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Toronto skyline

This list of tallest buildings in Toronto ranks skyscrapers in the Canadian city of Toronto, Ontario by height. The tallest structure in Toronto is the CN Tower, which rises 553 metres (1,815 ft).[1] The CN Tower was the tallest free-standing structure on land from 1975 until 2007, and is now the second. However, it is not generally considered a high-rise building as it does not have successive floors that can be occupied. The tallest habitable building in the city is First Canadian Place, which rises 298 metres (978 ft) tall in Toronto's Financial District and was completed in 1975. It also stands as the tallest building in Canada.[2] Scotia Plaza is the second-tallest building in the city and the country.

The history of skyscrapers in Toronto began in 1894 with the construction of the Beard Building, which is often regarded as the first skyscraper in the city.[3] Toronto went through an early building boom in the late 1920s and early 1930s, during which several high-rise buildings were constructed. The city experienced a second, much larger building boom that lasted from the late 1960s to early 1990s, during which time it saw the construction of 14 skyscrapers, including First Canadian Place. Overall, Toronto is the site of 21 skyscrapers that rise at least 150 metres (492 ft) in height, and has a total of 1,747 high-rises.[4]

Toronto has been the site of several skyscraper construction projects in recent years. The most recently completed skyscraper in the city is the Bay Adelaide Centre West Tower, which was constructed in 2009 and rises 218 metres (715 ft).[5] The tallest building approved for construction in the city is One Bloor East, which would become the second-tallest building and third-tallest structure in Toronto upon completion in 2012. The building is planned to rise 291 metres (953 ft)[6][7]; however, plans for this site are currently in flux (see its entry for further details). As of November 2008, there are 376 high-rise buildings under construction, proposed for construction, or approved for construction in the city.[4]

Contents

Tallest buildings

The following is a list of Toronto skyscrapers that stand at least 122 metres (400 ft) tall, ranked by standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed. Freestanding observation towers, while not habitable buildings, are included for comparison purposes; however, they are not ranked.

Rank Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year Notes Image
CN Tower[N 1] 553 / 1,815 height of 147 storeys with no intermediate floors 1976 Second-tallest free-standing structure on land in the world. Has been the tallest structure in Canada and North America since 1975. Tallest free-standing structure on land in the world from 1975 until 2007.[8][9] The CN Tower was the world's tallest completed free-standing structure on land until the Burj Khalifa, at 828m tall, surpassed it in 2007. Toronto's CN Tower.jpg
1 First Canadian Place 298 / 978 72 1975 51st-tallest building in the world, tallest building in Canada. Has been the tallest habitable building in Canada since 1975. Tallest building in the world outside of Chicago and New York City at the time of its completion. Tallest building completed in Toronto in the 1970s. Formerly known as First Bank Tower[2][10] Toronto - ON - First Canadian Place.jpg
2 Scotia Tower 275 / 902 68 1988 75th-tallest building in the world, second-tallest building in Canada. Tallest building completed in the city in the 1980s.[11][12] Scotia Plaza 2009.JPG
3 TD Canada Trust Tower 261 / 856 53 1990 Third-tallest building in the city. Tallest building completed in Toronto in the 1990s.[13][14] BrookfieldPlaceFromFirstCanadianPlace.jpg
4 Commerce Court West 239 / 784 57 1972 Fourth-tallest building in the city.[15][16] Commerce Court.jpg
5 Toronto-Dominion Tower 223 / 731 56 1967 Fifth-tallest building in the city. Tallest building completed in the city in the 1960s.[17][18] TD Centre View from Yonge and King.JPG
6 Bay Adelaide Centre West Tower 218 / 715 51 2009 Sixth-tallest building in the city.[5][19] Bay Adelaide first tower nearing completion - cropped.jpg
7 Bay Wellington Tower 207 / 679 49 1991 Eighth-tallest building in Canada.[20][21] Bay Wellington Tower.jpg
8 Maple Leaf Square North Tower 186 / 610 54 2010 Building is under construction and has topped out. Maple Leaf Square.jpg
9= Royal Trust Tower 183 / 600 46 1969 17th-tallest building in Canada.[22][23]
9= RBC Centre 183 / 600 42 2009 Completed in June 2009. Tied for 9th tallest building in the city.[24][25] RBC Centre.JPG
11 Royal Bank Plaza South 180 / 591 40 1979 19th-tallest building in Canada.[26][27] Royal Bank Building.jpg
12 One King Street West 176 / 578 51 2005 23rd-tallest building in Canada. Tallest completed all-residential skyscraper in the city.[28] One King St W, Toronto.jpg
13 Maple Leaf Square South Tower 174 / 571 50 2009 Building is under construction and has topped out. Maple Leaf Square.jpg
14 44 Charles Street West 166 / 545 51 1972 25th-tallest building in Canada.[29][30] Manulife Centre.jpg
15 Quantum 2 165 / 541 51 2008 [31] Minto Midtown.JPG
16 Residences of College Park 163 / 535 51 2006 [32][33] Residences of College Park.JPG
17 Success Tower 162 / 531 54 2009 Under Construction. This building has topped out in 2009.[34] Success Tower.JPG
18 TD Waterhouse Tower 154 / 504 39 1985 [35][36] TD Waterhouse Tower.JPG
19 35 Mariner 153 / 503 49 2005 [37][38] 35 Mariner.JPG
20 Montage 153 / 502 48 2009 Under construction - this project topped out in 2009.[39] CityPlace Montage.JPG
21 The 250 151 / 494 35 1992 [40][41] Atop the Toronto Eaton Centre The 250.JPG
22 2 Bloor Street West 149 / 488 34 1973 [42][43] CIBC building.JPG
23= West One 148 / 486 49 2007 [44][45] CityPlace West One.JPG
23= Simcoe Place 148 / 486 33 1995 [46][47] Simcoe Place.JPG
25 Residences of College Park South 147 / 482 45 2008 [48][49] Residences of College Park.JPG
26 Exchange Tower 146 / 479 30 1983 [50][51] TSXExchangetower.jpg
27 Commerce Court North 145 / 476 34 1931 Tallest building completed in Toronto in the 1930s.[52][53] Commerce Court North.JPG
28 Simpson Tower 144 / 472 33 1968 [54][55] Simpson Tower.JPG
29 SP!RE 143 / 469 43 2007 [56][57] Spire, Toronto.jpg
30 Cadillac Fairview Tower 142 / 466 36 1981 [58][59] Cadillac Fairview Tower.JPG
31 Murano South 140 / 459 41 2009 Under construction - this building topped out in 2009.[60] Murano, Toronto.JPG
32 Pantages Tower 140 / 458 46 2003 [61][62] Pantages Tower.JPG
33 The Met Condos 139 / 456 43 2007 [63][64] The Met, Toronto.JPG
34= CASA 138 / 453 45 2009 Building is under construction. Topped out in 2009 Tower on Charles Street.jpg
34= Palace Place 138 / 453 46 1991 [65][66] Palace Pier.jpg
34= Palace Pier 138 / 453 46 1978 [67][68]
37 Oxford Tower 137 / 449 33 1979 [69][70] Oxford Tower, Toronto.JPG
38 Sheraton Centre Hotel 135 / 443 43 1972 Tallest all-hotel building in the city.[71][72] Downtown toronto.jpg
39 Two Bloor East 134 / 439 34 1974 [73][74] HBC Tower.JPG
40 Ernst & Young Tower 133 / 437 31 1991 [75][76] Ernst & Young Tower.JPG
41 N1/N2 133 / 436 41 2007 [77][78]
42 Empire Tower 130 / 427 28 2005 [79][80]
43 Dundee Place 129 / 424 31 1991 [81][82] Dundee Place.JPG
44= Leaside Towers I 129 / 423 44 1970 [83][84] Leaside Towers.JPG
44= Leaside Towers II 129 / 423 44 1970 [85][86]
46= Canadian Pacific Tower 128 / 420 32 1974 [87][88] Canadian Pacific Tower.JPG
46= Metro Hall West 128 / 420 27 1992 [89][90] Metro Hall.jpg
48= Pinnacle A 127 / 417 40 2006 [91]
48= 18 Yonge 127 / 417 39 2006 [92]
48= Westin Harbour Castle South Tower 127 / 417 38 1975 [93] Harbour Castle Westin.JPG
51 Marriott Hotel/Plaza 2 Apartments 126 / 415 41 1975 [94] Marriott Hotel Toronto.JPG
52= Verve 126 / 413 39 2008 [95]
52= Quantum 126 / 413 37 2007 [96]
54 Sun Life Centre East Tower 125 / 410 28 1984 [97][98] Sun Life Centre.jpg
55 Yonge Eglinton Centre I 124 / 408 30 1974 [99] Yonge Eglinton Centre.JPG
56 Royal York Hotel 124 / 407 28 1929 [100] Fairmont Royal York Toronto.jpg
57 10 Navy 123 / 402 40 2005 [101] 10 Navy.JPG

Tallest buildings and structures by pinnacle height

This list ranks Toronto skyscrapers and other structures based on their pinnacle height, which includes radio masts and antennas. As architectural features and spires can be regarded as subjective, some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this method of measurement. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes.

Rank Name Pinnacle height
m / ft
Standard height
m / ft
Notes
1 CN Tower 553 / 1,815 457 / 1,499 [9]
2 First Canadian Place 355 / 1,165 298 / 978 [10]
3 Commerce Court West 287 / 942 239 / 784 [16]
4 Scotia Plaza 275 / 902 275 / 902 [12]
5 TD Canada Trust Tower 263 / 862 227 / 745 [14]
6 Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower 223 / 732 223 / 732 [18]
7 Bay Wellington Tower 208 / 682 208 / 682 [21]
8 Royal Trust Tower 183 / 600 183 / 600 [23]
9 Royal Bank Plaza 180 / 591 180 / 591 [27]
10 One King Street West 176 / 577 176 / 577 [102]

Tallest under construction, proposed, and approved

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Under construction

The following is a list of buildings that are under construction in Toronto and are planned to rise at least 122 metres (400 ft).

Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year Notes
Trump International Hotel and Tower 282 / 925 59 2010 [103]
Aura 245 / 804 75 2014 [104][105]
Shangri-La Toronto 214 / 702 65 2012 [106]
The Residences at the Ritz-Carlton 213 / 699 53 2009 [107][108]
L Tower 205 / 672 57 2012 [109][110]
Four Seasons Private Residences West 190 / 623 55 2010 [111][112]
Maple Leaf Square North Tower 186 / 610 54 2010 This building has topped out.[113][114]
Maple Leaf Square South Tower 174 / 571 50 2010 This building has topped out.[115]
The Uptown Residences 158 / 518 48 2010 [116]
Bell Lightbox (Festival Tower) 157 / 514 42 2010 [117][118]
Burano 153 / 502 48 2010 [119][120]
X Condominium 149 / 487 45 2010 [121]
Parade 1 Tower 1 131 / 430 36 2010 [122]
Parade 2 Tower 1 131 / 430 36 2010 [123]
Crystal Blu 126 / 413 34 2010 [124]
M5V 124 / 407 34 2011 [125]

Approved

The following is a list of buildings that are approved in Toronto and are planned to rise at least 150 metres (492 ft).

Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year Notes
One Bloor East 291 / 953 80 2012 Initial project cancelled and new one for site will likely be a different height[6][7]
Ice Condominiums 2 216 / 710 65 2015 [126]
Ice Condominiums 1 186 / 610 55 2013 [127]
U Condominiums Tower 2 184 / 604 55 2012 [128]
Bay Adelaide Centre East Tower 180 / 591 43 2012 [129]
21 Avenue South Tower 170 / 558 48 2015 [130]
Bay Adelaide Centre North Tower 162 / 531 49 2014 [131]
21 Avenue North Tower 157 / 515 44 2015 [132]
16 York 157 / 515 31 [133]
Tridel Three Hundred 156 / 512 52 2013 [134]
Hullmark Centre North Tower 156 / 512 47 2016 [135]
U Condominiums Tower 1 154 / 505 45 2012 [136][137]

Proposed

The following is a list of buildings that are pending approval in Toronto and are planned to rise at least 150 metres (492 ft). Toronto has a total of 310 proposed high-rises pending approval for construction; there will not be enough room for all of them to fit on one page. Toronto has the second highest number of proposed buildings in the world, only after Dubai, and the most in North America. In comparison, New York City only has 153 proposed skyscrapers, less than half that of Toronto's.

Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year References

Timeline of tallest buildings

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Toronto.

Name Street address Years as tallest Height
m / ft
Floors Reference Image
Beard Building King Street East 1894–1896 30 / 98 7 [3] Lennoxlight.jpg
Temple Building Bay Street 1896–1906 40 / 131 10 [138] Temple Building.jpg
Trader's Bank Building Yonge Street 1906–1912 60 / 197 15 [139] Trader's Bank Building Toronto.jpg
Canadian Pacific Building 69 Yonge Street 1912–1915 65 / 213 15 [140] 1910 Canadian Pacific Building Toronto.jpg
Royal Bank Building 20 King Street East 1915–1928 90 / 295 21 [141] King&yonge.jpg
Sterling Tower 372 Bay Street 1928–1929 65 / 213 21 [142] Sterling Tower.JPG
Royal York Hotel 100 Front Street West 1929–1931 124 / 407 28 [143] RoyalYOrk1930s.jpg
Bank of Commerce Building 25 King Street West 1931–1967 145 / 476 34 [52] BankofCommerce1930.jpg
Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower 66 Wellington Street West 1967–1972 223 / 731 56 [17] TD Centre View from Yonge and King.JPG
Commerce Court West 199 Bay Street 1972–1975 239 / 784 57 [15] Commerce Court.jpg
First Canadian Place 100 King Street West 1975–present 298 / 976 72 [2] First Canadian Place.JPG

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The CN Tower is not a habitable building, but is included in this list for comparative purposes. Per a ruling by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, freestanding observation towers are not considered to be buildings, as they are not fully habitable structures.

References

  • "Architecture in Canada" The Canadian Encyclopedia
  • Kalman, Harold D. A History of Canadian Architecture. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Denby & Kilbourn, Toronto Observed: Its Architecture, Patrons, and History,Oxford University Press, Toronto 1986
  • Maitland, Hucker & Ricketts, A Guide to Canadian Architectural Styles, broadview press, Peterborough, ON 1992
  • McHugh, Patricia, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, McClelland & Stewart Inc., Toronto 1989
  • Schaugg, Johannes: High-Rise Buildings/ Hochhäuser - Toronto, Books on Demand 2007, ISBN 978-3-8370-0366-6
  1. ^ "CN Tower web site". http://www.cntower.ca/portal/GetPage.aspx?at=848. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  2. ^ a b c "First Bank Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1canadianplace-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  3. ^ a b "The Beard Building". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=streetbeardbuilding-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  4. ^ a b "High-rise Buildings of Toronto". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/sk/?id=100993. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  5. ^ a b "Bay Adelaide Centre". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bayadelaidecentrewesttower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  6. ^ a b "1 Bloor". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1bloor-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  7. ^ a b "1 Bloor". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=51994. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  8. ^ "CN Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=cntower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-14. 
  9. ^ a b "CN Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=21. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  10. ^ a b "First Canadian Place". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=34. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  11. ^ "Scotia Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=scotiaplaza-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  12. ^ a b "Scotia Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=696. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  13. ^ "Canada Trust Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=canadatrusttower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  14. ^ a b "TD Canada Trust Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1332. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  15. ^ a b "Commerce Court West". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=commercecourtwest-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  16. ^ a b "Commerce Court West". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1470. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  17. ^ a b "Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=torontodominionbanktower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  18. ^ a b "Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2833. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  19. ^ "Bay Adelaide West". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=41762. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  20. ^ "Bay Wellington Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=baywellingtontower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  21. ^ a b "Bay Wellington Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1338. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  22. ^ "Royal Trust Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=royaltrusttower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  23. ^ a b "Royal Trust Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2831. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  24. ^ "RBC Centre". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=rbccentre-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  25. ^ "RBC Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=41072. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  26. ^ "Royal Bank Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=royalbankplazasouth-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  27. ^ a b "Royal Bank Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1458. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  28. ^ "One King Street West". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1kingwest-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  29. ^ "Manulife Centre". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=44charlesstreetwest-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  30. ^ "Manulife Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1490. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  31. ^ "Quantum 2, Toronto". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=quantum2-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  32. ^ "Residences of College Park". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=residencesofcollegeparki-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  33. ^ "Residences of College Park". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2079. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  34. ^ "Success Tower". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=pinnaclecentre,towerc-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  35. ^ "TD Waterhouse Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=79wellingtonstreetwest-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  36. ^ "TD Waterhouse Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7292. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  37. ^ "Harbourview Estates II". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=harbourviewestates2-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  38. ^ "Harbourview Estates II". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1493. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  39. ^ "Montage". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=montage-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  40. ^ "The 250". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=street250-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  41. ^ "The 250". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1690. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  42. ^ "Two Bloor West". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=2bloorwest-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  43. ^ "2 Bloor West". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4723. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  44. ^ "West One". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=west1-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  45. ^ "West One". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=9983. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  46. ^ "Simcoe Place". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=simcoeplace-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  47. ^ "Simcoe Place". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1554. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  48. ^ "Residences of College Park South". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=residencesofcollegeparkii-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  49. ^ "Residences of College Park South". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2080. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  50. ^ "Exchange Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=exchangetower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  51. ^ "Exchange Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2329. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  52. ^ a b "Commerce Court North". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=commercecourtnorth-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  53. ^ "Commerce Court North". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=413. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  54. ^ "Simpson Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=simpsontower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  55. ^ "Simpson Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=414. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  56. ^ "SP!RE". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=spre-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  57. ^ "Spire". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7010. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  58. ^ "Cadillac Fairview Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=cadillacfairviewtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  59. ^ "Cadillac Fairview Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=415. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  60. ^ "Murano South". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=streetmuranosouthtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  61. ^ "Pantages Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=pantagestower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  62. ^ "Pantages Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1311. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  63. ^ "The Met Condos". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=streetmetcondosphase1-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  64. ^ "The Met Condos". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=41577. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  65. ^ "Palace Place". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=palaceplace-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  66. ^ "Palace Place". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2562. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  67. ^ "Palace Pier". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=palacepier-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  68. ^ "Palace Pier". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2561. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  69. ^ "Oxford Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=continentalbankofcanadabuilding-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  70. ^ "Oxford Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2748. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  71. ^ "Sheraton Centre Hotel". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=sheratoncentrehotel-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  72. ^ "Sheraton Centre Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1969. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  73. ^ "Two Bloor West". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=2blooreast-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  74. ^ "Two Bloor West". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2118. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  75. ^ "Ernst & Young Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=ernstyoungtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  76. ^ "Ernest & Young Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2569. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  77. ^ "N1/N2". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=n1n2-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  78. ^ "N1/N2". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=23244. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  79. ^ "Empire Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=empiretower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  80. ^ "Empire Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=8361. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  81. ^ "Dundee Place". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1financialplace-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  82. ^ "Dundee Place". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=6957. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  83. ^ "Leaside Towers I". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=leasidetowersi-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  84. ^ "Leaside Towers I". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=6569. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  85. ^ "Leaside Towers II". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=leasidetowersii-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  86. ^ "Leaside Towers II". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=6571. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  87. ^ "Canadian Pacific Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=canadianpacifictower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  88. ^ "Canadian Pacific Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1552. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  89. ^ "Metro Hall West". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=metrohallwest-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  90. ^ "Metro Hall West". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1449. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  91. ^ "Pinnacle A". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1pinnaclecentre-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  92. ^ "18 Yonge". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=18yonge-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  93. ^ "Westin Harbour Castle South Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=westinharbourcastlesouthtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  94. ^ "Marriott Hotel/Plaza 2 Apartments". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=marriotthotelplaza2apartments-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  95. ^ "Verve". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=vervetower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  96. ^ "Quantum". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=quantum-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  97. ^ "Sun Life Centre East Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=sunlifecentreeasttower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  98. ^ "Sun Life Centre East Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1496. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  99. ^ "Yonge Eglinton Centre I". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=yongeeglintoncentrei-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  100. ^ "Royal York Hotel". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=royalyorkhotel-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  101. ^ "10 Navy". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=harbourviewestates1-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  102. ^ "1 King West". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=6999. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  103. ^ "Trump International Hotel and Tower". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=trumpinternationalhoteltower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  104. ^ "Aura". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=residencesofcollegeparkiii-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  105. ^ "Aura". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=48543. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  106. ^ "Shangri-La Toronto". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=shangrilatoronto-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  107. ^ "Ritz-Carlton Toronto". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=ritzcarltontoronto-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  108. ^ "Ritz-Carlton". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=36625. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  109. ^ [http://www.urbandb.com/canada/ontario/toronto/l_tower/ L Tower - urbandb
  110. ^ Wong, Tony (2009-10-21). "Sony Centre's facelift on track". Toronto Star. http://www.yourhome.ca/homes/realestate/article/713302--sony-centre-s-facelift-on-track. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  111. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel & Residences". Skyscraperpage. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=41582. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  112. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel & Residences". http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=4seasonsprivateresidencestoronto-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  113. ^ "Maple Leaf Square North Tower". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=mapleleafsquarenorthtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  114. ^ "Maple Leaf Square". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=41660. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  115. ^ "Maple Leaf Square South Tower". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=mapleleafsquaresouthtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  116. ^ "The Uptown Residences, Toronto". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=streetuptownresidences-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  117. ^ "Festival Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=festivaltower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  118. ^ "Festival Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=18597. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  119. ^ "Burano". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=streetgrenville-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  120. ^ "Burano". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=53155. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  121. ^ "X Condominium". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=xcondominium-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  122. ^ "Parade 1 Tower 1". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=block26wnorthtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  123. ^ "Parade 2 Tower 1". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=block29northtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  124. ^ "Crystal Blu". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=crystalblu-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  125. ^ "M5V". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=m5vlife-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  126. ^ "Ice Condominiums 2". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=16yorkstreetcondo1-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  127. ^ "Ice Condominiums 1". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=16yorkstreetcondo2-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  128. ^ "U Condominiums Tower 2". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=50streetjosephtower2-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  129. ^ "Bay-Adelaide East". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bayadelaidecentreeasttower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  130. ^ "21 Avenue South Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=21avenuenuetower1-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  131. ^ "Bay Adelaide North". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bayadelaidecentrenorthtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  132. ^ "21 Avenue North Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=21avenuenuetower2-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  133. ^ "16 York". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=16yorkstreetoffice-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  134. ^ "Three Hundred". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=300front-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  135. ^ "Hullmark Centre North Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=willowdaleplaza1-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  136. ^ "U Condominiums Tower 1". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=norstreetasttower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  137. ^ "U Condominiums II". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=51995. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  138. ^ "Temple Building". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=templebuilding-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  139. ^ "Trader's Bank Building". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=tradersbankbuilding-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  140. ^ "Canadian Pacific Railway Building". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=canadianpacificrailwaybuilding-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  141. ^ "Optima Business Centre". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=optimabusinesscentre-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  142. ^ "Sterling Tower". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=sterlingtower-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  143. ^ "Royal York Hotel". Emporis. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=royalyorkhotel-toronto-canada. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 

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