother of Humban-Haltash II
  • Temti-Humban-Inshushinak I (663–sept. 653) brother of Urtak-Inshushinak
  • Humban-Nikash II (sept. 653–651) son of Urtak-Inshushinak
  • Tammaritu (652–649 & 647) son of Humban-Nikash son of Humban-Haltash I
  • Indabibi (649–after july 648)
  • Humban-Haltash III (after july 648–645/4)
  • Humban-Nikash III (647) son of Atta-Merra-Halki
  • Umhuluma (647)
  • Indattu-Inshushinak III (647–after autumn 646)
  • Humban-Hapua II (647)
  • Pa'e (after autumn 646-645/4)
  • Shutur-Nahhunte III (after autumn 646) son of Indattu-Inshushinak III
  • Humban-Kitin (precise dates unknown) son of Shutur-Nahhunte III
  • Humban-Tahrah II (precise dates unknown)
  • Hallutash-Inshushinak (precise dates unknown) son of Humban-Tahrah II
  • Ummanunu (precise dates unknown)
  • Shilhak-Inshushinak II (precise dates unknown) son of Ummanunu
  • Temti-Humban-Inshushinak II (before 550 BC) son of Shilhak-Inshushinak II
  • Halkatash (c. 549/8 BC)
  • Acina (oct.-10 dec. 522 BC) son of Upadrama
  • Humban-Nikash IV or Imanish (dec. 522-feb. 521 BC)
  • Atta-hamiti-Inshushinak (until 520/19 BC

References

  1. ^ The first three kings of Awan were also kings of Mesopotamia.
  2. ^ He was also king of Mesopotamia.
  3. ^ He and his three successors are known only from the king lists.
  4. ^ Orders & dates of the kings of the Epartid dynasty are prepared based on Vallat , Francois. Elam: The History of Elam. Encyclopaedia Iranica , vol. VIII pp. 301-313. London/New York , 1998.
  5. ^ "Ruhushak" means son of sister but probably it refers to a dynastical marriage between siblings.
  6. ^ Orders & dates of the kings of the Igehalkid dynasty are prepared based on Vallat , Francois. Elam: The History of Elam. Encyclopaedia Iranica , vol. VIII pp. 301-313. London/New York , 1998.
  7. ^ He was also king of Babylon.
  8. ^ Orders & dates of the kings of the Humban-Tahrid dynasty are prepared based on these articles: Henkelman , wouter. Defining Neo-Elamite History. ARTA , 2003. Reade , Julian E. Elam after the Assyrian Sack of Susa in 647 B.C. NABU , 2000. Tavernier , Jan. Some Thoughts on Neo-Elamite Chronology. ARTA , 2004 The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. I.2. Vallat , Francois. Shutruk-Nahunte , Shutur-Nahunte et l'imbroglio neo-elamite. NABU , 1995. Vallat , Francois. Elam: The History of Elam. Encyclopaedia Iranica , vol. VIII pp. 301-313. London/New York , 1998.

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